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Character essays scarlet letter

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essay creator tumblr Copyright 2017 Time Inc. All rights reserved. Letter. Reproduction in whole or in thesis photoblog, part without permission is character essays scarlet prohibited. Read Smash creator's essay about being fired from her own show. EW exclusively excerpts Theresa Rebeck’s explosive essay, in which she details her experience creating the cult TV show Smash , what it’s like being a female showrunner in Hollywood, and being fired from her own show. Posted on March 31, 2017 at shakespeare school essay blog, 11:42am EDT. Double Bind: Women on Ambition is a new anthology of essays from prominent women like essayist and author Roxane Gay, Molly Ringwald, Smash creator Theresa Rebeck, and writer Francine Prose, with each contributor exploring the way ambition and feminism have influenced her career. Below, EW has an exclusive excerpt of Rebeck’s explosive essay, in which she details her experience creating the short-lived cult TV show Smash , what it’s like being a female showrunner and TV writer in Hollywood, and character essays letter what happened when she was eventually fired from shakespeare school essay her own show without cause.

Excerpted from character essays letter Double Bind: Women on dissertation Ambition, edited by Robin Romm. So I’m walking to essays letter a rehearsal in communication thesis statement, Midtown, and my agent calls me. He runs me through one thing and another, and then he gets down to it. Essays. Had I heard that Steven Spielberg had set up a project at Showtime, a TV series about backstage at a Broadway musical? “They want you to write it,” he informed me. “Mr. Spielberg read one of your plays over the weekend, and he called this morning to say that he is infatuated.”

Let me tell you something. When Steven Spielberg calls your agent to say he is infatuated with your writing, that is a good day. The saga of what came next is so long and complicated it would take a book to write it all out. Sometimes I think of writ- ing that book and sometimes I think that writing that book and reliving the whole thing would be somewhat akin to shooting myself in help my book report, the head. But we’ll get to scarlet letter that. So I took the job, I wrote the pilot, I created all the thesis statement characters, I nurtured it through a transition from Showtime to NBC, I produced the pilot, and the show got picked up for an order of seventeen episodes. I was the show runner of the first season, which got terrific numbers and established itself immediately as an scarlet letter, international sensation. The show was called Smash. At the end of the first season, I was fired without cause. No one likes being fired, and guess what, I am no exception.

As the effective communication thesis statement dust settled, it became clear that at scarlet, the management level a lot of dastardly stories had been invented about thesis photoblog my character. Sometimes I try to essays parse them and fit them all back together; I have been, at times, desperate to school blog figure out what actually happened. There was a destructive and incoherent madness to it that resists interpretation. Mr. Spielberg, to give him much credit, called me the day I was fired and apologized. He told me that he blamed himself. He felt that the politics had gotten way out of hand, and they wouldn’t have if he had been around more. He was probably right.

And, of course, as soon as I was fired, all the men who had conspired to have me removed from my post realized that the show wasn’t going to character essays letter survive without me and so they slunk away and astrology went off to do other things. The network then hired a whole bunch of other people to run it in my stead, and it fell apart, and one year after I had made that show into a bona fide hit, it was canceled. Everyone told me the best thing to do was ignore it and put it behind me. Then I couldn’t get hired for three years. Then I fired my lawyer and I fired my manager and I fired my agent. And then my new agent and letter new manager and new lawyer all sat me down and competition blog explained to me, in no uncertain terms, that I had to take a step back, accept a demotion, and take a job below my skill set and pay grade. At this new job, I had to say yes to everything, and I had to prove that I played well with others.

The whisperers had run around and told everyone that I was a lunatic. So this is what I had to do, if I ever wanted to run a show again: I had to keep my head down and prove that I was smart and hardworking and a team player. God knows I had plenty to character essays scarlet do during those years. I wrote two plays. I finished my third novel. I directed All My Sons for a major regional theater, and sbe doctoral dissertation I wrote and directed an independent movie.

My son started college; my daughter finished middle school. But I was convinced that I had to letter return to television. I felt cheated by what had happened on Smash , and I was determined that the men who had cheated me would not have the last word on my talent and astrology thesis my character. It pissed me off that the character essays scarlet letter men at my level who had been fired in between sales and marketing, similarly ridiculous circumstances somehow managed to bounce upward. I felt like what had hap- pened to character me was yet another version of the recklessly hideous way so many talented women are treated—silenced, kicked to the curb.

I didn’t want to just slink away and disappear. I wanted to fight my way back into the game. To successfully run a television show, you have to be a general. I was an sbe doctoral dissertation, excellent general. Essays. But in order to prove I could do it again, I had to be a good girl. My ambition is wearing me out. I’ve been on many different television shows over the years, and my husband is frankly enraged by the way people behave in this environment. He threatened to leave me, a couple of times, if I ever went back on staff of another TV show. He was kidding, but only sort of. He wants me to difference sales essay take my ambition out of the game and stay out of it.

He’s not necessarily wrong. I tell stories about the shenanigans that go on essays scarlet letter in writers’ rooms, and my friends outside the business roar with laughter or cringe in disbelief. The misogyny is beyond anything that people believe when I tell these stories. On my first job in television, when I was in my twenties, I would sit, dazed, while a roomful of men sat around and told fist-up-the-ass jokes, roaring with laughter. In another room, the shakespeare guys would sit around and essays pitch stories, and then write everything down in school blog, great detail on little white cards. Whenever a scene with female characters showed up they would write a card that said, “girl scene here.” Then they would look at me and say, “You’re a woman, you write this.” When I said, “You know where I come from, we write both women and character scarlet men,” it was considered provocative.

One time, I was in a room where one of the guys was pitching a beat in thesis, a story. He said musingly, “Two people walk into a bar. Character Essays. No wait. Two people and a woman walk into a bar.” One time, after a number of thesis, seriously offensive jokes were told in succession, I said, “Come on, you guys, am I going to character letter have to leave the room?” Instead of help, apologizing, one of my male peers said to character scarlet me, “If you think that’s rough, you haven’t been in enough writers’ rooms.” “Don’t tell me where I’ve been, a–hole,” I replied. Okay, I didn’t really say that, I just thought it. School Competition Blog. But the essays scarlet rest of those stories are true. Why would any writer with curiosity and brains and a simple will to tell a decent story put up with b—s— like this? Well, they do pay you a lot of money. Writers of all other genres—fiction, theater, poetry, nonfiction, independent film—generally don’t make much money at all.

By contrast, television writers are quite well paid, although many of astrology thesis, them don’t think so because if you spend too much time in Hollywood, you inevitably end up comparing yourself to people who make even more than you do. Back in the day, writers like Clifford Odets, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and William Faulkner went out to Hollywood to make money, and the system treated them like this as well. And they complained, drank too much, fell into despair, and went back to their “real” writing. I don’t know why I put “real” in quotes; they actually were leaving this nonsense and going back to character scarlet letter doing real writing. And that sort of thing is still going on: We all howl about it and write novels and plays and movies like Barton Fink , excoriate Hollywood, and thesis then go back for character scarlet letter more money. I personally had given up on all that nuttiness by the time I got that phone call from my agent, so many moons ago. Difference Between Sales And Marketing. Truth be told, I was in a healthier headspace back then.

I was living where I wanted to be living, doing what I wanted to character be doing, and hanging out with the people I wanted to be hanging out with. I didn’t have any fierce need to run my own television show. At least, I wasn’t chasing it. Why didn’t I stay there? When I think back to that day when I was just walking to rehearsal for a play that paid me next to nothing in a lousy space in Midtown, before my agent called to tell me Mr.

Spielberg was infatuated, mostly what I remember is help my book that I was happy. But I don’t know one person on planet Earth who would have turned down that offer. Everyone wants their own show. Scarlet Letter. I recently found out that one of my favorite novelists wasn’t writ- ing novels anymore because he was trying to get his own show on Showtime. Apparently he needs the money, but trust me, it’s not merely about the money. The thought of having your own TV show is a big promise to a hungry little ego. My friend Lisa cops to the hungry little ego. “Twelve to fifteen million people hearing my words and seeing characters who they love, and I love expressing my values and my empathy and my humor, I fucking love that. Dissertation. I really like being one of the people who has the privilege of essays scarlet, pouring stuff out into photoblog the world and character scarlet hoping it lands and sticks and effective resonates with whoever’s watching and listening. Full of myself a little? Yeah, I think you have to be, to think that your work is worth the many millions of dollars to essays scarlet letter film it, and photoblog the attention of the audience.” Her position, I think, really is swell.

I also think that Lisa’s hungry little ego is a sort of character letter, pleasant and respectful version of the breed. Most egos don’t behave as well as hers does. Add to that fact this: The apprenticeship of television writing is all about thesis statement having your own ego kicked in the head so many times it develops a revenge fantasy. Television is a training ground for character essays scarlet letter fucking up people’s characters just enough to make them truly dangerous when they are finally given power over other creative souls. And the truth is, everyone in the industry knows it. “I can’t say I enjoy writing for thesis television,” another friend told me. “It’s unhealthy in general.

The system is a killer. You sit in a room with other writers eight hours a day, then the show runner comes in and makes all the decisions. And that’s the part before you get notes, do rewrites, more notes, more rewrites, then get totally rewritten anyway.” But she started as a playwright and couldn’t get her plays done. When she’s not writing for a television show, she doesn’t have decent health insurance. In the face of this, we all sit around and tell apocryphal stories about shows where the network left you alone, where the show runner had a good heart and a light hand. There’s always a mythic show out there, where they treat the writing staff with respect and character essays shoot the scene the way you wrote it, and it came out great, and the lowly but talented and decent staff writer is vindicated. The heart remains hopeful.

Every show actually seems like just a great job at photoblog skin, the beginning. Character Essays Scarlet. Everybody likes each other. The network notes haven’t gotten too crazy; the boys haven’t started acting like jerks yet. Between And Marketing. The excitement is character letter heady. Money! Health care! Telling stories for a living! It’s truly all you know, and all you want to know. Freud writes eloquently about the help me write my book ego’s need to return time and again to character essays letter the same pattern of difference, behavior, repetition compulsion, a drive so strong it overrides the character essays pleasure principle and sends us back into traumatic situations that we know are traumatic. Dissertation Research. That mysterious thing called the Self seems to want to essays scarlet go through the same pain over and over sales and over again, mystifying itself with the character essays scarlet letter belief that next time, I’ll master it, I’ll control it, I’ll get it right.

Mircea Eliade writes of the Myth of between essay, Eternal Return. The Buddhists call it samsara. I felt the reality of these definitions strongly once when I was stuck in a traffic jam on Sunset Boulevard going to a meeting. Holy s— , I thought. How did I get here again? Although, endlessly indulging in repetition compulsion might also be tagged as perseverance.

Or ambition. Women are told they have to be better, smarter, tougher, and more resilient than their male counterparts because, well, that’s just the character essays way the astrology world is. Men tell us this. I cannot count the number of men—including my new agent and my new manager, who are great and on my side—who blithely announce that this is just the way things are. Character Essays. So maybe we’ve just been programmed this way. Who knows. One time I asked my daughter Cleo why she was doing something that was getting her in trouble over and over again. She was about four years old. With tears streaming down her face, she said to communication statement me, “I’m a stubborn girl.” My husband had to stop himself from character letter laughing. “I wonder where she got that?” he said. I am a stubborn girl. I am also a talented and hardworking girl, and the truth is I do play well with others.

But in sbe doctoral dissertation, corporate culture, “play well with others” has come to mean absolutely agreeing to everything that gets thrown at letter, you. It is thesis a given: You have to say yes to your boss all the time. And that means all the time, and cheerfully—that, I’m not as good at. Character Scarlet. And the astrology men who I’ve seen attain success in this world are salesmen, charmers; they know how to manage up. That’s another phrase I learned: manage up. Basically that means making your bosses love you, whether or not you are doing a good job.

Here is another phrase that I learned: comfort level. Character Scarlet. When I was fired from the show I created, my soon-to-be-ex-agent told me that the me write president of NBC had a “comfort level” issue with me. Comfort level, I came to essays scarlet letter learn, is Hollywood code for men who don’t want to work with women. So women, who are suspect because there is thesis statement this comfort level issue have to work extra hard to play well with others and manage up, in addition to sucking everything up and understanding that things are going to be handed to the guys, and then they’re going to tell a lot of sexist jokes and tell you to essays scarlet letter your face that you’re supposed to my book report be writing the girl scenes because they’re too busy writing about shooting people and blowing things up and other utter bullshit. Ooops, did I say that? This is another thing that “play well with others” means: Keep your mouth shut. In television, we have to letter be very stubborn girls indeed. I loved running a television show. I was really good at it. I liked that I had to write so much, I liked working with the thesis actors and essays scarlet letter the directors, I liked production meetings, I liked going all over to location shoots, I loved editing. I loved my postproduction supervisor and my line producer; both of them taught me life lessons about research graceful professionalism, taking care of your collaborators.

I ran a clean set, so the people who worked there were happy. I was a good general. I also have to admit that it was fun rewriting my whole writ- ing staff on Smash. “Fun” might be too strong. Letter. Because I hated having it done to me so much, it was not something I took on shakespeare blog lightly; I actually tried not to character scarlet rewrite everything egregiously just because I could. But for that first season at least, it was my show and I had the last word and thesis I understood the thrill of that, and the responsibility. So I did my job, and character letter I stand by it. But no matter how hard I tried—and trust me, I’m not a lunatic, and I did try—the boys didn’t want me running that show.

One of the other executive producers kept saying, “But who is in charge?” He had never worked on communication thesis a television show before so I assumed this was just informational, and I would tell him, point-blank: I am the show runner. That means I am in charge. This struck him as more than slightly insane. I had to keep explaining to him how television shows work: You stand with the show runner. You don’t keep attacking the show runner; it will bring the character essays letter show down. It was a truth he did not want to understand. There was also an shakespeare school competition blog, architectural problem in the power structure above me.

How to “manage up” was never very clear. Mr. Character. Spielberg is an enormous force and a great storyteller. He and astrology the head of the letter network both believed that they were in charge. There was a strange dysplasia. They seemed to think that I was some kind of factotum, or typewriter even. Essay Competition Blog. No matter how polite I was, it rocked everyone to the core when the essays typewriter talked back. Was it gender based? It sure felt like it.

The power structure includedtenmenandonewoman, and, inspiteof all theirsecond- guessing and wrangling, the show was terrific until they fired the woman in charge. I was explicitly told, during my firing, that the show was “too important to research the network,” and so they were taking it out of my hands. Character Scarlet. The person they gave it to had virtually no credentials and no experience in the theater. His television credits were nowhere near as comprehensive as mine. The show died under his watch.

Two years later, another net- work gave him another show to run. Meanwhile, I was still being told that I was unemployable because everyone knew that I was a lunatic. The whole thing was dreadful. Astrology. And I do want to character scarlet letter do it again. Research. Is this like childbirth? You think, Oh god, it’s so great having a kid , I don’t remember the pain . No, it’s actually not like that. The memory of the pain is pretty vivid. Woody Allen has famously admitted the scarlet letter heart wants what it wants. Effective Communication Thesis Statement. But what does that mean? Is that just a way of character letter, excusing inappropriate desire?

I tell myself that it’s not just enraged ego; I have stories to blog tell. My heart wants to tell stories. Women should be telling stories. And the earth will not survive without women claiming their voices and character essays letter their partnership for its people. It may not survive even so. So my heart says, get up, get back in the game, this isn’t just about thesis photoblog skin you.

Stand up, you stubborn girl. If I have an ambition, it is to character essays scarlet change the world. So yes, I am ambitious. And while I do believe in shakespeare blog, playing well with others, I ultimately don’t know how to character letter keep my mouth shut. Communication. What storyteller does? I wish this were not the story I have to tell today. I have other stories. I am anxious to get on with them. Excerpted from letter Double Bind: Women on me write report Ambition edited by Robin Romm. Copyright © 2017 by Robin Romm.

With permission of the publisher, Liveright Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved. Liveright Publishing Corporation. Get the latest TV news from Entertainment Weekly. 'Playboy' for scarlet the articles? 11 famous authors who wrote for Hugh Hefner. Rick Riordan debuts new imprint with 'Aru Shah' excerpt. New 'Star Wars' book helps kids improve their far, far away vocabulary.

How a debut historical novel from an photoblog, unknown writer created an auction frenzy. 1 'Naptime with Joey': Exclusive photos feature Joey-as-Braveheart. 2 Read a chapter from 'Diary of a Wimpy Kid: The Getaway' 3 Stephanie Garber's 'Caraval' gets sequel, 'Legendary' 4 Melania Trump dissed by school librarian. 5 Trump era becomes accidental novella in new M.T. Anderson book. All products featured were editorially selected. Scarlet Letter. EW.com may receive a percentage of sales for items purchased from shakespeare school essay competition these links.

Copyright © 2017 Time Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in essays scarlet letter, whole or in part without permission is thesis statement prohibited.

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An Analysis of character essays, 'Everyday Use' by Alice Walker. American writer and sbe doctoral, activist Alice Walker is character letter, best known for her novel The Color Purple , which won both the Pulitzer Prize and help report, the National Book Award. She has written numerous other novels, stories, poems, and essays. Her story #39;Everyday Use#39; originally appeared in her 1973 collection, In Love Trouble: Stories of Black Women , and has been widely anthologized since. The story is narrated in the first-person by a mother who lives with her shy and unattractive daughter, Maggie, who was scarred in a fire as a child. They are nervously waiting for a visit from Maggie#39;s sister, Dee, to whom life has always come easy. Dee and her companion boyfriend arrive with bold, unfamiliar clothing and hairstyles, greeting Maggie and the narrator with Muslim and African phrases. Dee announces that she has changed her name to Wangero Leewanika Kemanjo, saying that she couldn#39;t stand to use a name from oppressors. This decision hurts her mother, who named her after loved ones. Character Essays Letter! During the visit, Dee lays claim to certain family heirlooms, such as the top and dasher of a butter churn, whittled by sbe doctoral relatives.

But unlike Maggie, who uses the butter churn to make butter, Dee wants to treat them like antiques or artwork. Essays Scarlet Letter! Dee also tries to claim some handmade quilts, fully assuming she#39;ll be able to have them because she#39;s the help me write my book report, only one who can #34;appreciate#34; them. Essays Scarlet! The mother informs Dee that she has already promised the quilts to Maggie. Maggie says Dee can have them, but the mother takes the quilts out of photoblog skin, Dee#39;s hands and gives them to Maggie. Dee then leaves, chiding the essays letter, mother for not understanding her heritage, and encouraging Maggie to #34;make something of yourself.#34; After Dee is gone, Maggie and the narrator relax contentedly in the back yard for the rest of the afternoon. Dee insists that Maggie is incapable of appreciating the difference between sales essay, quilts.

She exclaims, horrified, #34;She#39;d probably be backward enough to put them to character essays, everyday use.#34; For Dee, heritage is help my book report, a curiosity to be looked at -- and something to put on essays, display for others to look at, as well. She plans to use the churn top and dasher as decorative items in her home. Between Sales And Marketing! She plans to hang the quilts on the wall, #34;[a]s if that was the only thing you could do with quilts.#34; She even treats her own family members as curiosities. She takes numerous Polaroid photos of them, and the narrator tells us, #34;She never takes a shot without making sure the character, house is included.

When a cow comes nibbling around the astrology thesis, edge of the yard she snaps it and me and character essays scarlet letter, Maggie and me write my book, the house.#34; But Dee fails to understand that the heritage of the items she covets comes precisely from their #34;everyday use#34; -- their relation to the lived experience of the people who#39;ve used them. The narrator describes the scarlet letter, dasher as follows: #34;You didn#39;t even have to look close to see where hands pushing the dasher up and down to make butter had left a kind of sink in the wood. In fact, there were a lot of small sinks; you could see where thumbs and fingers had sunk into the wood.#34; Part of the beauty of the object is that it has been so frequently used, and by me write so many hands in the family, and for the very real purpose of making butter. It shows #34;a lot of small sinks,#34; suggesting a communal family history that Dee seems unaware of. The quilts, made from scraps of clothing and sewn by multiple hands, epitomize this #34;lived experience.#34; They even include a small scrap from #34;Great Grandpa Ezra#39;s uniform that he wore in the Civil War,#34; which reveals that members of character letter, Dee#39;s family were working against thesis #34;the people who oppress[ed]#34; them long before Dee decided to change her name. Unlike Dee, Maggie actually knows how to quilt. She was taught by Dee#39;s namesakes -- Grandma Dee and Big Dee -- so she is a living part of the heritage that is nothing more than decoration to Dee. For Maggie, the quilts are reminders of character essays letter, specific people, not of some abstract notion of difference and marketing, heritage. #34;I can #39;member Grandma Dee without the quilts,#34; Maggie says to her mother. It is this statement that prompts her mother to take the quilts away from scarlet letter, Dee and thesis skin, hand them to Maggie because Maggie understands their history and value so much more deeply than Dee does.

Dee#39;s real offense lies in her arrogance and character scarlet, condescension toward her family, not in her attempted embrace of African culture. Her mother is initially very open-minded about the changes Dee has made. For instance, though the narrator confesses that Dee has shown up in a #34;dress so loud it hurts my eyes,#34; she watches Dee walk toward her and concedes, #34;The dress is loose and flows, and thesis statement, as she walks closer, I like it.#34; The mother also shows a willingness to use the name Wangero, telling Dee, #34;If that#39;s what you want us to call you, we#39;ll call you.#34; But Dee doesn#39;t really seem to want her mother#39;s acceptance, and she definitely doesn#39;t want to return the favor by accepting and respecting her mother#39;s cultural traditions. She almost seems disappointed that her mother is willing to call her Wangero. Dee is possessive and entitled as #34;her hand close[s] over Grandma Dee#39;s butter dish#34; and she begins to think of objects she#39;d like to take. And she#39;s convinced of her superiority over her mother and sister. For example, the essays, mother observes Dee#39;s companion and notices, #34;Every once in a while he and Wangero sent eye signals over my head.#34; When it turns out that Maggie knows much more about the history of the family heirlooms than Dee does, Dee belittles her by saying, #34;Maggie#39;s brain is shakespeare blog, like an elephant#39;s.#34; The entire family considers Dee to be the educated, intelligent, quick-witted one, and essays, so she equates Maggie#39;s intellect with an astrology, instinctual knack of an animal, not giving her any real credit. As the scarlet letter, mother narrates the story, she refers to Dee as Wangero.

Occasionally she refers to her as Wangero (Dee), which emphasizes the confusion of having a new name and dissertation, also pokes a little fun at the grandness of Dee#39;s gesture. But as Dee becomes more and more selfish and difficult, the character essays, narrator starts to withdraw her generosity in accepting the new name. Instead of Wangero (Dee), she starts to refer to her as Dee (Wangero), privileging her original given name. When the school, mother describes snatching the quilts away from Dee, she refers to her as #34;Miss Wangero,#34; suggesting that she#39;s run out of essays, patience with Dee#39;s haughtiness. Photoblog Skin! After that, she simply calls her Dee, fully withdrawing her gesture of support because Dee has made no effort to reciprocate.

Dee seems unable to separate her new-found cultural identity from her own long-standing need to feel superior to her mother and sister. Ironically, Dee#39;s lack of essays scarlet letter, respect for her living family members -- as well as her lack of respect for astrology thesis, the real human beings who constitute what Dee thinks of only as an abstract #34;heritage#34; -- provides the clarity that allows Maggie and the mother to #34;appreciate#34; each other and their own shared heritage.

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Duties, Skills, Knowledge of essays letter, a Software Architect. SEI work in architecture-centric engineering exploits the relationship between a system's architecture and its quality attributes, and research leverages architecture as the key means for ensuring that systems will support their business and mission goals. Explore our architecture-related training opportunities. Character Scarlet Letter! Learn about our research in architecture-centric engineering. Network with other software, systems, and enterprise architects.

Duties, Skills, and Knowledge of a Software Architect. Crafting the school blog, right architecture to solve the problem at hand is only part of architects' responsibilities. Character! They must also. define, document, and communicate it make sure everyone is using it, and using it correctly make sure that it comes out in stages in a timely way so that the overall organization can make progress before it's complete make sure the software and system architectures are in synchronization act as the emissary of the difference between sales, architecture make sure management understands it (to the detail necessary) make sure the right modeling is being done, to know that qualities like performance are going to be met give input as needed to issues like tool and environment selection identify and interact with stakeholders to character essays letter make sure their needs are being met make sure that the architecture is not only the between sales and marketing, right one for operations, but also for character essays, deployment and sustainment resolve disputes and make tradeoffs resolve technical problems maintain morale, both within the architecture group, and externally as well. Effective Communication! The latter is done by essays scarlet providing a sound design, when needed, and providing good presentations and materials to let everyone know the organization is on the right track. understand and plan for evolutionary paths plan for new technology insertion manage risk identification and risk mitigation strategies associated with the architecture. Information Contributed by Readers. The SEI gathered the following input from readers after June, 2006 about the primary duties of a chief software architect, including. duties of an architect skills of an architect knowledge required by an architect duties of an skin organization to its architects and architecture-based development projects. Christopher Brandt (Systems Architect, Moneris Solutions, Burnaby, BC, Canada)

Duties: In my experience, an architect brings together the pieces of an character essays scarlet letter architecture for all aspects of the system and then communicates the architecture to the stakeholders. By aspects of the school essay, system I mean everything from software development tools to the high level design to the off-the-shelf components and services required for the system to function. A good architect provides a development team with all of the tools they need to put together a great system. Skills: An architect must be technically competent and a strong communicator (written, verbal, presentation. ). Knowledge: An architect should be competent in the core frameworks used or to be used, however they need not be an expert programmer in that framework. More importantly, they must have a strong knowledge of the problem domain that their systems are meant to provide solutions for. Organizational Support: Architects need time and leeway to experiment and character learn. Software methods are continually changing, thus an essay competition blog architect must be given time to learn, communicate with peers and try out new stuff. David Cornish (Technical Architect, JPMorgan, London, UK) Duties: Ensure that new systems are built in a way that best ensures that functional requirements are met whilst also ensure that service qualities (Performance, scalability, extensibility etc) for now and for the future are achievable. Review and essays improve on existing systems, making use of new technologies and methodologies to seek continual improvement for existing systems.

Provide high level guidance and direction on project work, making sure tha new projects fit in communication thesis, with an overall strategic vision. Skills: Strong communication with both technical and business teams; Strong design experience and technical knowledge; Analytical and 'joined-up' thinking; Conflict resolution. Knowledge: Business process knowledge; Technical knowledge; Strategic view of where the business are going and how technology will be used to attain that vision. Organizational Support: Provide clear guidance on project requirements: Provide a clear business strategy; Provide training to scarlet allow architects to stay up to speed with new technology developments. Huub van Dijk (Quality Manager, Independent, Amsterdam, Netherlands) Duties: Now: same as system designer. Architecture is generally so loosely defined that it is virtually indistinguishable from design. This situation has been deteriorating for many years.

Should be: Defining a prescriptive architecture based on sbe doctoral dissertation, ubiquitous standards. However, appropriate models are still scarce. Character! An example of an excellent model is OSI. Its layers cater to the needs of many stakeholders and are completely transparent (it surpassed ubiquity and reached the status of user oblivion).

Like OSI, architectural models should be layered. Any telescopic or hierarchic model is disastrous. Hence the relentless SE crisis. Staying absolutely clear of anything that reeks of thesis photoblog skin, implementation. Character Scarlet Letter! Conforming to IEEE 1471 I.e. starting with stakeholders!

These are always human, which should settle your question about the human side. Skills: Too many. I am afraid that a SA must be detected rather than selected. Knowledge: Equivalent to: MSc Computer Science and MBA. Applicable standards (IT and report domain specific). Available solutions and models for re-use. George Fankhauser (Head SW, MT, Columbus, OH, USA) Duties: Software PLM Platform Management, often including hardware resolving design decisions harmonizing design portfolio analysis (SW metrics, project metrics) Skills: experienced designer experienced coder (yes!) communicator ambassador (sometimes)

Knowledge: sound theoretical skills (e.g. Character Essays Scarlet Letter! complexity measures) algorithm data structures 101. Organizational Support: management backup veto right in projects. Theo Gantos (Consultant, TEKA, Flint, MI, USA) Duties: A software architect must manage a constellation of shakespeare school competition blog, issues, ranging from: Consulting; gathering artifacts, conducting interviews, communicating with stakeholders, selling the character, NEED for architecture Systems analysis; understanding and representing the various disparate views of information, documenting actual or probable structural issues; reverse-engineering architectures from existing structures Data modeling; representing the various views and representations of information in their various layers. conceptual,logical,physical; abstracting elements of information and relations to develop alternative unified database models; working with application developers to understand physical IDE limitations Architect-foreman-Sage/mentor or cantankerous crackpot; work hard to stay involved during the sbe doctoral research, development process to modify the architecture to make adjustments for various outside forces; communicate and essays scarlet letter articulate the architectural vision in terms that each person can comprehend.

Skills: A renaissance person. Difference Between Sales And Marketing! Consulting, diplomacy, organization, conceptualization, abstract thinking, logical reasoning, data modeling skills in several methodologies, ability to self-evaluate and letter adapt quickly, presentation and communication skills, programming expertise, writing skills, sales skills, charisma, finance and return on investment calculation skills, dealing with difficult and change-resistant people, sense of humor. Knowledge: The knowledge requirement is so staggering and extensive that there are very few persons capable of performing in help my book report, an above average capacity. I cannot envision how one could possibly through strictly academic coursework, acquire this knowledge without perilous and untiring pursuit. There is much mis-information, vendor ax-grinding, self-serving, and uncritically reviewed published material that the chances of building a thorough understanding of the fundamentals is scarlet daunting. Organizational Support: Appreciate the value of the contributions they can make , especially not in astrology thesis, the short run, but over essays time. Build a recognition that architecture is vital to school blog the life cycle of the information, does not exist solely to serve the application, and scarlet may well surpass several generations of application development. Recognize that like building a solid bridge, the and marketing essay, value is not in how quickly and cheaply it can be built, but how ultimately useful, flexible, and durable it is over it's expected life. Stefan Grasmann (Manager Competence Center Microsoft, Zuhlke, Eschborn, Germany)

Duties: Create a common technical vision, which fulfills quality requirements. Maintain and explain this vision to anybody interested in essays letter, it or those who are not, but should be. Technical quality assurance (before, during and after development). School Essay Competition! Create partnership with project manager to give him technical assistance regarding important decisions. Elaborate quality requirements and urge to test them early. Character Scarlet! Drive technical evaluation of brilliant ideas. Skills: Communicate complex issues in simple words adjusted to the audience and their skills. Endurance in repeating the same idea again and again and me write my book report again.

Creativity to find simple solutions to complex issues. Ability to essays scarlet letter feel like a developer. Knowledge: Experienced development know-how in different areas. Architectural styles and design patterns - from a practical point of me write my book, view. Deep understanding of underlying technologies and future trends. Software Factories and productivity aspects.

Domain knowledge. Understanding of potential customer base. Organizational Support: Trust him, but control results. Durga Srinivas Gudimetla (Associate Consultant, Tata Consultancy Services, Hyderabad, AP, India) Create an organizational IT roadmap, closely interact with CXOs in defining the IT objectives Understand the business processes, Create a visionary roadmap to align business vision to IT vision, Create a robust IT architecture framework and enforce across IT systems, Decision authority/signoff authority on application architecture Ambassador between Business organization and IT organization Oversee platform selection, HW, SW selection processes, Pilot studies across all IT.

Should have extremely good knowledge on SDLC processes Should posses sound knowledge on IT Application architecture, Design methodologies across multiple platforms Should have good grip on non-functional areas like performance, scalability studies, human interaction, software ergonomics Commitment to quality Should have clarity on what business wants and scarlet letter ability to transform wants to results Thought provocative leader Critical reasoning skills, Decision making skills ROI calculation skills. Modelling skills Data modelling skills Inter modular interaction and necessary middleware skills for distributed components Project management skills Selling/Marketing skills. Create innovation environment Risk reward based environment Encourage innovative thinking Encourage certification, sponsorships for higher studies. Moonesh Kachroo (Technical Manager, WNS, Gurgaon, Haryana, India) Duties: Undermentioned are some points (other than already mentioned) which are also important duties of an Architect: Should know how to strike a right balance between the major four -time, scope, cost and skin quality. Letter! To enforce and monitor the me write, agreed upon policies and best practices through out the organization. To manage the perception of various stakeholders (parties) and try to character essays scarlet letter bring them on the same page and under the same thought umbrella. Needs to keep himself updated on all the relevant subjects.

Skills: Should have an ability to switch between macro and essay micro visions effectively and efficiently, as time demands; Should have an excellent analytical skills for obvious reasons; Decision making is also one of the must haves; Should have an ability to foresee, plan and mitigate any type of risk. Rajesh Kanna (Development Manager, PT. 1rstWAP, Jakarta, Indonesia) Strong Communication Skills Should be able to understand the BRDs(Business Requirement Document) Stick on scarlet, to simpler, cost effective and less error prone frameworks Need to understand the right framework/software components and thesis use them in right place. Framework should be designed with manageable, scalable, portable and performance consideration in mind. Should have a deep workable knowledge in OOAD and implement the character, same in terms of standards and effective communication thesis policies within the scarlet, architecture. Based on the complexity of the project security levels, workflows should be designed to fine granular level.

Convert all the technical details into statement good TDDs explains about the end-end architecture,custom tailored famework components and character essays letter their relationships. Performance considerations, profiling techniques. Should possess excellent english knowledge Need not be a programmer but should be able to understand every code programmer codes and identify loop holes in the coding standards being followed. Should monitor the code written very closely. Should have a fast knowledge in software testing methodologies and types.

Should posses deeper knowledge in open source projects and thesis photoblog frameworks. Should have a deeper understanding about pros and cons of the architecture designed and contigency plans incase of failure. Should understand to character essays scarlet letter the team member inputs. Frameworks Spring, Struts Knowledge in communication thesis, Industrial Standard Profiling Tools Knowledge in Unit Testing Knowledge in Mobile Technology and frameworks being used. Essays Letter! Working knowledge in High-End databases TIBCO, web methods, web services. Organizations might sometimes need to astrology understand the importance of best software architecture and support indeed. Should encourage architects to attend conferences, certifications if necessary and self update on the latest frameworks and character essays products either in difference between sales and marketing essay, open source or commercial community.

Encouraging architects to character certify in difference between sales, Project Management will be an added advantage for the company. Venkatesh Krishnamurthy (Technical Architect, Valtech India, Bangalore, KA, India) Understand the business requirements from the customer and convert them to technical design. Be available to character the team members, stake holders Drive the product development Provide design and architecture and explain this in thesis skin, detail to character essays letter the team members Be hands on with programming. The architect with no programming skills cannot make a good decision Keep updating knowledge with latest and greatest tools and technologies Bring the report, best tools and his past experience into character essays scarlet letter the organization Create a low coupled-extensible architecture Be aware of the process in place Make quick decisions and stand by it Be open for suggestions from communication statement, all the team members He should provide good configuration plan Review the test cases Make decisions to reduce waste in software development. Keep a close watch on developer’s code, and review it to ensure there are no extra features added to the code. Develop a good coding practice Mentor and coach the team on latest tools and essays scarlet technology Not try to become a PowerPoint architect Ability to extract the non-functional requirements from the user. He needs to keep an eye on this all the shakespeare competition blog, time Performance optimization. Skills: Architect needs to be. Creative An Artist Politician Strong willed Excellent communication skills Excellent presentation skills People person Matured Articulative Courageous to make decisions and stand by it Risk taker Good observer Negotiator.

He is supposed to know end to end design. That is, from essays letter, presentation tier till the database layer Latest tools and technology. Essay! It could be Java/J2EE, .NET, Eclipse, Visual Studio, CVS/Subversion, TIBCO, Security related like encryption, decryption, and letter session management Strong in effective communication, OOAD/OOP/UML Domain knowledge is required but not mandatory Principles of TDD, Refactoring. An organization should provide resources (tools, technology and character essays letter human resource) as and when needed. The organization should not sacrifice the code quality by cutting costs and not listening to architects It is becoming a de-facto standard that, an architect is highly necessary for difference between sales, each and every project. No project can be executed without a proper architecture. It is like building a house. Whether it is a small house or big house, one needs to build a good plan, good foundation and character essays scarlet then construct it. Organizations need to sponsor architects by sending them to technology conferences quite often.

Donna Maskell (Principal Software Engineer, Raytheon, Fort Wayne, IN, USA) Duties: The SA is responsible for me write report, defining the overall structure of the system based on the forces driving the system (e.g. ilities). Character Essays Scarlet Letter! It has to be robust, effective, and maintainable. It does not have to be optimal, much less perfect, or there would be very few software projects. Photoblog Skin! The SA has to decide what the character letter, most important drivers are in order to justify his approach, because there will be questions.

The SA has to be able to communicate the architecture intelligibly to essay the stakeholders at character, a level of detail that becomes progressively more refined as the comprehension of the audience becomes more sophisticated. An architecture created by one person will be limited to what one person can think of, so the SA has to be open-minded about thesis, criticism and treat it as constructive. The SA should seek buy-in from the stakeholders, including the people who have to implement it all the way down to the code. Skills: An SA needs a thick skin and an open mind; communication skills to articulate the architecture and respond instructively to letter questions about the architecture; the ability to recognize that the architecture quality is shakespeare essay competition more important than the essays letter, architect's ego; leadership qualities, because software engineers are an independent lot who cannot be herded; courtesy, since you can't give everyone everything they want, but you can listen fairly and be courteous in saying no. Knowledge: Patterns of analysis and design; architectural archetypes; available tools and sbe doctoral notations for representing architecture artifacts; presentation skills to convey information with clarity and conciseness. Organizational Support: Document all the requirements, including the corporate business goals to scarlet be supported. See the architect gets the training he/she requests. Dissertation Research! Provide opportunities for the architect to flowdown the current state of the architecture to essays lower-level stakeholders (e.g. implementers). Have multiple architects, with one lead POC, and decisions by consensus. Mayank Sugandhi (Sr.

Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. An architect can be of effective communication thesis statement, any type based on organization structure and its hierarchy.

Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect. According to character essays scarlet letter me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to help team Decide bit and pieces and scarlet communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of System Focus on research, scalability, maintainability, performance and character modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business. In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for creating business by use of thesis photoblog skin, technology Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and character aligned team in that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on dissertation, project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to scarlet letter resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to astrology handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to character essays understand their problem and ideas. Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of my book, programing and it's concept. Peter Pavlovic (Global Senior Architect - Rates Credit Markets, JPMorgan, New York, NY, USA) Duties: Provide guidance to others on character scarlet, how software should be built. Oversee development in build mgmt role to astrology ensure successful delivery.

Provide insight as to how to make products robust, efficient and extensible from a technology perspective. Be accountable for what is going on character letter, in the firm. Skills: Programming in common languages (C,C++,C#,Java); Ability to produce QUALITY docs illustrations; Ability to impart knowledge to others. Knowledge: Latest technology trends, up coming languages, products, initiatives, language optimizations, etc. Organizational Support: Trust their architects to deliver quality product (not just opine on how things should be done). Provide enough authority to ensure their accountability is warranted and able to sbe doctoral dissertation research be supported. Victor Alejandro Baez Puente (Chief Technology Officer, Grupo Nacional Provincial, Mexico City, DF, Mexico) Duties: Chief Architect will be responsible for character essays scarlet, all aspects of technology including the high-level architectural designing, construction, reconstruction and refactoring, technology standardization and astrology modernization. The Chief Architect will establish the strategic technical direction for essays scarlet letter, the enterprise products. They will also serve as the evangelist of the thesis photoblog skin, architectural vision, strategy, and principles to letter internal staff, customers, industry analysts, and throughout their peer groups.

The main areas of responsibility include the following: Technology Oversight: Maintain an ongoing awareness of emerging developments and trends in technology that could impact current projects and influence new projects Industry Participation: Participate in external standards organizations, industry groups, panels etc. that could enhance company's image and reputation as well as provide vital information on technology trends and best practices Vendor / Tool Analysis: Lead the evaluation of help my book report, software vendors targeted for essays letter, possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools and utilities Evangelism of architectural vision, strategy, and principles Creation and delivery of detailed technical presentations Leadership of architectural alignment implementation efforts High-level technical consultation and developer mentoring Plan and implement the technical Enterprise Architecture, including both short and long term strategies for retiring certain legacy systems, integrating existing systems and new systems implementation recommendations Refinement, documentation and communication thesis statement communication of architectural principles Oversight and guidance of new product initiatives ensuring adherence to architectural principles Customer Technical Resource: Serve as the scarlet letter, chief technical resource and reference for the new product, and help define appropriate customer support responses, as well as dealing directly with customers on high-level issues. Experience designing an enterprise application with financial auditing, contract management, enterprise workflow, business process integration, and perhaps asset management components Experience with Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Experience as a chief architect on thesis photoblog skin, inception-to-delivery of J2EE projects. Experience with deploying J2EE rich and/or web client applications in a high-availability, clustered environment Expertise in the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for constructing, and documenting the character letter, artifacts of shakespeare school competition, software systems Exemplary general IT knowledge (applications development, testing, deployment, operations, documentation, standards, best practices, security, hardware, networking, OS, DBMS, middleware, etc.) Expertise and experience in lightweight, rapid development, agile methodologies. Experience in estimating and measuring project velocity Experience with interaction with legacy systems and phased application integration Exquisite attention to detail Written, verbal, and diagrammatic communication skills.

Required Technologies Experience: Operating Systems example: Windows NT, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Linux and other unix flavors, z/Os Java (core), J2EE (Servlets,JSP,EJB,JMS,and related), JavaBeans, Enterprise JavaBeans, J2EEXML(DOM, SAX, XSL, XSLT, DTD, Schema), COBOL Web Services: SOAP, XML, WSDL Middleware examples: JMS, Apache/Tomcat, BEA Weblogic, JBoss, Webshpere, MQ series CICS Databases examples: MS SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, DB2 Business Intelligence Business Process Integration: Java based rules engines and workflow engines EAI/Legacy extension: experience with common tools ETL Tools: experience with common tools. Knowledge: Computational and technical knowledge, deep process definition knowledge, project management. Organizational Support: observe the character, methodology phases in which architects must participate in order to shakespeare school essay align the proposed solutions to the general architectural framework. Murugesan R. (Lead Analyst, Saksoft Limited, Chennai State, TN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating architecture and validate it Consulting and educating on the use of Architecture. Skills: MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent business communication. Aware of different technologies tools up-to-date Knowledge on character letter, Architectural patterns Knowledge on Design patterns. Organizational Support: Learn! Think!!

Create. Poornachandra Sarang (Practicing Solution Architect, ABCOM Information Systems Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India) Duties: An architect role should not be restricted to creating an architecture document, but should be extended to cover the and marketing, various responsibilities until the project is delivered and deployed. An architect must be well versed on various technologies and character letter should have zest for learning emerging technologies at all times. We would broadly assign the following responsibilities to an architect • Should be well versed with the current day technologies. Should demonstrate keen interest in upgrading the skills to emerging technologies.

Should be prepared to do some hands-on coding for understanding the intricacies of new and emerging technologies. Should make presentations on emerging technologies and his/her own project experiences to help user groups and conferences. Such contributions help in formulating your thoughts and delivering your ideas to the project team members. Should assist the domain expert in essays scarlet, creating the business case. Should overlook the process of requirements gathering. Should assist analysts and school essay blog designers to create design artifacts Should be familiar to the various tools available in the market for creating design artifacts and give recommendations on this to the project team. Should create an agreeable notation for scarlet, artifacts amongst the team members Should create vocabulary specific to the business domain for which the astrology, application is being created. Should help designers apply the appropriate architectural and design patterns in their designs. Should provide assistance to designers in re-factoring the classes if required. Should educate designers on anti-patterns and other undocumented bad practices that he or she might have learned from the own experiences.

Should perform random code reviews to ensure that the developers adhere to essays letter the specified guidelines. Should provide test points in thesis, the software being developed and character essays scarlet letter assist testers in creating test cases for evaluating the effective communication thesis, software. Should assist developers in creating prototypes. Should be able to create and demonstrate proof-of-concepts (POC) on newer technologies. Should advise customer on the use of appropriate technology and avoid getting carried away with fancy technologies. Should accept the onus of success/failure of the system. Should help business stakeholders in setting the directions for their product lines. Skills: To achieve the above purpose, a solution architect would need varied technical skill sets. Essays Scarlet Letter! These may be broadly stated as follows: Should possess a sound technical knowledge of the various current technologies such as J2EE, .NET, Open Source, Messaging infrastructures and so on.

Should have a good understanding of effective, various technological architectures such as CORBA, J2EE, .NET, JMS, MSMQ, MQ series and so on. Should be well acquainted to character scarlet letter several EAI integration technologies such as J2EE connectors, COM-TI components, TIBCO and effective thesis statement so on. Should possess good knowledge of several database products available in the market. Should have good knowledge of data warehousing, creating and running analytical queries and business intelligence techniques. Should be able to compare and contrast several tools and products available on the various technologies mentioned above. • Should be able to create artifacts using available tools. Should be able to re-factor the character, code to apply design patterns and also ensuring appropriate applicability of anti-patterns. Should be able to do a code walk-through on sample code selected at random.

Should possess good knowledge of various testing tools. Should be able to understand and analyze test reports to ensure that quality goals are reached. Should be able to between and marketing essay assist developers in resolving the technical issues and providing proof-of-concepts on newer technologies. Should provide advice on selection of appropriate hardware and deployment architectures. Should be well conversant with software process methodologies and character scarlet processes. Should be good in team building. Should be able to create architectural documentation.

Should possess good communication skills. Knowledge: The above technical skills requirements can easily deter anyone from aspiring to astrology thesis become a solution architect. Character Essays Letter! Though a deep technical knowledge in each of the astrology, above areas is not expected, architect should possess a good conceptual clarity on each. Architect should build a team with individual members specializing in different above-mentioned technologies. The help may then be obtained from the various team members in achieving the architectural goals for any project. Organizational Support: The organization that is letter creating and maintaining an architectural team should provide support to the chief architect in building and retaining the team. The software industry usually faces the problem of quick turn-around of manpower. The organization should provide enough incentives and facilities to retain the trained manpower. The organization should provide budgets that would enable the architect team to keep abreast with newer technologies.

The organization should be willing to budget Research and Development (RD) expenditures for experimentation, learning technologies, obtaining software licenses and acquiring test hardware platforms. Organization may opt for CMMI certifications to ensure quality processes and building customer confidence in the architectural processes deployed on the customers’ projects. Ramakrishnan Subramanian (Technical Specialist, Cybernet Software, Chennai, TN, India) Keep it Simple. Architect to Scale by feature and for change. Mentoring Dev team Keeping all stake holders happy with an excellent balance. Performance Improvement Skills. Refactoring Skills. Between Sales And Marketing Essay! Mentoring. Excellent Communication.

Understanding Organisation need. Character Essays Scarlet Letter! Knowledge: Technical knowledge. Domain knowledge. Organizational Support: Keep politics away Freedom to astrology the Architects Encourage Arch-based development Provide a play area to scarlet play / tryout and fail with no threat of consequences! Mayank Sugandhi (Sr. Software Engineer, Pyxis System, Pune, MH, India) Duties: I usually confuse between duties of Project Manager. Some duties are common between them only difference is about orientation. In which Project Manager aligned more toward Client interaction, People, Time cost management. Between And Marketing Essay! An architect can be of any type based on organization structure and it's herarchy. Character Essays Scarlet Letter! Solution Architect System Architect Technical Architect According to me following are duties of Architect but one thing I am sure A System can exist without architect but now without project manager. Show right path to team Decide bit and pieces and communication channel between them Decide technology, tools and process guidelines Design high level view of System Focus on scalability, maintainability, performance and astrology modularity Adopt, understand new technology to apply in business.

In some organization .Contact CXO to suggest new path for creating business by use of technology. Negotiate with clients Lead team under his vision and aligned team in character essays, that direction Apply right process, design and technology based on astrology thesis, project to accomplish task Guide Team to solve challenges during development. Politically sound to character essays scarlet resist internal issues Good Presentation and Communication skills along with convincing power Good vision and experience to handle conflicts Good technical and process exposure as depth and breadth Good learner to adopt new technology quickly Good problem solver and initiator Good listner for team to understand their problem and ideas Knowledge: An Architect must be good learner as Software Industry changing trands frequently. He must have sound knowledge of shakespeare blog, programing and it's concept. He must has solid approach to figure out solution and creative for new ideas. He should posses skil to character scarlet letter communicate and convince that properly. Information Submitted Before June, 2006. For several years, the SEI had gathered reader comments on the duties of a chief software architect. On June 1, 2006, we expanded our questionnaire to include additional information concerning the chief architect.

The following entries were submitted prior to the June change. The previously submitted duties of a chief software architect are alphabetized by difference essay submitter's last name. Ammad Amjad (Software Architect, Lahore Stock Exchange (G) Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan) In my opinion, a systems architect should possess the following qualities and features relevant to his/her duties. Letter! He should. be innovative and creative have good analysis skills know BEST PRACTICES of the industry be aware of technologies and available solutions be experienced with all the phases of software engineering understand the business objectives be able to gather business requirements and thesis photoblog map them to objects in problem solving manners foresee changes and take measures to character essays scarlet accommodate them while architecting the system have problem domain knowledge have good communication skills and able to research express his ideas be able to follow process. Ezhil Arasan Babaraj (Technical Architect, Cybernet Software System, TN, India) Should provide appropriate technical solutions for the given requirement. Should effectively communicate the proposed solution. Character Essays Letter! Should be a quick learner to learn new technologies. Need to be a good mentor.

Need to make the architect team to understand and work towards the organization vision. Should be able to think beyond expectations. Srihari Boregowda (Technology Director, Canarys Automations (P) Ltd., Bangalore, KA, India) Extends on that of any Engineer. dealing with the practical application of scientific knowledge to the safe and cost-effective solution of Human Problems. The Architect is adept at use of heuristics to cause the best change in a poorly understood situation within the available resources and reduce risk in imminent implementation Everything is created twice . First is the Mental creation followed by a physical cration later. Architect is part of the first creation.

He must be able to shakespeare essay competition selectively switch between Abstract and Concrete as required throughout the project. Architect in essays, leadership role, using the thesis photoblog, right brain, Architect part of character essays scarlet, business development and pre sales, Professional responsibilities of architect. Mallik Bulusu (Sr. Astrology Thesis! Software Engineer, Intel, DuPont, WA) I have a 2 step recipe. First and foremost, acquiring good knowledge of domain is essential in defining problem correctly.

Then comes, conceiving the ideal foundation or framework on which the actual solution can be constructed. Shahid Farid (Student, PUCIT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) In big organizations (Enterprises), architect is not a single person--- it is character scarlet a team. Shakespeare School Essay Competition! This team led by character letter an experienced architect, called “Chief Architect”. Hierarchy of the Team: Often (at medium level organizations) this team is divided into two groups. They are: Functional architects, who optimize business processes, and photoblog skin have a very good knowledge about essays scarlet, analysis methods; Technical architects, who design long-term, reliable and sbe doctoral research adaptive technical architectures, and constitute a technical gateway between the project manager and the developers. But in big organizations, this team is divided into a number of roles:

Software Architect Hardware Architect Data/Communication Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Now we discuss the character scarlet letter, responsibilities/duties of each of school essay blog, these one by one. Software Architect: A software architect is scarlet responsible for creating or selecting the most appropriate architecture for me write my book, a system (or systems), such that it suits the: business needs, satisfies user requirements, and achieves the desired results under given constraints. Responsibilities of a Software Architect: A software architect analyses an character scarlet organization’s overall business and establish how their software is used A software architect assess new software applications to see if they are suitable for an organization and thesis photoblog if the current hardware will support them A software architect provide detailed information about costs and benefits of software to character scarlet letter ensure that it will serve the client over a long period A software architect abstracts the complexity of difference sales, a system into a manageable model that describes the essence of a system by exposing important details and significant constraints. Character Scarlet Letter! A software architect maintains control over astrology the architecture lifecycle parallel to the project’s software development lifecycle. Although A software architect may be most visible during the requirements and design stages of essays, a project lifecycle, he or she must proactively monitor the adherence of the implementation to the chosen architecture during all iterations. Architecture on help my book, paper is fruitless unless implemented proficiently.

A software architect stays on course in line with the long term vision when projects’ scope creep attempts to manipulate software architecture in a certain way in order to satisfy the desires of myriad stakeholders. A software architect must focus on actions that produce results early while staying on character essays, course for the long term. When project variables outside of one’s control change the architect must adjust the strategy given the resource available while maintaining the research, long term goal. A software architect progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system in terms of implementation, operations, and maintenance. The critical decisions must be faithfully made and backed up by understanding and evaluation of alternative options. These decisions usually result in tradeoffs that principally define characteristics of a system. Additionally these decisions must be well documented in a manner understood by character essays others. A software architect sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system.

The fitness of the architecture is measured against set marks. Thesis Photoblog Skin! A software architect works closely with executives to explain the benefits and justify the essays letter, investment in software architectures. This may be done by participating in business process re-engineering activities, by using Cost Benefit Analysis Method, or by measuring the difference and marketing essay, level of component / architecture re-use between projects with the character scarlet, help from the astrology thesis, software process improvement team. Software architect must be effective in order to deliver results that are meaningful to the projects that have an impact on the bottom line that result in greater profits. A software architect inspires, mentors, and encourages colleagues to apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices. Educating the recipients and participants of system architecture is essential to successfully selling the chosen architectural path. Specifically the stakeholders must be able to understand, evaluate, and reason about software architecture. If A software architect is the only one who can read and understand documented system architecture, then he has failed to integrate his best practices into character essays scarlet the organizational culture. A software architect fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving.

It’s A software architect’s job to keep the inertia going once the project is in thesis skin, progress. He or she must convince all relevant stakeholders that the chosen approach is sound – moreover the chosen architectural solution must be well explained and justified. Character! The benefits of implementing a system in a particular way must be explained not only in terms of “that’s the right pattern for this problem,” but also to demonstrate the between essay, measurable benefits - such as easier integration. For example, in character scarlet, a product line approach A software architect must be able to demonstrate how the subsequent projects will be easier to implement due to the presence of a common base from which subsequent work can be done. A software architect creates and distributes tailored views of effective communication thesis statement, software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals. For example, a customer may demand to become more involved with a project and they may need to know an abstract view of a system on the level understood by them. A government customer may require A software architect to demonstrate early in the project how a given system meets High Level Architecture requirements for a specific framework.

It’s the architect’s responsibility to character essays scarlet identify and present a sufficient level of information that a customer needs. A software architect acts as an agent of effective thesis, change in organizations where process maturity is character scarlet letter not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. If the concept of software architecture is not well recognized in an organization it may be a “tough” sell to formally recognize the role of software architecture in a SDLC. Thesis Photoblog Skin! Without senior management commitment and without mature software development process, architecture of the system on paper may not reflect the actual architecture of a system. A software architect should be familiar with compilers and other language translators and essays scarlet letter can determine costs for essay, converting computer programs from character essays scarlet letter, one language or machine to another, so he selects the language and the environment. A software architect leads a team of programmers or negotiates outsourcing contracts to develop and build new software. A software architect builds prototypes of the software and tests them. A software architect move old data from existing software to new software. A software architect test and dissertation research review the essays scarlet letter, new software and thesis fix any problems.

A software architect develops training manuals and run training sessions to show clients how to use the software. It is character essays seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the ideal architectural parameters. For example, in the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and sbe doctoral dissertation research performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. This problem is resolved by the architect. Hardware Architect: “A hardware architect is essays scarlet letter responsible for the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and display bodies.” Responsibilities of a Hardware Architect:

A hardware architect reviews computer software systems and data requirements as well as communications and response needs and devises computer hardware configurations to support them. Thesis Statement! A hardware architect develops techniques to improve system throughout and optimize hardware utilization. A hardware architect evaluates computer hardware systems relative to their ability to character scarlet support specified requirements and, by determining potential and actual bottlenecks, improves system performance through recommended hardware changes. A hardware architect should be well versed in hardware compatibility, and has participated in the design of real-time or remote access systems and has a working knowledge of process control and/or large timesharing hardware systems. Data or Communication Architect: “A data architect handles the data transmission and its related problems.”

Responsibilities of a Data or Communication Architect: The Data/Communications architect is technically competent in the area of data communications and transmissions and analyses computer software systems, data requirements, response times and computer hardware configurations relative to the communication and data transmission requirements. A Data Architect reviews communications local area networks and wide area networks as to their ability to support data processing requirements. A Data Architect recommends changes to transmission networks, both in difference, terms of hardware devices and switching point required to improve network performance. A Data Architect has a working knowledge of coding and error detection methodologies; A Data Architect has participated in the analysis, design, and implementation of communication networks including data processing transmissions. The Personality of an Architect: The main characteristics of the personality of an architect are: An architect is often an ex-developer who has accumulated such experience as to reach a good level in expertise. This experience must cover ideally a variety of platforms and products, and knowledge about the lifecycle of an application, or even of an information system. Communication skills are required. Diplomacy and character essays scarlet pedagogy skills are also required to be able to explain architectures, debate about them and photoblog have them adopted.

An architect must be able to scarlet letter step back and communication thesis statement take a higher-level look, which is often difficult for scarlet letter, developers and projects managers because they are often too focused on a specific project and so on immediate need. This means raising from the application level to the information system level. Essay Blog! This also means that the character letter, architect has to perform a continuous technological survey; one that goes further than the context a specific project. An architect is a negotiator. The method of principled negotiation should be the tactic of me write my book, choice for an architect. This method is most suitable in contrast to soft or hard negotiation method, because it seeks mutual cooperation between an architect and project stakeholders. An architect will be expected to deliver better, faster, and cheaper, but since only two-way combo can be selected an architect must negotiate to decide which aspects of character essays letter, a system will be considered first and under what conditions.

An architect must convey a sense of credibility and trust; an architect must be perceived as successful. An architect can attain such status with his prior successful experience, formal training in the field (certifications in the future), and by his or her ability to deliver successful and relevant architectural artifacts through every stage of the essay, SDLC. Scarlet! An architect believes in his ability to perform well. In a leadership position attitude is everything – if the passion for success is absent, then an architect must step down from the leadership pedestal. An architect must be patient and thesis statement resilient, as the only thing constant is the change itself. Since software architecture has direct influence on essays letter, the quality characteristics of a system, an architect will interact with a great number of people with a full spectrum of personalities. He or she must quickly adapt to the way stakeholders operate, as it’s not possible or feasible to expect them to speak the language of an architect.

An architect should be familiar with queuing techniques and between sales job sequencing controls within a multiprogramming environment. An architect should be familiar with Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and Neural Networks. The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of essays scarlet, medicine, learned in effective thesis, the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. In simple, n architect bears a multi-personality. He may have to character wear multiple hats - as a manager to co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to effective thesis statement drive through the implementation. Elan Govan (Manager - Software Engineering, Solectron Centum, Bangalore, India)

The Software Architecture determines the design of the character essays scarlet letter, system. Thesis! Hence prior to design: System requirements shall be evaluated to meet the scarlet, essential requirements, consistency and difference between and marketing design constraints. Analysis of the system requirements to specific components Establish communication between the components(Interface)and details of communication with external world. Amit Kawalkar (Engineer, Honeywell, Bangalore, KA, India) To understand the system high-level system requirements. To understand the scope of the system.

The system design goals should be solidly understood. Must understand the deployment scenarios. Must design the system with extensiblility. Must design the system by scarlet isolating the astrology thesis, functional areas. Should layer the essays, system according to thesis different responsibilities. Constantin Kostenko (Software Architect, SoftwareArchitectures.com, Washington, D.C.) abstracts the complexity of a system into a manageable model maintains control over the architecture lifecycle stays on essays scarlet letter, course in line with the long term vision progressively makes critical decisions that define a specific direction for a system sets quantifiable objectives that encapsulate quality attributes of a system works closely with executives to explain the benefits and justify the investment in software architectures inspires, mentors, and sales encourages colleagues to character letter apply intelligently customized industry’s best practices fights entropy that threatens architect’s structural approach to problem solving. creates and distributes tailored views of software architectures to appropriate stakeholders at appropriate intervals acts as an agent of between sales and marketing essay, change in organizations where process maturity is not sufficient for creating and maintaining architecture centric development. Anant Kuslekar (SAE, Qwest, Bangalore, India) Design the essays scarlet, skeleton for thesis skin, building blocks of software application. Ken MacBean (Architect-Destination Design Software for Entertainment Developments, IDAD, Cincinnati, OH, USA) (DDSA) - Definitive Definition for Software Architecture: Software architects are professionals responsible for the planning and essays development of all aspects of and marketing, user/system interfaces in software product development, including the design of hardware architecture, peripherals and character scarlet display bodies.

This young evolving polyspecialized field is thesis concerned with human/technology interactions, education, sustainable design, communications and engineering. Such persons are degreed programmers or Instructional design/technology experts who emulate architectural design processes in private offices while others practice publicly with accredited architecture degrees. Industry or degreed architects working in computer science as software architects both use image, graphic, entertainment and character letter architectural design knowledge together with legal, scientific, business and programming requirements to assess prudent planning and design decisions. Thesis! Software architects may be involved in software engineering supervision, design and product management, user research, market studies and testing. They may apply their skills to the development of new technology products, programs or services and combine systems logic, hardware environment, human needs or anthropometrics, and innovation for the benefit, safety and welfare of society while promoting value for scarlet letter, the industry through quality design. Source: (2001)Institute of Destination Architects and Designers. Amit Midha (Research Scholar, Carnegie Mellon University-West Coast Campus, Mountain View, CA) A software architect's job is to ensure that the architecture he is responsible should suffice to initial customer requirements and when implemented, will fulfill the system as envisioned by the customer. Muthuramalingam Nagarathinam (Product Architect, London Bridge Phoenix Software, Heathrow, FL)

Understand Business Goals Understand Customer expectation 3. Understand Technology solutions Understand Current Technology in use Create/maintain the Company strategies in line with the thesis, Business Goal Customer expectations with the current/new technology. Ashwin Palaparthi (Principal Architect, AppLabs Technologies, Philadelphia, PA, USA) Make sure not to become a top-notch developer in the company Advocate company politics, technological or otherwise Act as a consultant-strategist for everyone Think outside software and communicate that view to the inside (or sometimes vice-versa) Be an adherent of character scarlet, technocracy and provide thought leadership Ensure to be trusted by others though they hate (As you know, hating and liking have got nothing to do with whether you are trusted) Mentor, mentor and mentor (him and then others) Develop and foster all the positive adjectives prefixed-- proactive, aggressive and xxxxive Always live in the ideal world and my book report pretend that the pragmatic world is an unknown thing. Sathyanarayana Panduranga (Solution Architect, Hughes Software Systems, Bangalore, India) Chief Software Architect who is responsible for the creation and character evolution of an organization's product line has the following responsibilities. Choose the communication statement, right tools, technologies and essays scarlet platforms for astrology thesis, the development, testing and letter deployment of each product in the product-line Identify architectural differentiators for the product line. It is seldom possible to define an architecture which satisfies all the effective thesis, ideal architectural parameters. For example, in the telecom software industry, availability, scalability and performance of the system is most important where as when developing desktop applications, usability and responsiveness becomes critical for the software system. Character Essays Scarlet! Create an help my book architectural vision. Narayana Peesapati (Vice President Technical, NuNet Technologies Pvt Ltd, Visakhapatnam, AP, India)

Understanding the customer requirements in right perspective - in terms of functional non functional, financial future growth. Envisage the essays scarlet letter, architecture (technology, security, scalability, functional meeting, etc) to meet all the help me write report, above. Prioritize the envisaged architecture elements against trade offs if any after respective consultations. Translation communication of Critical areas impact of those to letter the respective stake holders. Documenting the thesis photoblog skin, architecture with all the pros and cons communicating the same. Make the character letter, implementation review plan.

Company should have or introduce the processes in place to take care the implementation of the envisaged architecture. Collection of sbe doctoral, User Feedback. Transforming the Feedback into preventive actions of the character essays scarlet letter, processes if any. Tao Nguyen Phu (Accounting, Truong Xuan Co., Ltd, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam) Alan Nuytten (Sytems Programmer, ITC, Indian Rocks Beach, Fl, USA) Define software development lifecycle and tools to include, hardware/ configuration management, software change management tools, bug tracking and analysis process. Rajendra Prasad (Java Solution Architect, RaminfoLtd, Hyderabad, India)

Creating application and system architecture, analysis of sbe doctoral, use cases and character essays drawing the detail design, sequence and difference and marketing collaboration diagrams. Rushton Prince (Chief Architect, X-tier SAE Inc., Shawnee Mission, KS) The ideal architect should be a person of letters, a mathematician, familiar with historical studies, a diligent student of philosophy, acquainted with music, not ignorant of scarlet letter, medicine, learned in the responses of jurisconsults, familiar with astronomy and astronomical calculations. – Vitruvius, circa 25 BC. In summary, the software architect must be well-rounded, posses maturity, vision, and thesis a depth of experience that allows for grasping issues quickly and making educated, critical judgment in the absence of complete information. More specifically, the software architect, or members of the architecture team, must combine these skills: Experience in both the letter, problem domain, through a thorough understanding of the requirements, and the software engineering domain. If there is a team, these qualities can be spread across the team members, but at least one software architect must provide the global vision for the project. Leadership in order to school drive the letter, technical effort across the various teams, and to between and marketing essay make critical decisions under pressure and make those decisions stick. To be effective, the software architect and the project manager must work closely together, with the software architect leading the character scarlet letter, technical issues and the project manager leading the administrative issues.

The software architect must have the authority to make technical decisions. Communication to help earn trust, to persuade, to motivate, and to mentor. The software architect cannot lead by decree, only by the consent of the rest of the project. In order to scarlet letter be effective, the software architect must earn the help me write report, respect of the project team, the project manager, the customer, and the user community, as well as the management team. Goal-orientation and Pro-activity with a relentless focus on results. The software architect is the technical driving force behind the project, not a visionary or dreamer. The career of a successful software architect is a long series of sub-optimal decisions made in scarlet letter, uncertainty and under pressure. Only those who can focus on doing what needs to astrology thesis be done will be successful in this environment of the project. The Software Architect defines the responsibilities, operations, attributes, and relationships of scarlet, one or several classes, and determines how they will be adjusted to the implementation environment. In addition, the thesis skin, architecture role may have responsibility for one or more design packages, or design subsystems, including any classes owned by essays letter the packages or subsystems.

Citation: Rational Unified Process - Software Architect Role. Murugesan R (Technical Architect, Genisys Software, Bangalore, KN, India) Identifying stakeholders Communicate with stakeholders and understand what each wants Understand business requirements Creating Architecture and Validate it Consulting and educating on the use of photoblog skin, Architecture He MUST have the following qualities: Innovative Creative Analyzes Leadership Excellent Business Communication Aware of Technologies Tools. Thanigai Ranganathan (Software Architect, Infosys Technologies Ltd., Plano, TX, USA) Identify the business goals drivers, all the stakeholders of the system/solution being built, and understand their requirements and character essays scarlet expectations (in a quantifiable and measurable form), and me write my book report before proceding with the definition of the solution. He should ensure that the solution is defined such that it addresses all the expectations/concerns of all the stake holders, as well as is directly influenced by one or more business driver/goal. It is character essays letter his duty to communicate his decision to shakespeare all the stakeholders in the languages they understand on how the system will behave (meet their requirements expectations) when subjected to various stress factors. Character Essays Scarlet! In this process, he may have to wear multiple hats - as a manager to sbe doctoral research co-ordinate with all stakeholders, as a salesman to sell the idea behind his solution, as a developer to develop POC or pilot to prove that his solution will work, as an executive to drive through the implementation. Conrad Roche (Applications Architect, Cognizant, Manchester, CT, USA) Ensure Architectural consistency in the various company divisions.

Provide a future architectural direction and transition plan. Ensure training, education and career growth of the company architects. Interact with other architectural leaders in the commercial academic worlds. Terro Sage (Director of Enterprise Architecture, CTB/McGraw-Hill, Monterey, CA) Identify architecturally significant use cases, provide design blueprint for these uses cases to build on. Sewell, M. and Sewell, L. The Software Architect's Profession. Prentice Hall PTR; 1st edition, 2001. ISBN: 0130607967. Dr. Essays Scarlet Letter! Zakir Syeed (President, Symbions Software, London, UK) In my opinion, a architect should possess the following qualities.

Innovative and Creative In-depth knowledge on domain/ Business Understand nut and bolt of the system Convert Business challenges into solution. Amir Ali Tayyab (CEO, ZEN Corporation, Lahore, PK, Pakistan) It was quite interesting to read other's feedback and essay almost everything that they said, is needed. However, due to character letter problems in comprehending CLEAR, yet brief duties of a project's chief software architect, I had to come up with my own version as. identify goals of the software by discussing with end-users or management write a plan and astrology update it based upon progress establish a seamless communication with developers and end-users have disaster recovery backup plans in place ensure standardization in all aspects deploy it successfully and diplomatically via easy training and documentation keep it up-to-date with the essays scarlet letter, new technologies' availability before-hand. Nicole Tedesco (Software architect-engineer, Ware-Squared Software Development, Shoreline, WA, USA)

Let me paraphrase Marc and Laura Sewell: Understand the worldview, problems and astrology issues of your client, employer and end-users Design solutions to solve those problems Communicate these solutions to all stakeholders, implementors and consumers Ensure the quality of the solutions through delivery. Jan Willem van den Beukel (Manager Architecture Technology, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands) Within PMS / Medical IT the essays letter, duties are as follows: Within context of a release project: writing / overseeing the System Requirements Specification technically overseeing product hazard analysis organising the design meetings for global design writing the (global) System Design Specification directing performance specifications, measurements and astrology thesis their analysis + follow up during development phase overseeing the overall test strategy member of project kernel team / technical peer to project leader day-to-day technical support / troubleshooting to other designers / software engineers. Across projects / mid-to-long term. proving input to scarlet commercial roadmap of the product defining technical roadmap of the product identifying and difference between sales and marketing performing/overseeing feasibility activities providing input to essays letter development (technology) strategy. Rob van Ommering, principal researcher at Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, the dissertation, Netherlands, and a thought leader in software architecture, has written a wonderful essay titled Things to Do in Denver When You're an Architect about the duties of a software architect. Aravind Venkat (AVP, Satyam, Bangalore, India) A software architect is one who constructs and articulates technology solution to character scarlet letter a business problem. A software architect has multi-dimensional skills and is responsible for.

Technical Solution for business problem Provide Value addition to the process Create a blueprint upon which applications and systems can be build Big Picture Baby Steps Evaluate and difference mitigate Technical Risks Create architecture that works under the boundary of Cost, Time and Feature Set. Craig Walters (Master Architect, Monsanto, St Louis, MO, USA) Develop long range technical direction and planning. Letter! Develop architectural models that allow different applications to be developed with a common architecture. Mentor project teams. Develop best practices. Train tech leads. Daniel Wang (software architect , project manager, CCIT, Beijing, China) Decompose the overall system to make sure it can be worked on by all teams and team-members together.

David Weiss, Director of Software Technology Research at Avaya Laboratories and co-author of Software Product-Line Engineering , writes that a chief architect should have the following responsibilities (not in priority order). Create and enforce architectural standards that enable the company's products to between sales interoperate. Create and enforce architectural standards that make the same features appear and behave the same in all of the company's products. Create a company product line (responsibilities a and b preceding are part of letter, this). Define the sbe doctoral, responsibilities of an architect in essays scarlet, the company, including what architecture means in the company. Create a community of architects within the company. Create training and difference sales and marketing education for the company's architects. Identify and recruit potential architects. Explain the architecture of the company's products to customers.

Bob Wilmes (Enterprise Architect, Large Financial Services Company, Phoenix, AZ, USA): Software is the living codification of ideas, brought together to achieve economic benefits for society and ultimately to character letter bring enjoyment to individuals. Similar to living entities, software is subject to the forces of evolution and change, and ultimately has a mortality unless adaptation and growth is maintained. Blog! The role of the chief software architect is scarlet understand, codify and communicate the forces of photoblog skin, adaptation and change while maintaining the organizational balance between economic drivers and essays scarlet technical capabilities. Steve Wright (Consultant - Sr. Data Architect, Knowledge Management, Boston, MA): Primary Responsibilities of the me write my book, Enterprise Architecture Team. Responsible for translating business requirements into systems qualities and thence into repeatable design strategies and patterns that enable those qualities (e.g. adaptability, scalability, availability, non-repudiation, reusability, etc.). Responsible for character essays scarlet letter, enterprise application integration (EAI). Thesis Skin! This includes defining the opportunities for integration, selecting the tools, specifying the shared data code resources, defining the interfaces and data-flows, and scarlet letter monitoring the success of said integration.

Compiles or designs architectural models of current and proposed systems across the enterprise for use internally and in conjunction with Technology Partners. Difference Between Sales Essay! The models are of two types: Enterprise Models that depict the entire enterprise and its inter-relationships. Reference Models that depict recommended approved technologies designs, which can serve as a template for future projects. Establishes the Design Repository and Metadata Repository for scarlet letter, integrating all aspects of these models, and provides oversight of its use in conjunction with integrated Tool sets. Perform design reviews across the sbe doctoral, organization. Essays Scarlet! (Note: not code reviews.) Leads the evaluation of vendor software targeted for astrology, possible integration into the systems or environment, including strategic applications, tools, and utilities. Defines the essays scarlet letter, IT design methodology, development process methodology and best practices. Surveys external emerging developments, and evangelizes new technologies, standards and effective thesis methodologies that will have a positive impact on the company's bottom-line and quality of service.

Participates in external standards body work that defines IT standards in the health community. The Architecture team is divided into a number of roles based on essays scarlet letter, an orthogonal “separation of concerns”: Chief Architect Applications Architect Data Architect Information Architect Internet Architect Network Architect Systems Architect Security Architect Process Architect Project Architects. Venkateswar Wunnava (Architect, Independent Consultant, Hyderabad, India): An Architect's role cuts across both technical and effective management roles and must be able to switch hats as such duties require. The first and foremost requirement of a chief architect is to gain commitment and character trust of the management for astrology, his work-products a.k.a architecture, design, guidance and decisions. Essays! This is important because fire-fighting managers is a fact of the real-life and most often they veto critical architectural decisions which potentially compromise architectural effectiveness and shakespeare efficiencies per character essays scarlet real-life practical scenarios. Hence. An Architect should assist managers by taking active part in estimation and project planning and difference between and marketing tracking process so that the character letter, project can realize a concrete manifestation of the architecture a.k.a a working end-product within realistic estimates made in project plan with verifiable and trackable goals.

An Architect must be a compulsory participant of all the life-cycle processes right from Requirements through Deployment and support. Example guide in test case development, analyzing root cause for critical run-time problems in support phase etc. Gain a complete conceptual understanding of the domain being modeled its actors, entitles and their relationships along with the help me write report, scope of the solution that is being focus of the current project. Help develop a quick standard glossary for terms concepts pertaining to the domain for consistent usage and understanding. Help create and essays letter insist concrete, consistent and signed-off baseline requirements and control their changes. Follow organizational defined Architectural process if one exists or help define one based on standard industry approved processes such as Rational Unified Process (RUP) etc. Develop an report architectural development plan that identifies an iterative development of Architecture with identified deliverable workproducts their time line etc., which helps both management and technical staff. Substantiate architectural and design decisions with available alternatives pro's -con's of each and character essays scarlet reason for choosing a particular alternative. This avoids arguments amongst senior staff and reduce conflicts and saves valuable project time, since often there are multiple ways to help me write solve the same problem and one needs to choose one amongst them based on project constraints (cost, time, skills, availability etc.,) rather than hunt for the best alternative always. This requires establishing a design decision process to identify the character letter, same. Establish a design decision process that involves senior technical staff so that they are aware of the What and thesis Why of the letter, design decisions its process and when and how they can contribute / influence these decisions.

This helps development teams buy-in on the design and they can easily take ownership, provide commitment and maintain collective responsibility. An Architect must quickly prototype and test critical areas of design when necessary to check his/ her understanding of the concept / design. Oversee the development and coding process, by participating and verification and validation processes of the development artifacts and workproducts. Schedule regular meeting with technical teams to track, mentor and disseminate the project progress. Assist managers in verification and validation of intermediate goals and astrology the project tracking process. Create and make presentations for character essays letter, senior management on progress of the project to gain their confidence and help them track the progress. 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and skin development center (FFRDC) sponsored by character scarlet letter the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD).

It is report operated by Carnegie Mellon University. Improving Data Extraction from Cybersecurity Incident Reports. By Samuel J. Character Scarlet! Perl September 29, 2017. Five Keys to Effective Agile Test Automation for thesis photoblog skin, Government Programs. By Robert Binder , Suzanne Miller August 25, 2017.

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Scarlet Letter Hester Prynne Character Analysis Essay | Bartleby

final essay This is character scarlet, your penultimate writing assignment for the course. You will want to pay extra attention to detail here as this will serve as your final demonstration of understanding. Throughout the sbe doctoral research reading, you were asked to keep track of quotations in order to prepare for this essay. If you did not, you can access the pdf version of each text online. Character! Keep reading for more details on your assignment. S/HE: A Final Examination of Gender in effective communication thesis Text. The structuralist school emerges from theories of language and linguistics, and it looks for underlying elements in culture and literature that can be connected so that critics can develop general conclusions about the individual works and the systems from which they emerge. In fact, structuralism maintains that . practically everything we do that is specifically human is character letter, expressed in language (Richter 809). Structuralists believe that these language symbols extend far beyond written or oral communication. Structuralists assert that, since language exists in patterns, certain underlying elements are common to all human experiences.

Structuralists believe we can observe these experiences through patterns: . if you examine the sbe doctoral dissertation physical structures of all buildings built in urban America in 1850 to discover the underlying principles that govern their composition, for example, principles of mechanical construction or of artistic form. you are using a structuralist lens (Tyson 197). Structuralism is used in literary theory, for character essays scarlet, example, . if you examine the structure of a large number of short stories to discover the underlying principles that govern their composition. principles of narrative progression. or of thesis characterization. you are also engaged in structuralist activity if you describe the structure of a single literary work to scarlet discover how its composition demonstrates the underlying principles of a given structural system (Tyson 197-198). theory of modes, or historical criticism (tragic, comic, and thematic); theory of symbols, or ethical criticism (literal/descriptive, formal, mythical, and anagogic); theory of myths, or archetypal criticism (comedy, romance, tragedy, irony/satire); theory of effective communication genres, or rhetorical criticism (epos, prose, drama, lyric) (Tyson 240). Using a specific structuralist framework (like Frye's mythoi). Scarlet! how should the text be classified in terms of its genre? In other words, what patterns exist within the thesis text that make it a part of other works like it? Using a specific structuralist framework. analyze the text's narrative operations. can you speculate about the relationship between the. [text]. and the culture from which the text emerged? In other words, what patterns exist within the text that make it a product of a larger culture? What patterns exist within the text that connect it to character scarlet the larger human experience?

In other words, can we connect patterns and elements within the text to other texts from other cultures to map similarities that tell us more about the common human experience? This is thesis photoblog skin, a liberal humanist move that assumes that since we are all human, we all share basic human commonalities. Though a number of different approaches exist in feminist criticism, there exist some areas of essays scarlet letter commonality. This list is excerpted from school Tyson: Women are oppressed by patriarchy economically, politically, socially, and psychologically; patriarchal ideology is the primary means by which they are kept so In every domain where patriarchy reigns, woman is other: she is marginalized, defined only by her difference from male norms and values All of western (Anglo-European) civilization is deeply rooted in patriarchal ideology, for example, in the biblical portrayal of Eve as the character scarlet letter origin of and marketing essay sin and character essays, death in the world While biology determines our sex (male or female), culture determines our gender (masculine or feminine) All feminist activity, including feminist theory and literary criticism, has as its ultimate goal to change the world by prompting gender equality Gender issues play a part in every aspect of human production and thesis, experience, including the essays letter production and experience of literature, whether we are consciously aware of my book report these issues or not (91). Feminist criticism has, in many ways, followed what some theorists call the essays three waves of feminism: First Wave Feminism - late 1700s-early 1900's: writers like Mary Wollstonecraft ( A Vindication of the Rights of Women , 1792) highlight the inequalities between the sexes.

Activists like Susan B. Anthony and Victoria Woodhull contribute to the women's suffrage movement, which leads to National Universal Suffrage in 1920 with the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment Second Wave Feminism - early 1960s-late 1970s: building on more equal working conditions necessary in sbe doctoral dissertation research America during World War II, movements such as the National Organization for Women (NOW), formed in 1966, cohere feminist political activism. Writers like Simone de Beauvoir ( Le deuxième sexe , 1972) and Elaine Showalter established the groundwork for the dissemination of feminist theories dove-tailed with the letter American Civil Rights movement Third Wave Feminism - early 1990s-present: resisting the perceived essentialist (over generalized, over simplified) ideologies and a white, heterosexual, middle class focus of second wave feminism, third wave feminism borrows from difference post-structural and contemporary gender and race theories (see below) to expand on marginalized populations' experiences. Writers like Alice Walker work to character essays . reconcile it [feminism] with the concerns of the black community. [and] the survival and wholeness of her people, men and women both, and for the promotion of dialog and community as well as for school essay blog, the valorization of women and of all the varieties of work women perform (Tyson 97). Essential Questions: How is the essays relationship between men and women portrayed? What are the effective thesis power relationships between men and women (or characters assuming male/female roles)? How are male and female roles defined? What constitutes masculinity and femininity? How do characters embody these traits? Do characters take on traits from opposite genders?

How so? How does this change others’ reactions to them? What does the work reveal about the operations (economically, politically, socially, or psychologically) of patriarchy? What does the work imply about the possibilities of character sisterhood as a mode of resisting patriarchy? What does the work say about women's creativity? What does the history of the work's reception by the public and by photoblog the critics tell us about the operation of patriarchy? What role the essays letter work play in terms of women's literary history and literary tradition? (Tyson) How to Begin/Questions to Consider: The idea of the tragic hero can be seen across genres. The tragic hero is the main character in a tragedy whose tragic flaw leads to his downfall.

Is Okonkwo a tragic hero? If so, explain how his story evokes both pity and fear. Analyze Okonkwo’s tragic fall and subsequent downfall using specific examples from the text. Pull in photoblog skin characters from the other texts and examine these same questions. Then, make a connection to character scarlet letter the significance of this across various genres, texts, cultures, etc. The role of women in Things Fall Apart is often submissive to that of the men, but there are also some instances in which women hold tremendous power. Do readers see women as ‘lesser’ because we often see them through the eyes of Okonkwo? Does Okonkwo treat different women differently? Is his understanding of thesis femininity the character scarlet letter same as the Igbo culture’s?

Pull in characters from the effective communication other texts and examine these same questions. Then, make a connection to the significance of this across various genres, texts, cultures, etc. Despite historic, gender, and essays scarlet, cultural variances, Hester, Victor, Marlow, Hamlet, and Okonkwo each present a representation of the tragic hero befitting the context of the story. Thesis Skin! Hester's fall from grace was symbolized in her moral impropriety, while Victor and Marlow became victims of character letter their own social desires, and Hamlet and Okonkwo each suffer the effect of hubris. Despite these progressive differences, each story follows a traditional arch of the tragic hero, leaving the dissertation reader to scrutinize the tragic endings they foretell. If you choose a feminist perspective, you will be looking at the text for an analysis of gender roles and/or portrayal. Choose several characters and texts to fit your thesis, which should be molded around the notion of gender roles and character scarlet, identity.

What are you going to school argue and what is the significance? Choose from 3 of the 5 major texts we have studied: Scarlet Letter, Frankenstein, Heart of Darkness, Macbeth OR Hamlet, and scarlet, Things Fall Apart . Use the eText versions of each text provided here: 5-7 pages, MLA Format A works cited page Extensive in-text support (quotes, summary, paraphrase) Explain explicit and implied meaning Answer the question to me write the fullest extent Follow a clear and character scarlet letter, well organized structure/development Engaging introduction and conclusion Develop and argue a debatable, academic thesis proper grammar/proofreading. May 29-30 : LAB DAYS (2 copies of thesis Rough Draft for essays scarlet, Friday) 1/2 day May 31 : peer editing #1. 1/2 day *May 31 : peer editing #2/revision time. June 3 : Final due via Edmodo (11:59p/close of day) European structuralists such as Roman Jakobson, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Roland Barthes (before his shift toward poststructuralism) attempted to develop a semiology, or semiotics (science of signs). Barthes, among others, sought to recover literature and even language from the isolation in which they had been studied and to me write report show that the laws that govern them govern all signs, from essays scarlet letter road signs to articles of clothing. Structuralism was heavily influenced by linguistics, especially by the pioneering work of Ferdinand de Saussure.

Particularly useful to structuralists was Saussure’s concept of the phoneme (the smallest basic speech sound or unit of astrology thesis pronunciation) and character scarlet letter, his idea that phonemes exist in two kinds of relationships: diachronic and synchronic. A phoneme has a diachronic, or horizontal, relationship with those other phonemes that precede and follow it (as the words appear, left to right, on my book report, this page) in a particular usage, utterance, or narrativewhat Saussure, a linguist, called parole (French for word). A phoneme has a synchronic, or vertical, relationship with the entire system of language within which individual usages, utterances, or narratives have meaningwhat Saussure called langue (French for tongue, as in native tongue, meaning language). An means what it means in English because those of us who speak the language are plugged into the same system (think of it as a computer network where different individuals can access the same information in the same way at scarlet, a given time). Following Saussure, Lévi-Strauss, an anthropologist, studied hundreds of myths, breaking them into their smallest meaningful units, which he called mythemes. Removing each from its diachronic relations with other mythemes in a single myth (such as the myth of Oedipus and effective communication thesis, his mother), he vertically aligned those mythemes that he found to be homologous (structurally correspondent). Letter! He then studied the relationships within as well as between vertically aligned columns, in astrology an attempt to understand scientifically, through ratios and proportions, those thoughts and processes that humankind has shared, both at one particular time and across time. Whether Lévi-Strauss was studying the structure of myths or the structure of villages, he looked for recurring, common elements that transcended the scarlet letter differences within and among cultures. Structuralists followed Saussure in preferring to shakespeare essay competition think about the overriding langue, or language of character essays myth, in which each mytheme and mytheme-constituted myth fits meaningfully, rather than about isolated individual paroles, or narratives.

Structuralists also followed Saussure's lead in believing that sign systems must be understood in terms of binary oppositions (a proposition later disputed by poststructuralist Jacques Derrida). In analyzing myths and texts to find basic structures, structuralists found that opposite help report, terms modulate until they are finally resolved or reconciled by some intermediary third term. Character Essays Letter! Thus a structuralist reading of Milton's Paradise Lost (1667) might show that the war between God and photoblog, the rebellious angels becomes a rift between God and sinful, fallen man, a rift that is essays scarlet letter, healed by the Son of God, the between and marketing mediating third term. Although structuralism was largely a European phenomenon in essays scarlet letter its origin and development, it was influenced by American thinkers as well. Difference Sales And Marketing Essay! Noam Chomsky, for instance, who powerfully influenced structuralism through works such as Reflections on Language (1975), identified and essays scarlet letter, distinguished between surface structures and deep structures in language and linguistic literatures, including texts. Adapted from school essay blog The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms by letter Ross Murfin and Supryia M. Ray. Thesis Photoblog Skin! Copyright 1998 by Bedford Books. French feminist criticism garnered much of letter its inspiration from Simone de Beauvoir’s seminal book, Lé Deuxiéme Sexe (1949; The Second Sex ). Beauvoir argued that associating men with humanity more generally (as many cultures do) relegates women to dissertation an inferior position in society.

Subsequent French feminist critics writing during the 1970s acknowledged Beauvoir’s critique but focused on letter, language as a tool of male domination, analyzing the ways in which it represents the shakespeare school essay competition world from the character scarlet letter male point of view and arguing for shakespeare competition blog, the development of a feminine language and writing. Although interested in the subject of feminine language and character essays scarlet letter, writing, North American feminist critics of the report 1970s and early 1980s began by essays analyzing literary textsnot by abstractly discussing languagevia close textual reading and historical scholarship. One group practiced feminist critique, examining how women characters are portrayed, exposing the patriarchal ideology implicit in the so-called classics, and demonstrating that attitudes and traditions reinforcing systematic masculine dominance are inscribed in the literary canon. Another group practiced what came to be called gynocriticism, studying writings by women and examining the female literary tradition to find out how women writers across the shakespeare essay competition ages have perceived themselves and essays scarlet, imagined reality. While it gradually became customary to refer to sbe doctoral dissertation an Anglo-American tradition of feminist criticism, British feminist critics of the character essays letter 1970s and early 1980s objected to the tendency of some North American critics to find universal or essential feminine attributes, arguing that differences of difference sales and marketing essay race, class, and culture gave rise to crucial differences among women across space and time. British feminist critics regarded their own critical practice as more political than that of North American feminists, emphasizing an engagement with historical process in order to letter promote social change.

By the early 1990s, the French, American, and British approaches had so thoroughly critiqued, influenced, and assimilated one another that nationality no longer automatically signaled a practitioner’s approach. Today’s critics seldom focus on woman as a relatively monolithic category; rather, they view women as members of different societies with different concerns. Feminists of color, Third World (preferably called postcolonial) feminists, and lesbian feminists have stressed that women are not defined solely by the fact that they are female; other attributes (such as religion, class, and sexual orientation) are also important, making the problems and goals of one group of women different from between those of another. Many commentators have argued that feminist criticism is by essays scarlet definition gender criticism because of its focus on the feminine gender. But the relationship between feminist and gender criticism is, in fact, complex; the two approaches are certainly not polar opposites but, rather, exist along a continuum of attitudes toward sex, sexuality, gender, and language.

Adapted from The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms by between and marketing Ross Murfin and Supryia M. Ray. Copyright 1998 by Bedford Books.