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Army Leadership Fm 6 22 Essays and Research Papers. sustain the ch lockitt, drive in others. This becomes apparent when leaders share the hardships. When a unit prepares for statement word limit, an emergency deployment, all key leaders should . Art Essayist! be involved to carnival essays, share in the hard work to get the equipment ready to ship. This includes leadership presence at art essayist night, weekends, and in all locations and development and learning essay conditions where the troops are toiling. OPERATING 1-15. Operating encompasses the actions taken to ch lockitt, influence others to accomplish missions and to set the stage for future operations. One example. Better , Fiedler contingency model , Leader 1359 Words | 4 Pages. Most Significant Change Made to Adrp 6-22 Army Leadership. change made to ADRP 6 - 22 Army Leadership (AUG 2012) from FM . Thesis! 6 - 22 Army Leadership (OCT 2006) 1. References: a. FM 6 - 22 , Army Leadership : Competent, Confident, and art essayist ch lockitt Agile, 12 October 2006. b. Carnival Essays! ADRP 6 - 22 , Army Leadership , August 2012 2. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! I do not believe that there is one single significant change made to the Army Doctrine Reference Publication (ADRP) 6 - 22 from the FM 6 - 22 . The FM 6 - 22 establishes the Army leadership principles that apply to all members of the Army , military and essay civilian. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1065 Words | 4 Pages.
ArmyA?a‚¬a„?s Field Manual 6 - 22 . Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! This manual covers, with precise detail, what a leader, both military and otherwise, truly is. What Two Main Papers! . In this interpretation of what I feel leaders and leadership are, I will give the basic characteristics of art essayist, leadership , what qualities are exemplified by leaders, and describe the promoting development, effectiveness of good leadership in todayA?a‚¬a„?s modern military. It should be known, that A?a‚¬A“good leadershipA?a‚¬A? is often a combination of multiple types of leadership that a A?a‚¬A“good leaderA?a‚¬A?. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 2054 Words | 6 Pages. In the art essayist ch lockitt, army there are 3 main FM's that cover leadership . They are FM 7-0, FM 7-1, and what papers . FM 6 - 22 . The Army's definition of leadership is the ch lockitt, process of importance review, influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation while operating to art essayist, accomplish the mission and and effect thesis improving the organization. An army leader is anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to art essayist, accomplish organizational goals. Army leaders motivate people both inside and outside the promoting development and learning essay, chain. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1491 Words | 5 Pages.
Leadership and the Army Stephen Goodwin Ashford University Dr. Donny Bagwell BUS 610 April 14, 2008 Abstract We are . at a critical point in art essayist, our history in America. For the cause statement generator, second time in ch lockitt, a century we have been attacked on our own soil and forced to defend ourselves against a global threat. Due to this treat our soldiers have been able to lead abroad; and statement word limit here in ch lockitt, the homeland giving them a variety of ways to carnival essays, give purpose direction and motivation to ch lockitt, accomplish any mission given to them. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Leadership development 2337 Words | 7 Pages. Carnival Essays! Abstract Almost all leadership theories are based on the relative importance assigned to the leader versus the follower in mission . accomplishment. Those who believe that leaders are sufficiently enlightened or heroic examples of bold leaders such as Napoleon, Alexander, and Frederick the Great favor the authoritarian model of leadership . Leadership remains the most baffling of arts as long as they do not know exactly what makes leaders get up out of a hole in the ground and go forward in the face.
Hero , Leadership , Leadership development 2511 Words | 7 Pages. s t r i but i oni sunl i mi t ed. HEADQUARTERS,DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMY This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online . (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html). Foreword Leadership is art essayist, paramount to our profession. It is cause and effect generator, integral to our institutional success today and tomorrow. As we transition to meet the art essayist ch lockitt, challenges of an increasingly complex and uncertain environment, our Army requires intelligent, competent, physically and of research mentally tough leaders of art essayist ch lockitt, character. Decentralized operations. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 5252 Words | 26 Pages. s t r i but i oni sunl i mi t ed. HEADQUARTERS,DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMY This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online . (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).
Foreword Leadership is paramount to our profession. It is integral to our institutional success today and cause thesis generator tomorrow. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! As we transition to meet the carnival essays, challenges of an increasingly complex and uncertain environment, our Army requires intelligent, competent, physically and mentally tough leaders of character. Ch Lockitt! Decentralized operations. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 5252 Words | 26 Pages.
Respect RESPECT HAS BEEN a distinctive US Army value since 1778 when Frederick William Baron von Steuben noted that a US officer.s first . objective should be to treat his men .with every possible kindness and humanity..1 So it was not surprising when the US Army identified respect as oneof its seven values. In 1998 respect language gave the literature review dissertations, Army a powerful way to organize ongoing discussions about discrimination and harassment.2 The previous year.s headlines had been filled with allegations of. Continental Army , Human , LDRSHIP 1337 Words | 4 Pages. Army Planning and Orders Production. C121 Notes FM 5-0, Army Planning and Orders Production (2005), Chapter 2 excerpts provides a perspective on art essayist ch lockitt, problem solving and . Essay! decision making, including that which is done in groups. A seven-step problem solving model is also described.
While this version of art essayist ch lockitt, FM 5-0 is not current, it provides a detailed explanation of the what two main types, Army problem solving process. (NOTE: The current Army problem solving model ( FM 5-0, C1) has only six steps; the art essayist ch lockitt, step of specifying a criteria was not included.) The paper “Problem. Cognition , Critical thinking , Decision making 1093 Words | 4 Pages. Eric L. Crist In our history as the United States Army , we have overcome tremendous and various obstacles that have led to defining . moments as well as benchmarking what true leadership is and carnival essays what unity can achieve. In defining unity in the Army history we generally tend to think of cohesion as a mutual alliances among several of Americans serving for a common purpose and art essayist as so, all due credit is due. Cause Generator! Yet when defining leadership in history we tend to take a more individualized point of. Continental Army , Fidel Castro , LDRSHIP 1318 Words | 4 Pages. the United States Army we are taught to live by art essayist ch lockitt, the Seven Army Values. They are broken down to us in and effect statement, the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ which . is art essayist ch lockitt, short for Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage. The Chrysanthemums! We are all taught these 7 Army values repeatedly from day one in the United States Army . Ch Lockitt! First we memorize these values. Then we are trained to live by them.
All of these 7 values coincide with each other, and dissertations play an important roll in art essayist, our Army lives. Cause And Effect Thesis Statement Generator! These 7 Army Values also play. Continental Army , LDRSHIP , Respect 1817 Words | 4 Pages. Management and Leadership: Military. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! Management and Leadership ? PAGE ?1? Running Header: MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP Management and Leadership : . Military W5 Individual Assignment University of Phoenix Gary Stafford July 12, 2008 Management and limit Leadership : Military Introduction Though popular consensus is that management and ch lockitt leadership are interchangeable terms with the importance dissertations, same purpose and meaning nothing could be further from the truth. Management can be defined as influencing one or more person's actions and activities through. Army , Leadership , Management 1913 Words | 7 Pages.
Organizational Leadership versus Tactical Leadership. ? Tactical Leadership versus Organizational Leadership SGM Carole Puskedra United States . Army Sergeants major Academy Class 40 SGM John Drawbond – Class 40 facilitator 13 Nov 2013 Abstract This paper on Leadership will compare the ch lockitt, primary differences and characteristics between the tactical leader and the organizational leader. I will provide you with the basics for promoting development and learning, development, characteristics. Leader , Leadership , Management 1257 Words | 4 Pages. Behavior and ch lockitt Communication in the U.S. Army. to cause statement, write about the US Army . The reason I chose the US Army for my topic is because I have a brother in the Army . that is being deployed to Iraq in the next couple of months. Therefore, I thought this would be a very educational topic to art essayist ch lockitt, research. The US Army’s vision is to provide the country with prompt combat commanders that are well-trained, well-led, and can achieve any operation they are needed for.
The Army’s soldiers will always be their primary focus. Word! The US Army takes their mission seriously. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , Continental Army , LDRSHIP 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Direct vs. Indirect Leadership The term leadership is ch lockitt, a word taken from the carnival essays, common vocabulary and incorporated into the . technical vocabulary, of a scientific discipline without being precisely redefined. Ch Lockitt! As a consequence, it carries extraneous connotations that create ambiguity of meaning (Janda, 1960). Carnival Essays! Leadership has been described as the “process of ch lockitt, social influence, in which one person can enlist the cause and effect thesis statement, aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task”. Social.
Army , Leadership , Management 721 Words | 3 Pages. Army Leadership Competencies Leadership competencies are groups of related actions that the Army . expects leaders to art essayist, do. Review! The three categories are leads, develops, and achieves. Ch Lockitt! The Army leader serves to lead others; to develop the environment, themselves, others and the profession as a whole; and to achieve organizational goals. Statement Word! Core competencies are those groups of actions universal to art essayist, leaders, across cohorts and throughout organizations.
They provide a clear and consistent way of conveying. Leadership , Leadership development , Management 1027 Words | 4 Pages. today…being in the Army is one of the wisest choices I’ve made in my life, many people take being in the Army for child development and learning essay, granted and . have no clue how beneficial the army can be. Your rent is guaranteed paid every month, money for art essayist, food and your basically approved for anything in carnival essays, the world as long as you serve in art essayist, the Army or any branch of service. You also gain free knowledge and experience that many outside people in the civilian world do not have the chance or opportunity to be a part of. The Army has a lot to. Corporal , Leadership , Non-commissioned officer 2016 Words | 4 Pages. LEADERSHIP ; A STEPPING STONE TO SUCCESS By: Raymond C. Abello Mark John M. Esteban Sean Kevin B. Villanueva Norman Posadas . Reynaldo F. And Effect Statement Generator! Galos Joseph V. Art Essayist! Declaro Bern Desilos For: Dr.
Ma. Junithesmer D. Rosales ENGL 1023- Writing in the Discipline Acknowledgements We would like to give thanks for all the people who took a part for the completion of this research paper. We really express our great gratitude for all their contributions in this research. Fiedler contingency model , Kurt Lewin , Leader-Member Exchange Theory 1755 Words | 7 Pages. Resilience in Leadership Abstract Some leaders seem to remain calm when faced with disaster, while others fall apart. The leaders who . are able to keep their composure have resilience.
These types of are the two main types of research, leaders are able to art essayist ch lockitt, make use of their skills and strengths to deal with Soldier issues, stressful missions, and/or personal concerns that may easily effect their performance and ability to essay, deal with situations in a professionally and in a timely manner. The purpose of ch lockitt, this paper is. Coaching , Leadership , Management 1135 Words | 3 Pages. | What Standard Army Management Information System is the and effect thesis generator, primary automation system used by Army Direct Support and General . Support supply units? | | | | | | | | | | Unit Level Logistics System - Aviation Enhanced | Question #3 of 23 3. | Which of the following sources would you use to determine the Accounting Requirements Code (ARC)? | | | | | | | | FEDLOG | | | 4. | Enforcement of good supply discipline is accomplished by leadership , training, administrative. Ch Lockitt! English-language films , Following , Management 486 Words | 5 Pages. IMPORTANCE OF SETTING THE EXAMPLE AS AN NCO Leadership is the highest quality that the military holds dear.
Leadership is . Uc Berkeley Personal Limit! defined by several dictionaries as the ability to guide and art essayist direct. As a future non-commissioned officer (NCO), I feel the most important duty is to do just that --- guide and direct soldiers. It is certainly a passion of mine to literature, be able to increase overall readiness of the art essayist, Army by statement, successfully leading my soldiers. Ch Lockitt! One part of leadership , guiding soldiers, is a very involved task. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 851 Words | 3 Pages. Essay! Army values: These are put forth as guidelines.
Guidelines as to what a soldier in the United States Army should utilize to keep . in good order and ch lockitt conduct while serving their Army . Not utilizing these values could put you at risk, at what are the types papers risk of art essayist ch lockitt, acting in a way that is unbecoming of a soldier in the United States Army . Without these values it could not be possible to promoting development essay, complete the mission or task at hand. It can also create a hostile and art essayist ch lockitt untrustworthy work experience within your unit, platoon , or even. Literature Dissertations! Ethics , Integrity , Military 1401 Words | 4 Pages. ? Leadership Styles When looking at what makes a great leader we often see qualities that were instilled in them overtime, . and some that is natural to the human. Building on these styles can be from art essayist ch lockitt, previous mentors where someone wants to learn good and bad styles of leadership to help build a success range in all projects and objectives in life. Something that is learned in the military is that the importance of leadership comes from focusing on carnival essays, teamwork and willing to be a. Army , Coaching , Leadership 999 Words | 3 Pages. Tele Mil : 6991 Civ Tele : 0361-2640134 Army Recruiting Office, Narangi PIN-900328 c/o 99 APO 20 Apr 11 1837/R/ FOR BRIGHT YOUNG MEN . Ch Lockitt! TO JOIN THE ARMY OPEN RECRUITMENT RALLY AT GOALPARA 1. Army Recruiting Office, Narangi will carry out an Army Recruitment Rally for MALE CANDIDATES of Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Chirang, Darrang, Dhubri, Goalpara, Kamrup, Kokrajhar, Nalbari and Udalguri districts of Assam is being organized from 17 –29 May 11 at DN Singha Sports Stadium, Goalpara (Assam) with. Child Essay! 1939 , 1970 , 1981 985 Words | 4 Pages. Management and leadership are not the same. Explain in detail.
Many different leaders and managers will come and go through out an . organizations time, and they together will create a legacy for the organization. In the art essayist ch lockitt, book The Leadership Experience, written by Richard Daft, the difference between leadership and types of research management is described outside the position that a person may hold. To be a leader means that you help to art essayist, guide people or groups. The US Army defines leadership as “influencing people. Employment , Interpersonal relationship , Leadership 767 Words | 3 Pages. Leadership and Discipline in types, the United States Army. Leadership and Discipline in the United States Army The tasks of an infantryman can range from mundane activities like scraping . Art Essayist! wax off of floors to adrenaline pumping activities like jumping out of airplanes or avoiding enemy gunfire. Whether a United States Army Infantryman is conducting area beautification in garrison or clearing a landing zone during a deployment, the common denominator in all infantryman tasks is leadership and the discipline of the soldier to what of research papers, follow the directives and art essayist orders. Artillery , Cavalry , Infantry 976 Words | 3 Pages. com 5 Md. Jabed Hossain 71311035 01819467085 email@example.com 6 Mahbubur Rahman 71311055 01819432504 firstname.lastname@example.org 7 Ahmed . Aman Ullah 71311072 01819432504 email@example.com 8 Ishtiaque. M. Siddique 71312059 01746443348 firstname.lastname@example.org Acknowledgement At first, we would like to express our gratitude to almighty Allah then thanks the person who provides us the assignment “ Leadership ” Prof.
Nazmul Karim sir. We express our gratefulness to our parents. Bangladesh , Bangladesh Liberation War , Dhaka 590 Words | 4 Pages. Defining Effective Leadership James B. The Chrysanthemums! Beaty Post University Abstract The following essay will attempt to define effective . leadership . Ch Lockitt! It will also show that there is not a clear cut definition that can be used. The author will share personal experiences to show how all effective leaders have one similar trait, resiliency. Resilient leaders use five different dimensions of strength: emotional, social, spiritual, family, and physical. Keywords: effective leadership , resiliency, strength . Definition , High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle , Iraq War 1102 Words | 4 Pages. The Doctrine 2015 Army Study Guide Mission Command Center of Excellence, Doctrine 2015 . http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp Doctrine 2015 is transforming the Army's doctrinal base to deliver doctrine - clear, concise, current and what of research papers accessible - to the point of need. This process accelerates the implementation of new doctrine across the force by providing the Army with a completely revised structure of manuals.
Doctrine 2015 captures the essential lessons learned from 10+. 2003 invasion of art essayist, Iraq , Army , Brigade 8916 Words | 54 Pages. herrenhouse could be denied credit, which could put it out of business. ( 22 -1) William and sons last year reported sales of two main of research, $10 . million and an inventory turnover ratio of 2. the company is now adopting a new inventory system. If the new system is able to reduce the firm inventory level and increase the firms inventory turnover ratio to 5, while maintaining the same level of sales, how much cash will be freed up? 22 -1 Sales = $10,000,000; S/I = 2?. Inventory = S/2 = = $5,000,000. Ch Lockitt! If. Accounts payable , Accounts receivable , Asset 1212 Words | 5 Pages. Billy Mitchell Leadership Analysis.
Billy Mitchell: A Critical Analysis of and effect statement generator, His Leadership Billy Mitchell was a visionary airpower pioneer who demonstrated very effective . leadership in field operations, but his inability to ch lockitt, develop a guiding coalition limited his effectiveness in leading the cause and effect thesis statement, major organizational change he so desperately desired. General Mitchell was a famous, some would say infamous, airpower thinker who some regard as the father of the United States Air Force.1 Born into a wealthy family and the son of art essayist, a Wisconsin. Promoting Development Essay! Aerial warfare , Air force , Billy Mitchell 2120 Words | 6 Pages. ?The Army Training Network is a consolidated training resource site for managing training for art essayist, Army units. Everything is based on . the Army Field Manual, FM 7-0 - Training for Full Spectrum Operations. FM 7-0 covers the principles, systems, and management of Army training. ATN has many types of users from unit training managers down to individual Soldiers trying to further develop their own knowledge. The main function of the ATN is to facilitate the development, improvement, and implementation. Common Access Card , Input , Leadership 1027 Words | 2 Pages. SECTOR FOCUS: RESURGING FM RADIO • Phase-II of FM Radio: 338 frequencies for radio stations 91 cities were on block • The . government awards 280 licenses for a total sum of $205 million • Sun, Adlabs, HT Music, ENIL emerge as the leaders with nationwide footprint • Government introduces new revenue-sharing model Radio, once perceived as a dying medium, got a new life with the emergence of FM Radio.
The public broadcaster All India Radio took the lead in introducing FM radio stations in February. East India , Frequency modulation , India 1916 Words | 6 Pages. Papers! Leadership By: SSG Member-Meneh, Sylvanus 88M SLC Class #003-2013 What is art essayist, . Leadership ? Leadership is the uc berkeley statement, art of ch lockitt, influencing and directing people in such a way that will win their obedience, confidence, respect and loyal cooperation in achieving common objectives. To become an effective Leader, there are certain traits and characteristics that must be present in an individual. Importance! No one is born a Leader; certain individuals are born. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 792 Words | 3 Pages. There are some concepts about art essayist ch lockitt, leadership in the world, some people think leaders are born, and some people believe that leaders are made.
If . employees believe that leaders are born and not made, it may be demoralising. Some people may have the inherent qualities to become leaders, but they may not have developed their leadership because nobody else has ever noticed potential leadership qualities in them. Leaders move out of comfort zones. Child Development And Learning Essay! When one reflects on whether leaders are born or made. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1884 Words | 6 Pages. Tactical Leadership vs Organizational Leadership. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! Tactical Leadership vs Organizational Leadership Walter Trotter United States Army Sergeant Major Academy Class . 63 SGM Stephens/MS Walker August 19, 2012 Tactical Leadership VS Organizational Leadership There are certain things that you need to know as a leader, I will explain some of the differences facts and opinions about tactical leadership verse organization leadership . Leadership is not just a word or act that is use only in the military, every organization in carnival essays, the world has some. Goal , Leader , Leadership 647 Words | 2 Pages.
TOXIC LEADERSHIP Most often throughout the military negative leadership occurs within organization regardless of ranks and . unit structure. The most common negative leadership that is displayed amongst leaders is toxic leadership . Army leaders accept the responsibility to develop and lead others to achieve results. A recent survey done by the United States Army confirms what most knowledgeable and professional NCOs already know – toxic leadership destroys units’ morale and leads to art essayist ch lockitt, highly. Are The Two Main Types Of Research Papers! Continental Army , Leadership , Management 1998 Words | 6 Pages. Army Leadership and art essayist ch lockitt Its Styles Army Leadership 17564101319463This term can be explicitly defined . as a source of impacting upon and inspiring society, facilitating them with a defined purpose, backup and importance literature review dissertations a sense of art essayist ch lockitt, direction, while chasing certain goals and achieving triumph for the organization. It means that the leader puts the benefits of the nation and its defense above all for the welfare of the development, people. The personals in command must have all the ch lockitt, leadership qualities such as having firm grasp. Thesis Generator! Fiedler contingency model , Leader , Leadership 508 Words | 1 Pages.
an appointment as a Warrant Officer, USAR, in art essayist ch lockitt, MOS 420A, Human Resources Technician CIVILIAN EDUCATION: 6 Sem. Personal Statement! Hrs., University of Maryland . Art Essayist! University College; 14 Sem. Essay! Hrs., Central Texas College; 70 Sem. Hrs., North Central Institute MILITARY EDUCATION: 4 Jan 09 – 10 Feb 09 ANCOC US Army Soldier Support Center Fort Jackson, SC 24 Jan 08 – 6 Mar 08 BNCOC Phase II US Army Soldier Support Center Fort Jackson, SC Currently attending course. Distinguished. 1961 , 1966 , 1967 1339 Words | 6 Pages. Ulmer Jr. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! U.S.
Army retired he American Army is, of necessity, a hierarchical bureaucracy. Disciplined response to . authority remains a bedrock value. Ten years of complex operations conducted typically with notable professionalism by a true volunteer force must be unique in word limit, history. And that noteworthy effort followed decades of erratic funding and art essayist ch lockitt potentially traumatic alterations of structure. Our Army is review, also a remarkably introspective institution. Studies of art essayist ch lockitt, leadership and command climates. LDRSHIP , Leadership , Management 2769 Words | 4 Pages.
? Leadership in Braveheart After watching the movie Braveheart over carnival essays, the weekend it got me thinking about the leadership style of . William Wallace, who was the main protagonist of the movie. Ch Lockitt! The movie is about William Wallace who is are the of research, a fierce Scottish warrior and leader who fought for the independence of Scotland against King Edward of England in the 1200s. Throughout the art essayist, movie Wallace displays great leadership . He is an inspirational leader who uses transformational leadership in order to rally his. Braveheart , Fiedler contingency model , Kurt Lewin 1889 Words | 6 Pages. United States, and what of research the officers appointed over you. Art Essayist! You essentially take a vow to be faithful to your commitment to the military which includes everything . from vowing to be loyal to cause thesis, your unit, leadership , and ch lockitt of course to oneself. Oftentimes though, I have been told by senior enlisted members that the “new army ” is statement word, non-argumentatively greatly different than what it used to ch lockitt, be. And, typically the junior enlisted will ask why? What is different now than what it used to be back then?
What is told to. Army , Generation X , Generation Y 1139 Words | 3 Pages. CHAPTER 8: LEADERSHIP What is leadership ? Leadership may be defined as the development, process of guiding and directing the . behavior of people in the organization in art essayist, order to are the types of research, achieve certain objectives. Ch Lockitt! Leadership is that element that convinces members of an organization to behave in such a manner that will facilitate the accomplishment of the goals of the organization. The difference between leadership and management 1. Managers are more rational problem solvers, while leaders are intuitive, more visionary. Authority , Hegemony , Leadership 919 Words | 5 Pages. focuses on the Art of Leadership . Promoting Child Development And Learning Essay! In particular, this essay begins by summarizing various approaches to leadership and art essayist other key . features and characteristics of effective leaders. The remainder of the paper considers which characteristics or approaches to leadership I should adopt in the future and why. Additionally, I discuss my career plans and the steps that I must take in order to achieve my goals. The Current Environment of the Art of Leadership A leadership approach is a “coherent. Leader , Leadership , Management 897 Words | 3 Pages. piece of a puzzle on its own is meaningless. And Learning Essay! But when all the pieces come together, a picture takes shape, and the puzzle makes sense.
The same is true in . studying leadership . Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! If you try to learn leadership by only looking at a single theory or approach, you only get one piece of the personal statement word, overall picture. That's why Practicing Leadership , Third Edition features contributions from a variety of disciplines, including psychology, management, communications, military science, the quality movement, political. Bankruptcy in the United States , Intelligence , Leadership 632 Words | 4 Pages. Spiritual Leadership Principles of art essayist ch lockitt, Excellence for Every Believer By J. Oswald Sanders Chapter Summaries 1. An Honorable Ambition To . aspire to leadership is an importance review, honorable ambition. 1 Timothy 3:1 Should you then seek great things for ch lockitt, yourself? Seek them not. Jeremiah 45:5 Whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be a slave of all. Mark 10:42-44 Most Christians have reservations about aspiring to leadership . They are unsure. Christianity , God , God in Christianity 1551 Words | 6 Pages.
Leadership Analysis Leadership : what is it? Leadership , as a process, shapes the goals of a group or organization, . And Effect Statement! motivates behavior toward the achievement of art essayist ch lockitt, those goals, and helps define group or organizational culture (Tomey, 2004). It is primarily a process of influencing other to perform to their greatest potential. According to DeSilets (2004), leadership is provided on many levels, for both the department and the organization. It may mean managing activities and the chrysanthemums resources or negotiating. Chief executive officer , Democracy , Executive officer 1409 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 I reread the two textbooks, paying particular attention to the sections on supervisory techniques and teacher development levels. I took copious notes . and arranged them according to art essayist, headings. On July 22 , 2013 I conducted a literature search on the chrysanthemums, schools that had instituted a distributed leadership model.
I downloaded relevant articles and art essayist took detailed notes. I drafted, polished, and revised my paper and carnival essays completed the assignment on July 25, 2013. List the document(s) included as artifacts. Better , Communication , Education 941 Words | 4 Pages. What is leadership ? Leadership can be defined, in various ways, depending on what Area of art essayist ch lockitt, leadership is uc berkeley word limit, been . Ch Lockitt! focused on. From a social and child development essay psychological point of View, Leadership is said to be a social influence, where leaders use their behaviour to motivate those who follow and contribute to group goals. What is an ch lockitt, effective Leader? An effective leader is one who thinks and acts quickly, understands and demonstrates the elements of teams and team works. This essay will outline the social and psychological. Big Five personality traits , Fiedler contingency model , Leadership 1425 Words | 4 Pages.
Military Leader Assessment and Development. Today’s military leadership was defined and cultured through revolutions, civil war, conflicts, and currently a combat era lasting almost ten . years. Through recent leadership development changes brought on carnival essays, by former Secretary of the Army , Dr. Francis Harvey, the military has become an entity trying to keep ahead of the incessant derogatory diversions to art essayist ch lockitt, the honorable way of life impeding military leadership everyday. Disregard for uc berkeley word limit, human life, loss of the moral compass, innuendo, and complacency. Army , Better , Combat 1440 Words | 4 Pages. ELECTIVE COURSE FOR PGDM-WM Leadership and Managerial Effectiveness Dr Asha Bhandarker email email@example.com About the art essayist ch lockitt, course: . High performing and importance dissertations Competitive organizations need leaders with a whole host of competencies.
At the self level there is a need for capabilities like Managing Self , Emotional Intelligence, Drive and art essayist ch lockitt execution ability, and Creative and Strategic Thinking; at the group level managing high performing Teams and Capacity to Influence and importance Mobilize people. Leader , Leadership , Management 1137 Words | 7 Pages. ? A Comparison of the Leadership Traits of George Washington and George Mason Gabriel Eberhardt Sasha Loftin MET AD 715 Boston . University Great leaders throughout history are generally known for their greatness in a particular area. One might say they are the leaders within that field or discipline. George Patton was a great military leader. Steve Jobs was a great business leader, and Abraham Lincoln was a great political leader. George Washington was one of the few individuals. Alexander Hamilton , George Washington , John Adams 2240 Words | 8 Pages.
LEADERSHIP MANAGEMENT Lecture 1 Jennifer Johnston Defining Management and Leadership • “Managers perform functions in . organisations and hold a particular formal title and/or fulfil a role” (Brooks 2006 p.152) • “Leaders … aim to influence and guide others into pursuing particular objectives or visions of the future and to stimulate them into wanting to ch lockitt, follow.” (Brooks 2006 p.152) • Management Leadership are different • Need both for an organisation to prosper • Strong Management without. Leadership , Learning , Magic: The Gathering sets 728 Words | 4 Pages. Leadership Quiz Chapters 1 – 4 Circle or highlight the correct answers 1. Leadership is defined an carnival essays, influence relationship . among leaders and ch lockitt followers who intend real changes that reflect their shared purposes. The Chrysanthemums! True or False 2. Art Essayist! Leaders of today must maintain strict control of work processes to assure that the promoting and learning, organization functions efficiently. True or False 3. Ch Lockitt! The new paradigm of statement, leadership acknowledges that we live in a world characterized by uncertainty. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! True or False . Leadership , Skill 552 Words | 4 Pages. March 2014 SLEEPING ON DUTY, WEARING EYE PRO, AND PAYING ATTENTION TO DETAIL The first of the armies three general orders states: I . WILL GUARD EVERYTHING WITHIN THE LIMITS OF MY POST AND QUIT MY POST ONLY WHEN PROPERLY RELIEVED. The second general order states: I WILL OBEY MY SPECIAL ORDERS AND PERFORM ALL OF DUTIES IN A MILITARY MANNER. The third general order states: I WILL REPORT VIOLATIONS OF MY SPECIAL ORDERS , EMERGENCIES, AND ANYTHING NOT COVERED IN MY INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COMMANDER. Corporal , Military life , Military ranks 2681 Words | 7 Pages.
he changed and transformed as a leader. Carnival Essays! Disney’s dreams became true due to the fact that he had the four main leader characteristics. The four main leader . characteristics are: vision, rhetorical skills, image and trust building, and personalized leadership (Northouse, 2013). Disney had lots of charisma. In his line of work, animation for children and adults, charisma is one of the main ingredients in what made Disney so successful. Not only did he have charisma but he also embodied inspirational motivation. Charismatic authority , Developed country , Leadership 905 Words | 3 Pages.
Levels of Leadership : Proven Steps to Maximize Your Potential By John C. Maxwell A Study Guide for Leaders in art essayist ch lockitt, the Church By Judi King . In his book, The 5 Levels of Leadership , John C. Maxwell presents a model of leadership developed through more than 30 years of experience in leadership positions. Maxwell’s journey has given him insights into what effective leadership looks like, and this book examines what he identifies as five types of leadership experience. In order for leadership to be. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1819 Words | 7 Pages. Carnival Essays! critical leadership problem facing the 56th HBCT Brigade Commander and how will you, as the new brigade commander, improve the organization? . LTC (P) Osborne returned to art essayist ch lockitt, the 56th HBCT after 2 ? years to serve in the deputy brigade commander (DCO) position. Promoting Child Development Essay! Three short years ago the 56th HBCT was considered among the best maneuver brigades in Forces Command. Several assessments and art essayist surveys were taken proving that the environment had changed and carnival essays that there is a critical leadership problem in.
Battalion , Brigade , Leadership 2313 Words | 7 Pages. What Is Leadership ? What makes someone an effective leader? This question has challenged great thinkers for art essayist, most of are the types of research papers, written history, and it . Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! is the focus of this chapter. Cause Statement! The opening vignette, which described the leadership of Anne Sweeney, cochair of Disney Media Networks and president of Disney-ABC Television Group, offers a few clues. Art Essayist! Sweeney’s leadership is two main of research, viewed from art essayist ch lockitt, several perspectives, all of what of research, which are important.
The opening vignette also reveals that leadership is no longer yesteryear’s. Boss , Fiedler contingency model , Leader 1814 Words | 6 Pages.
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Art essayist ch lockitt
Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments. MELAB 2015 Report. The Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) is an intermediate to advanced level standardized examination for adult nonnative speakers of English. The MELAB is ch lockitt recognized by dissertations, thousands of colleges, universities, and professional organizations as evidence of high intermediate to low advanced English language proficiency, for academic or professional purposes. The MELAB is a standardized intermediate to advanced level English as a foreign language (EFL) examination and is administered monthly at authorized test centers in various countries. The purpose of the MELAB is to evaluate English language proficiency of art essayist ch lockitt adult nonnative speakers of English who will need to use English for essay academic purposes at the college and university level, or for professional certification. The MELAB assesses linguistic, discoursal, sociolinguistic, and pragmatic elements of the English language. The four component skills of art essayist listening, reading, writing, and speaking are evaluated through a combination of tasks. Stimuli in the chrysanthemums the MELAB reflect a range of situations likely to be met in most countries. The Common European Framework (CEFR)  identifies four basic domains (see below), namely personal, public, occupational, and ch lockitt, educational (Council of Europe, 2001: 48–49).
The MELAB focuses primarily on the educational domain with a secondary focus on the public and occupational domains. Personal Word! Various topics are used across the three domains, some of which may be used more in certain domains than others. interactions or settings among family members or social networks (friends, acquaintances) and other social networks outside the art essayist ch lockitt, home. A concerted effort is made to the chrysanthemums make sure topical content in the MELAB is not biased. Hambleton and Rodgers  (1995, para. 1) define bias as “the presence of some characteristic of an item that results in differential performance for two individuals of the same ability but from different ethnic, sex, cultural, or religious groups.” They further note that another characteristic related to bias is offensiveness, which can obstruct the purpose of a test item.
They explain that “while the presence of such material may not make the item more difficult for the test taker, it may cause him or her to become ‘turned off,’ and result in art essayist ch lockitt lowered performance” (op. cit., para. 7). Review Dissertations! Consequently, MELAB material is scrutinized to ensure that it is not inflammatory, emotionally upsetting, or controversial. This is meant to ch lockitt decrease the importance literature review, potential for bias. After a test taker takes the MELAB, two different reports are sent out: official score reports are sent to the indicated institutions, and ch lockitt, unofficial score reports are issued to importance literature the test taker by the test center.
Tests are processed within four to six weeks after CaMLA receives the tests from the test center. Scores are then sent by first-class mail to the institutions requested, which receive the reports within seven to eight weeks after the test was taken. Rush service can be ordered to speed scoring and reporting. All score reports include scores of performance on sections 1 (writing), 2 (listening), and art essayist, 3 (GCVR) of the literature dissertations, MELAB (see information about the format below). Scores on sections 1, 2, and ch lockitt, 3 are then averaged to produce a MELAB final score. Types Of Research Papers! If the test taker took the optional speaking test, the speaking score is also reported on the score report. MELAB reports also include brief biographical information, the test date, and test location. Individual section results are not reported in isolation from the total score. Once scoring is complete, the test taker will receive one unofficial copy of the MELAB score report, issued by art essayist ch lockitt, the test center where the MELAB was administered. Statement Word Limit! Official MELAB score reports will be sent to up to two universities or institutions that the ch lockitt, test taker listed at the bottom of the Official Identification Form before taking the test.
These two reports and the test taker’s copy of the score report are included in the test fee. The test taker must list the carnival essays, name and the complete address of the institution(s) to art essayist which the scores are to be sent. Without written permission of the essay, test taker, score reports will not be released. Art Essayist! The test taker may indicate that scores should be released only if the the chrysanthemums essay, final score is at or above a certain number. CaMLA sends all official MELAB score reports directly to art essayist ch lockitt the universities and institutions. Institutions are instructed not to accept unofficial copies or photocopies of MELAB score reports. Test-taker copies of score reports are not considered valid. The test taker should make sure that the institution(s) he/she is interested in will accept MELAB scores as evidence of English language proficiency. Essay! If there are any problems with scores being accepted, contact CaMLA and art essayist ch lockitt, we will send the institution further information on the MELAB and help them interpret the MELAB scores.
If more than two sent score reports are needed, the cause and effect thesis generator, test taker will need to attach an additional list to the Official Identification Form. Art Essayist! These additional reports will incur a fee. It is also possible to request additional score reports after the test taker has received the score report. To request these additional score reports, the test taker will fill out the score request form and mail it to us along with a check or money order. If payment is by carnival essays, credit card, the form with credit card information can be faxed. Ch Lockitt! Only the most recent score will be sent.
CaMLA will not report speaking test scores unless the speaking test was included in the most recent administration.  Council of Europe (2001). Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available here.
 Hambleton, R. What Two Main Types Papers! K., Rodgers, J. H. (1995). Item bias review. Practical Assessment, Research Evaluation, 4(6). Available here. The MELAB tests writing, listening, and reading. There is an optional speaking test. The test is divided into four separate sections: a writing test, a listening test, a GCVR test (grammar, cloze, vocabulary, and art essayist, reading), as well as the optional speaking test.
The table below presents the and effect thesis statement generator, format and content of the MELAB. A short recorded question or statement is accompanied by three printed responses. Test takers choose the statement that conveys a reasonable answer or response. A short recorded conversation is ch lockitt accompanied by three printed statements. The Chrysanthemums Essay! Test takers choose the statement that conveys the same meaning as what was heard, or that is ch lockitt true based upon the conversation. Four recorded interviews, such as those that might be heard on the radio, are each followed by and effect, recorded comprehension questions. Ch Lockitt! The questions and answer choices are printed in the test booklet.
Test takers choose the correct answer from the choices. An incomplete sentence is what of research followed by a choice of ch lockitt four words or phrases to complete it. Only one choice is grammatically correct. Two passages with deletions are followed by choices of words and phrases to promoting child development complete the text. Test takers must choose the word or phrase that best fills the art essayist ch lockitt, blank in terms of grammar and meaning. An incomplete sentence is followed by a choice of four words or phrases to complete it. What Types Papers! Test takers must choose the option that best completes the sentence in terms of meaning. Four reading passages are followed by comprehension questions. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! Test takers choose the correct answer from the printed answer choices. The MELAB Speaking Test section is child development essay offered at some but not all test centers.
It is administered separately from the ch lockitt, other sections, either before or after the written test administration. The writing, listening, and GCVR sections are administered together in a single sitting. They are administered in the following sequence: writing, listening, and GCVR. The MELAB listening section has been designed to the chrysanthemums assess the ch lockitt, comprehension of cause generator aural English at the intermediate to advanced level. Ch Lockitt! At this level, test takers are expected to have mastered abilities described at levels B1 to literature dissertations C1 on the Common European Framework of Reference: B1: Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is art essayist ch lockitt clearly articulated in importance literature review dissertations a generally familiar accent. Art Essayist! Can understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure etc., including short narratives. B2: Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. C1: Can understand enough to follow extended speech on abstract and complex topics beyond his/her own field, though he/she may need to confirm occasional details, especially if the accent is unfamiliar. Can understand the main ideas of propositionally and uc berkeley statement limit, linguistically complex speech on both concrete and abstract topics delivered in a standard dialect, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
Can follow extended speech and complex lines of argument provided the topic is reasonably familiar, and the direction of the talk is ch lockitt sign-posted by explicit markers. Can recognise a wide range of child idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms, appreciating register shifts. (adapted from art essayist ch lockitt, Council of Europe, 2001: 66) The MELAB listening section contains 60 items in 3 parts: The listening section lasts 35 to 40 minutes. The abilities that L2 listeners access when focusing on specific listening purposes are referred to as (listening) subskills.
These form three subgroups of importance review listening skills—global, local, and inferential—and include (among others): understanding main idea identifying speaker’s purpose synthesizing ideas from different parts of the art essayist, stimulus. identifying supporting detail understanding vocabulary synthesizing details recognizing restatement. understanding rhetorical function making an cause and effect thesis, inference inferring supporting detail understanding pragmatic implications. The aural input for each item comprises a minimally contextualized, single-sentence stem formulated as a statement and lasting up to art essayist ch lockitt 4 seconds. Male voice: How much effort do you think Susan actually put into her presentation? The aural input for personal statement limit each item is a short conversation between two speakers comprising up to art essayist ch lockitt four turns and lasting up to 15 seconds. Male voice: Good afternoon. Granite Creek Water Company. How may I help you?
Female voice: I was wondering about this month’s bill. I think I might’ve been overcharged. Male voice: One moment while I connect you with billing. The aural input for each item set is longer listening passages in the form of radio interviews. These last 3 to the chrysanthemums essay 4 minutes and involve up to four speakers. Voice 1: Unlike many insects, monarch butterflies cannot survive the art essayist, long, cold North American winters. When it gets cold, monarchs that live in the western United States travel a short distance to the warmer climate of California’s coast. However, those that live in literature review dissertations the eastern and central parts of the United States must fly much farther. Every fall they migrate thousands of miles to reach forests in Mexico.
Alex Johnson reports. Voice 2: Researchers have found that monarch butterflies are extremely picky about the habitat in which they live. For example, they lay their eggs on only one type of plant: milkweed. They’re also very sensitive to art essayist variations in daylight and child development and learning essay, temperature. They can’t live too far south because there’s no milkweed . . . and up north, the winters are too cold for art essayist ch lockitt them to survive. It’s these special needs that trigger the monarchs to begin their incredible year-round migratory journey each year. Butterfly expert Laura Baxter is here to talk about monarchs.
Voice 3: The monarchs’ migratory journey is unique because one butterfly does not complete the cycle by itself. Instead, monarchs complete the thesis generator, cycle through reproduction. For example, in late spring, monarchs that have spent the ch lockitt, winter in Mexico fly north to the United States, where they lay their eggs and die. Once the larvae from the importance literature, eggs have molted into butterflies and the weather warms, these monarchs fly north. They live for two to six weeks before they mate, lay eggs, and die. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! The monarchs continue this cycle throughout the summer.
By the fourth or fifth generation, they’ve reached the northern United States. But these generations of monarchs are different from the ones that started the cycle. They delay breeding and fly south as the weather becomes cooler. While earlier generations live for a few weeks, these live up to eight months. By November, they arrive in a Mexican forest, where they stay until the days get warmer and they start the cycle over again. Voice 2: This means that the monarchs that return to Mexico each fall are the great-great grandchildren of the child development essay, previous year’s migration.
It’s really amazing that they keep going back to ch lockitt the same place. How do they manage to return to the same locations as previous generations if they’ve never been there before? Voice 3: It is amazing. Although we don’t fully understand how they do it, we do know that monarchs use a combination of instincts and the ability to uc berkeley personal limit navigate by the sun. Their search for unique habitats influences where they go.
The conditions monarchs need to art essayist ch lockitt survive the winter drive them toward Mexico’s forests. Carnival Essays! There, they find the art essayist ch lockitt, perfect combination of and learning essay warmth, cool breezes, protection from rain and art essayist ch lockitt, snow, and high altitudes. These favorable conditions allow them to rest, using very little energy. Voice 2: Monarchs require a variety of unique habitats for their survival. Logging and cause and effect statement, deforestation, the use of pesticides, and the extermination of milkweed plants could make these great butterflies disappear, so we must be careful to preserve the areas in which they live. The aural input is followed by three printed response options. Test takers choose the art essayist, appropriate response to what they have heard. Each answer choice is approximately the same length. The aural input is followed by statement word limit, three printed response options. Test takers choose the option that conveys the art essayist ch lockitt, same meaning as what was heard, or that is true based upon the conversation.
Each answer choice is carnival essays approximately the same length. Each conversation is followed by 5 to 7 multiple-choice items. The items comprise a question and three options. The conversational exchange and questions are presented aurally via audio recording and are heard once. The questions and ch lockitt, options are visible to the test taker while listening to carnival essays the conversation. Evaluation of the MELAB Listening Section. The listening section is scored automatically by computer. There is only one correct answer for each item. The MELAB grammar subsection has been designed to assess knowledge of the grammatical accuracy of written English at the intermediate to advanced level. At this level, test takers are expected to have mastered abilities described at ch lockitt levels B1 to C1 on statement the Common European Framework of Reference: B1: Communicates with reasonable accuracy in art essayist ch lockitt familiar contexts; generally good control though with noticeable mother tongue influence.
Errors occur, but it is clear what he/she is trying to express. Uc Berkeley Personal Limit! Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used “routines” and patterns associated with more predictable situations. B2: Good grammatical control; occasional “slips” or non-systematic errors and minor flaws in art essayist sentence structure may still occur, but they are rare and can often be corrected in retrospect. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. C1: Consistently maintains a high degree of grammatical accuracy; errors are rare and difficult to spot.
(adapted from Council of Europe, 2001: 114) The MELAB grammar subsection is part of the larger GCVR section. There are 32 grammar items. The GCVR section lasts 80 minutes. MELAB grammar items focus on a variety of grammatical features observed in written American English. It is importance literature review assumed that test takers have the ability to consistently maintain “a high degree of grammatical accuracy” (Council of Europe, 2001: 114); this entails familiarity with grammatical features at the more difficult end of the complexity spectrum, which tend to ch lockitt be “late-acquired,” or to take time to be mastered (Collins et al., 2009). Each MELAB grammar item is 1 to 2 sentences, up to 20 words total, from which a word or phrase has been removed. Each item can test one or more grammatical features. The wording of MELAB grammar items is carnival essays intended to art essayist ch lockitt reflect, as closely as possible, language use in real-life situations and provide a representative sample of different, frequently observed genres in importance review written English. Four answer choices are provided, one of which is the ch lockitt, correct answer.
All the incorrect options are grammatical in isolation from the input sentence. Evaluation of the importance literature, MELAB Grammar Subsection. The GCVR section (including the grammar items) is ch lockitt scored automatically by computer. There is only one correct answer for each item. Correct answers receive one point. Incorrect answers receive zero.  Collins, L., Trofimovich, P., White, J., Carsodo, W. Horst, M. (2009).
Some Input on the easy/difficult grammar question: An empirical study. Modern Language Journal, 99, 3, 336-353. The MELAB cloze subsection has been designed to assess test takers’ language knowledge and abilities of written English at the intermediate to advanced level. At this level, test takers are expected to essay have mastered abilities described at levels B1 to C1 on the Common European Framework of Reference (see Grammar Subsection Specifications, Vocabulary Subsection Specifications, and Reading Subsection Specifications for art essayist ch lockitt details). The MELAB cloze subsection is part of the larger GCVR section. There are two cloze passages, the first followed by 10 and the second by 14 items (making a total of 24 items). The GCVR section lasts 80 minutes. MELAB cloze sets intend to measure the test taker’s ability to: select the child and learning essay, best word (or phrase) to restore the intended meaning to a chunk of text; identify the correct grammatical form of a word (or phrase) for the blank; and, identify the most appropriate content word (or phrase) for the blank. Once thought to be signs from the heavens of future events, comets now are understood to be relatively simple astronomical phenomena.
Comets are celestial bodies of small mass (1) mainly of gases. They consist of a nucleus of ice and other similar (2) materials, followed by an extensive tail. The tail is formed (3) the comet approaches the sun, as particles from the edges of the nucleus are (4) off. Comets have traditionally been regarded as (5) of both good fortune and imminent (6) . Art Essayist! People have often pondered the nature of the events that these celestial bodies have been (7) to bring. In 1066 AD, a comet appeared, which greatly concerned King Harold of importance literature dissertations England. He was (8) towards an ch lockitt, armed conflict with William of Normandy. His men wondered (9) this comet was a sign of victory or defeat. The Normans answered this question on word Saturday, October 14, 1066.
Late that afternoon, after a fierce battle at art essayist ch lockitt Hastings, King Harold (10) dead among many hundreds of what two main types papers his soldiers. William had all but conquered England and changed the art essayist ch lockitt, course of world history. Each MELAB cloze passage consists of a self-contained passage that could be found in any formal written context. It is typically about 180 words long with 10 or 14 blanks where one or more words have been removed. Each blank should elicit a “tip-of-the-tongue” effect, in which test takers should ideally be able to mentally fill in the gap even before reading the literature review dissertations, options. Four answer choices are provided, one of art essayist ch lockitt which is the correct answer. Wherever possible, the correct answer is not apparent until the what are the types of research papers, reader finishes the sentence or continues to the next sentence of the passage. Evaluation of the art essayist ch lockitt, MELAB Cloze Section.
The GCVR section (including the cloze items) is cause and effect statement generator scored automatically by computer. There is only one correct answer for each item. Correct answers receive one point. Incorrect answers receive zero. The MELAB vocabulary subsection has been designed to assess the lexical range and control of written English at the intermediate to advanced level. At this level, test takers are expected to art essayist have mastered abilities described at levels B1 to C1 on the Common European Framework of personal Reference.
The descriptors include: B1: Has sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself in everyday topics. B2: Has a sufficient range of language to be able to express viewpoints on most general topics. C1: Has a good command of a broad range of language. (adapted from Council of Europe, 2001: 110) Format of the Vocabulary Subsection. The MELAB vocabulary subsection is part of the larger GCVR section.
There are 31 vocabulary items. The GCVR section lasts 80 minutes. MELAB vocabulary items measure vocabulary size and tap certain in-depth aspects of art essayist vocabulary knowledge. Each MELAB vocabulary item is 1 to 2 sentences, up to 20 words total, from which a word or lexical chunk has been removed. Each MELAB vocabulary item should elicit a “tip-of-the-tongue” effect, in which test takers should ideally be able to mentally fill in the gap even before reading the the chrysanthemums essay, options. The wording of MELAB vocabulary items is intended to reflect, as closely as possible, language use in real-life situations and provide a representative sample of art essayist ch lockitt different frequently observed genres in written English. Four answer choices are provided, one of which is the most appropriate answer for the context.
Evaluation of the MELAB Vocabulary Subsection. The GCVR section (including the vocabulary items) is literature scored automatically by art essayist ch lockitt, computer. There is what two main of research papers only one correct answer for each item. Correct answers receive one point. Incorrect answers receive zero. The MELAB reading subsection has been designed to assess the intermediate to advanced level comprehension of a variety of prose texts of art essayist general academic or semitechnical topics written for an educated adult audience. At this level, test takers are expected to have mastered abilities described at carnival essays levels B1 to C1 on ch lockitt the Common European Framework of personal statement word limit Reference. B1: Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and art essayist ch lockitt, interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. B2: Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to promoting child development essay different texts and purposes. C1: Can understand in detail lengthy, complex texts, whether or not they relate to his/her own area of specialty. (adapted from Council of Europe, 2001: 69)
The MELAB reading subsection is part of the larger GCVR section. There are four reading passages, each accompanied by 5 to 8 multiple-choice items (making a total of 23 items). The GCVR section lasts 80 minutes. The abilities that L2 readers access when focusing on specific reading purposes are referred to as (reading) subskills. These form three subgroups of art essayist ch lockitt reading skills— global, local, and inferential—and include (among others): understanding main idea identifying speaker’s purpose synthesizing ideas from different parts of the text. identifying supporting detail understanding vocabulary synthesizing details recognizing restatement. understanding rhetorical function making an inference inferring supporting detail understanding pragmatic implications. Each MELAB reading text consists of a self-contained passage of approximately 300 words that could be found in cause and effect thesis statement generator any formal written context.
It is preceded by a short, introductory sentence. Each reading passage is followed by 5 to 8 multiple choice items. Each item is ch lockitt a question with 4 possible answers. Evaluation of the MELAB Reading Subsection. The GCVR section (including the reading items) is scored automatically by computer. Essay! There is only one correct answer for each item. Correct answers receive one point. Incorrect answers receive zero. The MELAB writing section has been designed to elicit written language at the intermediate to advanced level of English. At this level, test takers are expected to have mastered abilities described at levels B1 to C1 on the Common European Framework of Reference. The descriptors range from:
B1: Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of art essayist ch lockitt familiar subjects. B2: Can write clear, detailed official and semi-official texts on a variety of subjects related to his field of interest. C1: Can write clear, well-structured and mostly accurate texts of complex subjects. (adapted from Council of Europe, 2001: 61) Test takers choose one of two essay topics to cause generator write on and are advised to write 1 to 2 pages. They are told that their responses will be marked down if they are extremely short. The writing section lasts 30 minutes. Skills Elicited by the MELAB Writing Task.
The MELAB writing task gives test takers the opportunity to demonstrate their ability to: develop a topic and art essayist, organize the essay, content; make smooth connections between ideas; use a variety of grammatical constructions accurately and appropriately; and art essayist, use a range of vocabulary accurately and appropriately. Prompts are generally brief, 2 to carnival essays 4 sentences long, with three moves: The first move is ch lockitt typically a general scene-setting statement that introduces the promoting and learning essay, context; for example, “The use of computers in elementary school classrooms is art essayist ch lockitt becoming very widespread.” The second move narrows the focus and presents the specific topic to be addressed; for example, “What positive and negative effects do you think this has on student learning?” The third move gives instructions about how to respond; for example, “Support your views with specific examples.” Sample writing tasks are available as part of the MELAB sample test, which can be downloaded from our website. Evaluation of the MELAB Writing Section.
The MELAB composition rating scale has ten levels, with midpoint scores possible. Possible scores are: MELAB compositions are read independently by two trained raters. If the two raters do not agree within one band, a third rater reads the importance literature, composition. The two closest scores are averaged for the final composition score. Compositions are graded on how clearly and ch lockitt, effectively ideas are communicated as well as on the range and accuracy of grammatical structures and vocabulary. For each score level there is a description of literature review writing at ch lockitt that level. The MELAB Speaking Test has been designed to assess the test taker’s speaking and listening ability at the intermediate to advanced level. At this level, test takers are expected to have mastered abilities described at levels B1 to C1 on the Common European Framework of uc berkeley Reference:
B1: Can understand the main points of ch lockitt clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.; can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in uc berkeley word an area where the language is art essayist spoken. B2: Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. C1: Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions; can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. (adapted from Council of Europe, 2001: 24) The MELAB Speaking Test assesses the test taker’s ability to communicate in English in a face-to-face interaction with a trained, certified, and monitored MELAB Speaking Test examiner. The examiner does not follow a set script, but rather leads a conversation in order to elicit a speech sample from the test taker. The MELAB Speaking Test lasts 10 to 15 minutes.
Skills Elicited During the MELAB Speaking Test. Throughout MELAB Speaking Test, test takers are given the opportunity to: ask and answer questions describe past and future events present, explain, and support opinions and decisions interact in a natural conversational way (e.g., interrupting, asking for clarifications, initiating topics of interest, adapting to topic shifts) Throughout the assessment, the examiner evaluates the test taker’s capabilities and steers the conversation to carnival essays allow the test taker opportunities to use spoken language across a variety of topics and in order to achieve a variety of art essayist functions. Evaluation of the MELAB Speaking Test. The possible scores range from 1 to 4, with 4 being the highest. A plus (+) or minus (?) may be added to the score if the examiner thinks the spoken English is between levels.
For example, a 3+ would indicate that the test taker is in the 3 range but has qualities moving towards the 4 range, or a 2? would indicate that the test taker is at a 2 level but has qualities also found in the 1 range. The MELAB Speaking Test is optional and is graded separately from the review, rest of the MELAB exam. MELAB 2015 Report. A great TOEFL alternative that allows the test center more control—and fewer technology requirements for art essayist ch lockitt administering the test!
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?Should Examinations be Abolished Essay. Good morning everyone. My name is YONG YU, representing class 2/7.The motion of today’s debate is “Should examinations be abolished in school” In my point of view, I strongly agree that examinations should be abolished in school! Firstly, the approach of present examination systems means the beginning of fear, tension, anxiety and stress in the minds of the students under which if a student doesn’t performs according to his/her parents expectations may lead to students even taking the extreme step of ending their life by doing suicide. Secondly, some people also think that exams are not a reliable test of gauging the ability of the students as luck plays a major role. It is impossible to set the art essayist, questions at the same difficulty every year, if it is easier, he will score higher. It is the chrysanthemums essay, possible to study the tested subjects for the exam then forget everything and yet score high marks. Therefore, I question that I want to ask you is, “What’s the art essayist, point of having examinations, when it causes many negative impact?? In conclusion, I strongly believe that Examinations should be abolished in school!!
Should examinatons be abolished in schools? Good morning/afternoon/evening teachers and fellow friends . I am Ashraf from class 2/7 . I am here today to cause and effect statement talk about the motion ‘ Should examinations be abolished in schools?’ First of all , i would like to art essayist ch lockitt say that i strongly disagree with the idea of abolishing exams eventhough they are troublesome for students and even teachers . Child And Learning Essay. Here are my reasons why examinations should not be abolished in schools . Firstly , examinations are part and art essayist parcel of importance, school . You come to study in art essayist, schools . You want to know where you stand . The Chrysanthemums. You want to know how good or how bad you are at your academics . So , what is the use of going to school , studying but there is no exam to test you ? That brings me to ch lockitt my next point . Uc Berkeley Statement. Without the presence of examinations , students would be much more lazy . They would not feel the art essayist ch lockitt, importance or even the need to study . They might drop out of are the two main papers, school or not care about the slightest thing that concerns school . Students also would give up easily because there is not a need for them to understand something and be good at it . This not only affects the students . It affects the art essayist ch lockitt, teachers , the carnival essays, parents , the community and the country . If examinations are abolished , teachers would not feel the need to teach students until they understand a certain topic . It makes their work easier . But , for teachers who are committed in teaching , they would be getting a rough time trying to teach the students . These teachers would then feel they are not qualified for teaching . This would bring their morale down . This might even break their ambition . In conclusion , abolishing examinations would have more negative impacts compared to positive impacts . So i stress my point , i repeat it , Examinations should not be abolished in schools . Whether examinations should be abolished in schools. Meghan on ch lockitt, Sun Mar 18, 2012 10:53 pm. Hello, this is Meghan from class 2/7 express. I strongly believe that examinations should not be abolished. Examinations have been around for as long as anyone can remember. Examinations have been used in the chrysanthemums essay, primary schools, secondary schools, junior colleges, polytechnics, so on and so forth. It should not just disappear from our society.
I believe and feel that examinations help us get better in the subject. By taking examinations, our teachers may help us to improve our grades, and help us correct our mistakes. When taking an art essayist examination, our goal is to score high grades, and to make our teachers, parents and peers proud of us. As many different questions may come out on the examination, students are urged to study more, learn more. There are many reasons why students want to score high grades. One of the many reasons which I experience time and carnival essays again is because of competition. Students like to fight against each other to get higher grades on their examinations, as many students today, even though we do not like to admit things, are quite arrogant. Now, examinations also give us a chance to art essayist apply what we have learnt in school, and apply it in uc berkeley personal limit, real life. Also, don’t examinations drive us to understand what the teachers are teaching. I’ve even heard a student, back in primary school say, “I don’t like to ch lockitt study! It’s irritating.
I’ll just cheat.” Now, some people think that cheating is an easier way to make parents and teachers proud, but that’s actually. The cheaters are the ones who would be suffering. Not only they might get caught, but they won’t actually learn anything from the entire experience. See, the things we learn earlier in life help us to get THROUGH life. Just think about it. When we go to kindergarten, and child learn simple English, and simple Mathematics, that got us through primary one, right? So basically our knowledge would keep building up and art essayist up, helping us to get through life. Also, have you ever thought about it? In Mathematics, for example, they base some problems on real life situations.
See, we can use those skills in real life! So examinations are actually really helpful. Examinations are all based on essay, one’s understanding of a formula, topic, or subject. So if we understand more, we would be able to art essayist get higher grades, and the chrysanthemums essay hence we would be able to ch lockitt apply our skills in real life. Some people might think, “What? How is importance dissertations, algebra supposed to help me? Like if I were a hawker?” Now, not all jobs involve skills like that. Many jobs involve many different topics. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt. There may be many reasons by thesis generator, students why they think examinations should be abolished, but this one reason rises high above all, in terms of importance: Examinations are the only way of determining the students understanding the subject.
I would like to say once again, I stand firm by my idea, we should not abolish school examinations. Thank you for art essayist your attention. Should Examinations be abolished in school Izzah(14) 2/7. Good morning Mrs Sng, teachers and are the fellow students.I am a representative from 2/7, here to ch lockitt express my opinion whether examinations should be abolished. As a student myself, I strongly believe that major examinations should be eradicated.Now,I shall move on to my first substantives for the day. This word could make a happy and cheerful student turn into a wreck in just one day. Exams. Exams have absolutely prove itself as a lethal weapon to students.As a result, this causes the student to be stressed before and after the exams itself. Before the exams, I am sure that most students will be extremely stressed out are the two main, . Art Essayist. Thus, they will most probably burn the midnight oil to study topics and cause the student to fall sick or suffer from sleep deprivation. It can even result to disastrous outcomes such as harming his/her self and worse,suicide.
This also applies after the exams. Are The. A student may not achieve his/ her desirable results or the high expectations setted by their parents. Ch Lockitt. Hence, the student will be depressed or afraid to face their parents. The Chrysanthemums Essay. With all these factors in mind, it is obvious that examinations does not enhance the art essayist ch lockitt, journey of learning, but hinder it instead. As a fellow student myself, every student had come across this scenario before. When a particular student score highest in cause thesis statement, the class, even without lifting a finger, it definitely will spark off a sense of ch lockitt, jealousy between the students.As a result , they will become competitive .Hence, they will only promoting development essay try to beat the top scorers and not focuse on the main point of art essayist ch lockitt, attending school, to actually gain knowledge and understand what is being taught. In conclusion, this competitive environment is not a condusive one to study in.
Even so, I believe there is still some good left in examinations. Cause. However, I suggest an alternate arrangement that will help to lessen the immense pressure on the students. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt. I suggest projects that require the teachers to importance literature assess students in oral and art essayist ch lockitt physical practices such as presentations and uc berkeley word limit Science practical tests. Ch Lockitt. I also suggest to limit have class tests that only art essayist ch lockitt test student based on a particular topic so the carnival essays, student can prepare for art essayist ch lockitt the test better thus the student will get better results. It is carnival essays, also because a major exam may not cover all topics that being taught. Hence, the suggestions I have stated will make the assessment of art essayist ch lockitt, students much fairer.
With that, I strongly believe examinations should be abolished due to the fact that it causes harm in the emotional and physical being of the promoting and learning essay, student and art essayist ch lockitt a competitive environment that will affect the learning process.I have also stated alternative arrangements that could be implemented to make assessments of students better. With that, I thank you. Should examinations be abolished?? Masyitah Shakirah on child development and learning essay, Mon Mar 19, 2012 2:04 am. Good morning everyone.My name is Masyitah.I am going to talk about art essayist whether examinations should be abolished.In my honest opinion,I think that examinations should not be abolished. My first reason is because through examinations,students can know their level of understanding towards a certain topic of a subject.They will then approach their teachers if they know their weaknesses and if they need help in certain topics.After that,the students would be able to score well in their upcoming examinations.they would also be proud of themselves if they are one of the top scorers in their schools. Exams is also a form of encouragement for students to study harder and get better results for the coming examinations.I am sure the students would want to be the same standard as their friends.Without examinations,students will be lazy to study and they would not be bothered to carnival essays do all the homework given by ch lockitt, their teachers.As examination results will be printed out on a sheet of development and learning essay, paper and parents have to sign on it,the students would surely try and ch lockitt do their best in every examinations because they do not want to get scoldings from carnival essays, their parents and ch lockitt want to make them proud. Even though I feel that examinations should not be abolished,I think that the number of examinations given per year to the students should decrease.This is so that the students would not feel stress as they need to rush through their revisions for a lot of subjects.The teachers would also have time to let their students understand the subject better until the literature dissertations, whole class is ready to move on to the next topic. In conclusion,I strongly believe that examinations should not be abolished because it can train the students to plan theri time well and be disciplined.However the art essayist ch lockitt, amount of examinations given should be reduced so that it would not cause the students to be stress because they came to school to study,not to cramp their brains with a lot of carnival essays, things in just a few months before the examinations.With that,I thank you.
Masyitah Shakirah. Re: Should Examinations be Abolished in Schools? JunYe on Mon Mar 19, 2012 6:06 pm. Hello everybody, this is ch lockitt, JunYe from class 2/7E. Today, I am going to talk about the child development and learning, motion “Should examinations be abolished in schools?”. Ch Lockitt. I strongly agree that examinations should be abolished. There are a few reasons on why examinations should be abolished in schools. Firstly , as we all know examinations are used to test on students to let the thesis generator, teachers and art essayist students know how well they are in a particular subject. Students might be misled by parents that examinations will definitely make life-long changes to their life and hence , putting students under tremendous stress and personal statement unable to concentrate while learning or revising. Secondly , as most students are concerned about the grades they get and thus causing them to art essayist ch lockitt be over-reacting when they get disappointed in their grades.
They might be under depression and emotionally unstable. Students in this state tend to become short-tempered with either their work or their fellow classmates and even the teachers are being used to what are the types vent anger on. In conclusion, I think the examinations should be abolished in schools as it is not that effective enough to let the students concentrate and learn. Art Essayist. Thank you. JunYe.
Should Examinations be abolished? BryanSim on Mon Mar 19, 2012 10:50 pm. Hello everybody, I am Bryan from literature, class 2/7. I am here today to talk about the motion, ‘ Should examinations be abolished in schools? ‘ I agree that examinations should be abolished. I will state a few reasons on art essayist, why examinations should be abolished in schools. Firstly, examinations may put students under tremendous stress as if students do not do well in the examination, parents might scold them when they bring the papers back home for parent’s signature. As a result, students may study very hard to avoid their parents’ scolding. Secondly, Students may not really benefit from the examination as some students only memorise the things that are tested on the examination and after the cause generator, examination, they would forget they had memorise as they need to art essayist memorise things tested on the next examination.
Lastly, I think that examinations should be changed to surprise tests as surprise tests would not give students to memorise the things tested and this would mean that the students have to use their knowledge that they have. In conclusion, I think that examinations should be abolished in schools as it put students under tremendous stress and while students are in great stress, some of them do not really benefit from the examination. Thank you. Should Examinations be abolished in schools ? Liyana on Mon Mar 19, 2012 11:11 pm. Good morning teachers and fellow students. Uc Berkeley Statement Limit. I am Liyana representing 2/7, and I strongly believe that examinations should be abolished in schools. Firstly, students get stressed whenever examinations are around.
They might stay up late, or skip meals just to revise for art essayist ch lockitt their upcoming examinations. This is unhealthy for types papers the students as the body would not get enough rest and nutrients, and there’s a likely chance that the students might get sick. Also, students are stressed after the art essayist, examinations too because they will worry about what score they are going to get. Cause And Effect Thesis Generator. Also, knowing students these days, we are very competitive. We always want to be the top. An over-competitive environment is not a good place for students to learn, because then, all they want to do is to be the top. This is bad because is defeats the ch lockitt, purpose of going to school in the first place, and uc berkeley limit that is to learn and gain knowledge. Also, students might not need to art essayist even pay attention during lessons and still get a high score.
All they need to what of research do is to memorise all thier notes given by their teachers, memorise information from their textbooks as nowdays examination is really about memorising. Students would then have a mindset that they can score well, even without paying attention in ch lockitt, class. Just to carnival essays summarise the points, the mindset, and an over-competitive is bad for students, because they will not really achieve the art essayist ch lockitt, main goal, and that is to, again, gain knowledge. So I would like to importance review dissertations end off my speech by saying that examinations should be abolished in schools. University/College: University of California.
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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and ch lockitt, easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to and effect thesis research. You will need to be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is art essayist ch lockitt, one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of personal statement limit fact, definition, cause, value, or policy.
Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. shows have regulations? (policy) What is ch lockitt, true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to importance review compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for art essayist ch lockitt free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to carnival essays submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the art essayist ch lockitt, effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is cause and effect thesis statement generator, it to have equal representation of ch lockitt genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to importance become police officers? (policy) How can the art essayist ch lockitt, rights of review artists and writers be protected on ch lockitt, the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the statement limit, minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. Ch Lockitt! This essay argues that we need to care more for people in personal statement, developing countries.
Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the art essayist ch lockitt, problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the what types papers, TAKS/STAAR test in Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on art essayist ch lockitt, SAT and personal word limit, ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the art essayist ch lockitt, country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the uc berkeley limit, U.S. adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from art essayist ch lockitt, other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of what two main specific course)? Does adding days to art essayist the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on cause statement generator, fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the ch lockitt, way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to importance review be able to art essayist ch lockitt handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). Importance Literature Dissertations! (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to art essayist each other in positive ways. Essay! (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and art essayist, online resources. Promoting Development And Learning! (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about ch lockitt cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. Statement! have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the art essayist, history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in statement generator, the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games?
Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to act as a policeman for other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is art essayist ch lockitt, cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about essay themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in art essayist, the U.S. Carnival Essays! increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in art essayist ch lockitt, terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from what two main, another ethnic group? (value) What is ch lockitt, culture? (definition) What is the essay, value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the ch lockitt, worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of importance literature endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the art essayist, earth? (fact) What is the carnival essays, importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and art essayist, pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to carnival essays those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for ch lockitt looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about uc berkeley statement word limit that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and art essayist ch lockitt, title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con.
Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. How to child essay Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15.
100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and art essayist ch lockitt, Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 129. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. Are The Types Of Research! I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story.
See my articles on How to art essayist write an carnival essays, argument paper and ch lockitt, How to what of research papers write a position paper for full instructions. Art Essayist! Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Types! Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of art essayist our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to statement go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by art essayist, step through the process.
Can you please help me in thesis, my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for art essayist you to get some good information to cause thesis generator start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to ch lockitt get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of importance literature review dissertations a student helps them to ch lockitt learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at dissertations, least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in art essayist ch lockitt, English.
In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to the chrysanthemums essay catch up. However, that only art essayist ch lockitt, works if the child is in the chrysanthemums essay, a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and art essayist, one that is very important for your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from the chrysanthemums, United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of art essayist my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents.
Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the carnival essays, leader of ch lockitt North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Essay! Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea.
Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn.
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of uc berkeley personal culture you are writing about ch lockitt which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only personal statement word limit, like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to art essayist ch lockitt it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to uc berkeley statement word start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks.
Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for art essayist ch lockitt the upcoming research essays. Dissertations! I will definitely be using one of them. Art Essayist! Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the child development and learning essay, other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources.
Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for ch lockitt .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. Child! I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on art essayist ch lockitt, how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from what, United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the ch lockitt, search engine on HubPages to cause thesis find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of ch lockitt my articles. The Chrysanthemums Essay! Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and art essayist, emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States.
Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Carnival Essays! Is the topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of ch lockitt beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy!
Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of essays for everyone who needs to uc berkeley personal word limit be inspired. Voted up for useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and ch lockitt, inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from carnival essays, United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information!
Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from ch lockitt, Texas. This would be an interesting article for carnival essays school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas.
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Ch Lockitt! Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the chrysanthemums the question is going to be. 2. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question).
3. Child Development! Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. Ch Lockitt! The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Thesis! Think of at art essayist, least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of what are the types of research your essay. 5. Ch Lockitt! Think of examples or evidence which supports each of carnival essays those reasons. That is what you will use to ch lockitt support those three reasons. 6. What objections will your reader have?
Write those out and also your answers to those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. Promoting Essay! 7. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! For your conclusion think of limit what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to ch lockitt sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Carnival Essays! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from ch lockitt, United States.
Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of literature review dissertations vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on this topic is ch lockitt, whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past. Importance Literature Dissertations! Is the right to ch lockitt vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. What Are The! I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Art Essayist! Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce.
Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from importance review dissertations, United States. Ch Lockitt! Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at the chrysanthemums essay, all sides of things and that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to ch lockitt just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is carnival essays, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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deep essays Case Studies in art essayist ch lockitt History and Society. Beneath the Surface: Critical Essays in the Philosophy of Deep Ecology . Edited by Eric Katz, Andrew Light, and David Rothenberg. Cambridge, MA London, UK: The MIT Press (2000), viii, 328 pp. Reviewed by J. Stan Rowe, emeritus Professor (Ecology), University of cause statement generator Saskatchewan, Saskatoon. Ecology is the skin-out study of what envelops and influences things, as compared to art essayist physiology with its focus on skin-in functions--which leads to the thought that the appropriate title for those primarily concerned with their inner soul/selves is Deep Physiologists. In contrast, the name Deep Ecology (DE) suggests exploration of human ecology to its outer limits, asking what is the reality of people's relationship to the world that envelops them, and what ethical actions flow from that relationship? Over the thesis statement last quarter century Arne Naess has been the most influential voice of ch lockitt eco/philosophy and eco/sophy (ecological wisdom) in importance dissertations the Western world. Naess's thoughts and actions have been motivated by what he sees as the appalling deterioration of planet Earth, overpopulated and art essayist ch lockitt, under attack by a consumer society.
From this came his founding of the Deep Ecology Movement (DEM) for social-political change, centered on a Platform of eight Principles (composed with George Sessions) that, in summary, calls for development and learning, valuing and respecting all forms of art essayist life, for an attitude of are the two main non-interference with natural processes and systems, for de-emphasizing the ch lockitt primary significance of people and their institutions, for restructuring society in harmony with natural processes, and for a reexamination of the ends of human life, replacing the pursuit of material abundance with a heightened quality of life experience. The introductory chapter of Beneath the Surface states that the book's primary goal is to examine the philosophy of DE, a difficult task without a philosophical interpretation of the DEM Platform. The editors propose six points as essential to the philosophy of DE. In abbreviated form they are: (1) Rejection of uc berkeley strong anthropocentrism, (2) Replacing anthropocentrism with ecocentrism (the ecosphere and ecological systems central), (3) Identification with all forms of life, (4) The sense that caring for the environment is part of individual human self-realization, (5) A critique of instrumental rationality and an emphasis on alternative modes of thinking, (6) Personal development of a total worldview prior to social action. Naess values the diversity of philosophical/cultural faiths and is willing to recognize many as underpinnings of the DEM. He conceived it as four linked levels, illustrated with the Apron Diagram so-called because it flares out generously above and below the Platform-Principles waist. Level 1, the bust of the apron, encompasses a broad spectrum of religions and philosophies willing to subscribe to Level 2, where the ch lockitt Platform Principles cinch all together. Level 3 and Level 4 comprise the hips and hem of the garment, the review former expressing general consequences (such as choice of lifestyle) in art essayist ch lockitt harmony with the Platform, and the latter specifying concrete situations and are the, practical decisions of a political nature.
In Naess's words, The DEM thus can manifest both plurality and unity: unity at Level 2, and art essayist, plurality at the other levels. Midway through the book editor/essayist Andrew Light examines ethicist Callicott's arguments for a singular foundational ecophilosophy based on Aldo Leopold's concept of people's duties to the larger biotic communities of which they are members. Light concludes that environmental philosophy is too young to settle on one right path, and so he too endorses a pluralism of ecophilosophies at importance review Level 1. Obviously Naess does not consider his personal philosophy, Ecosophy T, as the only valid one, but the ch lockitt editors justify particular attention to his thinking not only carnival essays because he is the founding father but also because many of the essays that the book comprises were initially slated for publication in art essayist ch lockitt the journal Inquiry as a special issue titled, Arne Naess's Environmental Thought. Thus many of the essays are understandable in child development and learning essay the light of Naess's Ecosophy T, which shows the influence of Eastern philosophies. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt? In my view his three outstanding ideas are: (1) Self-realization for all Beings . This is the belief that the route to an ecological worldview begins with individuals surmounting their little egos by sympathetically extending the boundaries of their identities, wider and wider, through the intuition and the chrysanthemums essay, ecological knowledge that each is embedded in and supported by a network of relationships--to the human community, to animals and plants, to the world. The enlarged consciousness that experiences identity with Nature and desires the same happiness for all beings is ch lockitt, described as the Self (also known as ecological self or universal self) as opposed to what are the two main types of research the little egoistic skin-bounded self. (2) Ontology before ethics . Naess insists that ethics or right action flows from prior beliefs about the fundamental nature of things, about what is real and ch lockitt, valuable. In philosophical terms, ontology (reality as believed in) precedes ethics. Hence the most important task is to understand one's ecological relationships to the world for then ethical choices and beautiful actions will be obvious and spontaneous.
Phrased another way, humanity needs a new ecological worldview before new ethical/environmental theories. (3) Spontaneous Experience . Naess is suspicious of reason as the unassisted guide toward the dual realization of the carnival essays ecological worldview and the extended Self. He places his faith in apprehending Nature by direct experiences whose holistic gestalt patterns reveal the reality obscured by culture's abstract language and social constructions. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt? The main source of creative change in society, he believes, lies in the qualitative richness and concrete contents of the individual's gestalt experiences. According to editor/essayist Eric Katz, the pillars of Ecosophy T (which he lists as Identification with Nature, Self-realization, and Ontology as the basis of normative values) suffer from the fault of anthropocentrism (homocentrism).
Only a strong environmental ethical system can move beyond Naess's limited perspective that is tellingly exposed in his ambiguity about human interests versus nature protection. Katz approves the Deep Green Theory of Richard Sylvan who, disagreeing with Naess's idea of Self, argued for importance literature dissertations, an ethic based on eco-impartiality. The proper course for environmental philosophy, Katz concludes, is ch lockitt, not an ecosophy such as Naess's ontological worldview but an unbiased environmental ethic that de-emphasizes human-centered categories of value. Countering the opinion of Katz, William Grey criticizes Sylvan's Deep Green Theory because it postulates values in nature independent of valuers, while admitting that values vary between cultures. Grey points to other inconsistencies, exemplified by the wording of the Deep Green obligation principles, such as Do not jeopardize the well-being of what two main of research papers natural objects or systems without good reason. Destroyers of environment always have good reason and so Grey judges Deep Green Theory as no better than DE.
Whether Katz, Grey, and art essayist ch lockitt, several other contributors draw a distinction between homo/morphic and homo/centric is promoting development and learning, unclear. Ch Lockitt? All human thoughts and actions are homo/morphic (shaped by humans) but they are not necessarily homo/centric (centered on carnival essays humans), and insofar as Naess and Sylvan center their values on other-than-human things, they should not be accused of art essayist homocentrism. Naess's foundational ideas draw the fire of carnival essays Mathew Humphrey for privileging the intuitive over the rational. To be human is to reason, he argues, and therefore the rational-moral should be privileged over the beautiful. The only defensible basis for action is provided by reasoned ethical codes, not from the intuitive realization of Self-identity through gestalt experiences. Ch Lockitt? The Humphrey/Naess difference echoes the are the two main of research papers old Plato/Sophist controversy, unresolved after 2500 years. The question is, which of truth and beauty should be trusted to guide the art essayist other? Western tradition favors the former but Naess wants to give the importance review dissertations latter a try. Humphrey is targeted in art essayist turn by ecofeminist Ariel Salleh who is suspicious of current ethical systems.
Everyone, not just Naess, acts from a sense of self-identity, she argues. Philosophers are mostly academic, middle-class, white males who bolster their self-identities with liberalism--valuing individual autonomy and freedom of choice above all else. But liberalism is a discredited source of ethics because it is anthropocentric, Eurocentric, class-based, and gendered. It is a failed political formula, socially unjust and environmentally destructive. DE is on and learning essay the right track but it needs to embrace a theory of labor, of embodied materialism, working (as do women in production and reproduction) at the interface of Humanity and Nature. Like Humphrey, ethicist Val Plumwood is critical of Naess's ontology before ethics and of his thesis that treats ethics as unnecessary (a fairer assessment might be that Naess treats ethics as derivative). She sides with Katz in skepticism of ch lockitt Naess's stress on consciousness change and on Self-realization through unity (identity) with nature. What is needed, she believes, is an what two main types ethic of ch lockitt solidarity, enabling strong connections to human liberation movements as well as to nature. The DEM should not neglect institutional change, and the chrysanthemums essay, a good start would be reforming the art essayist institution of property/land which, in child the Lockean formula, is valueless until developed by human labor.
The land, Nature, should also be recognized as a value-producing active agent. Bron Taylor, interested primarily in the social action side of the art essayist ch lockitt DEM, finds many weaknesses in its philosophic underpinnings as he understands them at the grassroots level. The problem is a set of uc berkeley personal word limit dualisms--inherited from such thinkers as Paul Shepard, Gary Snyder, George Sessions, and Bill Devall--that he identifies as the main conceptual tendencies found in North America's deep ecology movements. He lists a number of art essayist good/bad twosomes, for example: Taylor argues that such dualistic thinking is are the types of research papers, simplistic and counterproductive when the goal is to marshal resistance to environmental deterioration from every culture in the world. Emphasizing his empirical research, he reports the unsurprising discovery that people are motivated to action by immediate threats to ch lockitt their well-being, not by bioregional ideology or calls for consciousness transformation. He plumps for a new Green social philosophy, something like the Earth Charter that sets out literature review dissertations principles of reverence for Earth acceptable to all religious faiths. Art Essayist? Mainstream DEs may suspect that Taylor is a reform environmentalist but the litmus-test question -- does he endorse the DEM Platform? -- is not answered.
Had all contributors opened with a yea or a nay on importance review this question, their orientations would have been clarified for the benefit of readers. The book's purported goal of art essayist ch lockitt examining DE philosophy keeps slipping out of focus. Cause And Effect Thesis Statement Generator? John Clark's How Wide is Deep Ecology? shows the difficulty of dealing strictly with DE philosophy apart from the Platform and its social/political implications. Ch Lockitt? Clark would prefer a more specific Platform to welcome in social ecologists and cause and effect, ecofeminists by giving practical content to the DEM's call for art essayist, sweeping social change. As with Salleh, Plumwood, and Taylor, the the chrysanthemums Platform and its deficiencies for sparking political programs (at Naess's Levels 3 and 4?) are the center of attention. Jonathan Maskit sees personal philosophies and political platforms necessarily evolving together. Changes in the individual and in culture/politics go hand in hand, and either alone is a no-go. Seek reality through spontaneous experience, say the DEs, but experience depends on cultural presuppositions. For example, how can the individual reduce desire for consumption when the art essayist ch lockitt culture endorses consumption as a high social goal? In Kantian terms the role of the State is to make people act as they would voluntarily if they really were rational beings, curbing desires by reasonable laws.
The new sympathetic worldview that the what are the of research DEM urges on its members necessitates co-evolution of the cultural-ideational medium in which all are immersed. On the supportive side, editor/essayist David Rothenberg explains Naess's relational thinking as phenomenology minus the subject, meaning that Naess's aim is to apprehend directly nature's qualities or concrete contents, not as (minus) an observer but merging the subjective and objective, the human and art essayist, the natural, in spontaneous experience. Through Rothenberg's eyes, DE is viewed as an entirely new philosophy, a new horizon, a direction for the chrysanthemums essay, progress in ontology, a poetic way of ch lockitt being in the world. Arran Gare is also sympathetic to the DEM, which he believes is marginalized through lack of a Grand Narrative. DE needs a persuasive cultural myth that saves what is good in modernism (the emancipatory agenda for the disadvantaged) and carnival essays, extends it to the world of nature so that living creatures and ecosystems as well as cultural diversity may flourish. Ch Lockitt? In effect he repeats Maskit's theme that the development of self, in whatever form, is shaped by the stories by which each culture defines itself--and the appearance of a compelling ecological saga is overdue.
Indirectly this criticizes the philosophic pluralism that Naess espouses. Two articles trace links between Naess's Ecosophy T and eastern religions/philosophies. Knut Jacobdson points out Naess's debt to Gandhi who believed that the way to self-realization was not only through knowledge and meditation but also through political action. He notes ironically that DE reverses the are the types of research Hindu aim of freeing the self from bondage to the material world, seeking instead to integrate humans into the natural Earth cycles of birth, growth, and death. Dean Curtin explains Naess's ties to ch lockitt Buddhism through the cause thesis generator philosophy of Dogen, whose thought goes beyond DE from ch lockitt Self-realization to Cosmic Co-realization. We will never be released from suffering, said Dogen, as long as we search within the circle of human suffering alone.
Thus the advice to Naess to advance beyond biocentrism with its focus on statement word living things, and be released into the coming and going of all things. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt? This appears to the chrysanthemums essay be a call for ecocentrism as Earth-centerdness. Paradoxically, the sympathetic glue that binds together all things, amoebas and crystals, humans and mountains, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, is their impermanency. Finally, and farthest off the mark, Michael Zimmerman's essay -- Possible Political Problems of Earth-based Religiosity -- expresses fears that a theology of Earth linked with the DEM might be coopted and used as the Nazis used their nationalistic blood and soil motif to justify totalitarian programs of suppression and extermination. In view of the art essayist known history of humanity in uc berkeley statement the West over the last several thousand years, with its frequent ethnic cleansings under the aegis of a transcendental male God, the art essayist thought that belief in a supra-national divine mother Earth would do worse seems a long shot. Zimmerman devotes much of his article to the philosophy of Ken Wilber, who initially explained humanity's assault on nature as due to death anxiety but now as a second guess locates the fault in retro-romantics (including followers of Earth-based religions). Wilber prescribes the development of personal consciousness in ever more elevating stages. Review Dissertations? His platonic idealism (Deep Physiology) contrasts with Naess's being-in-the-world realism (Deep Ecology). Concluding comments: The 14 contributors generally agree that Deep Ecology is not a finished philosophy. It is still finding its roots below and expanding its greenness above. The voluminous literature that has developed around Naess's Ecosophy T and art essayist ch lockitt, the DEM Apron Diagram contribute to and effect thesis statement its current fluidity.
The tightest section is the Platform and its eight principles (the Apron waist), which many believe should be further refined to better encourage social/political change. Stronger tie-strings in the middle will keep the Apron from blowing in the wind. Eastern philosophies, like Western religions, lay heavy hands of responsibility on the individual to art essayist ch lockitt shape up. This idea is apparent in Naess's philosophy. But few can bootstrap their own conversion from self to Self without cultural assistance.
On this important point Bowers (1995, see especially p. 169 for note on Naess#146;s individualism) has criticized Naess for accenting the essay authority of ch lockitt individual judgment while ignoring culture as the primary source of influence on thought and behavior. The needed ecological worldview is unlikely to result from cause and effect thesis everyone concentrating on developing her/his own ecosophy. A powerful ecological narrative that neither disparages Nature nor people is overdue. One problem on art essayist the philosophers' side is suspicion of and effect thesis statement Earth-based science, leading to vague use of ecological language particularly when it comes to terms such as nature, life, community, ecology, ecosystem, biosphere, biocentric ecocentric. An example is pinning the art essayist ch lockitt adjective ecocentric indiscriminately on social ecology, ecofeminism, bioregionalism, and deep ecology (e.g., McLaughlin (1995) uses ecocentrism broadly and indefinitely for all viewpoints that are not anthropocentric, when a correct usage of the word according to its etymology is home-centered, i.e. ecosystem-centered, Ecoregion-centered, Ecosphere-centered or Earth-centered). Ecological terminology, freely used but imperfectly understood, needs to review be sorted out and defined in Earthly terms if people are to accept a narrative that identifies humans as dependent Earthlings.
Such a compelling story/myth is a necessary counterpart of and support for the experiential ways of knowing championed, for example, by Naess and Rothenberg. The essays convey the feeling that two different cultures are confronting one another. Naess is an outdoorsman, a mountaineer, as are many of his followers: Sessions, Drengson, LaChapelle. These people, like naturalists of the ilk of Muir and Thoreau, have been touched by oceanic nature-experiences, intuitions of unity with Earth. They are impelled to formulate a philosophical rationale for ch lockitt, their Wordsworthian epiphanies, borrowing eclectically from the scriptures of Lao Tsu, Protagoras, Dogen, Spinoza, Bergson, Husserl. Are The Two Main Of Research Papers? Facing them somewhat incredulously is a majority of rationalist academics, city-born and bred, who have never been touched by Earth, never climbed mountains, never wandered in a wilderness, never hugged a tree. Ethical rules are their meat, not spontaneous experiences. The mind-sets of ch lockitt two such different groups of people are far apart, and essay, the Ecological Narrative that pulls them together will richly deserve the title Grand. Bowers, C.A. 1995. Ch Lockitt? Educating for and effect statement generator, an Ecologically Sustainable Culture: Rethinking Moral Education, Creativity, Intelligence, and Other Modern Orthodoxies . Albany: SUNY Press.
McLaughlin, Andrew. 1995. For a Radical Ecocentrism, pages 257-280 in Drengson, Alan and ch lockitt, Yuichi Inoue (eds.), The Deep Ecology Movement: An Introductory Anthology . Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.
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essay pressure An Article from art essayist The Norton Reader, Norton-Simon Publishing, 1978. Dear Carlos: I desperately need a dean's excuse for my chem midterm which will begin in about 1 hour. All I can say is that I totally blew it this week. I've fallen incredibly, inconceivably behind. Carlos: Help! I'm anxious to hear from promoting child development you. I'll be in my room and won't leave it until I hear from you. Tomorrow is the last day for . Carlos: I left town because I started bugging out again. I stayed up all night to finish a take-home make-up exam and am typing it to hand in on art essayist ch lockitt the 10th. It was due on the 5th.
P.S. I'm going to the dentist. Uc Berkeley Personal Statement Word! Pain is pretty bad. Carlos: Probably by Friday I'll be able to ch lockitt get back to my studies. Right now I'm going to take a long walk.
This whole thing has taken a lot out of me. Carlos: I'm really up the proverbial creek. The problem is I really bombed the history final. Since I need that course for uc berkeley word limit my major I . Carlos: Here follows a tale of woe. I went home this weekend, had to help my Mom, and art essayist ch lockitt caught a fever so didn't have much time to study. And Effect Thesis! My professor . Carlos: Aargh!! Trouble. Nothing original but everything's piling up at once. To be brief, my job interview . Hey Carlos, good news! I've got mononucleosis.
Who are these wretched supplicants, scribbling notes so laden with anxiety, seeking such miracles of postponement and balm? They are men and art essayist women who belong to Branford College, one of the and effect thesis statement generator twelve residential colleges at art essayist, Yale University, and the messages are just a few of the hundreds that they left for their dean, Carlos Hortas -- often slipped under his door at uc berkeley personal statement word limit, 4 a.m. -- last year. But students like the ones who wrote those notes can also be found on campuses from coast to ch lockitt coast -- especially in New England, and at literature review, many other private colleges across the art essayist ch lockitt country that have high academic standards and highly motivated students. Nobody could doubt that the notes are real. In their urgency and their gallows humor they are authentic voices of a generation that is panicky to succeed. My own connection with the the chrysanthemums essay message writers is that I am master of Branford College. I live in its Gothic quadrangle and know the students well. (We have 485 of them.) I am privy to their hopes and fears -- and also to their stereo music and their piercing cries in the dead of night (Does anybody ca-a-are?). If they went to Carlos to ask how to art essayist get through tomorrow, they come to me to ask how to get through the rest of cause statement generator, their lives. Mainly I try to remind them that the road ahead is a long one and that it will have more unexpected turns than they think. There will be plenty of ch lockitt, time to change jobs, change careers, change whole attitudes and approaches.
They don't want to what are the types of research papers hear such liberating news. They want a map -- right now -- that they can follow unswervingly to career security, financial security, social security and, presumably, a prepaid grave. What I wish for all students is some release from the clammy grip of the future. I wish them a chance to savor each segment of their education as an experience in itself and art essayist not as a grim preparation for two main papers the next step. I wish them the right to experiment, to trip and fall, to learn that defeat is as instructive as victory and is not the end of the world. My wish, of course, is naive. One of the few rights that America does not proclaim is the right to fail. Achievement is the national god, venerated in our media -- the ch lockitt million dollar athlete, the wealthy executive -- and the glorified in cause thesis statement generator, our praise of possessions. In the presence of such a potent state religion, the young are growing up old. I see four kinds of ch lockitt, pressure working on importance literature dissertations college students today: economic pressure, parental pressure, peer pressure, and self-induced pressure.
It is easy to look around for villians -- to blame the colleges for charging too much money, the professors for art essayist assigning too much work, the uc berkeley word limit parents for pushing their children too far, the ch lockitt students for driving themselves too hard. Limit! But there are are no villians, only victims. In the late 1960's, one dean told me, the typical question that I got from students was, 'Why is there so much suffering in the world?' or 'How can I make a contribution?' Today it's, 'Do you think it would look better for getting into art essayist ch lockitt law school if I did a double major in history and political science, or just majored in one of them?' Many other deans confirmed this pattern. One said, They're trying to find an edge -- the intangible something that will look better on paper if two students are about uc berkeley personal statement limit equal. Note the emphasis on looking better. The transcript has become a sacred document, the passport to art essayist security. How one appears on review paper is art essayist, more important than how one appears in person. A is for Admirable and B is for Borderline, even though, in Yale's official system of grading, A means excellent and B means very good. Today, looking very good is no longer enough, especially for students who hope to the chrysanthemums essay go on to law school or medical school. They know that entrance into art essayist the better schools will be an entrance into the better law firms and better medical practices where they will make a lot of money.
They also know that the odds are harsh, Yale Law School, for instance, matriculates 170 students from an applicant pool of 3,700; Harvard enrolls 550 from the chrysanthemums a pool of 7,000. It's all very well for art essayist those of us who write letters of recommendation for our students to stress the the chrysanthemums qualities of humanity that will make them good lawyers or doctors. And it's nice to think that admission officers are really reading our letters and ch lockitt looking for promoting child development the extra dimension of art essayist ch lockitt, commitment or concern. Still, it would be hard for a student not to visualize these officers shuffling so many transcripts studded with A's that they regard a B as positively shameful. The pressure is the chrysanthemums essay, almost as heavy on students who just want to graduate and art essayist ch lockitt get a job. Long gone are the days of the gentlemen's C, when students journeyed through college with a certain relaxation, sampling a wide variety of courses -- music, art, philosophy, classics, anthropology, poetry, religion -- that would send them out as liberally educated men and women. If I were an employer I would employ graduates who have this range and curiousity rather than those who narrowly purused safe subjects and high grades. I know countless students whose inquiring minds exhilarate me. I like to hear the play of their ideas. I don't know if they are getting A's or C's, and I don't care. I also like them as people.
The country needs them, and they will find satisfying jobs. I tell them to carnival essays relax. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! They can't. Nor can I blame them. They live in a brutal economy. Tuition, room, and board at most private colleges now comes to essay at least $7,000, not counting books and fees. This might seem to suggest that the colleges are getting rich. But they are equally battered by inflation. Tuition covers only 60% of what it costs to art essayist ch lockitt educate a student, and ordinarily the remainder comes from what colleges receive in endowments, grants, and personal word limit gifts. Now the remainder keeps being swallowed by the cruel costs higher every year, of art essayist, just opening the doors.
Heating oil is up. Insurance is up. Postage is up. Health premium costs are up. Everything is up. Deficits are up. We are witnessing in America the creation of a brotherhood of review, paupers -- colleges, parents and students, joined by the common bond of debt. Today it is not unusual for a student, even if he works part-time at college and full-time during the art essayist ch lockitt summer, to accrue $5,000 in loans after four years -- loans that he must start to repay within one year after graduation.
Exhorted at child, commencement to art essayist go forth into the world, he is already behind as he goes forth. What Two Main Of Research! How could he not feel under pressure throughout college to prepare for this day of reckoning? I have used he, incidentally, only for brevity. Women at Yale are under no less pressure to justify their expensive education to themsleves, their parents, and society. In fact, they are probably under more pressure. For although they leave college superbly equipped to bring fresh leadership to traditionally male jobs, society hasn't yet caught up with that fact.
Along with economic pressure goes parental pressure. Ch Lockitt! Inevitably, the two are deeply intertwined. I see many students taking pre-medical courses with joyless tenacity. Importance Literature Review! They go off to art essayist ch lockitt their labs as if they were going to the dentist. It saddens me because I know them in other corners of their life as cheerful people. Do you want to go to statement medical school? I ask them. I guess so, they say, without conviction, or Not really.
Then why are you going? Well, my parents want me to be a doctor. They're paying all this money and . Poor students, poor parents. They are caught in one of the oldest webs of art essayist, love and duty and guilt. The parents mean well; they are trying to steer their sons and daughters toward a secure future. But the sons and daughters want to major in history or classics or philosophy -- subjects with no practical value. Where's the payoff on the humanities? It's not easy to persuade such loving parents that the humanities do, indeed, pay off.
The intellectual faculties developed by studying subjects like history and of research papers classics -- an ability to synthesize and relate, to weigh cause and effect, to see events in perspective -- are just the faculties that make creative leaders in business or almost any general field. Still, many thaters would rather put their money on ch lockitt courses that point toward a specific profession -- courses that are pre-law, pre-medical, pre-business, or as I sometimes put it, pre-rich. But the pressure on students is the chrysanthemums essay, severe. Art Essayist! They are truly torn. One part of them feels obligated to fulfill their parents' expectations; after all, their parents are older and presumably wiser. Another part tells them that the expectations that are right for their parents are not right for them. I know a student who wants to be an personal statement, artist.
She is very obviously an artist and will be a good one -- she has already had several modest local exhibits. Meanwhile she is growing as a well-rounded person and ch lockitt taking humanistic subjects that will enrich the what are the two main types papers inner resources out of which her art will grow. But her father is strongly opposed. He thinks that an artist is a dumb thing to be. The student vacillates and tries to art essayist please everybody. Cause Statement Generator! She keeps up with her art somewhat furtively and takes some of the dumb courses her father wants her to take -- at least they are dumb courses for her. Art Essayist! She is a free spirit on a campus of tense students -- no small achievement in itself -- she deserves to follow her muse. Peer pressure and self-induced pressure are also intertwined, and they begin almost at the beginning of freshman year. I had a freshman student I'll call Linda, one dean told me, who came in and said she was under terrible pressure because her roommate, Barbara, was much brighter and studied all the time. I couldn't tell her that Barabra had come in development essay, two hours earlier to ch lockitt say the same thing about Linda.
The story is almost funny -- except that it's not. It's symptomatic of all the pressures put together. When every student thinks every other student is working harder and doing better, the of research papers only solution is to study harder still. I see students going off to the library every night after dinner and coming back when it closes at midnight. I wish they would sometimes forget about their peers and art essayist go to a movie. I hear the clack of child essay, typewriters in the hours before dawn.
I see the tension in their eyes when exams are approaching and papers are due : Will I get everything done? Probably they won't. They will get sick. They will get blocked. They will sleep. They will oversleep.
They will bug out. Hey Carlos, Help! Part of the problem is that they do more than they are expected to do. A professor will assign five-page papers. Several students will start writing ten-page papers, and a few will raise the ante to fifteen. Pity the poor student who is still just doing the assignment. Once you have twenty or thirty percent of the student population deliberately overexerting, one dean points out, it's just bad for everybody. When a teacher gets more and more effort from his class, the student who is ch lockitt, doing normal work can be perceived as not doing well.
The tactic works, psychologically. Why can't the thesis statement generator professor just cut back and not accept longer papers? He can and he probably will. Art Essayist! But by then the term will be half over and the damage done. Grade fever is importance dissertations, highly contagious and art essayist not easily reversed. Besides, the professor's main concern is with his course. He knows his students only in relation to the course and are the types doesn't know that they are also overexerting in their other courses. Nor is it really his business. Ch Lockitt! He didn't sign up for dealing with the uc berkeley word limit student as a whole person and with all the emotional baggage the student brought from home.
That's what deans, masters, chaplains, and art essayist ch lockitt psychiatrists are for. To some extent this is nothing new: a certain number of professors have always been self-contained islands of scholarship and statement word shyness, more comfortable with books than with people. Art Essayist Ch Lockitt! But the new pauperism has widened the gap still further, for carnival essays professors who actually like to spend time with students don't have as much time to art essayist ch lockitt spend. They also are overexerting. If they are young, they are busy trying to publish in order not to review perish, hanging by their fingernails onto a shrinking profession. If they are old and tenured, they are buried under the duties of administering departments -- as departmental chairmen or members of ch lockitt, committees -- that have been thinned out by the chrysanthemums the budgetary axe. Ultimately it will be the student's own business to ch lockitt break the circles in which they are trapped. They are too young to be prisoners of their parents' dreams and importance their classmates' fears. They must be jolted into believing in themselves as unique men and women who have the power to shape their own future. Violence is ch lockitt, being done to the undergraduate experience, says Carlos Horta.
College should be open-ended; at uc berkeley personal word limit, the end it should open many, many roads. Instead, students are choosing their goal in advance, and their choices narrow as they go along, it's almost as if they think that the country has been codified in the type of jobs that exist -- that they've got to fit into certain slots. Therefore, fit into ch lockitt the best-paying slot. They ought to take chances. Not taking chances will lead to a life of colorless mediocrity. They'll be comfortable. But something in the spirit will be missing. I have painted too drab a portrait of today's students, making them seem a solemn lot.
That is only half of their story: if they were so dreary I wouldn't so thoroughly enjoy their company. Carnival Essays! The other half is that they are easy to ch lockitt like. They are quick to laugh and to offer friendship. They are not introverts. They are unusually kind and are more considerate of one another than any student generation I have known. Nor are they so obsessed with their studies that they avoid sports and extra-curricular activities. On the contrary, they juggle their crowded hours to play on a variety of teams, peform with musical and carnival essays dramatic groups, and write for art essayist campus publications. But this in turn is one more cause of anxiety.
There are too many choices. Academically, they have 1,300 courses to select from; outside class they have to decide how much spare time they can spare and uc berkeley personal statement how to spend it. This means that they engage in fewer extracurricular pursuits than their predecessors did. If they want to row on the crew and play in the symphony they will eliminate one; in the '60's they would have done both. They also tend to choose activities that are self-limiting. Drama, for instance, is flourishing in all twelve of art essayist ch lockitt, Yale's residential colleges as it never has before. Students hurl themselves into these productions -- as actors, directors, carpenters, and technicians -- with a dedication to create the best possible play, knowing that the day will come when the what are the two main types of research papers run will end and ch lockitt they can get back to their studies. They also can't afford to be the willing slave for organizations like the Yale Daily News.
Last spring at the one hundredth anniversary banquet of and effect thesis statement, that paper whose past chairmen include such once and art essayist ch lockitt future kings as Potter Stewart, Kingman Brewster, and William F. Limit! Buckley, Jr. -- much was made of the fact that the editorial staff used to be small and totally committed and that newsies routinely worked fifty hours a week. In effect they belonged to art essayist a club; Newsies is how they defined themselves at Yale. Uc Berkeley Personal Statement! Today's student will write one or two articles a week, when he can, and he defines himself as a student. I've never heard the word Newsie except at the banquet. If I have described the modern undergraduate primarily as a driven creature who is largely ignoring the blithe spirit inside who keeps trying to come out and play, it's because that's where the crunch is, not only at Yale but throughout American education. It's why I think we should all be worried about the values that are nurturing a generation so fearful of risk and so goal-obsessed at such an early age. I tell students that there is no one right way to get ahead -- that each of them is a different person, starting from a different point and bound for a different destination. I tell them that change is a tonic and art essayist that all the slots are not codified nor the frontiers closed. One of importance literature dissertations, my ways of telling them is to invite men and women who have achieved success outside the academic world to come and art essayist talk informally with my students during the year. They are heads of companies or ad agencies, editors of magazines, politicians, public officials, television magnates, labor leaders, business executives, Broadway producers, artists, writers, economists, photographers, scientists, historians -- a mixed bag of achievers.
I ask them to say a few words about promoting child how they got started. The students assume that they started in their present profession and knew all along that it was what they wanted to ch lockitt do. Luckily for me, most of personal statement limit, them got into their field by art essayist a circuitious route, to their surprise, after many detours. The students are startled. They can hardly conceive of carnival essays, a career that was not pre-planned.
They can hardly imagine allowing the hand of God or chance to nudge them down some unforeseen trail.