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Dissertation outline mixed methods

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AN INTRODUCTION TO MIXED METHODS RESEARCH


Interest in using research approaches that mix quantitative and qualitative data and analysis has emerged to the point where mixed

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Dissertation outline mixed methods

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Dissertation outline mixed methods - NutriShape

Any free resume submission tips and/or tricks? What are the top tricks and tips for getting an interview? I#8217;ve heard of people doing some crazy things to insure that the resume makes it to the hiring manager and past the #8220;gate keeper#8221; Great question! Before outlining the tricks that I have found over the years, note that before using these tips, the job seeker should evaluate the position they are applying for#8230;. For example, #5 (below #8220;Send your resume with a gift#8221;) was used when attempting to get a resume in front of a hiring manager at an advertising agency. Dissertation Outline? This option may may not work as well for hiring managers in some industries (or personalities, which is carnival essays, tougher to gauge). Therefore, know thy audience before using the dissertation below #128521; With that said, below are the top tips #038; tricks that I#8217;ve found both creative and effective to insure that your resume is reviewed. I#8217;ve broken them out into submitting printed resumes as well as electronic submission tips. Funds For Writers? First, tips and dissertation outline mixed methods, tricks for apology analysis, printed resumes. * Use a different color paper for mailing your resumes.

Chances are, you#8217;re using a cream, white, or gray paper color. Yes? So is everyone else. Outline Mixed Methods? Be creative, and use a non-resume paper. Be original, and stand out. With that said, should you use hot pink? No, remember you#8217;re applying for a professional career but do choose something less common than white, cream, or gray. * Use a different size paper for opinion the giver, your resume.

Why you ask? Have you ever shuffled a stack of papers. Do you ever have one/a few pieces of paper that when you are shuffling are a different size paper than the others. They stand out right? Of course they do, they stand out from the dissertation outline mixed rest it#8217;s simple, but it does make your resume stand out. Therefore, use a paper that is (for example) .25 inches greater than the standard size.

You can buy it at any office supply store, such as Office Depot or Kinko#8217;s. * Inside contact If you#8217;re interested in carnival essays, a specific company, get an inside contact. Outline? This means proactively trying to funds, meet someone from the company, or a friend of a friend situation. People hire people they know it#8217;s comfortable. Therefore, do whatever it takes to get an dissertation mixed, inside contact. * Certified Letter Have you ever sent a certified letter? All it requires is essay contest, going to the post office, and paying a few dollars to send it #8220;certified#8221; with confirmation. This means that the recipient of the letter must sign for it. And, I#8217;ll bet that they#8217;ll sign they#8217;re curious, and want to know what it is.

By sending it certified to the hiring manager, you#8217;re insuring that your letter has reached its destination it has reached the hiring manager. This is a huge plus, as usually the hiring manager#8217;s mail is filtered through a number of gate keepers. * Send your resume with a gift. Yes, a gift. Head over to outline methods, the local florist, pizza place, etc get creative. Pick out a nice bouquet or lunch, and deliver it to the office with your resume. If you do the pizza, here#8217;s a tip put your resume in a zip lock bag and tape it to for writers essay, the inside of the box. * Deliver the dissertation outline methods resume in person. What do you have to lose? Walk into the office, and rebecca, ask for the hiring manager (by name). Outline? Just say you need to discuss the current job opening with him. Sound crazy? It works they will see you as being determined, proactive, and outgoing. * The post-it note trick.

In larger companies (and sometimes in medium/smaller companies) a secretary or an office assistant will open the resumes for the employees. This person is opinion essay, responsible for screening for junk mail and to outline methods, weed out non-qualified candidates. Therefore, here is the opinion trick. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? Take a regular Post-it note, and write something like #8220;This one looks good! J#8221;, and attach it to dare, your resume. Dissertation? Who is #8220;J#8221;?

Who cares! The point is professional help college essays, that the hiring manager will get a resume with a Post-it note on it, stating that it#8217;s good. Therefore, they are more likely to pay close attention to the resume at dissertation the direction of another employee. By the time the person realizes it#8217;s not a note from their mail screener, you#8217;ve already gotten your resume reviewed is it deceptive? no, its effective and innovative advertising. Essay Contest Rebecca? OK, now for email#8230;. (submitting electronically) * Call or research online to get the name of the hiring manager for the position. Company websites always have the #8220;About Us#8221; page with a link to key executives these days#8230; Once you have a name, type the name into mixed a Google.com search. Chances are, you will find some contact information through one of the search results. Nothing? That#8217;s OK#8230;. Company email formats are very simple to figure out.

Try this. Carnival Essays? Send your email with resume attachment to to all of the below email formats of the person#8217;s name. I would recommend b#8217;cc (blind copy) the multiple recipient variations, and dissertation, only choose one as the #8220;to#8221;. You laugh? I#8217;ve contacted the CEOs of essay Fortune 500 companies this way. Dissertation Outline Methods? Before using this technique however, please review SPAM laws and guidelines to insure you are not breaking any. bob@companyname.com (only 1st name not common in companies of +25 employees) * Inside contact (same as above) If you#8217;re interested in a specific company, get an admission essays for writing, inside contact.

This means proactively trying to meet someone from the company, or a friend of a friend situation. People hire people they know it#8217;s comfortable. Dissertation Outline Mixed? Therefore, do whatever it takes to help with college admission, get an inside contact.

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obama nuclear thesis By Discover The Networks. By James Arlandson. By Roger Aronoff. January 31, 2017. By David Horowitz. By Alfred Regnery. September 2, 2011. By David Horowitz. By Dick Cheney and Liz Cheney.

September 9, 2016. By The Federation for American Immigration Reform. By David Horowitz and John Perazzo. By Victor Davis Hanson. November 24, 2015. By Daniel Greenfield. By David Horowitz and Liz Blaine.

By John Perazzo. September 6, 2012. By Peter Ferrara. December 20, 2012. By James Simpson. November 6, 2013. By The Washington Examiner. By Elias Crim and Matthew Vadum. By Paul R. Gregory. January 22, 2012.

By Joshua Muravchik. By Andrew Walden. October 30, 2008. By Andrew Walden. By James Simpson. September 28, 2008. By Victor Davis Hanson. October 27, 2012. By Marc Thiessen. By Stanley Kurtz. By Stanley Kurtz.

September 23, 2008. By David Horowitz. By Human Events. By Daniel Greenfield. By John Perazzo. By Andrew Breitbart. By Stanley Kurtz. By Blonde Gator. By Audacity of Hypocrisy. By Daniel Pipes.

September 10-14, 2012. By Breitbart News. By Stefan Molyneux. January 19, 2017. Interview with Stanley Kurtz. By Trevor Loudon. January 15, 2008. By Edward Klein. By Steve Sailer. By John R. Lott, Jr. By Trevor Loudon and Rodney Stubbs.

By Deneen Borelli. By Ken Blackwell and mixed, Ken Klukowski. By Dr. David Goetsch and Dr. Archie Jones. By Brett M. Decker. By David Freddoso. By Brent Bozell III. By Robert Patterson.

By Sean Hannity. By David Limbaugh. By Marc A. Thiessen. By Michelle Malkin. By Jack Cashill. By Andrew McCarthy. By Katie Pavlich. By Dick Morris and Eileen McGann. By David Freddoso. By David Limbaugh. By J. Christian Adams.

By Richard Miniter. By Aaron Klein and Brenda Elliott. By Phyllis Schlafly. By Laura Ingraham. By Jerome R Corsi. By Floyd Brown and Lee Troxler. By Jason Mattera. By Timothy P. Carney.

By Dinesh D'Souza. By Dinesh D'Souza. By Floyd G. Brown. By David Harsanyi. By Bill O’Reilly. By Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer. By Christopher Horner. By Dick Morris and Eileen McGann.

By James Edwards. By Stanley Kurtz. By Dinesh D'Souza. By Michael Savage. By Bernard Goldberg. By David Freddoso. By Stanley Kurtz. By Sharyl Attkisson. By Matthew Vadum. By Matt Margolis. By Michael Savage.

By Michael Savage. By Tommy Newberry. By James Delingpole. By Jerome Corsi. By Jack Cashill. ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT FEATURES: Democrat Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. Essay? was elected President of the United States on November 4, 2008. Prior to that, he had served four years as a U.S. senator from Illinois (2005-2008) and dissertation outline methods, eight years as an Illinois state senator (1996-2004). “In Islam, religion passes from the father to the child. Precision Agriculture Research Papers? Barack Hussein Obama, Sr. [his Kenyan birth father] was a Muslim who named his boy Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. Only Muslim children are named ‘Hussein’. [Barack Obama’s] stepfather, Lolo Soetoro, was also a Muslim.

In fact, as Obama's half-sister, Maya Soetoro-Ng explained to outline mixed methods Jodi Kantor of the New York Times : ‘My whole family was Muslim, and college for writing, most of the people I knew were Muslim.’ An Indonesian publication, the Banjarmasin Post reports a former classmate, Rony Amir, recalling that ‘All the relatives of Barry's [Barack’s] father were very devout Muslims.’” * As a child in outline, Indonesia, Obama attended Koranic classes at a Muslim school known as Besuki. Dare Contest? At tha same time, he attended the St. Francis of Assisi Catholic School. * In February 2009, Obama said: I was not raised in a particularly religious household. I had a father who was born a Muslim but became an atheist, grandparents who were non-practicing Methodists and Baptists, and dissertation outline mixed methods, a mother who was skeptical of organized religion. I didn't become a Christian until I moved to the South Side of Chicago after college. * In a March 2009 interview, Obama's then-30-year-old half-brother, George Hussein Onyango Obama , said that “on the inside Barack Obama is for writers, Muslim.” * In September 2010, Obama said: I came to my Christian faith later in life. * Author Edward Klein , while researching his 2012 book The Amateur , once asked the Rev.

Jeremiah Wright, Obama's longtime pastor at Trinity United Methodisy Church in Chicago: Did you convert Obama from outline mixed, Islam to Christianity? Wright replied enigmatically: That's hard to tell. * Daniel Pipes writes that many pieces of evidence argue for Obama having been born and help with college essays for writing, raised a Muslim Specifically, says Pipes: (1) Islam is a patrilineal religion : In Islam, the dissertation outline, father passes his faith to the children; and apology analysis, when a Muslim male has children with a non-Muslim female, Islam considers the mixed, children Muslim. Obama's grandfather and father having been Muslims the extent of their piety matters not at all means that, in Muslim eyes, Barack was born a Muslim. (2) Arabic forenames based on the H-S-N trilateral root : All such names (Husayn or Hussein, Hasan, Hassân, Hasanayn, Ahsan, Muhsin, and others) are exclusively bestowed on Muslim babies. (The same goes for names based on the H-M-D root.) Obama's middle name, Hussein, explicitly proclaims him a born Muslim.

(3) Registered as Muslim at SD Katolik Santo Fransiskus Asisi : Obama was registered at a Catholic school in Jakarta as Barry Soetoro. A surviving document correctly lists him as born in Honolulu on Aug. Funds Contest? 4, 1961; in addition, it lists him having Indonesian nationality and Muslim religion. (4) Registered as Muslim at SD Besuki : Although Besuki (also known as SDN 1 Menteng) is a public school, Obama curiously refers to it in Audacity (p. 154) as the dissertation outline, Muslim school he attended in Jakarta. Dare Essay Contest? Its records have not survived but several journalists (Haroon Siddiqui of the dissertation mixed, Toronto Star , Paul Watson of the Los Angeles Times , David Maraniss of the Washington Post ) have all confirmed that there too, he was registered as a Muslim. (5) Islamic class at opinion essay, SD Besuki : Obama mentions ( Audacity , p. 154) that at dissertation, Besuki, the teacher wrote to tell my mother that I made faces during Koranic studies. Only Muslim students attended the contest rebecca, weekly two-hour Koran class, Watson reports: two of his teachers, former Vice Principal Tine Hahiyari and third-grade teacher Effendi, said they remember clearly that at this school too, he was registered as a Muslim, which determined what class he attended during weekly religion lessons.

Muslim students were taught by a Muslim teacher, and Christian students were taught by a Christian teacher, said Effendi. Andrew Higgins of the Washington Post quotes Rully Dasaad, a former classmate, saying that Obama horsed around in class and, during readings of the Koran, got laughed at because of dissertation his funny pronunciation. Maraniss learned that the class included not only studying how to pray and how to read the Koran, but also actually praying in the Friday communal service right on the school grounds. (6) Mosque attendance : Maya Soetoro-Ng, Obama's younger half-sister, said her father (namely, Barack's stepfather) attended the mosque for big communal events, Barker found that Obama occasionally followed his stepfather to the mosque for Friday prayers. Watson reports: The childhood friends say Obama sometimes went to Friday prayers at carnival essays, the local mosque. We prayed but not really seriously, just following actions done by older people in the mosque. But as kids, we loved to meet our friends and went to dissertation mixed the mosque together and played, said Zulfin Adi, who describes himself as among Obama's closest childhood friends.

Sometimes, when the muezzin sounded the call to prayer, Lolo and Barry would walk to carnival essays the makeshift mosque together, Adi said. His mother often went to the church, but Barry was Muslim. He went to the mosque, Adi said. (7) Muslim clothing : Adi recalls about Obama, I remember him wearing a sarong. Likewise,Maraniss found not only that His classmates recalled that Barry wore a sarong but written exchanges indicating that he continued to wear this garment in the United States.

This fact has religious implications because, in Indonesian culture, only Muslims wear sarongs. (8) Piety : Obama says that in Indonesia, he didn't practice [Islam], an dissertation outline mixed assertion that inadvertently acknowledges his Muslim identity by implying he was a non-observant Muslim. But several of apology analysis essay those who knew him contradict this recollection. Rony Amir describes Obama as previously quite religious in Islam. A former teacher, Tine Hahiyary, quoted in the Kaltim Post , says the future president took part in outline mixed methods, advanced Islamic religious lessons: I remember that he had studied mengaji . In the context of dare essay Southeast Asian Islam, mengaji Quran means to recite the outline, Koran in Arabic, a difficult task denoting advanced study. In summary, the carnival essays, record points to Obama having been born a Muslim to a non-practicing Muslim father and having lived for four years in a fully Muslim milieu under the auspices of his Muslim Indonesian stepfather.

For these reasons, those who knew Obama in Indonesia considered him a Muslim. * Daniel Pipes has pointed out the significance of the manner in outline methods, which Obama typically addresses Muslim audiences: “When addressing Muslim audiences, Obama uses specifically Muslim phrases that recall his Muslim identity. He addressed audiences both in Cairo (in June 2009 ) and the giver, Jakarta (in Nov. Outline? 2010 ) with 'as-salaamu alaykum,' a greeting that he, who went to Koran class, knows is reserved for one Muslim addressing another.” Further, Pipes notes that “In Cairo, he [Obama] also deployed several other pious terms that signal to Muslims he is one of them: (a) 'the Holy Koran' (a term mentioned five times): an exact translation from the standard Arabic reference to the Islamic scripture, al-Qur'an al-Karim ; (b) 'the right path': a translation of the Arabic as-sirat al-mustaqim , which Muslims ask God to guide them along each time they pray; (c) 'I have known Islam on with college essays, three continents before coming to the region where it was first revealed': non-Muslims do not refer to mixed methods Islam as revealed ; (d) 'the story of Isra, when Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed joined in prayer': this Koranic tale of a night journey establishes the leadership of Muhammad over all other holy figures, including Jesus; (e) 'Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed, peace be upon them': a translation of the Arabic 'alayhim as-salam , which pious Muslims say after mentioning the names of essay dead prophets other than Muhammad.” * Pipes offers also the dissertation, following insight about help college admission essays Obama's use of the phrase Peace be upon them: “Obama's saying 'Peace be upon methods them' has other implications beyond being a purely Islamic turn of phrase never employed by Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians. First, it contradicts what a self-professed Christian believes because it implies that Jesus, like Moses and Muhammad, is dead; Christian theology holds him to have been resurrected, living, and the immortal Son of God. Second, including Muhammad in this blessing implies reverence for him, something as outlandish as a Jew talking about with college for writing Jesus Christ . Third, a Christian would more naturally seek peace from Jesus rather than wish peace on dissertation outline mixed methods, him.” “[Obama] drastically overestimates both the agriculture research papers, number and the role of mixed methods Muslims in the United States, announcing in June 2009 that 'if you actually took the number of Muslims Americans, we'd be one of the largest Muslim countries in the world.' (Hardly: according to one listing of apology analysis Muslim populations , the United States, with about 2.5 million Muslims , ranks about 47 th largest.) Three days later , he gave a bloated estimate of 'nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today' and dissertation mixed methods, bizarrely announced that 'Islam has always been a part of America's story. since our founding, American Muslims have enriched the United States.' Obama also announced the dubious fact, in Apr. Professional With Admission For Writing? 2009 , that many Americans 'have Muslims in their families or have lived in a Muslim-majority country.' When ordering religious communities in the United States, Obama always gives first place to Christians but second place varies between Jews and Muslims, most notably in his Jan. 2009 inaugural speech: 'The United States is a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus and non-believers.' Obama so wildly overestimates the Muslim role in American life that they suggest an Islamic supremacist mentality specific to someone coming from a Muslim background.” The 1970s and CPUSA Member Frank Marshall Davis: In 1971, Obama was sent back to dissertation outline methods Hawaii to be raised largely by his white, middle-class, maternal grandparents, and to attend the prestigious Punahou Academy. For only one month of his life, also when he was ten, Obama was visited by his biological father.

To avoid being mistaken for a sellout,I chose my friends carefully. The more politically active black students. The foreign students. The Chicanos.The Marxist Professors and the structural feminists and opinion the giver, punk-rock performance poets.We smoked cigarettes and wore leather jackets. At night,in the dorms,we discussed neocolonialism, [the socialist, anti-colonialist revolutionary] Franz Fanon,Eurocentrism,and patriarchy. When we ground out our cigarettes in the hallway carpet or set our stereos so loud that the outline mixed methods, walls began to with for writing shake, we were resisting bourgeois society's stifling constraints.

We weren't indifferent or careless or insecure. We were alienated. John C. Drew's Recollections of Obama as a Student at Occidental College: What’s missing from this story is that the outline methods, 'social justice' young men and essay the giver, women were, in fact, simply left-wing socialists. They found a hero in dissertation mixed, Professor Boesche because he made complex texts easier to understand and because he encouraged them to fight even though they would be inevitably ground up in the gears of history. The outrage that Obama felt when he got a 'B' from Boesche was due to the idea that Obama felt he was held to carnival essays a higher standard because he was a revolutionary who shared Boesche’s perspective. Obama felt he was held to a higher standard because he was one of the student[s] in dissertation outline mixed methods, greatest ideological agreement with what Professor Boesche was teaching at that time. In February 2010, John C. Help College Admission Essays For Writing? Drew shared the following recollections he had of Obama: I met Barack Obama face-to-face later that same year in outline, late December 1980.

By then, I was in my second year of graduate school at Cornell. I was doing my first, official teaching. The young Ann Coulter was a student in Theodore J. Apology Analysis Essay? Lowi’s Introduction to American Government course in 1980 and I was the teaching assistant responsible for guiding her small group discussion section. Back on the West Coast for dissertation methods, Christmas break, I was visiting a girlfriend who was still attending Occidental College who introduced me to 'Barry' Obama and his housemate Mohammed Hasan Chandoo, a wealthy Pakistani student. From Occidental, Obama transferred to carnival essays Columbia University in New York City, where he graduated in 1983 with a degree in outline mixed methods, political science. In 1982, Obama's biological father -- Barack Obama, Sr. -- died in a car crash. In Dreams From My Father , Obama reveals that during his student years at Columbia he “went to socialist conferences at Cooper Union and African cultural fairs in the giver, Brooklyn.” Specifically, these were Socialist Scholars Conferences (SSC), which featured the elite of socialist academia as well as union activists, political revolutionaries, reformers, and dissertation outline, opponents of “corporate greed.” According to the libertarian writer Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotskyists, black radicals, gay activists and with college admission essays for writing, radical feminists.” Matthew Vadum and outline, Jeremy Lott provide an analysis excellent explanation of what a community organizer does. They write: “What does a “community organizer” do? Good question. Ever since former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani mocked Senator Barack Obama at the Republican convention in September 2008, for the senator’s community organizing past, and Alaska Governor Sarah Palin said that her previous experience as mayor was “sort of like a ‘community organizer,’ except that you have actual responsibilities,” [Obama’s] supporters have been furiously spinning this one.

They’ve suggested a fanciful interpretation of “community organizer” that includes organizing church picnics and bake sales. Some have even had the cheek to outline suggest that Jesus Christ was a community organizer. Dr. Thomas Sowell, the eminent Stanford University sociologist, offers this assessment of what community organizers do: For 'community organizers' . racial resentments are a stock in trade.

What does a community organizer do? What he does not do is carnival essays, organize a community. What he organizes are the resentments and mixed, paranoia within a community, directing those feelings against other communities, from whom either benefits or revenge are to be gotten, using whatever rhetoric or tactics will accomplish that purpose. Political analyst Andrew McCarthy calls community organizing a gussied-up term for systematic rabble-rousing. He adds:

The quest for opinion, raw power is the gospel according to dissertation methods the seminal organizer, Saul Alinsky. In Obama terminology, 'hope' is the possibility that power may be wrested from carnival essays, society’s 'haves' by infiltrating their political system. Just as Willie Sutton robbed banks because that’s where the money is, organizers must target the very system they reject to acquire powermaking themselves attractive to outline mixed methods the great mass of society despite having 'contemptuously rejected the values and precision papers, the way of life of the middle class,' as Alinsky put it. This is the formula for transformational 'change': the methods, exploitation of power, once acquired, to redistribute wealth and elevate the apology analysis essay, left’s professionally aggrieved vanguard. The day after the rally, Marty [Jerry Kellman in Dreams] decided it was time for me to do some real work, and dissertation mixed methods, he handed me a long list of people to professional help college admission essays for writing interview. Mixed? Find out their self-interest, he said.

That’s why people become involved in organizingbecause they think they’ll get something out of it. Once I found an issue enough people cared about, I could take them into action. With enough actions, I could start to build power. Issues, action, power, self-interest. I liked these concepts. They bespoke a certain hardheadedness, a worldly lack of sentiment; politics, not religion. Obama's expenses at DCP were signed and approved by the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, a far-leftist who founded the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD); who famously credited Mikhail Gorbachev, not Reagan or John Paul II, with having brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union; and who called for apology analysis essay, a “consistent ethic of life,” in an effort to persuade anti-abortion Catholics to likewise embrace pacifism and wealth redistribution.

He pursued manifestly worthy goals; protecting people from asbestos in mixed methods, government housing projects is obviously a good thing and dare essay, a responsibility of the government that built them. But [in every case except one] the proposed solution to dissertation outline methods every problem on the South Side was a distribution of government funds . [5] Nor was Obama reluctant to use intimidation as a tactic. In one instance, he personally orchestrated a demonstration in dare essay rebecca, which scores of protestors broke into dissertation methods a private meeting between bank executives and local community leaders, menacing them as they attempted to analysis negotiate a deal vis a vis a controversial landfill issue. In 1987, when Obama was executive director of DCP, he asked Chicago mayor Harold Washington to outline mixed support a community organizing project whose advisory board would include Obama's pastor Jeremiah Wright, the leftist Catholic priest Michael Pfleger, Illinois State Senator Emil Jones, and John Ayers (brother of for writers contest former Weather Underground terrorist Bill Ayers). In a followup letter addressed to Washington’s assistant three days later, Obama again laid out his plans and included a list of his advisory council members. Trained in dissertation methods, the Saul Alinsky Method: Three of Obama's mentors in apology, Chicago were trained at outline mixed methods, the Saul Alinsky-founded Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF) in the Windy City. (The Developing Communities Project itself was an funds affiliate of the Gamaliel Foundation, whose modus operandi for the creation of dissertation “a more just and democratic society” is rooted firmly in the Alinsky method.) Alinsky was known for having helped to establish the dare essay contest rebecca, aggressive political tactics that characterized the dissertation outline, 1960s, and which have remained central to precision agriculture all subsequent revolutionary movements in the United States. He was a natural, the undisputed master of agitation, who could engage a room full of recruiting targets in a rapid-fire Socratic dialogue, nudging them to dissertation outline methods admit that they were not living up to their own standards. As with the panhandler, he could be aggressive and confrontational.

With probing, sometimes personal questions, he would pinpoint the source of pain in funds for writers, their lives, tearing down their egos just enough before dangling a carrot of hope that they could make things better. For several years, Obama himself taught workshops on the Alinsky method. “Grass-roots community organizing builds on indigenous leadership and direct action. The debate as to how black and other dispossessed people can forward their lot in dissertation methods, America is not new. Opinion Essay? From W. E. B. Mixed Methods? DuBois to Booker T. Funds Essay? Washington to dissertation outline methods Marcus Garvey to Malcolm X to Martin Luther King, this internal debate has raged between integration and essay, nationalism, between accommodation and dissertation outline methods, militancy, between sit-down strikes and boardroom negotiations. The lines between these strategies have never been simply drawn, and for writers essay, the most successful black leadership has recognized the methods, need to bridge these seemingly divergent approaches. Author Andrew McCarthy makes the with admission essays for writing, following observations about Obama's words: Breathtaking. Dissertation Mixed? Lawfulness and lawlessness, thuggishness and regular politicswe’re not to divine any moral or ethical differences.

They are just different 'approaches' to for writers empowerment. They only 'seem' to be 'divergent.' It may be important to maintain the outline methods, veneer of help with college for writing respect for legal processes, but it is just as legitimate to stretch or break the rules whenever necessary to achieve the desired outcomesocial justice being a higher form of legitimacy than society’s rule of law. Separatism, menacing, and civil disobedience: none of these is beyond the pale; they are simply choices on the hard power menu Obama 'bridges' with soft power (i.e., the system’s mundane legal and political processes). As a young community organizer, Obama had close connections to the Midwest Academy, a radical training ground for activists of his political ilk. Probably the outline methods, most influential community-organizing-related entity in America at that time, the essay contest, Midwest Academy worked closely with the DSA and methods, synthesized Saul Alinsky’s organizing techniques with the practical considerations of electoral politics. Emphasizing “class consciousness” and “movement history,” the Academy’s training programs exposed students to the efforts and professional college admission essays, achievements of veteran activists from earlier decades. Recurring “socialism sessions,” taught by Heather Booth, encompassed everything from dissertation outline, Marx and Engels through Michael Harrington’s democratic socialism and the factional struggles of the agriculture, Students for outline, a Democratic Society, a radical organization that aspired to remake America’s government in a Marxist image. Carnival Essays? Knowing that many Americans would be unreceptive to straightforward, hard-left advocacy, the Midwest Academy in dissertation outline mixed methods, its formative years was careful not to explicitly articulate its socialist ideals in its organizing and training activities. The group’s inner circle was wholly committed to building a socialist mass movement, but stealthily rather than overtly. As Midwest Academy trainer Steve Max and the giver, the prominent socialist Harry Boyte agreed in methods, a private correspondence: “Every social proposal that we make must be [deceptively] couched in terms of how it will strengthen capitalism.” This strategy of hiding its own socialist agendas below the proverbial radar, earned the Academy the designation “crypto-socialist organization” from Stanley Kurtz. “Nearly every thread of Obama’s career runs directly or indirectly through the Midwest Academy,” says Kurtz, and, as such, it represents “the hidden key to Barack Obama’s political career.” The author elaborates: “Obama’s organizing mentors had ties to [the Midwest Academy]; Obama’s early funding was indirectly controlled by it; evidence strongly suggests that Obama himself received training there; both Barack and Michelle Obama ran a project called ‘Public Allies’ that was effectively an extension of the opinion, Midwest Academy; Obama’s first run for public office was sponsored by mixed methods, Academy veteran Alice Palmer; and Obama worked closely at two foundations for years with yet another veteran organizer from the Midwest Academy, Ken Rolling.

Perhaps more important, Barack Obama’s approach to politics is clearly inspired by that of the Midwest Academy.” Obama and the Alliance for Better Chicago Schools: In 1988 Obama applied for admission to Harvard Law School. At the help with college admission essays for writing, time, a Muslim attorney and black nationalist named Khalid Abdullah Tariq al-Mansour asked civil rights activist Percy Sutton to send a letter of recommendation to his (Sutton's) friends at Harvard on Obama's behalf. In an interview published by the Daily Herald on March 3, 1990, Barck Obama said: I feel good when I'm engaged in what I think are the dissertation outline mixed, core issues of the precision agriculture research, society, and those core issues to me are what's happening to poor folks in this society. There's certainly racism here [at Harvard Law School]. There are certain burdens that are placed [on blacks], more emotionally at outline mixed, this point than concretely.

Hopefully, more and more people will begin to feel their story is somehow part of dare rebecca this larger story of how we're going to reshape America in a way that is less mean-spirited and more generous. I mean, I really hope to dissertation outline methods be part of a transformation of this country. In May 2012, Breitbart News reported that it had obtained a 36-page promotional booklet produced in 1991 by Barack Obama's then-literary agency, Acton Dystel, which stated that Obama was born in Kenya and essay the giver, raised in Indonesia and Hawaii. The booklet, which was distributed to people in the publishing industry, includes a brief biography of Obama and 89 other authors represented by dissertation outline methods, Acton Dystel. Obama’s biography in essay the giver, the booklet reads as follows: Barack Obama, the dissertation outline methods, first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review , was born in Kenya and research, raised in Indonesia and dissertation outline mixed methods, Hawaii.

The son of an American anthropologist and a Kenyan finance minister, he attended Columbia University and worked as a financial journalist and editor for Business International Corporation. Analysis Essay? He served as project coordinator in Harlem for the New York Public Interest Research Group, and dissertation outline mixed methods, was Executive Director of the Developing Communities Project in Chicago’s South Side. His commitment to social and racial issues will be evident in his first book, Journeys in Black and White . The booklet also included biographies of such notable authors as former Speaker of the House Tip O’Neill, sports legends Joe Montana and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and a number of Hollywood celebrities. Jay Acton (of Acton Dystel) told Breitbart News that the booklet had cost the agency tens of funds contest thousands of dollars to produce. He said that while almost nobody wrote his or her own biography, the non-athletes in the booklet were probably approached to approve the text as presented.

His most traditional course was in outline mixed, the due process and equal protection areas of analysis constitutional law. His voting rights class traced the evolution of election law, from the disenfranchisement of blacks to contemporary debates over districting and campaign finance. His most original course, a historical and political seminar as much as a legal one, was on racism and law [In] one class on mixed, race, he imitated the way clueless white people talked. Contest Rebecca? 'Why are your friends at the housing projects shooting each other?' he asked in a mock-innocent voice. Outline? . Mr. Obama was especially eager for his charges to understand the essays, horrors of the past, students say. He assigned a 1919 catalog of lynching victims, including some who were first raped or stripped of their ears and fingers, others who were pregnant or lynched with their children, and some whose charred bodies were sold off, bone fragment by outline mixed methods, bone fragment, to gawkers. 'Are there legal remedies that alleviate not just existing racism, but racism from the past?' Adam Gross, now a public interest lawyer in opinion the giver, Chicago, wrote in his class notes in April 1994. Liberals flocked to his classes[.] After all, the professor was a progressive politician[.] . Karen McQuillan writes, in dissertation outline methods, American Thinker , that Obama was a lecturer, and not a full professor, because he did not have the qualifications to be a professor. Adds McQuillan: Obama never published a single law paper. He was hired by the University of Chicago when they learned he had been given a book contract on race and essay, law directly after graduating from Harvard. There was no book just the contract, which he later reneged on.

This is not the normal level of accomplishment for a University of Chicago professor or even lecturer. Introduction to ACORN and Project Vote: In the early to outline mixed methods mid-1990s, Obama worked with ACORN, a grassroots political organization that grew out of George Wiley's National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO). In the late 1960s and early 70s, NWRO members had invaded welfare offices across the U.S. -- often violently -- bullying social workers and loudly demanding every penny to which the law “entitled” them. Research? [6] Litigator for Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C .: In 1993 Barack Obama took a job as a litigator of voting rights and employment cases with the methods, law firm Davis, Miner, Barnhill Galland, P.C. (a.k.a.

Davis Miner). Precision Agriculture? That same year, he also became a lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School. Obama -- along with such notables as Al Sharpton and Jeremiah Wright -- helped organize the dissertation, October 1995 Million Man March in Washington, DC, which featured Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. Said Obama in with essays, the immediate aftermath of the March: “What I saw was a powerful demonstration of an impulse and need for mixed, African-American men to come together to apology analysis essay recognize each other and outline methods, affirm our rightful place in essay the giver, the society. Historically, African-Americans have turned inward and towards black nationalism whenever they have a sense, as we do now, that the mainstream has rebuffed us, and that white Americans couldn’t care less about the profound problems African-Americans are facing.” Obama Smears White Executives in the Suburbs: I worked as a community organizer in Chicago.

I was very active in low-income neighborhoods, working on issues of dissertation methods crime and education and employment, and seeing that in some ways, certain portions of the African American community are doing as bad if not worse, and for writers, recognizing that my fate remained tied up with their fates, that my individual salvation is not going to come about without a collective salvation for the country. Dissertation Methods? Unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices, and this country has not always been willing to make the sacrifices necessary to bring about a new day and a new age. By no means was this the only time Obama spoke about apology analysis essay collective salvation. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? In a 1998 radio interview he said: . my individual salvation is not going to come about without a collective salvation for the country. Um, unfortunately I think that recognition requires that we make sacrifices and this country has not always been willing to make the precision, sacrifices necessary to bring about a new day and a new age. Obama Identifies White Suppression of outline mixed Blacks As a Problem in the United States, As Elsewhere: . [T]he truth of the matter is that many of the problems that Africa faces, whether it's poverty or political suppression or ethnic conflict is just as prominent there and can't all be blamed on the effects of colonialism. What it can be blamed on is some of the common factors that affect Bosnia or Los Angeles or all kinds of carnival essays places on this earth, and that is the tendency for one group to dissertation outline methods try to suppress another group in the interest of power or greed or resources or what have you. In an environment of scarcity, where the cost of living is essay, rising, folks begin to get angry and bitter and look for dissertation outline mixed methods, scapegoats. Historically, instead of carnival essays looking at the top 5% of this country that controls all the wealth, we turn towards each other, and the Republicans have added to mixed methods the fire. In that same interview, Obama said that his perspective on the “top 5%” had been shaped by his experiences abroad: It's about power.

My travels made me sensitive to dare essay contest rebecca the plight of those without power and the issues of class and dissertation mixed, inequalities as it relates to funds for writers essay wealth and power. Anytime you have been overseas in these so-called third world countries, one thing you see is the vast disparity of wealth of those who are part of outline mixed methods power structure and those outside of it. Bill Ayers, Bernardine Dohrn, and Obama's Entry into Politics: In the mid-1990s, Obama developed a friendship with fellow Chicagoans Bill Ayers and his wife Bernardine Dohrn, university professors who hosted a fundraiser at their home to introduce Obama to their neighbors during his first run for the Illinois state senate in research, 1996. Mixed? (This fundraiser was likely organized by the socialist New Party.) Ayers (who contributed money to Obama’s 1996 campaign) and Dohrn had been leaders of the 1960s domestic terrorist group Weatherman, a Communist-driven splinter faction of Students for precision agriculture papers, a Democratic Society. Dissertation? The pair had participated personally in the bombings of New York City Police Headquarters in 1970, the apology analysis essay, Capitol building in 1971, and the Pentagon in dissertation methods, 1972. To this day, both have remained unrepentant about precision agriculture their former terrorist activities and their hatred of the United States. Dissertation Outline Methods? [9] “This is a guy who lives in my neighborhood, who is a professor of apology analysis essay English in Chicago, who I know, and who I have not received some official endorsement from.

He is outline methods, not somebody who I exchange ideas from [with] on a regular basis. And the notion that somehow, as a consequence of me knowing somebody who engaged in detestable acts forty years ago when I was eight years old, somehow reflects on carnival essays, me and my values doesn't make much sense [T]his kind of game, in which anybody who I know, regardless of how flimsy the relationship is, [that] somehow their ideas could be attributed to me, I think the outline methods, American people are smarter than that. They’re not gonna suggest somehow that that is reflective of my views, because it obviously isn’t.” Chicago Annenberg Challenge and carnival essays, Bill Ayers: But in reality, Obama's ties to Ayers were deep and longstanding. In 1995, for dissertation methods, instance, Obama was appointed as the first Chairman of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge (CAC), a “school reform organization” founded by Ayers, who would later write, in his book Teaching Toward Freedom , that his educational objective was to “teach against oppression” as embodied in “America’s history of evil and racism, thereby forcing social transformation.” “Ayers made presentations to essay the giver board meetings chaired by Obama. Ayers also spoke for the Chicago School Reform Collaborative before Obama's board, while Obama periodically spoke for the board at meetings of the collaborative According to the documents, the CAC granted money to dissertation methods far-leftist causes, such as the radical Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, or ACORN, which has done work on behalf of Obama's presidential campaign.” WorldNetDaily reported further that “while Obama chaired the board of the CAC, more than $600,000 was granted to help with college essays for writing an organization founded by Ayers and run by Mike Klonsky, a former top communist activist.

Klonsky was leader of the dissertation methods, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party, which was effectively recognized by China as the all-but-official U.S. Maoist party.” Said Stanley Kurtz: “Instead of funding schools directly, [the CAC] required schools to affiliate with ‘external partners,’ which actually got the money. Proposals from groups focused on math/science achievement were turned down. Instead CAC disbursed money through various far-left community organizers, such as ACORN.” Kurtz has provided the following synopsis of the CAC/Ayers agendas: The CAC's agenda flowed from carnival essays, Mr. Ayers's educational philosophy, which called for infusing students and their parents with a radical political commitment, and which downplayed achievement tests in mixed methods, favor of activism. In the papers, mid-1960s, Mr. Ayers taught at a radical alternative school, and served as a community organizer in dissertation outline mixed, Cleveland's ghetto. Between 1995 and 1999, Obama and precision papers, CAC distributed $110 million to a variety of leftist education enterprises for methods, experiments in Chicago's public schools. During his time teaching at the University of analysis essay Chicago, Obama told then-colleague John Lott directly: “I don’t believe people should be able to own guns.”

Obama Endorses Ayers' Book: In December 1997 Obama wrote a blurb praising Ayers' recently published book, A Kind and Just Parent: The Children of Juvenile Court , calling it a searing and timely account of the juvenile court system, and the courageous individuals who rescue hope from outline, despair. A notable attendee at the aforementioned political gatherings which Ayers and Dohrn hosted on behalf of Obama (in the mid-1990s) was Democratic state senator Alice J. Palmer (of Illinois’ 13th District), who quickly developed a friendly relationship with Obama. Prior to her stint in politics, Palmer had worked for the Black Press Institute and was editor of the Black Press Review . During the Cold War, she supported the apology analysis, Soviet Union and spoke out against the United States. Dissertation Mixed? In the 1980s she served as an executive board member of the carnival essays, U.S. Peace Council, which the FBI identified as a Communist front group (and which was an affiliate of the dissertation outline mixed, World Peace Council, an international Soviet front). Palmer participated in precision agriculture papers, the World Peace Council’s Prague assembly in dissertation outline methods, 1983 -- just as the USSR was launching its “nuclear freeze” movement, a scheme that would have frozen Soviet nuclear and military superiority in place. Obama Betrays Palmer: But in carnival essays, November 1995, Jesse Jackson, Jr. Dissertation Methods? defeated Palmer in a special election for Reynolds’ empty congressional seat. At that point, Palmer filed to retain the Democratic nomination for the state senate seat she had encouraged Obama to pursue; that seat would be up for grabs in the November 1996 elections.

She asked Obama to politely withdraw from the race and offered to help him find an alternative position elsewhere. In 1995 Barack Obama sought the endorsement of the apology analysis, so-called New Party for his 1996 state senate run. He was successful in obtaining that endorsement, and he used a number of New Party volunteers as campaign workers. Obama was involved as early as 1993, with a New Party sister organization - Progressive Chicago. This organization was formed by members of the New Party as a support group for progressive candidates.

It's main instigators included New Party members Madeline Talbott of Chicago ACORN and Dan Swinney, a Chicago labor unionist. Barack Obama was probably approached to join Progressive Chicago as early April 7, 1993, as this unsigned handwritten note suggests [see image here]. According to the same note Obama was more than happy to be involved [see image here]. By September 1993 Obama was one of 17 people listed as a signatory on all Progressive Chicago letters - as shown by the second page of this September 22 Progressive Chicago letter to Joe Gardner [see image here]. It appears beyond doubt that Barack Obama was involved, more than two years before his Illinois State Senate run, with a New Party founded, sister organization - Progressive Chicago.

In a 2010 interview, Carl Davidson, a Marxist activist who helped establish the dissertation outline mixed methods, New Party, recalled Obama's involvement with the New Party: A subcommittee met with [Obama] to interview him to see if his stand on with college essays for writing, the living wage and outline mixed, similar reforms was the precision agriculture papers, same as ours. We determined that our views on outline methods, these overlapped, and we could endorse his campaign in the Democratic Party. Recently obtained evidence from the updated records of Illinois ACORN at the Wisconsin Historical Society now definitively establishes that Obama was a member of the carnival essays, New Party. He also signed a 'contract' promising to publicly support and associate himself with the New Party while in office. Barack Obama, candidate for State Senate in dissertation, the 13th Legislative District, gave a statement to the membership and answered questions. He signed the New Party 'Candidate Contract' and requested an professional with essays for writing endorsement from the dissertation mixed, New Party. Precision Agriculture Papers? He also joined the New Party. Consistent with this, a roster of the Chicago chapter of the New Party from early 1997 lists Obama as a member, with January 11, 1996, indicated as the date he joined. Obama Calls for Collective Action; Says the mixed methods, Christian Right is Characterized by help college admission, Intolerance and Narrow-mindedness; Blames Society for Failing to Educate Teens Who Get in Trouble:

In a 1995 story in the Chicago Reader , Obama was quoted saying: In America, we have this strong bias toward individual action. You know, we idolize the John Wayne hero who comes in to correct things with both guns blazing. Outline Mixed Methods? But individual actions, individual dreams, are not sufficient. We must unite in collective action, build collective institutions and dare essay, organizations. The right wing talks about this but they keep appealing to that old individualistic bootstrap myth: get a job, get rich, and get out. Outline? Instead of investing in our neighborhoods, that's what has always happened.

Our goal must be to help people get a sense of building something larger. People are hungry for community; they miss it. They are hungry for change. The Marxist Carl Davidson and Obama's 1996 State Senate Run: Obama’s 1996 senate campaign also secured the endorsement of the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), the largest socialist organization in the giver, the United States and the principal U.S. affiliate of the Socialist International. Obama’s affiliation with DSA was longstanding, as evidenced by his reference, in dissertation, Dreams From My Father , to the fact that during his student years at Columbia University he “went to socialist conferences at analysis essay, Cooper Union,” a privately funded college for the advancement of science and art. From the early 1980s until 2004, Cooper Union had served as the usual venue of the annual Socialist Scholars Conference. Dissertation Outline? According to Trevor Loudon, guest speakers at these conferences included “members of the Communist Party USA and its offshoot, the professional help with college admission for writing, Committees of Correspondence, as well as Maoists, Trotsyists, black radicals, gay activists and radical feminists.” London observes that “Obama speaks of ‘ conferences ’ plural, indicating [that] his attendance was not the result of accident or youthful curiosity.” So, what’s in the play? It truly is a love song to dissertation outline methods Alinsky.

In the first few minutes of the professional help college admission essays, play, Alinsky plays Moses yes, the Biblical Moses talking to mixed methods God. The play glorifies Alinsky stealing food from restaurants and agriculture research papers, organizing others to do the methods, same, explaining, 'I saw it as a practical use of social ecology: you had members of the intellectual community, the hope of the future, eating regularly for analysis essay, six months, staying alive till they could make their contributions to society.' Joining Obama on the discussion panel were the following individuals: Also in 1937, Despres and his wife met with, and delivered a suitcase of “clothing” to, Leon Trotsky, who was then in Mexico City, hiding from Stalin’s assassins. The Joyce Foundation:

I Actually Believe in Redistribution: At an October 19, 1998 conference at Loyola University, Barack Obama said: There has been a systematic . Dissertation Outline? propaganda campaign against the possibility of government action and its efficacy. Help With College Admission Essays? And I think some of it has been deserved. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? The trick is, how do we structure government systems that pool resources and hence facilitate some redistribution, because I actually believe in redistribution, at least at a certain level, to make sure that everybody's got a shot. “to the opinion, extent that we are doing research figuring out what kinds of government action would successfully make their [the working poor's] lives better, we are then putting together a potential majority coalition to move those agendas forward”; the one good thing that comes out of [the welfare-reform bill of 1996] is that it essentially desegregates the outline mixed methods, welfare population,” merging urban blacks with “the working poor, which are the other people; and apology, such a coalition becomes one batch of dissertation outline folks . that is increasingly a majority population” whose policy needs would grow to for writers encompass health care, job training, education, and a system where government would “provide effective child care.” The Woods Fund of Chicago and Bill Ayers: Obama also had been a board member of the Woods Fund of Chicago since 1993. In 1999 he was joined on this board by Bill Ayers, who would serve alongside Obama until the latter left the Fund in December 2002. (In 2002 -- while Obama was still on the board -- the Woods Fund made a grant to dissertation outline mixed Northwestern University Law School's Children and for writers, Family Justice Center, where Ayers' wife, Bernardine Dohrn, was employed.) In 2000, Obama ran against former Black Panther and incumbent congressman Bobby Rush in the Democratic Primary for dissertation, the U.S. House of Representatives. Rush denounced Obama as an “elitist” who “wasn’t black enough,” and crushed him by agriculture papers, nearly a two-to-one vote margin.

Obama returned to the Illinois state senate for outline methods, another four-year term. As noted earlier, during his state senate years Obama was a lecturer at analysis, the University of Chicago law school, where he became friendly with Rashid Khalidi, a professor in dissertation outline methods, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations. Obama and his wife were regular dinner guests at Khalidi’s Hyde Park home. Khalidi and his wife Mona had founded in 1995 the opinion the giver, Arab American Action Network (AAAN), noted for its contention that Arab Americans face widespread discrimination in the United States, and for its view that Israel’s creation in 1948 was a catastrophe for dissertation outline mixed methods, Arab people. Essay The Giver? In 2001 and mixed, again in 2002, the Woods Fund of Chicago, while Obama served on its board, made grants totaling $75,000 to AAAN. Shortly after Obama’s unsuccessful run for Congress in 2000, he was deeply in debt, with little cash at his disposal (his annual part-time salary as a state senator was $58,000) and a stagnant law practice that he had largely neglected during a year of political campaigning. “Even as I hope for some measure of peace and comfort to the bereaved families, I must also hope that we as a nation draw some measure of apology essay wisdom from this tragedy. Certain immediate lessons are clear, and we must act upon those lessons decisively. We need to step up security at our airports. Outline Methods? We must reexamine the effectiveness of our intelligence networks. And we must be resolute in identifying the perpetrators of these heinous acts and precision papers, dismantling their organizations of destruction.

Depicting America as a Racially and Economically Unjust Society: Obama was an outspoken opponent of the outline mixed methods, Iraq War ever since it was first discussed as a possible means of unseating Saddam Hussein from power. Carnival Essays? On October 2, 2002, Obama gave an antiwar speech alongside Jesse Jackson on the very day that President Bush and dissertation outline mixed, Congress agreed on opinion essay, a joint resolution authorizing the use of force against Iraq. It was with this speech that Obama first caught the attention of the American public. Now, let me be clear I suffer no illusions about dissertation methods Saddam Hussein. Funds For Writers Essay? He is a brutal man. A ruthless man.

A man who butchers his own people to secure his own power. He has repeatedly defied U.N. resolutions, thwarted U.N. Dissertation Outline? inspection teams, developed chemical and biological weapons, and analysis essay, coveted nuclear capacity. Methods? He's a bad guy. Opinion The Giver? The world, and the Iraqi people, would be better off without him. Also in outline mixed, his 2002 speech, Obama said that instead of using force to depose Saddam, America should “fight” for democratic reforms in the Middle East, for stronger international nuclear safeguards, and for energy independence: “Those are the battles that we need to fight. Those are the battles that we willingly join the carnival essays, battles against mixed methods ignorance and intolerance, corruption and greed. Poverty and despair.” In July 2004, Obama delivered the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in Boston.

He used the carnival essays, speech to dissertation mixed introduce himself to a national audience while impugning the Bush administration and the War in Iraq. In 2004 Obama ran for one of Illinois’ two seats in the U.S. Senate. For Writers Essay Contest? The Chicago Tribune endorsed Obama’s campaign. More importantly, the Tribune persuaded a Democrat-appointed judge in California to dissertation outline open the sealed divorce records of funds for writers Obama’s Republican opponent to the media.

The resulting sex scandal, based on allegations in the divorce records by a Hollywood actress eager to prevent her ex-husband from dissertation outline mixed, getting custody of their children, prompted the Republican to apology resign from the race. One month before the 2004 Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate, Obama was down in dissertation outline, the polls, about to dare rebecca lose to dissertation mixed methods Blair Hull, a multimillionaire securities trader. But then the Chicago Tribune leaked the essay, claim that Hull’s second ex-wife, Brenda Sexton, had sought an order of protection against him during their 1998 divorce proceedings. Obama then used similar techniques to win the outline, general election, as Human Events again explains: As luck would have it, Obama’s opponent in the general election had also been divorced! Jack Ryan was tall, handsome, Catholic and shared a name with one of Harrison Ford’s most popular onscreen characters! He went to Dartmouth, Harvard Law and for writers essay contest, Harvard Business School, made hundreds of millions of dollars as a partner at Goldman Sachs, and dissertation outline mixed methods, then, in dare rebecca, his early 40s, left investment banking to teach at methods, an inner city school on the South Side of Chicago. With a $10 million campaign war chest from contributors, and with no Republican opponent who could garner much support, Obama had an open road to become the next U.S. Funds Essay Contest? Senator from Illinois.

His friend and political supporter, the longtime Chicago alderwoman Dorothy Tillman, helped him win the voting in dissertation mixed methods, Chicago’s predominantly black wards. Funds For Writers Contest? He also received valuable backing from the dissertation, Jesse Jacksons, Junior and Senior, and Rev. Apology Essay? Jackson’s Rainbow Coalition. In March 2005 Obama joined forces with the Web-based, grassroots political network MoveOn -- which seeks to use its fundraising clout to push the Democratic Party ever further to the political left -- in an effort to raise campaign money for West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd’s 2006 reelection bid. Outline Methods? In a letter to MoveOn members, Obama wrote: “You and millions of others, working through MoveOn, have helped change the way politics works in this country.” In a 2005 commencement address, Obama described the conservative philosophy of government as one that promises “to give everyone one big refund on their government, divvy it up by individual portions, in the form of contest tax breaks, hand it out, and encourage everyone to use their share to go buy their own health care, their own retirement plan, their own child care, their own education, and so on.” “In Washington,” said Obama, “they call this the Ownership Society. But in our past there has been another term for it, Social Darwinism, every man or woman for him or herself. It's a tempting idea, because it doesn't require much thought or ingenuity.”

The fact that Obama socialized with Ayers and outline, Dohrn contradicts the statement that Obama campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt gave the New York Times in 2008: 'Mr. LaBolt said the agriculture, men . have not spoken by phone or exchanged e-mail messages since Mr. Obama began serving in the United States Senate in January 2005 and outline, last met more than a year ago when they bumped into opinion each other on the street in Hyde Park.' Obama Accuses the Bush Administration of outline Racism: In September 2005, Obama spoke at a town hall meeting of the Congressional Black Caucus. Nominally devoted to the subject of funds essay “eradicating poverty,” the meeting was replete with condemnations of dissertation outline President George W. Bush, the Republican Party, and America’s purportedly intractable racial inequities.

Obama stopped short of suggesting that the allegedly slow federal response to the victims of Hurricane Katrina (which had devastated New Orleans and the Gulf Coast earlier that month) -- especially black victims -- was motivated by racism. But he nonetheless claimed that racism was the cause of carnival essays what he perceived to be the Bush administration’s lack of sensitivity to the struggles of outline mixed methods African Americans generally: “The incompetence was colorblind. Papers? What wasn’t colorblind was the indifference. Human efforts will always pale in comparison to nature’s forces. But [the Bush administration] is a set of folks who simply don’t recognize what’s happening in large parts of the country.” Blacks in hurricane-hit areas were poor, Obama further charged, because of the dissertation outline, Bush administration’s “decision to give tax breaks to Paris Hilton instead of providing child care and analysis essay, education ” Obama Advocates Welfare State; Says Much Success Is Due to “Blind Luck”: Obama Endorses Dorothy Tillman, Proponent of Reparations and Admirer of Louis Farrakhan: In 2006 Obama endorsed the aforementioned Dorothy Tillman in dissertation outline mixed methods, the Third Ward race for the Chicago City Council. A passionate admirer of Louis Farrakhan, Tillman was a leading proponent of reparations for slavery.

Claiming that America remains “one of the cruelest nations in the world when it comes to black folks,” Tillman continues to declare that the U.S. Apology Analysis? “owes blacks a debt.” In December of outline mixed methods 2006, Obama, who by carnival essays, then was contemplating a run for the presidency, met in outline mixed methods, New York with billionaire financier George Soros, who previously had hosted a fundraiser for research papers, Obama during the dissertation outline, latter’s 2004 campaign for the U.S. Senate. promoting the essay the giver, view that America is institutionally an oppressive nation promoting the election of leftist political candidates throughout the United States opposing virtually all post-9/11 national security measures enacted by U.S. Mixed Methods? government, particularly the Patriot Act depicting American military actions as unjust, unwarranted, and immoral promoting open borders, mass immigration, and a watering down of current immigration laws promoting a dramatic expansion of social welfare programs funded by ever-escalating taxes promoting social welfare benefits and essay the giver, amnesty for illegal aliens defending suspected anti-American terrorists and their abetters financing the dissertation outline methods, recruitment and training of future activist leaders of the political Left advocating America’s unilateral disarmament and/or a steep reduction in its military spending opposing the death penalty in all circumstances promoting socialized medicine in the United States promoting the tenets of radical environmentalism, whose ultimate goal, as writer Michael Berliner has explained, is “not clean air and opinion essay, clean water, [but] rather . the demolition of technological/industrial civilization” bringing American foreign policy under the control of the United Nations promoting racial and ethnic preferences in dissertation outline, academia and funds for writers essay contest, the business world alike promoting taxpayer-funded abortion-on-demand advocating stricter gun-control measures advocating the legalization of marijuana. Obama's Activities in Support of a Socialist Bidding to Be Elected President of Kenya: McCarthy says Obama undermined U.S. Dissertation Methods? relations with a strong antiterrorism ally in an African region where al-Qaida operates. In 2006 . Obama campaigned for essay contest, a pro-communist candidate running against Nairobi's pro-American government 'in outrageous contravention of U.S. Outline Mixed? policy and, probably, federal law.'

Running for President: On January 16, 2007, Obama announced the agriculture papers, creation of a presidential exploratory committee. Outline Methods? Within hours after the announcement, Soros sent the senator a contribution of $2,100, the maximum amount allowable under campaign finance laws. Later that week, the New York Daily News reported that Soros would back Obama over Senator Hillary Clinton, whom he had supported in the past. Obama’s wife Michelle quickly emerged as one of the new candidate’s most vocal campaigners. In a February 2007 appearance with her husband on the giver, the television program 60 Minutes , Mrs. Outline? Obama implied that America’s allegedly rampant white racism posed a great physical threat to her husband. Said Mrs. Obama: “As a black man, you know, Barack can get shot going to the gas station.” In April 2007, Obama addressed the activist Al Sharpton’s National Action Network, telling an overflow crowd of listeners about his success as an apology analysis Illinois lawmaker in making health insurance available to children and reducing the cost of prescription drugs for senior citizens.

He also expressed his opposition to racial profiling in law enforcement, detailing how he had helped pass legislation against dissertation outline methods the practice. In addition, he asserted that society must help ex-convicts escape an “economic death sentence” by the giver, securing jobs for them when they leave prison. “Jackie Kendall, executive director of the Midwest Academy, was on the team that developed and delivered the first Camp Obama training for volunteers aiding Obama’s campaign through the 2008 Iowa Caucuses. Hans Riemer, who served as national youth vote director for the Obama campaign, said of the methods, camp: 'We are training them, teaching them how to funds essay be effective, showing them what their role is in our strategy to outline mixed methods win the election We’re taking people from raw enthusiasm to capable organizers.' Support from Jodie Evans of opinion the giver Code Pink:

In February 2007, Evans co-hosted (along with her now-deceased husband Max Palevsky and the Dreamworks team of Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and Jeffrey Katzenberg) a key Obama fundraiser just weeks after he announced his presidential candidacy. Evans donated the maximum $2,300 to Obama’s campaign. In April 2007, the outline mixed methods, Obama campaign announced that Evans was one of precision agriculture its early fundraising bundlers. In June 2008, Evans met with Obama at a high-priced fundraiser. In late August 2008, Evans attended the dissertation outline methods, Democratic National Convention and, because of her status as a bundler, was invited to two private receptions with Obama and his running mate, Joe Biden. In September 2008, Evans attended two exclusive Hollywood fundraisers with Obama. Precision Agriculture? Two weeks later, she met with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in New York City.

In October 2008, Evans worked with Code Pink’s Los Angeles chapter on a get-out-the-vote campaign in Obama's behalf. Robert Malley and the Hamas Incident: In 2007 Obama appointed Robert Malley, the Middle East and North Africa Program Director for the International Crisis Group, as a foreign policy advisor to his campaign. ICG receives funding from the Open Society Institute (whose founder, George Soros, serves on the ICG Board and Executive Committee). Prior to joining ICG, Malley had served as President Bill Clinton’s Special Assistant for dissertation outline mixed methods, Arab-Israeli Affairs (1998-2001); National Security Advisor Sandy Berger’s Executive Assistant (1996-1998); and opinion, the National Security Council’s Director for outline, Democracy, Human Rights, and Humanitarian Affairs (1994-1996). Malley’s father, Simon Malley, had been a key figure in dare essay contest, the Egyptian Communist Party. Rabidly anti-Israel, Simon Malley was a confidante of the late PLO leader Yasser Arafat; an dissertation outline inveterate critic of “Western imperialism”; a supporter of various leftist revolutionary “liberation movements,” particularly the Palestinian cause; a beneficiary of Soviet funding; and a supporter of the agriculture research, 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

“Thanks to all of you at dissertation mixed, Planned Parenthood for precision papers, all the work that you are doing for women all across the mixed, country and for families all across the countryand for men, who have enough sense to realize you are helping them, all across the country. Planned Parenthood is the largest abortion provider in funds for writers contest, the United States, with some 850 clinics across the country. It purports to offer “a wide range of medical and counseling services and health care education,” but its primary business is providing abortion services. In 2004 Planned Parenthood completed 138 abortions for every adoption referral it made to an outside agency. During the 2004-2005 fiscal year, the organization reported 1,414 adoption referrals (one adoption for every 180 abortions).

During its 2005-2006 fiscal year, Planned Parenthood performed a record 264,943 abortions; garnered $345.1 million in outline mixed methods, clinic income; took in $212.2 million in donations; and received record taxpayer funding of dare $305.3 million. Dissertation? Total income reached a record $902.8 million. In August 2007, Obama appeared at the national convention of the carnival essays, leftist political weblog Daily Kos. According to a New York Times report: Mr. Obama, who has built his candidacy upon the mantra of mixed methods change, received booming applause when he was introduced to the audience of more than 1,500. When the essay, moderator mentioned that the senator turned 46 years old on Saturday, several of those gathered in the ballroom began to serenade him with 'Happy Birthday.' In October 2007 Obama stated that, if elected, he would offer a high-level position in his administration to former Vice President Al Gore. On December 4, 2007, Obama’s campaign announced the creation of its African American Religious Leadership Committee.

Among the committee's more notable members were Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Rev. Otis Moss III, and Rev. Joseph E. Lowery. From March 1972 until February 2008, Jeremiah Wright -- whom Barack Obama described as his “spiritual advisor,” his “mentor,” and “one of the greatest preachers in outline mixed methods, America” -- was the pastor of precision papers Chicago's Trinity United Church of Christ (TUCC), where Obama had attended services since 1988, and where he (Obama) had been a member since 1992. Said Obama of Wright: “What I value most about outline mixed Pastor Wright is not his day-to-day political advice. He’s much more of a sounding board for essay, me to make sure that I am speaking as truthfully about mixed methods what I believe as possible and that I’m not losing myself in analysis, some of the hype and hoopla and stress that’s involved in national politics.” Rev. Otis Moss III -- whom Obama has extolled as a “wonderful young pastor” -- served as assistant pastor of dissertation outline mixed methods TUCC from 2006-2008 and then succeeded Jeremiah Wright as pastor when the analysis essay, latter retired. In one notable sermon, Moss likened the condition of contemporary black Americans to that of the hapless lepers referenced in methods, biblical stories.

He further implied that whites -- who, in his estimation, continue to subjugate blacks both socially and economically -- are the “enemy” of the giver African Americans. “Our society creates thugs,” Moss added. “Children are not born thugs. Thugs are made and not born.” Rev. Joseph Lowery is a prominent figure in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Viewing the United States as a nation that is “not committed to serious efforts to address the issue of racism,” he has warned that “white racism is gaining respectability again,” and that “there’s a resurgence of racism at almost every level of life.” Lowery has expressed contempt for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, specifically because the black conservative Thomas opposes the use of affirmative action (i.e., race preferences) in business and academia. Says Lowery: “I have told [Thomas] I am ashamed of dissertation outline methods him, because he is opinion, becoming to the black community what Benedict Arnold was to the nation he deserted; and what Judas Iscariot was to Jesus: a traitor ; and what Brutus was to Caesar: an assassin .” Another notable religious supporter of Barack Obama is Rev. Outline Methods? Michael Pfleger, a white Roman Catholic priest who has been the pastor of dare rebecca Saint Sabina Catholic Church in outline mixed methods, Chicago since 1981. A great admirer of Louis Farrakhan and Jeremiah Wright, Pfleger views America as a nation plagued by “classism and racism,” and he identifies white racism as “the number one sin in this country.” Pfleger has had a longstanding friendly relationship (since the late 1980s) with Obama and has played a significant role as a spiritual advisor who, Obama once said, had helped him maintain his moral compass. Yet another religious figure affiliated with Obama is Rev.

James Meeks, a Democratic member of the for writers essay, Illinois state senate, where he served alongside Obama from 2002-2004 (prior to Obama’s election to the U.S. Senate). Meeks also has been the pastor of Chicago’s 22,000-member Salem Baptist Church since 1985, and he was once the executive vice president of Jesse Jackson’s Rainbow/PUSH coalition. For his 2008 presidential run, Obama formed a Black Advisory Council whose members included, most notably: (a) Marxist professor Cornel West, a longtime member of the Democratic Socialists of America and a great admirer of outline methods Obama’s former pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright; and (b) Harvard law professor Charles Ogletree, a reparations-for-slavery proponent who has advised Obama on such matters as criminal-justice reform. Obama Clearly Articulates His Desire to Remake the precision agriculture papers, World and Change This Country: After Obama's victory in the Iowa Caucus, longtime Communist Party USA supporter Frank Chapman -- who had previously chaired the National Alliance Against Racist Political Oppression and served as a board member of the U.S. Dissertation Outline Methods? Peace Council, both Communist Party fronts -- wrote a letter that was published in funds for writers essay contest, the January 12, 2008 edition of the CPUSA publication, Peoples Weekly World : Now, beyond all the optimism I was capable of mustering, Mr. Obama won Iowa! He won in a political arena 95 percent white.

It was a resounding defeat for the manipulations of the dissertation mixed, ultra-right and their right-liberal fellow travelers. Also it was a hard lesson for essay contest, liberals who underestimated the political fury of the masses in these troubled times. Accusing Republicans of Having Failed Minorities: During a Democratic presidential debate on January 21, 2008, Obama expressed his belief that Republican politicians had failed to provide adequate opportunities for the social and economic advancement of minorities: “I am absolutely convinced that white, black, Latino, Asian, people want to dissertation methods move beyond our divisions, and they want to join together in order to rebecca create a movement for dissertation outline mixed, change in this country. The Republicans may have a different attitude. The policies that they have promoted have not been good at opinion essay, providing ladders for upward mobility and opportunity for all people.” Tony Rezko, the Federally Indicted Real-Estate Developer:

Also in January 2008, Obama’s relationship with a federally indicted real estate developer came to light when rival candidate Hillary Clinton said, during a South Carolina Democratic Party presidential debate: “I was fighting against [Republican] ideas when you were practicing law and representing your contributor, Rezko, in outline mixed methods, his slum landlord business in inner city Chicago.” Clinton’s reference was to Tony Rezko, a Syrian-born, Chicago-based restaurateur and real estate developer who had been one of the first major financial contributors to Barack Obama’s political campaigns in the 1990s. For a full explanation of Rezko’s relationship with Obama, see footnote number [10] . At a February 12, 2008 campaign stop in research, Wisconsin, Obama said: The politics of hope does not mean hoping things come easy. Because nothing worthwhile in mixed methods, this country has ever happened unless somebody somewhere stood up when it was hard, stood up when they were told, no you can't, and opinion essay, said, yes we can. Dissertation Mixed Methods? And where better to affirm our ideals than here in Wisconsin, where a century ago the progressive movement was born. It was rooted in the principle that the voices of the people can speak louder than special interests, that citizens can be connected to their government and to one another, and that all of us share a common destiny, an American Dream. On other occasions, Obama described himself as a pragmatic progressive who tries to make decisions based on what works.

Praise from Louis Farrakhan: In February 2008 Louis Farrakhan called Obama “a herald of the Messiah.” “Barack has captured the youth,” said the Nation Of Islam leader, referring to the passionate support Obama had drawn from young people in America. Research Papers? “And he has involved young people in a political process that they didn’t care anything about. That’s a sign. When the messiah speaks, the youth will hear. Dissertation Outline? And the messiah is absolutely speaking.” In March 2008 the controversial Al Sharpton, a strong supporter of Obama’s presidential candidacy, revealed publicly that he was in the habit of speaking to Obama on a regular basis -- “two or three times a week.” Sharpton also said that he had told Obama four months earlier, “I won’t either endorse you or not endorse you.

But I will tell you I can be freer not endorsing you to precision agriculture research help you and everybody else.” According to Sharpton, Obama then protested and asked for his public support: “No, no, no. Dissertation Mixed Methods? I want you to endorse.” In early 2008, MoveOn executive director Eli Pariser announced that he and his organization were endorsing Obama for U.S. President. “We’ve learned that the key to achieving change in essay contest, Washington without compromising core values is having a galvanized electorate to back you up,” said Pariser, “and Barack Obama has our members ‘fired up and ready to go’ on that front.” In April 2008 Ahmed Yousef, a political advisor for dissertation mixed, the terrorist group Hamas, told interviewer Aaron Klein that his (Yousef’s) organization was hopeful that Obama would win the presidential election and contest, change America’s foreign policy vis a vis the dissertation outline methods, Arab-Israeli conflict. When reporters subsequently asked Obama what he thought of the Hamas leader’s endorsement, Obama said: “My position on Hamas is essay, indistinguishable from the position of Hillary Clinton or [Republican presidential candidate] John McCain. I said they are a terrorist organization, and I've repeatedly condemned them. I’ve repeatedly said, and I mean what I say: Since they are a terrorist organization, we should not be dealing with them until they recognize Israel, renounce terrorism, and abide by previous agreements.” During an April 2008 campaign stop in San Francisco, Obama said: “You go into outline mixed some of these small towns in Pennsylvania, and like a lot of small towns in analysis essay, the Midwest, the jobs have been gone now for 25 years, and dissertation outline mixed methods, nothing’s replaced them. And they fell through the Clinton administration and the Bush administration, and each successive administration has said that somehow these communities are gonna regenerate, and they have not. And it’s not surprising then they get bitter, they cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren't like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations.”

Anthony Lake, Foreign Policy Advisor: In June 2008, Obama named former New Leftist Anthony Lake as one of his leading foreign policy advisors. Lake served as a special assistant for national security affairs under President Nixon in dare rebecca, 1969-70, but soon thereafter he stepped down from dissertation outline methods, that post to protest the apology, Nixon administration’s bombing raids in Cambodia -- raids that were designed to support the existing government against the power-grabbing efforts of dissertation outline mixed methods Pol Pot and his bloodthirsty Khmer Rouge. At a June 2008 campaign stop in Jacksonville, Florida, Obama suggested that his political opponents were trying to exploit the issue of race to undermine his candidacy. Essay Contest Rebecca? “It is going to outline mixed be very difficult for Republicans to run on their stewardship of the economy or their outstanding foreign policy,” he said. “We know what kind of campaign they’re going to run. They’re going to precision research papers try to make you afraid.

They’re going to try to dissertation mixed make you afraid of dare me. Dissertation Outline Methods? He’s young and inexperienced and he’s got a funny name. And did I mention he’s black?” Speaking at a July 2008 gathering of hundreds of precision research minority journalists in Chicago, Obama said the dissertation mixed methods, United States should acknowledge its history of carnival essays poor treatment of certain ethnic groups: “There's no doubt that when it comes to our treatment of Native Americans as well as other persons of color in dissertation mixed methods, this country, we've got some very sad and difficult things to account for. I personally would want to see our tragic history, or the apology analysis essay, tragic elements of our history, acknowledged.

I consistently believe that when it comes to whether it's Native Americans or African-American issues or reparations, the most important thing for outline mixed, the U.S. government to do is not just offer words, but offer deeds.” Joe Biden, Running Mate: In August 2008, Obama named Senator Joe Biden to be his vice presidential running mate. Fannie Mae . Opinion Essay The Giver? has been under increasing pressure from the Clinton Administration to expand mortgage loans among low and moderate income people and felt pressure from stock holders to maintain its phenomenal growth in dissertation methods, profits. In addition, banks, thrift institutions and mortgage companies have been pressing Fannie Mae to help them make more loans to so-called subprime borrowers. These borrowers whose incomes, credit ratings and savings are not good enough to dare contest rebecca qualify for conventional loans, can only get [so-called 'subprime'] loans from finance companies that charge much higher interest rates -- anywhere from three to four percentage points higher than conventional loans. Demographic information on these borrowers is sketchy. But at least one study indicates that 18 percent of the loans in outline mixed methods, the subprime market went to black borrowers, compared to 5 per agriculture research, cent of loans in dissertation outline mixed methods, the conventional loan market. In moving, even tentatively, into this new area of lending, Fannie Mae is taking on significantly more risk, which may not pose any difficulties during flush economic times. But the carnival essays, government-subsidized corporation may run into trouble in outline mixed methods, an economic downturn, prompting a government rescue similar to that of the savings and loan industry in the 1980's.

The Editors of professional with college admission National Review Online explain the connection between the dissertation methods, foregoing policies and Barack Obama: One of the reasons so many bad mortgage loans were made in the first place is that Barack Obama’s celebrated community organizers make their careers out of forcing banks to do so. Funds For Writers? ACORN, for dissertation methods, which Obama worked, is one of many left-wing organizations that spent decades pressuring banks and bank regulators to do more to make mortgages available to people without much in the way of income, assets, or credit. These campaigns often were couched in racially inflammatory terms. The result was the professional college, Community Reinvestment Act. Dissertation? The CRA empowers the FDIC and other banking regulators to punish those banks which do not lend to the poor and minorities at the level that Obama’s fellow community organizers would like. Among other things, mergers and acquisitions can be blocked if CRA inquisitors are not satisfied that their demands which are political demands have been met. There is a name for professional help essays, loans made to people who do not have the credit, assets, income, or down payment to qualify for dissertation methods, a normal mortgage: subprime.

As Forbes magazine points out, Obama has been a staunch supporter of the CRA throughout his public life. In an precision research papers October 15, 2008 presidential debate, Republican John McCain raised the dissertation outline, issue of funds contest Obama’s ties to ACORN. At the time, ACORN was in the news for two major reasons. Dissertation Outline? First, the precision, organization was under investigation in dissertation outline mixed methods, 14 separate states for massive voter fraud. Strongly pro-Democrat, ACORN claimed to have registered 4 million new voters (most of whom were Democrats) during the preceding four years.

Many tens of carnival essays thousands of these registrations already had been found to be fraudulent -- they bore phony names, fake or nonexistent addresses, inaccurate personal information, duplicate signatures, etc. The full extent of the fraud, however, was impossible to dissertation outline determine. “The only involvement I’ve had with ACORN was I represented them alongside the U.S. Justice Department in making Illinois implement a motor voter law that helped people get registered at carnival essays, DMVs. ACORN is a community organization. Outline Mixed Methods? Apparently what they’ve done is they were paying people to precision go out and register folks, and apparently some of the people who were out there didn’t really register people, they just filled out a bunch of names. Outline Methods? It had nothing to do with us. We were not involved.” He said nothing about the precision, years he had spent training ACORN activists; nothing about the laudatory statements he had made about ACORN in the recent past; and nothing about the $800,000+ his campaign had given to the ACORN front group Citizens' Services Inc. (an ACORN-dominated subsidiary whose headquarters were located at outline mixed, precisely the same address as ACORN's national headquarters in New Orleans, Louisiana) to fund his campaign's 2008 voter-registration efforts. To conceal the purpose of opinion these payments to dissertation methods ACORN and opinion essay the giver, Citizens' Services Inc., the Obama campaign misidentified the mixed, $800,000+ payment as money that had been spent for election services. Well, first of all my relationship with ACORN is pretty straightforward.

It’s probably 13 years ago when I was still practicing law, I represented ACORN and my partner in that investigation was the for writers essay contest, US Justice department in having Illinois implement what was called the motor voter law, to make sure people could go to DMV’s and driver license facilities to get registered. It wasn’t being implemented. That was my relationship and is my relationship to ACORN. Outline Mixed Methods? There is an apology analysis ACORN organization in outline, Chicago. They’ve been active.

As an apology analysis essay elected offiical, I’ve had interactions with them. But, they’re not advising my campaign. We’ve got the best voter registration in politics right now and we don’t need ACORN’s help. Obama's statements from the mixed methods, aforementioned debate and opinion, interview are contradicted, however, but the words he himself had spoken in other venues. For example, during his presidential campaign, Obama was a featured speaker at one particularly notable political event in which ACORN played a prominent role -- a December 1, 2007 forum exclusively for dissertation outline methods, thousands of community organizers from across the United States. He was inroduced to the crowd by Deepak Bhargava, ACORN's leader of community reinvestment and fair housing (and Executive Director of the Center for Community Change). In his introductory remarks, Bhargava characterized America as a society that is carnival essays, still deeply structured by racism and dissertation, sexism.

When Obama took the microphone (to thunderous applause), he did not refute Bhargava's comments in any way. He was then asked, If elected President of the United States, would you agree, in your first one-hundred days, to meet with a delegation of representatives from these various community organizations . Obama replied: Yes, but let me even say, before I even get inaugurated, during the transition we're gonna be calling all of you in to help us shape the agenda. We're gonna be having meetings all across the country with community organizations so that you have input into contest the agenda for the next presidency of the United States of America. Similarly, in an interview with ACORN representatives in 2007, candidate Obama said the following: You know you've got a friend in me.

And I definitely welcome ACORN's input. You don't have to methods ask me about that. I'm going to the giver call you even if you didn't ask me. When I ran Project Vote, the voter registration drive in mixed methods, Illinois, ACORN was smack dab in the middle of carnival essays it. Once I was elected, there wasn't a campaign that ACORN worked on down in Springfield that I wasn't right there with you. Since I have been in the United States Senate I've been always a partner with ACORN as well. I've been fighting with ACORN, along side ACORN, on issues you care about mixed methods my entire career. In 2008, Obama's presidential campaign furnished the ACORN affiliate Project Vote with a list of opinion the giver donors who had already contributed (to the campaign) the maximum amount of money permitted by law. Anita Moncrief, a former Washington, DC staffer for Project Vote, later revealed that her organization had contacted these big donors and urged them to give money to Project Vote -- money which could then be funneled directly into the Obama campaign coffers, thereby evading election-law limits on campaign contributions. F oreign Contributions to Presidential Campaign: A Federal Election Commission (FEC) employee has reportedly been warning for months about evidence that the Obama campaign has received as much as $200 million, almost half of his total donations, in amounts less than $200.

That is below the threshold for donor information [which] Mr. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? Obama has chose[n] to report to the FEC -- unlike the precision agriculture papers, Clinton and methods, McCain campaigns, which have reported all donor information. In August 2008, Pamela Geller wrote, in opinion essay the giver, the American Thinker , that among the dissertation outline mixed, myriad foreign donations Obama had received was a $33,000 contribution from Palestinian brothers based in the Hamas-controlled Rafah refugee camp in Gaza, who had proudly declared their love for Obama. The Obama campaign claimed that it had returned that money to the brother donors, but the the giver, latter said they had never received such a return. Moreover, Geller catalogued several dozen of the foreign cities and mixed, nations from professional help college admission, which illegal contributions to dissertation outline methods the Obama campaign had originated. In many cases, the donors' names and contact information were fraudulent -- sometimes consisting of nothing more than letters arranged in random, nonsensical sequence.

On October 30, 2008, Obama told a large crowd of cheering supporters: We are five days away from fundamentally transforming the United States of America. What makes Obama different is that he has also been a community organiser. He has read left literature, including my works, and he understands what socialism is. A lot of the people working with him are, indeed, socialists with backgrounds in the Communist Party or as independent Marxists. There are a lot of analysis people like that in Chicago who have worked with him for years. Obama’s Policy Positions and Voting Record as State Senator, U.S. Senator, and Presidential Candidate: During his eight-year career in the Illinois state senate, Barack Obama avoided making controversial votes approximately 130 times -- which, according to other Illinois state senators, is dissertation, much higher than average. Rather than vote yea or nay on the legislation in question, Obama on those occasions simply voted present.

In the Illinois state senate, this was the equivalent of agriculture research a nay vote when tallying up support or opposition to a given bill. But, as David Freddoso points out: [F]or rhetorical purposes, a 'present' vote is different in that critics and journalists must discuss it differently. For example, Barack Obama did not vote against a bill to prevent pornographic book and dissertation mixed, video stores and strip clubs from setting up within 1,000 feet of schools and churches -- he just voted 'present.' Obama voted 'present' on an almost unanimously passed bill to prosecute students as adults if they fire guns on funds contest, schol grounds. He voted 'present' on the partial-birth abortion ban and other contentious issues . Methods? [11] Obama favors racial preferences for minorities in university admissions, public employment, and state contracting. “I still believe in essay, affirmative action as a means of overcoming both historic and outline, potentially current discrimination,” said Obama in opinion essay the giver, April 2008.

[W]henever we define a pre-viable fetus as a person that is protected by the equal protection clause or other elements in the Constitution, what we're really saying is, in fact, that they are persons that are entitled to the kinds of protections that would be provided to a -- a child, a nine-month-old -- child that was delivered to term. That determination, then, essentially, if it was accepted by a court, would forbid abortions to take place. For that reason, I think it would probably be found unconstitutional. As David Freddoso observes, Obama's argument: implies that babies born prematurely without abortions might not be 'persons.' They might have to be 'nine months old' before they count. [O]ne might even conclude from dissertation mixed, [his words] that he actually does think they are persons. But, he argues, we cannot legally recognize them as 'persons.' Because if we do, then somewhere down the road it might threaten someone's right to an abortion.

Barack Obama's actions indicate he thinks that before any other rights are granted to 'persons,' the Constitution exists to guarantee abortion rights. [13] Though it did not in any way conflict with, or compromise, Roe v. Wade , Obama voted against this same legislation in 2003. As chair of the Health and carnival essays, Human Services Committee, he blocked another attempt to bring the bill to the floor of the Illinois Senate. As I understand it, this [bill] puts the burden on mixed, the attending physician who has determined, since they were performing this procedure, that, in fact, this is a nonviable fetus; that if that fetus, or child however way you want to describe it is apology analysis essay, now outside the mother’s womb and the doctor continues to dissertation outline think that it’s nonviable but there’s, let’s say, movement or some indication that, in fact, they’re not just coming out limp and essay the giver, dead, that, in fact, they would then have to call a second physician to monitor and check off and make sure that this is not a live child that could be saved. But Obama knew quite well that children were being born alive and dissertation outline mixed, were not looked after by the abortion doctors; that in 10 to 20 percent of the cases where induced labor abortion was practiced, the infants survived and were then being left, uncared for, to die; and that these facts were precisely what had prompted the legislation in the first place. In committee he took the opinion of the carnival essays, ACLU attorney and said that he thought that this would be something that would overturn Roe v. Dissertation? Wade , and he opposed it in committee, and dare essay, then he took a leadership role opposing this to dissertation outline methods go on and be the sole senator to speak against this bill on with college for writing, the Senate floor, not once, but two years in a row. And he brags on his Web site now that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to defeat this bill.

He said on the Senate floor as a matter of fact that he thought that this would ultimately be considered unconstitutional, and he said that he strategized with Planned Parenthood to dissertation outline methods vote present because in Illinois a present vote is the same as a no vote. And he thought by doing this that he would lure some squeamish senators who didn't really want to vote to funds for writers essay contest endorse infanticide. In 2006 Obama voted “Yes” on dissertation outline mixed methods, a Senate Budget amendment allocating $100 million to: “increas[e] funding and access to family planning services”; “fun[d] legislation that requires equitable prescription coverage for contraceptives under health plans”; and “fun[d] legislation that would create and expand teen pregnancy prevention programs and education programs concerning emergency contraceptives.” [14] Well, you know, I think that whether you're looking at it from a theological perspective or a scientific perspective, answering that question with specificity, you know, is above my pay grade. “Latinos have such a high dropout rate. What you see consistently are children at a very early age are starting school already behind.

That’s why I’ve said that I’m going to put billions of dollars into early childhood education that makes sure that our African-American youth, Latino youth, poor youth of every race, are getting the kind of help that they need so that they know their numbers, their colors, their letters.” [20] Obama opposed the Supreme Court’s 2007 split decision that invalidated programs in Seattle and Louisville (Kentucky) which sought to maintain “diversity” in local schools by factoring race into research decisions about which students could be admitted to any particular school, or which students could be allowed to transfer from one school to another. Under these programs, parents were not free to dissertation outline methods send their children to the schools of their choice. Dare Essay? Instead they were obliged to abide by the quotas preordained by bureaucrats who had never met any of the children whose educational lives they sought to micromanage. Both the Seattle and dissertation outline methods, Louisville programs were representative of similar plans in hundreds of funds essay contest other school districts nationwide. In 1997 Obama opposed an Illinois welfare-reform bill, proposed by Republican senator Dave Syverson, which sought to move as many people as possible off the state welfare rolls and into paying jobs. Dissertation Outline? He tried to weaken the apology analysis essay, legislation by calling for exceptions not only to methods the requirement that welfare recipients make an effort to find employment, but also to the bill's proposed five-year limit on benefits. My commitment is to make sure that we've got universal healthcare for all Americans by the end of my first term as President.

I would hope that we can set up a system that allows those who can go through their employer to access a federal system or a state pool of some sort. But I don't think we're going to essay be able to eliminate employer coverage immediately. There's going to be, potentially, some transition process. I can envision a decade out, or 15 years out, or 20 years out. On April 3, 2007, Obama said: Let's say that I proposed a plan that moved to a single payer system. Let's say Medicare Plus. It'd be essentially everybody can buy into Medicare for example. Outline Mixed? Transitioning a system is apology analysis essay, a very difficult and costly and lengthy enterprise. It's not like you can turn on a switch and you go from one system to dissertation mixed methods another. So it's possible that upfront you would need not just, I mean, you might need an additional $90 or $100 billion a year.

On August 4, 2007, Obama said: This [health care] is a two-trillion dollar part of our economy. And it is my belief that, not just politically but also economically, it's better for us to start getting a system in place, a universal health care system signed into law by the end of my first term as president, and build off that system to help with college essays further, to make it more rational. By the way, Canada did not start off immediately with a single payer system. They had a similar transition step.

On November 21, 2007, Obama said he favored the implementation of a transitional system building on the existing systems that we have. He elaborated: [T]ransitional hopefully because the system currently is so, such a patchwork of inefficiency that over time I would want to see Medicaid, Medicare, the children's health insurance program, SCHIP -- all those integrated more effectively. In the summer of 2008, when asked by a campaign audience about dissertation outline mixed single-payer healthcare, Obama said, If I were designing a system from for writers essay contest, scratch, I would probably go ahead with a single-payer [government-run] system . my attitude is let’s build up the system we got, let’s make it more efficient, we maybe over time . decide that there are other ways for us to provide care more effectively. (Obama would sound this theme again in June 2009, when he told an dissertation mixed methods unreceptive American Medical Association: I'll be honest, there are countries where a single-payer system works pretty well.) “It is hard to overstate the degree to analysis essay which our addiction to oil undermines our future. Dissertation Mixed Methods? A large portion of the $800 million we spend on foreign oil every day goes to some of the world's most volatile regimes. And there are the environmental consequences. Just about every scientist outside the White House believes climate change is real. We cannot drill our way out of the problem. Instead of subsidizing the oil industry, we should end every single tax break the industry currently receives and demand that 1% of the for writers, revenues from oil companies with over $1 billion in quarterly profits go toward financing alternative energy research and dissertation methods, infrastructure.” At a July 30, 2008 campaign stop in Missouri, Obama said: “There are things that you can do individually . to save energy; making sure your tires are properly inflated, simple thing, but we could save all the oil that they’re talking about opinion getting off [from] drilling, if everybody was just inflating their tires and getting regular tune-ups. Outline Mixed? You could actually save just as much.”

To produce five gallons of ethanol from carnival essays, corn, one must spend the energy equivalent of roughly four galons of ethanol for mixed, farming, shipping, and processing. (In other words, ethanol has a 25 percent net energy yield.) . America's entire 6.5 billion gallon ethanol production created the net energy equivalent of 2.2 days' worth of American gasoline consumption. [24] (Emphasis in carnival essays, original) In exchange for dissertation mixed, that miniscule output, adds Freddoso, federal and opinion essay, state governments provide between $6.3 billion and $8.7 billion in annual direct and indirect subsidies. When government subsidized corn ethanol production in 2007, it was like spending $9.00 to create a gallon of gasoline, and doing it 853 million times. [25] “When I was asked earlier about the dissertation outline, issue of coal, you know, under my plan of a cap and trade system, electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket. Help College Essays? Even regardless of what I say about whether coal is good or bad. Because I’m capping greenhouse gases, coal power plants, you know, natural gas, you name it, whatever the plants were, whatever the industry was, uh, they would have to retrofit their operations. That will cost money. They will pass that money on to consumers.” “Global warming is real, is happening now and is the result of human activities. The number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes has almost doubled in the last 30 years. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? Glaciers are melting faster; the polar ice caps are shrinking; trees are blooming earlier; oceans are becoming more acidic, threatening marine life; people are dying in heat waves; species are migrating, and carnival essays, eventually many will become extinct.

Scientists predict that absent major emission reductions, climate change will worsen famine and drought in some of the poorest places in dissertation, the world and wreak havoc across the globe. In the U.S., sea-level rise threatens to cause massive economic and ecological damage to our populated coastal areas.” [26] During a 2008 campaign stop in Oregon, Obama called on the United States to “lead by example” on global warming. Essay? “We can’t drive our SUVs and eat as much as we want and keep our homes on 72 degrees at all times . and then just expect that other countries are going to methods say OK,” he said. Opinion Essay The Giver? “That’s not leadership. That’s not going to happen.” In 2004 Obama spoke out against dissertation the Republican-led Congress' budgets generally, and against the 2001 anti-terrorism bill known as the Patriot Act specifically, suggesting that the essay the giver, Act infringed upon Americans' civil liberties. Said Obama: When you rush these budgets that are a foot high, and nobody has any idea what's in methods, them and nobody has read them . It gets rushed through without any clear deliberation or debate, then these kind of carnival essays things happen, and I think this is in some ways what happened to the Patriot Act. I mean, you remember, there was no real debate about that.

It was so quick after 9/11 that it was introduced, that people felt very intimidated by dissertation methods, the [Bush] administration. Obama voted “No” on a bill to remove the need for a FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] warrant before the government may proceed with wiretapping in terrorism-related investigations of suspects in apology essay, other countries. “Warrantless surveillance of American citizens, in defiance of FISA, is unlawful and outline mixed, unconstitutional,” said Obama. Contest Rebecca? [27] “Why don’t we close Guantanamo and restore the right of dissertation habeas corpus, because that’s how we lead, not with the might of analysis essay our military, but the power of dissertation mixed our ideals and the power of our values. Opinion Essay? It’s time to show the world we’re not a country that ships prisoners in the dead of night to be tortured in far off countries.” On June 19, 2008, political analyst Dick Morris described Obama's prescription for dealing with terrorism as follows: [Obama has] urged us to go back to the era of criminal-justice prosecution of terror suspects, citing the successful efforts to imprison those who bombed the World Trade Center in 1993. [He said] 'It is my firm belief that we can crack down on methods, threats against professional with college admission for writing the United States, but we can do so within the constraints of dissertation outline mixed methods our Constitution. In previous terrorist attacks -- for contest rebecca, example, the outline methods, first attack against opinion the World Trade Center, we were able to arrest those responsible, put them on trial. They are currently in U.S. prisons, incapacitated.' The War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War: In July of '04 [you said]: 'I'm not privy to Senate intelligence reports. What would I have done? I don't know,' in mixed, terms of essay how you would have voted on the war [in 2002].

In June 2006 Obama spoke out against the idea of setting a firm withdrawal date for U.S. Mixed? troops in Iraq. Immediately after the midterm election five months later, however, Obama declared that it was vital to precision agriculture change our policy and to outline methods bring home all American troops. In January 2007 Obama proposed legislation calling for the withdrawal of all troops within 14 months. “. would immediately begin to pull out troops engaged in combat operations at a pace of one or two brigades every month, to be completed by the end of [2009]. Precision Research Papers? He would call for a new constitutional convention in dissertation outline mixed, Iraq, convened with the United Nations, which would not adjourn until Iraq’s leaders reach a new accord on reconciliation. He would use presidential leadership to surge our diplomacy with all of the nations of the region on behalf of for writers contest a new regional security compact. And he would take immediate steps to outline mixed methods confront the humanitarian disaster in Iraq, and to hold accountable any perpetrators of potential war crimes.” Claiming that the U.S. presence in precision research, Iraq was “illegal,” Obama campaigned publicly in dissertation outline methods, 2007 and 2008 for a speedy withdrawal of American troops from Iraq.

But in a July 2008 discussion he held with Iraqi leaders in carnival essays, Baghdad, Obama privately tried to dissertation outline persuade them to delay an agreement on a timetable for such a withdrawal until after the the giver, November elections. Dissertation Outline Mixed? According to apology essay Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, “He asked why we were not prepared to delay an agreement until after the U.S. elections and the formation of a new administration in outline mixed methods, Washington. However, as an Iraqi, I prefer to have a security agreement that regulates the activities of foreign troops, rather than keeping the matter open.” “Because . it's pretty straightforward. By us putting $10 billion to $12 billion a month, $200 billion, that's money that could have gone into Afghanistan. Those additional troops could have gone into agriculture research Afghanistan. That money also could have been used to shore up a declining economic situation in the United States. That money could have been applied to having a serious energy security plan so that we were reducing our demand on oil, which is helping to fund the insurgents in many countries. So those are all factors that would be taken into methods consideration in professional college admission for writing, my decision -- to deal with a specific tactic or strategy inside of Iraq.” In mid-July 2008, the portions of Obama's campaign website that had emphasized his opposition to outline mixed the troop surge and his statement that more troops would not change the course of the war, were suddenly removed. On the matter of using enhanced interrogation techniques (such as waterboarding) on rebecca, high-level terrorist suspects, Obama emphatically pledged to end that practice: “This means ending the practices of dissertation outline methods shipping away prisoners in the dead of night to apology analysis be tortured in far-off countries, of detaining thousands without charge or trial, of maintaining a network of secret prisons to jail people beyond the outline methods, reach of law.

That will be my position as president. That includes renditions.” Which passages of professional admission scripture should guide our public policy? Should we go with Leviticus, which suggests slavery is OK and that eating shellfish is an abomination? Or we could go with Deuteronomy which suggests stoning your child if he strays from the faith. Outline Mixed? Or should we just stick to Sermon on the Mount, a passage that is college essays, so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application. Obama has consistently opposed America's development of a missile defense system. In a February 2008 campaign ad, he stated: “I will cut tens of billions of dollars in wasteful spending.

I will cut investments in unproven missile defense systems. I will not weaponize space. I will slow our development of future combat systems. Outline? I will institute an essay contest independent Defense Priorities Board to ensure that the Quadrennial Defense Review is not used to outline justify unnecessary defense spending. I will set a goal of a world without nuclear weapons. Carnival Essays? To seek that goal, I will not develop new nuclear weapons. I will seek a global ban on the production of fissile material.” Redistribution of Wealth: You know, if you look at the victories and failures of the civil-rights movement, and its litigation strategy in dissertation mixed, the court, I think where it succeeded was to vest formal rights in previously dispossessed peoples. So that I would now have the right to vote, I would now be able to sit at a lunch counter and order and precision agriculture research, as long as I could pay for it, I’d be okay, but the Supreme Court never entered into the issues of redistribution of wealth, and sort of outline mixed methods more basic issues of political and economic justice in for writers, this society. A caller then asked: “The gentleman [Obama] made the point that the dissertation mixed, Warren Court wasn’t terribly radical.

My question is essay contest, (with economic changes) my question is, is it too late for that kind of reparative work, economically, and is that the appropriate place for reparative economic work to change place?” You know, I’m not optimistic about bringing about major redistributive change through the dissertation mixed, courts. The institution just isn’t structured that way. You start getting into all sorts of separation of powers issues, you know, in terms of the court monitoring or engaging in a process that essentially is administrative and takes a lot of time. You know, the court is just not very good at it, and help with admission essays for writing, politically, it’s just very hard to dissertation outline mixed legitimize opinions from the opinion essay the giver, court in dissertation mixed, that regard. In October 2008, Bill Whittle of National Review Online analyzed Obama's words (from 2001) as follows: There is nothing vague or ambiguous about this. Nothing. His plan would boost the top marginal [income tax] rate to well over 55 percentbefore the inclusion of state and local taxesresulting in many individuals seeing their marginal tax rate double. Senator Obama would end the Bush tax cuts and funds essay contest, allow the top two tax rates to return to 36 and 39.6 percent.

He also would allow personal exemptions and deductions to be phased out for those with income over $250,000 [and] would end the dissertation mixed methods, Social Security payroll tax cap for those over $250,000 in earnings. (The cap is currently set at $102,000.) These individuals will then face a tax rate of 15.65 percent from apology essay, payroll taxes and the top income tax rate of 39.6 percent for a combined top rate of over 56 percent on each additional dollar earned. In an April 2008 Democratic primary debate, Obama was asked, by journalist Charlie Gibson, a question about dissertation his proposal to nearly double the capital gains tax (from 15 percent to with admission 28 percent). Said Gibson: “ In each instance when the rate dropped [in the 1990s], revenues from the tax increased. The government took in more money. And in dissertation outline, the 1980s, when the help with essays for writing, [capital gains] tax was increased to 28 percent, the outline methods, revenues went down. So why raise it at all, especially given the fact that 100 million people in this country own stock and would be affected?” Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama’s plan to cut taxes on 95 percent of taxpayers would effectively increase government spending by an average of $64.8 billion a year and effectively raise income tax rates for many Americans, even on dare essay contest, some earning $20-$50,000 per year, according to the non-partisan Tax Policy Center.

The net result of the tax plan, according to the figures above, will be to increase by more than 25 percent the number of households that pay no taxes at dissertation outline, all, thereby effectively increasing the size of the welfare state. At an October 2008 campaign appearance in Ohio, Obama was approached by contest, a man named Joe Wurzelbacher (who thereafter would become widely known in the media as “Joe the dissertation, plumber”). Wurzelbacher told Obama that he was planning to opinion essay the giver purchase a business which was projected to earn in outline methods, excess of $250,000 per apology analysis essay, hear, and methods, that Obama’s tax plan, which would raise taxes (by 8.5 percent) on all small businesses earning over $250,000, would impose an unfair financial burden on him. Obama replied that the analysis essay, tax increase on businesses like his was justified because it would enable the government to dissertation methods give tax breaks to carnival essays people earning considerably less than $250,000. “I think when you spread the dissertation outline, wealth around, it’s good for everybody,” said Obama. Earmarking refers to the commonplace congressional practice of directing federal tax dollars to carnival essays local projects which are often frivolous and of extremely limited utility. Dissertation Outline Mixed Methods? In fiscal year 2008, Obama was the sole Senate sponsor of 29 earmarks whose aggregate sum was $10.7 million. The Giver? Earmarks are often informal quid pro dissertation outline mixed quo arrangements, where recipients show gratitude by precision agriculture papers, giving money to the political official who steered the mixed, earmarks their way.

For example, after Obama inserted earmarks into funds a 2008 defense appropriations bill, the recipients sent $16,000 in contributions to outline Obama's presidential campaign. In 1998 Obama proposed the creation of a study panel to examine the essay, feasibility of having the government regulate and cap automobile insurance rates. In January 2000 he spoke out in favor of price controls for prescription drugs. A year later he called for the establishment of a five-person government review board to place a cap on drug prices in Illinois. Outline Mixed? To read economist Thomas Sowell's explanation of why price controls have historically failed to lower costs or improve products and services, click here. Funds For Writers Essay Contest? [31] In September 2005, Obama sponsored Senate Concurrent Resolution 53, which expressed the sense of dissertation outline mixed Congress that any effort to impose photo identification requirements for opinion the giver, voting should be rejected. “I will never walk away from the dissertation outline mixed methods, 12 million undocumented immigrants who live, work, and contribute to our country every single day. In July 2008, Obama again spoke to apology analysis NCLR. Among his remarks were the dissertation outline mixed, following: “The theme of this [La Raza] conference is the work of college admission for writing your lives: strengthening America together. It's been the dissertation methods, work of this organization for four decades --lifting up families and transforming communities across America. And for that, I honor you, I congratulate you, I thank you, and I wish you another forty years as extraordinary as your last.

The U.S. Border Control (USBC), a nonprofit citizen's lobby dedicated to ending illegal immigration and securing America’s borders, reports that Obama’s immigration-related votes are consistent with USBC’s values only carnival essays, 8 percent of the time. By USBC’s definition, Obama’s stance on immigration qualifies him as an “open borders” advocate. Obama voted against dissertation mixed methods a bill to declare English the official language of the U.S. government. Carnival Essays? Under this bill, no person would be entitled to have the government communicate with him (or provide materials for him) in any language other than English. Nothing in dissertation outline, the bill, however, prohibited the analysis essay, use of a language other than English.

“When we get in a tussle, we appeal to dissertation outline methods the Founding Fathers and the Constitution’s ratifiers to give direction. Some, like Justice Scalia, conclude that the carnival essays, original understanding must be followed and mixed methods, if we obey this rule, democracy is respected. Others, like Justice Breyer, insist that sometimes the original understanding can take you only so far -- that on the truly big arguments, we have to take context, history, and the practical outcomes of a decision into account. Opinion Essay The Giver? I have to side with Justice Breyer’s view of the Constitution -- that it is not a static but rather a living document and dissertation outline mixed methods, must be read in the context of an ever-changing world.” When President Bush in 2005 nominated John Roberts to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Obama stated that few Supreme Court cases involve any controversy at all, “so that both a [conservative like] Scalia and a [leftist like] Ginsburg will arrive at the same place most of the time on those 95 percent of cases.” In the other 5 percent, he said, “the critical ingredient” was neither the law nor the Constitution says, but rather “what is in analysis, the judge’s heart.” “[W]hen I examined Judge Roberts’ record and history of public service, it is my personal estimation that he has far more often used his formidable skills on behalf of the strong in opposition to the weak. In his work in dissertation methods, the White House and the Solicitor General’s Office, he seemed to have consistently sided with those who were dismissive of efforts to eradicate the carnival essays, remnants of racial discrimination in our political process.

In these same positions, he seemed dismissive of concerns that it is harder to make it in this world and in dissertation outline mixed, this economy when you are a woman rather than a man.” Obama was also “deeply troubled” by dare, “the philosophy, ideology and dissertation methods, record” of yet another Bush nominee to the Supreme Court, Samuel Alito. “There is no indication that he [Alito] is not a man of papers fine character,” Obama said in a floor speech on January 26, 2006. “But when you look at his record, when it comes to methods his understanding of the Constitution, I found that in almost every case he consistently sides on behalf of the powerful against the powerless.” “In contrast to his soaring campaign rhetoric about bringing America together, Obama’s Senate speeches against Roberts and Alito revealed a polarizing vision of America. Minorities, women, employees and funds for writers contest, criminal defendants were among the dissertation outline, weak; majorities, men, employers and apology analysis, prosecutors were among the strong.” In April 2007, newsman Wolf Blitzer asked Obama, Are there . Justices right now upon dissertation outline mixed whom you would model [appointments to the Supreme Court]? Obama replied, Well, you know, I think actually Justice [Stephen] Breyer, Justice [Ruth Bader] Ginsburg are very sensible judges. I think that Justice [David] Souter . is carnival essays, a sensible judge. We need somebody who's got the heart, the empathy, to recognize what it's like to be a young teenage mom, the empathy to understand what it's like to be poor or African-American or gay or disabled or old--and that's the criterion by which I'll be selecting my judges.

I've spent my entire adult life working with SEIU. I'm not a newcomer to this. I didn't just suddenly discover SEIU. Dissertation Outline Methods? Your agenda's been my agenda in the United States Senate. Before debating health care, I talked to funds [SEIU President] Andy Stern and outline mixed methods, SEIU members. Before immigration debates took place in Washington, I talked with [SEIU Executive Vice President] Eliseo Medina and SEIU members. Before the EFCA [Employee Free Choice Act], I talked to SEIU. Obama supports an initiative known as the funds for writers contest, Global Poverty Act (GPA), which, if signed into dissertation law, would compel the U.S. President to develop “and implement” a policy to “cut extreme global poverty in half by 2015 through aid, trade, debt relief,” and other means.

“With billions of people living on just dollars a day around the world, global poverty remains one of the greatest challenges and essay, tragedies the international community faces. It must be a priority of American foreign policy to commit to eliminating extreme poverty and ensuring every child has food, shelter, and clean drinking water. As we strive to dissertation outline rebuild America’s standing in the world, this important bill will demonstrate our promise and commitment to those in the developing world. Apology Analysis Essay? Our commitment to the global economy must extend beyond trade agreements that are more about increasing profits than about helping workers and outline mixed methods, small farmers everywhere.” According to a February 2008 report by Accuracy in Media editor Cliff Kincaid, the adoption of the GPA could “result in the imposition of funds for writers contest a global tax on the United States” and would make levels “of U.S. Dissertation Mixed Methods? foreign aid spending subservient to the dictates of the United Nations.” Kincaid stated that the legislation would earmark some 0.7 percent of the analysis essay, U.S. gross national product to foreign aid, which over outline a 13-year period would amount to roughly $845 billion “over and above what the U.S. already spends.” During a July 2007 Democrat primary debate, Obama was asked: [W]ould you be willing to meet separately, without preconditions, during the first year of your administration, with the leaders of Iran, Syria, Venezuela, Cuba and North Korea, in order to bridge the precision agriculture research papers, gap that divides our countries?

In January 2008 the National Journal published its rankings of mixed all U.S. senators -- based on how they had voted on a host of foreign and domestic policy bills -- and rated Barack Obama “the most liberal Senator of opinion essay the giver 2007.” “Obama’s [foreign policy] liberal score of 92 and conservative score of 7 indicate that he was more liberal in that issue area than 92 percent of the senators and more conservative than 7 percent,” the researchers explained. Dissertation Outline? In the area of domestic policy voting, the study found that “Obama voted the with essays for writing, liberal position on 65 of the 66 key votes on which he voted [and] garnered perfect liberal scores in both the economic and social categories.” President Barack Obama: On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama was elected President of the United States. He defeated Republican opponent John McCain, capturing 364 electoral votes vs. Dissertation Outline? McCain's 162. Carnival Essays? Obama received a total of dissertation mixed methods 64,538,980 votes (52.5%), vs. McCain's 56,802,609 (46.2%). [1] David Horowitz and Jacob Laksin, The New Leviathan (2012), Chapter 2. [10] Rezko had initially met Obama in 1990, when the former was a low-income housing developer in opinion the giver, Chicago and dissertation outline mixed, the latter was a Harvard Law School student. In fact, Rezko offered Obama a job with his company, Rezmar Corporation, but Obama turned it down. When Obama announced in 1995 that he was running for an Illinois Senate seat (which would be up for carnival essays, grabs in 1996), two of Tony Rezko’s companies donated a total of dissertation mixed methods $2,000 to Obama’s campaign.

Over the course of the essay contest, entire primary season, Rezko raised between $10,000 and outline mixed, $15,000 of the roughly $100,000 Obama collected overall. Obama won the research, November 1996 election, and the district he represented included 11 of Rezko's 30 low-income housing projects. Rezko served on the campaign committee for outline, Obama’s failed congressional run against U.S. Rep. Essay Contest? Bobby Rush in 2000, raising between $50,000 and mixed, $75,000 of the estimated $600,000 Obama collected for that race.

In 2001 Rezko’s Rezmar Corporation stopped making its mortgage payments on the old nursing home it had converted into apartments, and the state of funds for writers contest Illinois foreclosed on the building, which was located in Obama's Senate district. In 2003 Obama announced that he would run for an Illinois seat in the U.S. Senate which would be open the following year. He again named Rezko to his campaign finance committee. It is estimated that Rezko raised some $160,000 for Obama during the Senate primary season.

In November 2004 Obama was elected U.S. Mixed Methods? Senator. A few months later, he and Rezko's wife, Rita, purchased adjacent pieces of for writers essay property in Chicago's Kenwood neighborhood. Obama’s portion of the dissertation, deal involved a mansion for which he paid $1.65 million -- $300,000 below the essay, seller’s asking price. Meanwhile, Rezko's wife (who earned only $37,000 per year and owned few assets) paid the full asking price -- $625,000 -- for a vacant lot adjacent to Obama’s mansion. At this time, Mr. Methods? Rezko was being pursued by creditors seeking more than $10 million which Rezko owed on defaulted loans and failed business ventures. At least 12 lawsuits had been filed against Rezko and his businesses from November 2002 to January 2005, including one by the G.E. Commercial Finance Corporation, which had extended more than $5 million in help college for writing, loans for Rezko’s 17 Papa Johns’ Pizza parlors in Detroit, Chicago and Milwaukee. In November 2004, G.E. obtained a court judgment against dissertation outline Mr. Professional Admission Essays For Writing? Rezko for outline, the $3.5 million that it said was outstanding on carnival essays, its loans.

Obama says he does not know why the Rezkos decided to purchase the vacant lot at that time. Outline Mixed? But the Rezkos’ involvement was crucial because the owners of the house and the lot had stipulated that neither property could be sold unless a deal for the other also closed on the same day. Carnival Essays? Both deals indeed closed on the same day in dissertation outline mixed, June 2005. At the time of the purchase, Mr. Rezko was ostensibly destitute; that is why his wife was named officially as the sole purchaser of the vacant lot.

In December 2005 Obama paid Rita Rezko $104,500 for precision research, a strip that constituted one-sixth of her newly acquired lot, so that he could increase the width of his yard by ten feet. Outline Mixed? At the dare essay, time of methods this deal, Tony Rezko was under federal investigation on charges that he had solicited kickbacks from companies seeking state pension business under his friend, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich, for apology analysis, whom Rezko reportedly had raised as much as $500,000. For more than two years before the mixed, property purchases, news articles also had raised questions about apology Mr. Rezko’s influence over state appointments and dissertation, contracts. Professional With Admission Essays? Moreover, reports swirled that the FBI was investigating accusations of dissertation outline mixed methods a shakedown scheme in which Mr. Carnival Essays? Rezko had suggested appointments to a state hospital board. Obama rejects any suggestion that the Rezkos, by paying full price for dissertation mixed methods, the vacant lot, had enabled him to research papers save $300,000 on his home’s purchase price and were perhaps seeking political favors in return. “Frankly, I don’t think he [Mr. Rezko] was doing me a favor,” Obama has said.

In October 2006, Mr. Rezko was indicted on extortion charges. According to outline mixed methods federal prosecutors, Rezko had funneled $10,000 in kickback fees to professional help admission essays Obama's 2004 Senate campaign. Rezko remained free on bail until January 28, 2008, when a U.S. District Judge jailed him for having disobeyed a court order to keep the Judge apprised of his (Rezko’s) financial status. Most notably, Rezko had failed to tell the judge about a $3.5 million loan he had received (in mid-2005) from London-based Iraqi billionaire Nadhmi Auchi -- a loan that Auchi later forgave in exchange for shares in a prime slice of Chicago real estate. According to the Associated Press, Rezko “gave $700,000 of the [$3.5 million] to his wife [for the purchase of the vacant lot adjacent to Obama’s mansion] and used the rest to pay legal bills and funnel cash to various supporters.” [11] David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 116. [14] Such an approach to “pregnancy prevention” had been tried before, with disastrous results. In the 1960s, leftists in politics and academia demanded that sex education be added to dissertation mixed methods public-school curricula nationwide, and that government-funded “family planning” (abortion) services be made more widely available.

By 1968, almost half of all U.S. schoolspublic and precision agriculture papers, private, religious and secularhad instituted sex education programs for their students; these programs continued to dissertation outline methods spread widely throughout the American educational system in the 1970s. “Family planning” clinics also proliferated exponentially from the mid-Sixties to the mid-Seventies. Between the late Sixties and 1978, federal expenditures for “family planning” and “population” legislation grew from for writers, $16 million annually to $279 million. Outline? Whereas in 1969 fewer than 250,000 teenagers used the essay, services provided by abortion clinics, by 1976 their number had risen to dissertation outline mixed methods 1.2 million. Dare Rebecca? Between 1970 and 1980, the pregnancy rate among 15- to 19-year-olds rose by outline, more than 40 percent.

Among unmarried girls aged 15 to for writers essay 17, birth rates rose 29 percent between 1970 and 1984even as the number of abortions more than doubled during the same period. [15] David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 203. [17] These rules to deter racial profiling, say critics, lead to “de-policing.” To avoid charges of racism if they question or arrest too many minority suspects, police find it easier to protect their careers by turning a blind eye and leaving minority criminals alone. [18] Obama’s premise of a discriminatory justice system is entirely mistaken, as Manhattan Institute scholar Heather MacDonald points out: “Let’s start with the idea that cops over-arrest blacks and ignore white criminals. Dissertation? In fact, the analysis essay, race of criminals reported by dissertation outline mixed, crime victims matches arrest data. Precision? As long ago as 1978, a study of methods robbery and aggravated assault in eight cities found parity between the race of assailants in victim identifications and in arrestsa finding replicated many times since, across a range of crimes.

No one has ever come up with a plausible argument as to why crime victims would be biased in their reports. “Moving up the precision agriculture, enforcement chain, the campaign against the criminal-justice system next claims that prosecutors overcharge and judges oversentence blacks. In 1997, criminologists Robert Sampson and Janet Lauritsen reviewed the massive literature on charging and sentencing. Methods? They concluded that ‘large racial differences in funds essay contest, criminal offending,’ not racism, explained why more blacks were in prison proportionately than whites and for longer terms. A 1987 analysis of Georgia felony convictions, for example, found that blacks frequently received disproportionately lenient punishment. A 1990 study of mixed methods 11,000 California cases found that slight racial disparities in carnival essays, sentence length resulted from blacks’ prior records and other legally relevant variables. A 1994 Justice Department survey of felony cases from the country’s 75 largest urban areas discovered that blacks actually had a lower chance of prosecution following a felony than whites did, and that they [blacks] were less likely to be found guilty at outline, trial. Following conviction, blacks were more likely to receive prison sentences, howeveran outcome that reflected the opinion essay the giver, gravity of their offenses as well as their criminal records.

“Another criminologisteasily as liberal as Sampsonreached the same conclusion in 1995: ‘Racial differences in patterns of offending, not racial bias by dissertation, police and other officials, are the opinion essay, principal reason that such greater proportions of blacks than whites are arrested, prosecuted, convicted and imprisoned,’ Michael Tonry wrote in Malign Neglect . The media’s favorite criminologist, Alfred Blumstein, found in dissertation outline mixed methods, 1993 that blacks were significantly underrepresented in prison for homicide compared with their presence in arrest.” [21] Many critics of the Court’s decision contended that it had undone the landmark Brown v. Board of Education ruling of professional with admission essays 1954. But these charges were untrue. The Brown case addressed the issue of mandatory racial segregation in America’s public schools, an issue which had become an international embarrassment for the United States. The case centered around a black third-grader named Linda Brown who had been denied admission to an all-white school located just a few blocks from mixed, her home in Topeka, Kansas, and was forced instead to college essays take a bus to an all-black school in a more distant neighborhood. Mixed? Because millions of other blacks nationwide faced the same dilemma, her case had far-reaching, monumental implications. Miss Brown’s father successfully sued the Topeka Board of Education on grounds that, contrary to a previous Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), segregated schools were separate but not equal and essay, thus failed to fulfill the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection under the laws.

On May 17, 1954, the dissertation methods, Court handed down a 9-0 decision which stated unequivocally: “Where a State has undertaken to provide an opportunity for dare essay contest rebecca, an education in its public schools, such an opportunity is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms.” In other words, Brown overturned the notion that it was permissible to outline methods use race as the basis for denying students the right to attend the schools they preferred. Precision Agriculture Research? Like the 1964 Civil Rights Act that would become law ten years later, Brown was intended to remove barriers to integration by outline methods, outlawing de jure segregation, but it issued no mandate for measures (like busing or racial quotas) to forcibly integrate America’s schools or workplaces. [22] Hoover Institution fellow and Stanford University sociologist Thomas Sowell, who has studied this matter in great depth, explains that the “‘compelling’ benefits of ‘diversity’ are “as invisible as the proverbial emperor’s new clothes”; that “[n]ot only is there no hard evidence that mixing and matching black and white kids in school produces either educational or social benefits, there have been a number of studies of all-black schools whose educational performances equal or exceed the contest rebecca, national average”; that “[s]ome black students -- in mixed methods, fact, whole schools of them -- have performed dramatically better than other black students and exceeded the norms in help with admission, white schools,” and that this phenomenon dates back as far as the late 19th century; that black students who have been bussed into white schools have seen no discernible rise in their standardized test scores -- “not even after decades of mixed bussing”; and that “[n]ot only is there no hard evidence” for the dogma “that there needs to be a ‘critical mass’ of black students in a given school or college in order for them to perform up to standard,” but that “such hard evidence as there is professional essays, points in dissertation outline, the opposite direction. Bright black kids have benefited from dare rebecca, being in classes with other bright kids, regardless of the other kids’ color.” [23] David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. 114. [26] Contrary to dissertation mixed methods Obama’s claim, in May 2008 it was announced that more than 31,000 scientists across the apology analysis essay, U.S. Dissertation Outline? -- including more than 9,000 Ph.D.s in with essays, fields such as atmospheric science, climatology, Earth science, environment and dissertation outline mixed methods, dozens of other specialties -- had signed a petition rejecting the claim that the human production of greenhouse gases is causing global warming that damages the Earth's climate. There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gases is essay, causing or will, in methods, the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and disruption of the Earth's climate, the petition stated. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and essay, animal environments of the Earth. [27] Most legal scholars believe the president has inherent constitutional authority to conduct warrantless wiretaps to collect foreign intelligence, and no statute -- including FISA -- can reverse that.

Citing a 22-year-old precedent, the Federal Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review ruled in 2002 that “the president did have inherent authority to conduct warrantless searches to obtain foreign intelligence information. We take for outline mixed, granted that the president does have that authority and, assuming that is so, FISA could not encroach on professional help admission essays, the president’s constitutional power.” John Schmidt, President Clinton’s associate attorney general from mixed methods, 1994-97, wrote that NSA [National Security Agency] surveillance against al-Qaeda “is consistent with court decisions and apology, with the dissertation, positions of the Justice Department under prior presidents”; FISA, he explained, “did not alter the opinion, constitutional situation.” Schmidt quoted Clinton Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick’s 1994 testimony before the Senate Intelligence Committee: “The Department of Justice believes, and the case law supports, that the president has inherent authority to conduct warrantless physical searches for foreign intelligence purposes.” [28] Obama and his fellow critics of military commissions accuse such tribunals of trampling on dissertation outline methods, the civil rights and liberties of defendants who, the critics contend, should be entitled to all the rights and protections afforded by the American criminal court system -- where the standards that govern the admissibility of evidence are considerably stricter than the help with college essays for writing, counterpart standards in military tribunals. In November 2006 Congress passed the Military Commissions Act of 2006, formally authorizing the adjudication of war crimes and terrorism cases in military courts. The House of Representatives vote was 253 to 168 (Republicans voted 219 to 7 in favor, Democrats 160 to 34 against); the overall Senate margin was 65 to 34 in favor. According to the Defense Department, military tribunals, where military officers serve as the judges and outline methods, jurors, are designed to deal with offenses committed in the context of warfare including pillaging; terrorism; willfully killing or attacking civilians; taking hostages; employing poison or analogous weapons; using civilians as human shields; torture; mutilation or maiming; improperly using a flag of surrender; desecrating or abusing a dead body; rape; hijacking or hazarding a vessel or aircraft; aiding the precision papers, enemy; spying; providing false testimony or perjury; soliciting others to commit offenses that are triable by military jurisprudence; and dissertation methods, intending or conspiring to commit, or to contest aid in the commission of, such crimes.

The issue of dissertation whether it is carnival essays, appropriate to outline mixed methods try someone accused of the aforementioned transgressions in a military court depends upon professional admission how one answers a single overriding question: Is terrorism a matter of war, or is it a legal issue where redress should be pursued via the criminal-justice system like robbery, vandalism, or murder. [29] “Our government, the dissertation outline, Supreme Court has ruled, “by thus defining lawful belligerents entitled to be treated as prisoners of war, has recognized that there is a class of unlawful belligerents not entitled to that privilege, including those who, though combatants, do not wear ‘fixed and distinctive emblems.’” Apart from the question of whether military tribunals are a good idea philosophically, trying terrorists and war criminals in civilian rather than military courts poses a number of serious problems from a practical standpoint. For one thing, the rules defining admissible and inadmissible evidence in each venue differ dramatically. In civilian trials, neither coerced testimony, nor confessions made in professional with college essays, the absence of outline mixed methods a Miranda warning, nor hearsay evidence can presented to the court; in opinion essay the giver, military tribunals the opposite is true, provided that the court determines such evidence to have “probative value to a reasonable person.” Attorneys Spencer J. Crona and Neal A. Richardson explain the profound significance of this: “A relaxation of the dissertation outline mixed methods, hearsay rule might become critical in a prosecution for apology analysis essay, terrorism where it may be impossible to produce live witnesses to an event which occurred years earlier in a foreign country. For example, the indictment in the Pan Am Flight 103 case details the alleged purchase of clothing, by Libyan intelligence agent Abdel Bassett, for placement in the suitcase with the bomb. The clothing was used to disguise the contents of the suitcase containing the bomb, which was placed inside a radio-cassette player. Under the methods, rules of agriculture evidence applicable in U.S. District Court, the prosecution would have to produce in person the Maltese shopkeeper to dissertation outline methods identify Abdel Bassett as the man who allegedly purchased the clothing back in 1988, as opposed to producing the investigator who tracked down the shopkeeper and carnival essays, showed him a photograph of Abdel Bassett.

Even if we assume that the shopkeeper could be located six years or more after the fact, we recognize that it is nearly impossible to secure involuntary testimony from dissertation, a witness who is a citizen of a foreign country, especially one that historically has been less than sympathetic to the United States. Help With Essays? The reach of a federal court subpoena simply does not extend to Malta.” Another exceedingly significant weakness inherent in civilian trials for terrorists is the methods, fact that in such proceedings, there exists a high likelihood that classified intelligence sources will be compromised. Professional With Admission For Writing? If the government wishes to present certain incriminating evidence in a civilian trial, which is open to dissertation outline the public, it must disclose its sources as well as the techniques it used for obtaining the information from them. Help With Essays? This obviously would place those sources in grave danger and would quickly lead to the non-cooperation or disappearance of many of them to say nothing of the future potential informants who would undoubtedly choose to avoid placing themselves in similar peril. Dissertation Outline? Moreover, the opinion essay the giver, effectiveness of dissertation outline any publicly disclosed information-gathering techniques would thereafter be permanently compromised. By contrast, military tribunals permit incriminating evidence to be presented to the judge and jury, while being kept secret from the apology essay, public as well as from the defendant and his attorney. For those who are concerned about dissertation legal precedent, it must be understood that the use of military tribunals for the adjudication of war crimes is in no way a departure from past practices. Precision Research? military commissions were used commonly during the Civil War. Prior to that, General George Washington employed such tribunals during the American Revolution in dissertation outline, the late 18th century. In the era following the apology analysis essay, ratification of the U.S.

Constitution, military tribunals were first convened by Major General Winfield Scott during the Mexican-American War of dissertation mixed 1846-48, to adjudicate the alleged war crimes of American troops and analysis, Mexican guerrilla fighters alike. World War II also saw the use of military courts, the most famous case involving eight marines of the Third Reich (one of dissertation outline whom was an American citizen named Herbert Haupt ) who rode a Nazi U-boat to the east coast of the United States, where, laden with explosives, they disembarked and set off toward various locations with the intent of opinion the giver bombing railroads, hydroelectric plants, factories, department stores, and defense facilities across the country. Outline? The saboteurs were wearing no military uniforms or identifying emblems when they were captured, meaning that they were, in carnival essays, the eyes of the law (as defined by the Supreme Court in dissertation outline methods, Ex parte Quirin , quoted earlier in this article), “unlawful combatants.” Refusing to grant the perpetrators civilian jury trials, President Franklin D. Roosevelt quickly created a secret military commission to hear their cases. All eight were convicted and sentenced to death, though two turncoats later had their sentences commuted to life in prison. [30] David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama , p. Professional College Essays For Writing? 96. [31] Thomas Sowell, Price Controls, Capitalism (November 16, 2005).

Dr. Dissertation? Sowell writes: It so happens there is a history of price controls and their consequences in countries around the world, going back literally thousands of years. But most people who advocate price controls are unaware of, and uninterested in, that history . [32] David Freddoso, The Case Against Barack Obama, pp. 205-206.

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The Reality of Writing for Content Mills — 14 Writers’ True Stories. Have you ever wondered if there is dissertation mixed, a content mill out there somewhere that’s better than all the rest? I get this question a lot, from writers hoping that if they can just find the right content mill, they will finally be able to contest, easily earn a living from their craft. Dissertation! Maybe there’s one where the editors are nicer or the assignments easier? The thing is, I’ve never written for a content mill. I’ve used my business-reporter skills to analyze Demand Media’s financials, so I’m aware that the “stuff site with junk content, put up ads, and hope for dare rebecca, revenue” business model popular with content mills isn’t doing that well, especially as Google continues to dissertation outline, change its algorithm to penalize these sorts of sites. I’ve also asked content mill owners why they don’t pay more. Basically, see the previous paragraph. Funds Contest! This business model isn’t very profitable, so there isn’t a lot of pay for dissertation, you. My sense is debating the differences between different mills is professional college admission essays for writing, a bit like rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic. But I wanted to find out dissertation mixed, more.

So I’ve asked my Freelance Writers Den community to share their experiences. Carnival Essays! I’ve linked to outline, their websites or LinkedIn profiles if links were provided in precision research papers, the Den. Some of these writers have worked for mills in the past, and others are still using them as they market proactively to find better clients. Methods! I think this provides a frank look at the real life of content mill writers. I’ve bolded some of the key reactions and essay feelings about writing for mills that the writers shared. Here it is, in their own words, organized by mill.

Mills are in dissertation mixed, no particular order: Holly Case says: Assignments are virtually unavailable now except for analysis essay, a select few. Pay was $15.00 an article, editors were unreasonable and requested revisions without allowing you to ask for methods, clarification. If you didn’t guess correctly, your article would be rejected, which meant that not only did you not get paid, it was also a black mark against you. I started writing for them in 2010 and wrote a steady 6-12 articles a week or more for about a year and a half.

They used to have a lot of mostly boring topics that paid $15/article. They now have a lot of specialty topics that you have to get approved for agriculture, that pay $25/article. What’s improved, though, is that some of the methods, sites where the content goes are ones I’m not embarrassed to use a byline on. I’m approved as a parenting writer, and one of the analysis, sites they publish to is TheBump.com — a totally legitimate site. Dissertation Mixed! You also get to write in opinion the giver, a more interesting, “snarky” tone for that site instead of the dry, boring tone they wanted for eHow. I am trying to quit Demand but it’s like crack — I keep going back when funds get low. If I’m getting $50/post for clients, then $25/post with no marketing starts to look like a better rate…once I have the outline mixed methods, $100/post clients I want to have, Demand will be a lot less tempting!

Biggest annoyance with Demand is the editors. You get one chance to revise, often with confusing instructions or instructions that conflict with the guidelines. However, it’s usually pretty easy to get articles accepted on the second try if you do exactly what the essay contest, editor says. I’ve had one article rejected and two or three that I just let expire because I didn’t want to do the recommended edits, but I’ve had far more published than I care to admit. For over a year, I churned out four to five articles per day at $15 each.

Then all the good assignments started to outline mixed methods, go south, so I backed out of that situation. I started contributing to Demand in 2009. Then it was pretty much all eHow, Answerbag, and LiveStrong and articles paid $15, short answers paid $3. Pretty much anyone who signed up was accepted. Funds For Writers Essay! Recently, they’ve really cleaned up. You now have to be approved to write on certain topics. But I question how they go about determining this. I applied to mixed, be a travel writer and dare essay contest a parenting writer. At the mixed, time, I was working for apology, a travel company as their blogger, I had several travel clips from websites, blogs, and magazines, travel Europe and the US extensively and often, had my own expat/travel blog and was the Netherlands travel Examiner for Examiner.com.

Years ago I worked for several years as a substitute teacher and had my own after school company here in the Netherlands and I had a 3-month-old. Demand denied me as a travel writer but took me on as a parenting writer even though I was (in my opinion) under-qualified. They have stepped up and are now doing more legit sites like thebump.com, globalpost.com, thenest.com and a few others, and the topics are much more interesting and better categorized. Pay is now $25-30 depending on the site you’re writing for. But, still, that’s for a 400-500 word article. All you get is a title (Best Workout Shoes to Prevent Sore Calves, Behavior Strategies for Sibling Conflict) and are told to just go in whichever way your research takes you. You’re supposed to list any resources and references you used to write the article, which are included at the bottom of the piece in outline methods, college-term-paper footnote fashion. It just looks really amateur.

Under the title of analysis essay each article that’s approved and posted online is “Your name, Demand Media,” so the site may be a good one, but any editor who checks them out is going to see my name tied with Demand Media before they even start reading the article. Yes, there are editors out there who don’t care, but there are enough of them who do and mixed methods will write you off immediately that I will always hide those articles, no matter how well-written they are or for what site they were used. DM hates direct quotes, so they’re looking for you to find all the with college essays for writing, info on websites and in books and paraphrase. You also have to watch out for the “blacklisted” sites (you absolutely cannot use them to get information). Editors can also take a week or more to review and approve/reject your work or ask for rewrites. Yet, if you’re given rewrites, you’re expected to get it done and mixed turn it in again in three days. The only dare contest nice thing is that you get paid once a week, so you’re never waiting around for payment. I wrote one piece for dissertation outline, Textbroker at $.05 cents per analysis essay word.

I have never gone back to write enough to meet the minimum threshold for payout, so they still owe me $1.50. I chalked it up to a life lesson and went on dissertation outline, to find real clients that pay real money . My strategy is to dare rebecca, take assignments from all of my favorite categories and mixed write the very best article I can. Agriculture Research Papers! Eventually, a client “clicks” with me and starts requesting me at my “personal rates.” I almost never need to accept job board prices anymore. I wrote for Textbroker for a couple of months when I first started, and the work was easy. The pay was usually around $0.02 per word, depending on your level as a writer. There were seldom any requests for methods, revisions and the pay was regular. That being said, you couldn’t get any clips from the work and I never got any regular clients.

The problem with all of these sites is you can get so used to them that you don’t get motivated to get better work… until you burn out. With Textbroker there’s no bidding, no resume, I just did a writing sample, submitted it for review and waited on contest, my rating. Little did I know I would be toiling away at a penny per word until I broke my comma habit and propensity for dangling participles. In order to move up in pay, your articles must be reviewed and rated on a scale of two to five. Mixed Methods! The article review takes place once per month. Until your articles are rated you will continue to write for a penny per word. However, there is a very wide variety of apology essay articles to choose from at methods or below your approved level. Everything from automotive to movies to sexual dysfunction. Articles are approved, typically within 48 hours and the money is deposited into funds contest your Textbroker account immediately upon outline mixed, approval.

The nice thing is Textbroker payments are made weekly provided you have $10 in your account. Essay Contest Rebecca! However, you will never be given a byline or any other credit for outline mixed, your work. There was still a writing test for carnival essays, a rating and a rather arduous application process [when I applied]. Dissertation Mixed Methods! You are able to select assignments based upon apology essay, your writing level. The pay is usually $0.01 to $0.05 per dissertation mixed methods word for Level 3 writers. The variety of articles is unfortunately, rather mundane.

A lot of prospective college student articles lately or other college-level coursework as well as computer hardware product descriptions. The customer serves as their own editor and the changes requested were pretty simple, most of the time verbiage changes related to their keywords. The biggest drawback — WriterAccess only pays once per essay contest month by the tenth day of the following month, painfully slow in the content mill world. There are no bylines or credit for your work. Writer Access – pay between $.01 and dissertation mixed methods $.15 a word but most assignments pay between 1 cent and carnival essays 3.2 cents. Very few revisions and you deal directly with the client, so your experience varies widely based on who hires you. There is a feedback system so you can get a heads up if a client is difficult. No bylines. Methods! Lots of apology analysis essay work available. Topics can be interesting but usually aren’t. Yahoo Contributor Network (Associated Content)

I’ve written a couple of pieces for Associated Content and Suite 101. Dissertation Mixed Methods! Both of those are fun because you can write anything you want. AC pays a little bit per piece, so if you just want to blog and wouldn’t ever monetize your own blog, it can be OK for hobbyists. Pays per page view and you don’t really have editors. You can write about anything you want. I have one friend who writes 5-10 articles for them a week about essay, fairly popular topics like celebrity gossip. She gets a lot of page views, but the most money she’s ever made was $18.00. Most of my content mill experience is with Yahoo! Contributor Network, known as Associated Content when I started writing there in dissertation mixed, July 2009. Funds Contest! I was a Featured Contributor (an application-only program they ended in Dec.

2012) where I made $15-$18 per 400-500 word article. I also had a few “beats” where I could contribute a certain amount of articles ($10-$15 each) per month. Each topic in the Featured program (Pets, Movies, TV, etc.) had a designated editor who you could contact. But I never received feedback once the article was submitted or got any rewrites, so there wasn’t any sort of real writer/editor relationship. I did get bylined articles placed on outline methods, Yahoo’s Movies, News, and professional help with college for writing OMG! platforms. There’s also the Yahoo Voices platform (which pays in the single digits per article) that replaced the old Associated Content site. Dissertation Mixed! Since the Yahoo takeover, it seems like the whole point of writing for dare essay contest, them is to outline methods, get your stuff published on one of the “higher-end” platforms. But in essay, order to make any sort of regular income, you have to be fast and write five to dissertation outline, six 400-500 word articles a day. I’ve used my Yahoo Movies clips to analysis, get paying gigs on dissertation methods, non-content mill sites, which in turn got me a few private clients who found me via those sites, but no clients who found and contacted me directly from my Yahoo work. When Yahoo discontinued the Featured Contributor program, they killed their better-paying assignments for many writers.

I still get a few bucks a month from views. I also still have one daily “beat” ($10 per article), but I haven’t written anything for them since March 2012. When I started writing for them in 2009, it was a way for me to learn about web writing, not to carnival essays, make a living. I had no idea at that time what a content mill was or that they were considered lowbrow or insulting to the journalistic world. On a positive note, I did learn a lot about web content and how to apply SEO tactics in a non-spammy way, write catchy headlines, and use social media as a marketing tool. To Yahoo’s credit, they do encourage these skills in their new writers and recently started a web writing course called the methods, Academy to help newbies learn. Their book, The Yahoo! Style Guide, is actually a great web writing resource.

Overall, in my experience, it was a good introduction to funds contest, the web writing world but not somewhere to make a decent income. I’ve also written for [several other mills] — from what I observed, all of methods them require a lot of dare essay time and effort for outline methods, little pay . I did a short stint with Suite 101 several years ago when I wanted to break into travel writing. At the time, I was working as a travel planner. To start, you had to write a sample article, a few hundred words on a topic of your choice. Professional College Admission Essays For Writing! Editors then approve you as a writer, at which point you were required to write seven articles a month, I believe (in 2008). I only dissertation methods did it that first month before I saw the writing on dare essay, the wall. Dissertation Methods! Articles went through an dare rebecca, approval process before being posted, but I don’t recall the process being too terribly arduous.

Suite 101 gives you a byline, and dissertation methods you are paid via paypal periodically. If I recall correctly, there’s a minimal amount you have to dare essay contest rebecca, reach ($10?) before they make a deposit. In the past five years, I’ve probably made about $50 from dissertation mixed methods that little batch of articles. Contest! I’m pretty sure they changed up their pay scheme, as I’m not being paid for them anymore, and outline mixed methods I’m definitely sure I don’t care. I also write for Seed but didn’t sell anything there either. That was supposedly better paying work, but you have to choose from professional with college admission their titles (like a content mill) and compete against dissertation mixed methods lots of other writers (like a job board). And you have to write the piece on essay, spec. So lots of dissertation outline methods disadvantages there. I started writing for Examiner.com in September as a TV Examiner. I was lucky that I had a built-in audience since I already write for a TV Magazine site (for free, sadly). Anyway, at research first, I was doing great.

I made $350 my first month, which was a nice supplement to dissertation mixed, my day job income. I did even better the second month, but I was writing over 100 articles. In November, Examiner decided that it was no longer going to pay for international page views so an article that would have gotten me $10 the month before was suddenly only paying $3 or $4. It was very discouraging and it has made me slow down how many articles I’m willing to write for them each month. Editor-wise, it’s a crapshoot. They forget their own rules and sometimes they dock you for dumb things and other times, they miss glaring errors.

It just depends on which volunteer is editing the copy that day. But if they do dock you, you lose your status and have to start over funds for writers essay, from zero. There is dissertation mixed methods, zero communication. They’ve made it very difficult to talk to a live person and sometimes you need to email five or six times before you get a real response. I wrote for Examiner, too. You can write anything you want. They force you to opinion the giver, stay within a niche, which I guess is good if you don’t know how to write in dissertation mixed methods, a niche. Professional Help College! But I never got paid a cent from them. For all those pay-per-click sites, you have to outline, write a ton of pieces before you see any return.

Examiner.com has changed their policies multiple times since I started writing for rebecca, them in 2010. The way things work now is outline mixed, that you get money based on page views, comments, and article shares — to give you an example, yesterday my articles had seven page views and apology my slideshows had four views, and I earned $.05). Dissertation Outline! Payment comes on the 20th of every month, BUT you have to earn a minimum of $10 to analysis essay, get paid AND you have to have published at dissertation outline mixed methods least one article that month. If you don’t write an article or you don’t accumulate $10, your earnings get rolled over to apology, the next month. Mixed Methods! If you go more than three months without contributing, you’re stripped of your earnings and your Examiner title. How much you earn depends on how many articles you write, the popularity of your topic, and the amount of time you invest in promoting yourself.

Long story short, even if you have the for writers contest, most popular topic on the internet, have written hundreds of articles, and Tweet, Facebook, Pinterest, StumbleUpon, etc, etc, you may be making nice money, but when you figure in dissertation mixed methods, the hours you spend working on Examiner, you’ll always be making less than minimum wage. There are editors, but they only leave comments reminding you to use pictures, let you know when you haven’t written the minimum number of words, and ask you to change little things in the headlines. The other wonky thing? I am the Netherlands Travel Examiner. But there’s also a Netherlands Lifestyle and apology essay Travel Examiner, and a Netherlands Tourism Examiner.

I love my adoptive country, but, the way I see it, it’s just not big enough and there’s just not enough going on to warrant three Examiners. I did learn a lot of valuable things from dissertation outline methods working at the mills, but you don’t need them to get a writing career off the ground — and they’re so easy to get sucked into and so difficult to essay the giver, pull yourself out of. Eventually you reach the point where you realize what a huge waste it was and outline that you’ll never get those hours of your life back (and that those articles are on the internet to stay and haunt you for the rest of your life). I’m there right now and it’s not a pretty place to be. The new kid on the block is Blogmutt. The pay at Blogmutt is funds for writers, $8 per mixed article if approved. Customers sign up to have blogs written for their business based on a selection of keywords. Precision Agriculture Research Papers! Articles are typically 300-400 words and do not require an extensive amount of research in an area you’re familiar with. However, when you get out of your expertise area, providing blog topics on such things as battery backup systems, real estate in Alaska or IT management you can get bogged down in research in a hurry. Customers edit their own articles and at times, can be arbitrary from “too short” to “just didn’t like the post.” The site owner is very good about keeping the customers in line with their demands.

Customers rate their own posts on a star system. The drawback is when there’s a small set of keywords from which to derive an article. Payment is dissertation mixed methods, made weekly upon article acceptance by the customer but as blogs go into the customer’s queue, the customer can pick and research papers choose which blogs to post which weeks. This can cause your blog to slide down the mixed methods, list. While content mills are a good place to see if your writing is commercially acceptable, staying in the mills is nothing more than intellectual slavery. If you can write with very few spelling or grammatical errors and precision agriculture can sell or product or engage a person’s interest in a business niche then you, too, can be a business blogger. I’ve written for CopyPress since 2011.

The best people I worked with are now no longer there. Their pay started at $2 dollars per 300 words and paid out once a month. They now pay $30 for dissertation mixed methods, “sharebait” articles, $7 for product descriptions, $4–$6 for regular blog posts. CP also pays out twice a month, but with the little work they have available, you’re likely to bring in agriculture, $150 – $200 every two weeks. But, because it takes an additional two weeks for dissertation outline mixed methods, clients to approve anything, you’re not likely to analysis, get your pay on time during the dissertation mixed methods, two week payout. Precision Agriculture! Waiting for this little pay is particularly unfavorable. Only one editor was ever helpful there. She was awesome, to say the least. Recently, they’ve changed how they want their content, which in my opinion is way too high for even $30 dollars. I believe they have a lead editor who is useless and doesn’t point out anything to improve in your work due to “far too many mistakes to begin with.” These comments are mysterious and non-constructive because editors I’ve worked with at CP in the past were extremely helpful, unlike this mess now.

Also, any mistakes, even minor ones are immediately reported to mixed, the content manager. The CM will kick you out of the system if the lead editor complains to her. My advice here: don’t even bother reasoning with that editor or asking her to explain something—she goes straight to the content manager. Forget about essay contest, getting enough assignments for gas money here, unless you want to put in long hours for a measly $30 dollars. Work was never consistent since they had lost two seriously generous clients.

And, if your work is not up to par, CP will cut your pay by dissertation, half. There is no byline on anything. All content is ghostwritten so the client can put their name on it. They did start a blog called “Copy for professional help with college essays for writing, Bylines,” which is essentially content for free. But, the company killed CFB not long after it was launched. I did inquire of running it for them, but I never heard back from them after the dissertation, initial conversation.

Now, there was a huge variety of topics when they had work. With Admission For Writing! I wrote on gambling, technology, property management, business, product descriptions, education, law, and more. There were always so many different topics I was never bored. But, like I said, work was scarce, so I jumped on the opportunity when higher pay came up. I’m certain they would create useful clips, but because you don’t own the content they would prefer you not to dissertation outline methods, post it anywhere else online. I don’t think you can even state it is ghostwritten. They’re funny about that. Right now, it’s a pain to write for CP. After that useless feedback with the “sharebait” editor, I moved onto another company that pays far better, and the editor has been very helpful and carnival essays supportive. For advice to others aspiring to work for CP, I wouldn’t make them a primary source of income, if at outline mixed methods all.

Unreliability is the word that comes to my mind. They have a connectors program (which is the same as writing guest blog posts) that pays out $400 dollars per post. Yeah, it sounds great, right? Just try getting that $400 dollars. You’ll be jumping through hoops and pulling your hair out. You’ll spend a good two months without pay while you wait for someone to accept a post. Another catch is when someone does allow you a post, and it’s not up to CP’s client’s standards, you’ll be posting for analysis essay, free. Honestly, I didn’t need the extra stress and dissertation mixed methods work without pay for apology analysis, my effort.

I loved CP when they started. The team they had was genuine and awesome. Now, they are beating down on writers to produce great content, which I’m sure many of my fellow writers do, but for pennies. I’m learning I can make $50 and outline mixed methods more per blog post on my own without their help. I started Copypress as an precision agriculture research, advanced writer. I was used for the pilot schemes for five big projects, with very big names. Three of them we won. One was my project alone, and paid $20 per post, two were expanded to bring in other writers.

Pay has always been low-ish. Mixed! The editors were relatively friendly, and carnival essays the community was awesome. CP constantly promise higher pay. Last year, they lost the three big clients in the same month. All said that they needed higher quality work. CP’s response was to mixed methods, ask the writers if they’d write for lower rates. It put most of the writing down to $5 a piece. Essay! I refused, but some writers continued. They then brought in a certification program, where writers needed to take training and dissertation outline mixed submit original samples to get work.

All the work is now $30 Sharebait or $7 product descriptions. Dare Rebecca! They have sacked all the dissertation outline mixed, editors, and all writers are now responsible for their own work. Professional Help With Admission Essays For Writing! Any mistakes equal being sacked. The Facebook groups are in meltdown, the usually friendly staff are endlessly being “reshuffled” to be never heard from again, and there seems to be less work every time I check. They do send out emails asking for advanced writers to help getting a project, but they expect you to be available at a moment’s notice for dissertation outline methods, rewrites/changes, and don’t pay extra. The biggest issue with CP is the pay. Carnival Essays! They promise the dissertation mixed methods, earth, and dare contest many people fall for it. The new big thing in mills seems to be promising the earth, and delivering a pittance. I only wrote for them for a few months back in 2008. I made about $25 total.

They paid no more than $5 for outline mixed methods, 100-150 word, SEO-heavy, coupon-code blurbs that probably ended up on some scam-ridden pop up page. I barely communicated with any editors. The only time I heard from them was a form email that may mention a change to their stylebook. Carnival Essays! Yes, even crappy content mills have stylebooks. The assignments were kind of scarce since the dissertation methods, pieces were so small and research so easy to write. You just had to be quick on the draw. I did not get a byline. I couldn’t even tell you where my pieces are on the Internet. Coupon code clips that were written according to a stylebook have proven to be useless.

I wrote 2 articles for them back in dissertation, 2008. They were paying $8 per professional with for writing article then. There weren’t multiple rewrites. I faintly remember being asked to change a comma or something. That’s it. There were actually a lot of assignments available on a wide variety of dissertation outline mixed methods topics. I did have a byline. My articles are still online on apology, one of their sites.

I got two useful clips out of mixed methods it that I actually use to this day. That’s the only positive thing I got out of working for opinion, a content mill. I volunteered to sign up and see if the “headache factor” was similar to the only dissertation methods other content mill I know — Demand Studios. I got a reply to my application two weeks later. They loved my portfolio, and wanted me to essay, write a test article for them, for which I’d be paid their standard rate ($25 for a 500-word blog post).

They provided the title and methods gave general guidelines for what they wanted included — which is much more than Demand provides. The editor who contacted me seemed very nice, and gave me three days to write the test post. I wrote and submitted it, and heard back the next morning – they loved my test post, and wanted me to sign their writer agreement. I received payment that day. Their agreement requires you to “keep all information relating to your work with Media Shower confidential, now and forever,” and also that all work you produce for them is theirs, and you can’t reproduce it without permission.

This means that you can’t use work you do for Media Shower in your portfolio. Help With Admission Essays! I’m guessing that you can ask them on specific pieces, or get links, but as I haven’t gone any farther than this with the company I don’t know what the response would be. Payment (aside from the test article, for dissertation outline mixed methods, which you’re paid immediately) is between the 7th and 10th of the month (depending on contest, weekends, etc), for dissertation outline, all work completed the previous month. Pay is between $.007 and apology $.015 per word and they have different tiers. Everyone starts at Tier 1 and then works their way up, getting a review after five articles per tier or so – most writers on outline methods, their forum are at Tier 3 and get 0.01 per word. There’s no direct contact with clients but the opinion essay, editors are quite easy to dissertation methods, work with. They’ll only send pieces back if the client as requested something or there is something really bad missing – the research, odd full stop missing or capital letter and dissertation mixed the editors will change it usually. Professional Admission For Writing! If the client asks for dissertation mixed methods, something that wasn’t in the original piece, there is the opportunity to dispute. No byline.

The only reason some people stick around is for the knowledge you gain in agriculture, the earlier stages. I’ve seen many people comment on how much it has helped their writing so they’ve managed to go onto bigger and better pastures. That’s my experience, except with the sites like Suite101 and outline HubPages, where I write for sample pieces and just for fun really – not Suite101 anymore since that went down the essay, drain and I got my pieces off there before it affected me too much with bad press. They paid pretty decently through my first year or two with them, and outline mixed methods then they cut revenue share to precision, less than half of what they had been paying. Dissertation Outline Methods! Buh-bye. I still spend about half an hour on precision, Web Answers a day. Answering the mixed, questions (where do folks come up with these things?) is a good way to relax, and every couple of agriculture papers months, I get a deposit of about $150 to my account. Not bad for a little light entertainment. What do I take away from all this?

I’m struck by dissertation outline methods, how many stories are about sudden changes in pay and working conditions. If you write for mills, remember it’s writer beware — especially if you have all your eggs in professional help college admission for writing, one mill basket.

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15 Things You Might Not Know About Cat’s Cradle. Even the most diehard Vonnegut fan may not be familiar with these facts about outline mixed, Cat's Cradle , one of the author's best-known works—and one of the 20th century's most beloved satires. 1. KURT VONNEGUT GOT THE IDEA FOR CAT’S CRADLE WHILE WORKING AT GENERAL ELECTRIC. A background studying chemistry at Cornell University, mechanical engineering at the Carnegie Institute of Technology and professional with college, the University of outline mixed Tennessee, and anthropology at the University of Chicago—not to apology analysis, mention experience working as a journalist for the City News Bureau of Chicago—led a 25-year-old Vonnegut to, of all things, a job in public relations for General Electric in 1947. Vonnegut spent his time on the clock interviewing the corporation’s vast array of scientific minds and, as he put it, “asking them what they were up to” in the hopes of capturing a conversation worthy of the public eye. Vonnegut’s collective gatherings ultimately fueled the idea for two of his novels: Player Piano and Cat’s Cradle . Like Vonnegut, the narrator of Cat’s Cradle is a writer swept up in a story about dissertation outline mixed methods, a scientific discovery. Essay Contest? 2. THE NOVEL’S MAIN CHARACTER WAS MODELED AFTER A REAL NOBEL PRIZE-WINNING SCIENTIST.

In Cat’s Cradle ’s fictional world history, Dr. Felix Hoenikker is a Nobel Prize winner who boasts principal credit for inventing the atomic bomb. Dissertation Outline? Vonnegut invented the character following a particularly rich interaction with Irving Langmuir, a pioneer in atomic theory and himself a Nobel laureate. Opinion Essay The Giver? Vonnegut took special note of Langmuir’s absolute ambivalence about the possibility of his research “falling into the wrong hands.” The author slipped this trait into the characterization of Hoenikker. 3. VONNEGUT BORROWED SOME OF LANGMUIR’S MORE ECCENTRIC QUIRKS FOR THE HOENIKKER CHARACTER. In a 1977 conversation with The Paris Review , Vonnegut admitted to swiping a few traits directly from the real Langmuir for mixed methods his novel. “Langmuir was wonderfully absentminded,” Vonnegut said. Precision Agriculture? “He wondered out mixed methods loud one time whether, when turtles pulled in their heads, their spines buckled or contracted. I put that in the book. One time he left a tip under his plate after his wife served him breakfast at home. I put that in.” 4. MUCH OF THE SCIENCE ILLUSTRATED IN THE NOVEL WAS BASED ON WORK DONE BY VONNEGUT’S BROTHER.

Vonnegut’s brother Bernard, an atmospheric scientist working for analysis essay General Electric since 1945, was responsible for getting Vonnegut the dissertation mixed methods job at GE in the first place. Bernard Vonnegut was a partner of Langmuir in the pursuit of an understanding, and perhaps the manipulation or synthetic reproduction, of snow. 5. Opinion Essay The Giver? LANGMUIR ORIGINALLY PITCHED THE ICE-NINE STORY TO A DIFFERENT AUTHOR. Basic characterization is hardly all Vonnegut derived (or, as some would put it, stole) from Langmuir. The ice-nine concept—a chemical bastardization of ice that remains stable at room temperature—was Langmuir’s idea, which he had pitched previously as the dissertation outline mixed methods premise for professional for writing a potential science fiction story to writer H. G. Wells.

The Time Machine author was uninterested, leaving Vonnegut to snatch the concept for outline methods his 1963 novel. 6. VONNEGUT WAS DRIVEN TO WRITE THE NOVEL BY HIS MORAL OBJECTION TO INDIFFERENCE OF THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY. “I was hideously disillusioned—that is when I lost my innocence, really—when the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima,” Vonnegut says in the 1983 BBC Arena documentary Kurt Vonnegut So It Goes . Funds For Writers Essay? While the World War II veteran’s experiences as a POW are best known for inspiring his later novel Slaughterhouse-Five , Vonnegut’s emotional reaction to the United States’ use of the dissertation mixed methods atom bomb on Japan helped shape the carnival essays themes of Cat’s Cradle . Dissertation Mixed? In the documentary, Vonnegut explains how this cynicism only grew during his stint at General Electric. “It seemed wrong to me, in view of essay rebecca some of (Langmuir’s) discoveries, that he should be so indifferent to what became of them,” he says. “This dreadful substance, which is dissertation outline mixed, discovered by opinion the giver, a man who is purely interested in truth, finally winds up in the hands of a dictator and—not to leave you in suspense—the world ends.” 7. CAT’S CRADLE EARNED VONNEGUT A MASTER’S DEGREE. Before he became one of the great voices of American science fiction, Vonnegut earned a reputation at the University of Chicago as a student of little promise. After his original master’s thesis, which compared 19th century Cubist painters with 19th century Native Americans, went nowhere, he started on mixed Fluctuations Between Good and Evil in Simple Tales , which traced how different cultures' stories have their own distinct footprints, providing hints as to their origins. Professional College Admission For Writing? However, Vonnegut left school without earning his degree. Just shy of 25 years later, the institution decided to dissertation mixed, accept Cat’s Cradle as his submitted thesis, and granted Vonnegut his Master of Arts at last. 8. VONNEGUT COLLABORATED ON AN ORATORIO ADAPTATION OF THE BOOK. We’re accustomed to the giver, seeing great works of literature adapted for film and television, but Cat’s Cradle ’s reimagining as an methods album is pretty unusual.

To make matters more interesting, Vonnegut himself was involved in adapting his story. The author wrote and dare, performed the prose lyrics to a nine-track oratorio based on his novel. The project was spearheaded by musician and Columbia University neuroscientist David Soldier (real name: Sulzer), and was released as the studio album Ice-9 Ballads in 2001. The Manhattan Chamber Orchestra and Jimmy Justice contributed to dissertation methods, the piece. 9. Dare Essay Contest? A MINOR PLANET AND ITS MOON WERE NAMED FOR THE BOOK.

In September of 1999, astronomers David C. Dissertation Outline? Jewitt, Jane X. Luu, and Chadwick Trujillo discovered a cubewano—that is, an object whose revolution extends beyond Neptune’s orbit (a range known as the Kuiper belt)—and its moon. The trio borrowed the carnival essays terms “Borasisi” and mixed methods, “Pabu,” which refer to the mythical personifications of the sun and carnival essays, the moon in dissertation, the fictional language of San Lorenzan featured in Cat’s Cradle , to professional with essays, name their discoveries. Dissertation Outline Methods? 10. FOLLOWERS OF THE BOOK’S FICTIONAL RELIGION MEET EVERY YEAR AT BURNING MAN. Opinion? An adamant critic of religion, Vonnegut likely never intended for his creation, Bokononism, to dissertation outline mixed, earn a following beyond the shores of the fictional San Lorenzo. Nevertheless, Cat’s Cradle ’s ideology of “harmless untruths” is celebrated year after year at California music festival Burning Man. The Camp of Bokonon has become a fixture of the annual event, preaching the bliss of Lionel Boyd Johnson’s embrace of the essay the giver foma . 11. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW HELPED FUEL VONNEGUT’S RELIGIOUS SATIRE.

Along with the novels of Herman Melville and Mark Twain, a short piece by George Bernard Shaw was a heavy influence on outline mixed Cat’s Cradle . Professional Help With Admission Essays? “To hell with the plays,” Vonnegut joked during a 2003 discussion with The Progressive , emphasizing the dissertation mixed methods impact that reading Shaw’s prefaces, in particular, had on his writing. Professional College Admission? Vonnegut recalled a religious satire penned by Shaw as a preface to outline methods, his 1912 drama Androcles and the Lion : “Why Not Give Christianity a Trial?” (incorrectly referred to funds for writers essay contest, by Vonnegut in the interview as “Christianity—Why Not Give It a Try?”). 12. VONNEGUT ALMOST QUIT WRITING ALTOGETHER BEFORE HE EVEN BEGAN CAT’S CRADLE . Following his tenure with General Electric and the publication of his first book, Player Piano , Vonnegut endured a quick, ostensibly agonizing stint as a writer for Sports Illustrated . Frustrated throughout his employ by dissertation mixed methods, the banality of his assignments, Vonnegut was brought to apology analysis essay, his breaking point when told to write a story about a racehorse that had hopped the fence of his owners’ grounds and run away. He wrote only, “The horse jumped over the f-----g fence,” and dissertation outline mixed, quit the gig on the spot, believing himself to be done with the funds written word altogether. Afterwards, Vonnegut spent a similarly brief period managing a Saab dealership in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

13. Outline? HE GOT BACK INTO WRITING NOVELS TO SUPPORT HIS THREE NEPHEWS. Vonnegut took on a new financial burden when he adopted his three nephews following the carnival essays sudden deaths of their parents (his sister and brother-in-law) in 1958. With three children of his own already, Vonnegut returned to the only dissertation mixed methods career in which he was certain he could sustain employment: writing. Judging himself as unfit for any other line of work and in newly dire need of college admission essays for writing regular income, Vonnegut engaged once again with his literary passions, turning out novels The Sirens of Titan , Mother Night , and Cat’s Cradle over the next five years. 14. CAT’S CRADLE WAS ONE OF ONLY TWO OF HIS OWN BOOKS THAT VONNEGUT GRADED AN A-PLUS. In the two decades following Cat’s Cradle , Vonnegut published a legion of novels, short story and essay collections, and dissertation mixed, stage plays that attracted mainstream attention and critical acclaim. However, Vonnegut wasn’t especially satisfied with how some of his works turned out.

In the eighteenth chapter of the 1981 collection Palm Sunday , Vonnegut took each of analysis his published pieces to task with the assignment of an academic letter grade. Mixed? He doled out two Ds (for the 1971 play Happy Birthday, Wanda June and the 1976 novel Slapstick ), three Cs (for the 1973 novel Breakfast of precision agriculture research Champions , the 1974 collection Wampeters, Foma and Granfalloons , and for Palm Sunday itself), one B-minus (for the 1968 collection Welcome to the Monkey House ), one B (for the 1952 novel Player Piano ), four As (for the 1959 novel The Sirens of Titan , the 1961 novel Mother Night , the 1965 novel God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater , and the 1979 novel Jailbird ), and two A-pluses (for Cat’s Cradle and the 1969 novel Slaughterhouse-Five ). 15. THE NOVEL INSPIRED A GRATEFUL DEAD BUSINESS VENTURE. In 1970, the popular rock band the Grateful Dead founded a San Francisco-based publishing company named Ice Nine, through which all of outline mixed its music and lyrics would be copyrighted. Before he became a bestselling author, John Green worked for the American Library Association’s Booklist magazine for six years. Papers? Now, the novelist and mixed methods, Mental Floss YouTube host is returning to rebecca, the stacks once more, delivering bibliophiles over two dozen trivia bits about the free repositories of knowledge.

Since Clearchus—the ancient Greek ruler and student of the philosopher Plato—founded the first-known public library around 364 BCE, readers from dissertation outline around the world have rifled through sacred Buddhist manuscripts in Bhutan’s unique temple library; felt equal parts awed and overwhelmed upon entering the Library of Congress; and funds for writers contest, paid homage to Morocco’s gatekeepers of knowledge by visiting the world’s oldest still-operating library in dissertation outline mixed methods, Fez, which was founded by a woman named Fatima al-Fihri in opinion, 859 CE [PDF]. Learn more about these fascinating libraries—along with which famous children’s author was once a librarian, which president was guilty of having a library book that was 221 years overdue, which Francis Ford Coppola film may never have been made without a school librarian’s petition, and more—by watching the video above, or by subscribing to dissertation mixed, our YouTube channel. Most fans consider themselves lucky to get an autograph from their hero, but some book lovers get even luckier when they attend a book signing with their favorite author. A few literary luminaries are known for doodling a self portrait along with their signature when signing copies of dare their own work. Maurice Sendak, for instance, took the time to dissertation, do a quick sketch of opinion Mickey, the main character from his picture book In the Night Kitchen , while signing a copy of the dissertation methods book (above) for a fan. The online marketplace AbeBooks.com gathered examples of these so-called “literary selfies” from famous writers like Sendak, Kurt Vonnegut, and Neil Gaiman. Carnival Essays? Here are five author self-portraits AbeBooks found in methods, the title pages and flyleafs of signed books. In 1970, the Where the opinion essay the giver Wild Things Are author took the time to doodle one of his characters for dissertation mixed methods a fan named Burt, adding Mazel tov! Lucky Burt.

The two-time Pulitzer winner John Updike could have been a skilled caricaturist, if this drawing is any indication. Vonnegut was, according to Richard Davies of AbeBooks.com, so fond of doodling in his books that his drawings are considered a trademark of the Slaughterhouse-Five author's signatures. Funds Essay Contest? This doodle-signature by New Journalism pioneer Gay Talese was signed not long after his bestselling dive into the world of a New York mafia family, Honor Thy Father , came out in 1971. Outline Methods? Like Vonnegut, he drew himself with a cigarette hanging from carnival essays his lips. It's not surprising that novelist Neil Gaiman would add a little artistic flair to mixed, his signature. The prolific British author, who has dabbled in short fiction, novels, movies, and comic books, added a reference to apology analysis, his series The Sandman above this undated self-portrait. Check out more literary selfies here. LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. Mixed Methods? With Help From Photoshop and AI, No One Will Know You Blinked in That Photo. 5 Trouble-Shooting Tips to Keep Your House Plant Alive. Why You Should Never Flush Dental Floss Down the Toilet.

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Finding creative ways to dissertation mixed methods help our clients make the world better. What is the difference between marketing and branding? In a recent conversation with a very senior person at a financial institution my colleague was told, “I think private wealth managers will have a hard time seeing the value of branding—they see marketing as a cost center, not a driver of sales.” How did we go from branding to marketing in one sentence like that? What is marketing? What is branding? How do they differ? There is a spectrum of opinions here, but in my view, marketing is actively promoting a product or service. Carnival Essays! It’s a push tactic. It’s pushing out outline, a message to get sales results: “Buy our product because it’s better than theirs.” (Or because it’s cool, or because this celebrity likes it, or because you have this problem and essays for writing this thing will fix it, etc.) This is oversimplification, but that’s it in dissertation outline mixed methods, a nutshell. This is not branding.

Branding should both precede and underlie any marketing effort. Branding is not push, but pull. Branding is the expression of the essential truth or value of an organization, product, or service. For Writers Essay! It is communication of characteristics, values, and dissertation mixed methods attributes that clarify what this particular brand is and is not. A brand will help encourage someone to buy a product, and it directly supports whatever sales or marketing activities are in play, but the brand does not explicitly say “buy me.” Instead, it says “This is what I am. Apology Essay! This is why I exist. If you agree, if you like me, you can buy me, support me, and recommend me to your friends.”

Branding is strategic. Marketing is tactical. Marketing may contribute to a brand, but the brand is bigger than any particular marketing effort. The brand is what remains after the marketing has swept through the room. It’s what sticks in your mind associated with a product, service, or organization—whether or not, at that particular moment, you bought or did not buy. The brand is dissertation, ultimately what determines if you will become a loyal customer or not. Dare Essay! The marketing may convince you to buy a particular Toyota, and dissertation outline mixed methods maybe it’s the first foreign car you ever owned, but it is the brand that will determine if you will only buy Toyotas for the rest of your life.

The brand is built from many things. Carnival Essays! Very important among these things is the lived experience of the brand. Methods! Did that car deliver on its brand promise of reliability? Did the maker continue to uphold the research papers quality standards that made them what they are? Did the sales guy or the service center mechanic know what they were talking about? Marketing unearths and dissertation activates buyers.

Branding makes loyal customers, advocates, even evangelists, out of those who buy. This works the same way for all types of businesses and funds organizations. All organizations must sell (including nonprofits). Dissertation! How they sell may differ, and everyone in an organization is, with their every action, either constructing or deconstructing the brand. Every thought, every action, every policy, every ad, every marketing promotion has the effect of agriculture research papers, either inspiring or deterring brand loyalty in whomever is exposed to it. All of this affects sales.

Back to our financial expert. Outline Methods! Is marketing a cost center? Poorly researched and executed marketing activities can certainly be a cost center, but well-researched and well-executed marketing is an investment that pays for itself in sales and brand reinforcement. Is branding a cost center? On the surface, yes, but the return is loyalty.

The return is salespeople whose jobs are easier and the giver more effective, employees who stay longer and work harder, customers who become ambassadors and advocates for the organization. Branding is as vital to the success of dissertation outline mixed methods, a business or nonprofit as having financial coherence, having a vision for the future, or having quality employees. It is the essential foundation for apology essay a successful operation. So yes, it’s a cost center, like good employees, financial experts, and dissertation outline business or organizational innovators are. They are cost centers, but what is REALLY costly is essay, not to have them, or to have substandard ones. Do you need an dissertation mixed methods affordable way to improve your brand today? Because we know that not everyone needs or can afford our full process, we created a guided tutorial package for our foundational brand strategy tool: the Brand Pyramid. Watch the video for a preview.

For more information on the brand strategy tutorial, visit here where you will find a fuller explanation and link to for writers a free download of the methods first video. Illustration above for Tronvig Group by Sage Einarsen. Thanks for this James – branding and marketing definitely get confused too often … we definitely serve our clients better when we explain the differences clearly. Well, just to challenge the dare essay contest rebecca standard view a bit: what if the idea that branding precedes marketing comes from a too narrow view of outline mixed, marketing? If marketing is dare rebecca, seen from the point of view of old-fashioned production or selling orientation, it certainly looks as if branding is the heart of everything, and marketing is just about ‘selling techniques’. But marketing has been developed also as a strategic tool, which is itself at the very core of the entire business strategy. How can branding suddenly take its place?

As I started to develop city marketing in dissertation mixed, the 1980s, when branding was not developed at all in this particular area, I seem to have developed a different view than those who see marketing as just a tool for branding. Rather, and dare essay rebecca this is very tentative, I think that branding developed simply from outline mixed methods, a ‘product’ dimension of 4P, extending to such directions as identity and positioning, which in the current market and competitive condition gained a special role in marketing. Opinion The Giver! Thus, it is still an integral part of strategic marketing. Does this make any sense? Dr.

Rudy Cardona says. By the way, and mixed as you probably know, the term “city marketing” speaks of the city in generic terms. Carnival Essays! City Branding, or Destination Branding, implies now a generic city with its own brand using strategic marketing actions to promote itself in a fierce competitive global landscape. Dr. Rudy Cardona says. In total agreement with your comment!! Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko — I fully agree with your explanation. Mr. Heaton, please consider the explanation and do implore the same.

Brand management being strategic and dissertation outline mixed methods marketing being tactical seem like a myopic view of the the giver subject of marketing for those who are studying it. I, too, agree that brand management is a subset of marketing first and outline not independent. I think it does make sense, and thank you very much for your thoughtful comments. Sometimes I think this argument might be no more than a kind of childish fight: “My tool is bigger than your tool.” and I may have played into agriculture research papers this by saying, “Branding is strategic. Marketing is dissertation, tactical.” I was perhaps arguing that my tool is bigger. One might also say that strategic marketing is just as strategic as strategic branding, so my statement IS an oversimplification, but its intent was clarification for carnival essays those confused about how the two different processes operate, which I hope is a useful larger point. Marketing operates primarily through tactical means, and branding, while manifest in all things including every tactical action, is to dissertation outline my view, really about what people hold in their minds, and this is funds for writers, significantly more about strategic positioning than tactical action. I’m not sure I still believe unequivocally that branding is primary, and our understanding of marketing continues to evolve. As it does, it’s getting more powerful and more strategic, and dissertation outline mixed it’s also eating up ground once occupied for me by branding.

So it goes. In the 15 months since I wrote this post, I have, it turns out, spent more time talking about marketing than I have about branding, and this could be a reflection of my own awakening to just how much strategic ground marketing could be made to cover. Branding though still remains, for me, fundamental. To take your example, when it comes to marketing a city, is it more important to look inward and create a brand that is true to the experience of dare essay, those living or visiting that place, or is dissertation methods, it more important to think about what the apology essay city has to offer in terms on the needs of those who use it? For me this difference in dissertation, approach is a key difference between branding and carnival essays marketing. Each approach to the problem of what to do yields a slightly different outcome. Each implies differing tactical actions, and (I now believe) each approach benefits from the insights brought by the other. In our own Branding and outline mixed methods Marketing Discovery process, we now do both things—we try to carnival essays get at mixed methods the truth of the carnival essays brand from the perspective of those who know it well, and then we also try to understand the brand offer in terms of the needs of those who do and might potentially consume it. This second set of findings often suggests changes/improvements. Do you/we then, as in your example, ask a city to dissertation outline mixed change something fundamental about the giver, itself so that it will be a better sell?

Is this what really happens? I’m guessing the answer might sometimes be yes. That’s interesting, and I’m curious to know your experience. In any event, thanks for helping me think about it. Dissertation Outline! I will continue to do so as I want to always be learning.

Thanks for your thoughtful reply. Good points. I am luckily out of the whole marketing game. This is why I do not have any particular need to participate in that “my tool is bigger than yours” game. And I am glad you have a rather pragmatic view of it, too. But about the original question, I probably have a simply old-fashioned view of it, as I was like sleeping for some twenty years — I had nothing to do with marketing after the latter half of the agriculture papers 1980s — and outline methods when I returned to the topic recently, it seemed that the discourse was more about branding than marketing, and it sure attracted my attention. As I said, my field is city marketing and city branding, and that is carnival essays, a special field that may also partly explain my view of the mixed marketing/branding relationship.

If I try to explain what I meant in the previous reply, I simply see that the product dimension of marketing grew out from for writing, its original place in 4Ps and became a kind of spearhead dimension through the interplay of business strategy, product development, and the symbolic aspect of communication, which for understandable reasons started to change the traditional idea of the marketing mix. This, together with fundamental changes in methods, the economy (of which you know more than I do) and what Lash and Urry, for example, refer to as economies of help college, signs and dissertation mixed space , and a general emphasis on the increased symbolic nature of economic life (incl. Opinion! digitalisation), and with increased awareness of brand values and global brand names since the 1990s, has created a completely new way of looking at the symbolic aspect of a product. This is dissertation outline, why I see that the DNA of branding is in the interplay within the product-communication axis. Hence the brand is now at the core of the new discourse. The story is much longer and nuanced, but I tried to keep it short.

As to your question about city branding, I guess I am not completely wrong if I translate the dilemma into the relationship of brand identity and the brand promise of the city. And if you ask me, you do exactly the right thing: you have to opinion work on both dimensions. Yet, there are two extremely important things to take into dissertation outline mixed methods account. First, a city is a reflexive entity. There is professional with admission essays for writing, no ‘real’ city here and the ‘represented’ city there, but instead a reflexive entity that changes through its symbolic expressions — sometimes slowly, and dissertation outline sometimes only slightly — but the reflexivity is apology analysis essay, there. Thus, when we brand a city, we are also reworking the identity of the city, because there is no longer the same identity that there was before we started our endeavour. Of course, this requires that our actions are influential and meaningful to the community.

With this exaggeration I am just trying to dissertation outline methods point out the very evolutionary nature of brand identity in the case of city branding. And second, we have to keep in carnival essays, mind that in city branding the methods ‘identity’ is an aggregate of experiences of people living and visiting the city, and a set of key attributes as expressed in opinion the giver, urban symbolism, and this is not and outline mixed methods should not be treated as a sacred cow. Branding is meant to college admission essays for writing point out weak points, gaps, cleavages, and tensions that require not only narrowly defined branding designed for dissertation outline mixed methods external audiences but also profound changes in funds for writers contest, the self-perception, conditions, and policies of the dissertation outline mixed urban community in question. This is a well-known story in many post-industrial cities which really needed a large-scale restructuring in with college essays for writing, order provide decent working and living conditions for their citizens. Sometimes it works, sometimes not, but in methods, such cases there is no other way than just to try. Glasgow, Bilbao, Pittsburgh etc. are textbook cases of such changes, but only a tip of the iceberg. This message is getting too long, but let me just summarise. Yes, sometimes you must ask the city to reform itself in order to be able to attract desired values from the space of precision agriculture research papers, flows. (This is actually the key message of my ‘city attraction hypothesis’).

Lastly, thanks for the interesting conversation and stimulating ideas! Thank you for taking the outline mixed time to thoughtfully answer my question. You look too young to have been branding cities in the 1980’s, or is essay contest, that the prerogative of the very young in Europe? ;) I see you are publishing what looks to be a fascinating book on outline, this subject: The Political Economy of City Branding. I will have to read your ‘city attraction hypothesis.’ It’s a topic that is apology analysis, becoming surprisingly germane to our work. We are beginning to brush up against these very issues as we work on branding and dissertation marketing projects involving keynote public institutions—like museums—in smaller cities. Precision Research Papers! Their fate and identity is deeply intertwined with that of the city itself. So the questions we face sometimes grow larger as we get deeper into the real issues at play, until we are inevitably talking about the brand of the city itself, and how that will change or force changes on outline mixed methods, the institutions we are seeking to help and vice versa. I must soundly disagree with your position.

Do you disagree with Peter Drucker’s statement that “There are two, and only two, essential functions for any business: marketing and innovation. Everything else is a cost.” Your view of marketing as a tactic is precision research papers, much too narrow and outline simple. Marketing is agriculture research, everything that an organization does to get and keep a customer. Branding came into outline mixed methods vogue due to carnival essays the success of the company’s marketing – see Coke. James Heaton says.

Tim: Thanks for dissertation mixed methods the comment and for bringing up Peter Drucker. Sorry for the lateness of my reply. I was off grid practicing what I preach in How Not to essay Vacation. I do not disagree with you at the level of the most general definition of mixed, marketing. I’m not sure how helpful that kind of definition is though since it tends to consume everything and then just sit there bloated and unhelpful. Carnival Essays! Peter Drucker’s “marketing” certainly includes all of dissertation mixed methods, what I refer to as branding along with all that I refer to as marketing. You might also notice that I touch on the question of the ongoing debate over whose concept is bigger in my discussion above with Professor Anttiroiko. I do not want to essay rebecca add fire to that. If you want marketing to be the first principal, fine, but the marketing approach and the branding approach remain distinct and complementary aspects of the what should be a synthetic and comprehensive process. I maintain that understanding their distinctive roles and contributions to this process makes for dissertation outline mixed better marketing (your definition). I certainly do NOT disagree with Peter Drucker or his statement about the essential role of marketing for analysis essay all businesses.

On this point, please see my post: Marketing is Not Optional. It is helpful when you differentiate branding from marketing, as many people get confused when talking about this stuff. It was a pleasure reading your post. More Power! Graphic Design Company in outline mixed methods, Philadelphia says. Then what does it mean when people say you need branding for your business?

I mean, if branding is what we are then why do we have to do it? James Heaton says. Thanks for the question. I have to assume it’s rhetorical since you are a graphic design firm, but let me take the opportunity to elaborate on the sentence. Your brand IS what you are, but more importantly it is what you are in the MINDS of your brand consumers. So, the truth and essay effectiveness of dissertation, your brand expression matters a great deal. Your brand must have clarity and an idea that is agriculture research, strong enough, coherent enough and distinctive enough to be able to lodge in your brand consumer’s mind. This requires expert and persistent articulation and supporting expression across all the constituent elements of your brand, at least those over which you exercise direct and indirect control.

This includes, but is dissertation outline, not limited to, your employee training, your vision statement, your physical spaces if you have them, all of your deployed brand assets such as photography, videos, logos, graphics, colors, how you use language, and of course, your marketing communications expressed through websites, printed materials and precision research all manner of advertising. Your brand is a living, breathing thing that is dissertation outline mixed, simultaneously within your organization and spread across all those who ever have and opinion will ever encounter you. So, in answer to your question, you only mixed have to “do it” in the sense that not doing it will likely result in your brand being incoherent and diffuse, a state described by some as having no brand at all. This is a very relevant and articulate article. But if I may, I’d like to carnival essays present a contrarian view: The Brand is “what you are”, and Marketing is “what you do”… BUT “what you do” (habits) eventually defines “what you are” (personality). In my opinion, Branding and Marketing, and dissertation mixed methods Sales, are more intimately connected than we think… And they should be treated as one function. As a Creative Director, I know that Advertising for the same Brand tends to have very different flavours depending on whether the funds essay contest brief is from methods, Brand Manager or the CMO/Marketing Manager… In my opinion, that it’s because even though they profess otherwise, they have considerably different incentives and apology essay “end results” in mind.

Case in dissertation outline mixed, point: Dove ‘brand’ ads are empathetic and appreciative of “natural beauty”, whereas Dove ‘marketing’ ads prey on essay, insecurities like any cosmetic product… http://inkstainedmind.blogspot.com/2013/04/excuse-me-while-i-wash-my-mouth-out.html. Hi guys! I am a bit confused about dissertation outline mixed methods, this answer from a startup company “We are not spending any money on branding right now.” Can one be spending money on dare essay rebecca, branding? If yes, can you give me an dissertation methods example? Because I think more that what they mean is “we are not spending money on MARKETING right now” ? From what I understand here on this site, branding is the apology analysis essay “ID” of the dissertation outline mixed methods company which is stored in the minds of the consumers. So I guess that this ID is built up by marketing tactics, which cost money. Am I wrong? Please clarify it for me :) James Heaton says. Marinela, what an dare essay rebecca interesting thought. Thank you.

Branding, in mixed methods, part, could be seen as the agriculture research “id” of an organization. It can and should also be more than that. Crucially, it has to dissertation mixed have external manifestations through whatever means (including marketing). Your brand exists, I think, in for writers essay contest, the interplay between what you are and what you do (including your marketing tactics) on one side, and the idea your consumers retain about you on the other. Dissertation Methods! So I see marketing and branding as two essential aspects of the ongoing relationship organizations have with the world. Essay! As succinctly pointed out by mixed methods, Peter Drucker (and Tim) “There are two, and only two, essential functions for any business: marketing and innovation.

Everything else is a cost.” Contained inside Peter Drucker’s notion of agriculture papers, marketing with a capital M, brand work is there, and serves as the internal foundation upon outline mixed, which marketing execution can be built. Marketing, as I describe it, is also there looking at the issue from its vantage point in the mind of the professional consumer. They are fraternal twins that see the world differently, but should be loved equally by mother business. Organizations do not HAVE to methods spend money on branding, but many do and rightly so. They spend money on contest rebecca, branding when they need assistance with what should be natural and mixed methods easy, but actually is not—finding clarity. Organizations also often have to spend money on branding, when they or their marketplace is evolving or changing, or when they are having trouble expressing themselves effectively across all communication pathways. We actually have two rubrics for strategy: one that assesses the brand viability of an idea or execution (from the professional help essays for writing mind of the organization) and another that assesses the marketing viability (from the perspective of the mind of the dissertation outline mixed methods target consumer).

Together these two can serve as a strategic guide for effective communications. Neither is truly fixed. It’s remarkable how many organizations actually do need branding help, let alone marketing help. Perhaps this is just the consequence of a basic reality: things always change—markets, people, tastes. It does often take an outside guide to help an organization back or forward to the right (meaning most effective) actions. In the end, brand communications (natural or supported) should serve to foster a more positive and constructive influence over your brand as it exists (and evolves) in the mind of your brand consumers.

I think it worth mentioning that for a company to succeed, it needs both branding and carnival essays marketing. Mixed! It doesn’t cut it with just one or the carnival essays other. Marketing for short term cash flow, and dissertation outline methods Branding for building the loyalty or equity. Marketing will help boost the product or service distribution and Branding will help retain customers and grow more. I learned way back in my research about branding, that a brand is the ‘personality’ of your product that you are trying to market. Your brand will develop a reputation, initially by dare essay contest rebecca, marketing tactics, but ultimately by consumer experience. It can be bad, or it can be good. Dissertation Mixed! (Don’t forget Public Relations, it’s up to dare contest rebecca PR to make sure the reputation is protected by enhancing the good and downplaying the dissertation outline bad.) Marketing ‘uses’ the good qualities of the brand to ‘sell’ to the public. And marketing will match graphic elements to opinion essay reflect the positive qualities of the product by dissertation outline mixed methods, using colors, photographs, a logo and dare essay contest even fonts. These elements will create a visual identity for the ‘personality.’

For example, Superman is associated trustworthiness and dependability in a time of need. He has a good reputation. He is identified with a logo—the letter ‘S’. His colors are mainly blue and red with a touch of yellow, and he has a cape that is unique to him. (This identifies him and separates him from, say, Batman, who also has a cape and a good reputation, but wears black. Dissertation! Branding needs to clarify a unique personality.) Superman gets publicity for his good deeds.

News stories and headlines are the PR that communicates to essay the public the dissertation mixed methods good deeds he is associated with, and helps spread this knowledge. This helps enhance his word-of-mouth reputation. Marketing strategies establish the graphics, the funds essay colors and outline mixed methods the logo to match the personality to a visual identity. Contest! And these will be used leveraging his perceived positive qualities to outline mixed methods sell Superman products like movies and toys… I have a bit of a different view on this. For LARGE companies with lots of marketing dollars to spend, they can do a lot of branding. If you”re a small company, sales professional or start-up, FOCUS on LEAD GENERATION.

Let brand building be the BY-PRODUCT of your lead generation activities. Not a strategy onto itself. Far too many small businesses are VICTIMS of brand building. Flushing their limited marketing dollars down the drain. James Heaton says. Ken, thank you for your comment and insight.

I agree with you that there is a danger in spending lots of money on what some people think of as branding. Essay! And I agree that some small companies are victims of this. For me though, one of the essential functions of branding is to sort out dissertation, how you are going to communicate your value so that those outside your company or organization (or your own head) can understand it. Not doing this can also be very costly. Casting many lines may seem like the logical first step, but it is essays for writing, infinitely wiser to cast them strategically—knowledge of precisely where to cast those lines (who to talk to) can only be gleaned once the hard internal work, which involves getting clear on outline, your brand and offer, is done.

Fishing lines do not pay for themselves, and every dead end, every wasted opportunity, is carnival essays, money spent. Branding should not be about dissertation outline mixed, spending a lot of money to opinion make your logo look pretty, but it should be about making sure your energies are focused strategically on those things that will yield the results you want out in the world. Maybe another way to put this is … beware of branding companies who will give you a brand without first helping you establish a strategic foundation for outline mixed its operation within your tactical activities (such as lead generation, or your website, or whatever marketing activation you have taken on). So, is branding more closely related to the old-fashioned “word-of-mouth” advertising? Is brand also more likely to be affected by essay the giver, unpaid publicity (e.g. journalist reports on TV, radio, internet or newspaper)? I’m predicting the answer is “yes” to both of these questions, but I’m just checking that I do understand how it all works together. James Heaton says.

Kerrie, as you predict, yes. It’s appropriate here to quote Walter Landor: “Products are made in mixed, the factory, but brands are created in the mind.” So, all of the stuff you mention impacts the brand, as does your marketing activity, of course. Hi James, this is opinion the giver, a wonderful article…I just stumbled upon it today and have enjoyed reading both it and the ensuing comments. I do wonder, as an aspiring brand manager I see a lot of variation in how companies approach the topic of brand and dissertation mixed methods more specifically rebranding. Is there a framework you’d recommend that fleshes out and funds for writers touches on more than the brand ID elements (which most seem to get hung up on) in a rebrand process? I have a hard time articulating the outline mixed methods importance of digging deeper beyond these elements when working with a team considering a rebrand. Carnival Essays! Thank you. Thank you again, I’ll be following the blog. James Heaton says. Roger, I just wrote another post on this topic that more directly addresses your question.

See: http://www.tronviggroup.com/visual-brand-and-360-brand/ James Heaton says. Roger, one of our core brand strategy tools is our version of the Brand Pyramid which you can read about and download here at the bottom of Your Brand Idea: Who but Horton can hear it? We also have marketing strategy tools that start with research into the mind of the consumer and the true drivers of dissertation outline mixed methods, their behavior, because it is important for marketers to distinguish between what people say they will do and what they actually do. (See Brain Science and Marketing: Role of the Limbic #038; Reptilian Brains and also What is marketing strategy?) Great distinction James! I’ve worked in advertising for ten years, and yet if someone had asked me to define marketing versus branding, I don’t think I would have done as well as your insightful distinction of the agriculture research former as active promotion, or “pushing,” whereas the latter is communication of essential truths and values, or “pulling.”

What made the point about cost centers especially poignant is that Sony is eliminating the office in outline mixed methods, San Francisco (where my team and I work), which was established to build the new responsive global web site. Why? Because it was perceived as a cost center. And yes, Sony is hurting, no doubt–but if Sony is to funds essay contest regain its status as a leading global brand, the mixed methods company needs to invest in things like a world-class web site. C’est le vie!

In my opinion marketing is what Tim said: “Marketing is apology analysis, everything that an organization does to get and keep a customer.” That’s not vague or sitting in a corner collecting dust. It means that your says everything about your organisation, how you work. It means marketing is also researching what the outline mixed methods market wants and then acting upon that. Marketing consists of the various P’s. Promotion is just one of them.

Do not confuse ‘marketing’ with ‘promotion’ Where Nate says –I don’t think I would have done as well as your insightful distinction of the former as active promotion, or “pushing,” whereas the latter is dare rebecca, communication of essential truths and outline mixed methods values, or “pulling.”– I think you give a good explanation of the difference between promotion and branding. Anika Davis says. People would often get bewildered with these two words because I know most of us believed that they correlate but many do not understand the important differences between them. Sometimes, it is opinion essay, misunderstood when it comes to business. Branding is identifying your target audience and what they want. If you define what your brand stands for then it becomes easier to make decisions. While on the other hand, marketing is the process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably.

The marketing should also be based on your branding. In essence, marketing is what you do to get your message or promise to outline methods customers, while your brand is funds, how you keep the outline promise made through delivery to customers. Sandra Larkin says. Thank you, this is a great clarification. To my way of thinking, brand is an identity, which acts as an organizing principle for marketing. When your brand identity is weak or ill-defined, your marketing will be unfocused and scattershot. Essay! When your brand identity is strong and your marketing is centered around it, both are reinforced and become more effective.

Tarun bahuguna says. Isn’t branding part of Marketing? Marketing is an extensive field. It has been terribly restricted to only promotion (in this post). Marketing includes every thing from research—what consumers want to how the ‘brand’ should be positioned and to which group of customers it should target. Marketing also includes sales and after sales service. It’s very wrong to outline mixed quote difference between marketing and branding. It’s like making a difference between engineering and computer engineering. James Heaton says. Tarun, I like the expansiveness of your definition of marketing.

You postulate that marketing is to branding as engineering is to computer engineering. In other words branding is wholly contained within the marketing endeavor. I have my own very expansive definition of marketing: consumer understanding applied. This fits well, I think, with your definition as I read it. The place where we differ is on the definition of branding , because branding extends inward and impacts and encompasses an organization’s internal workings and funds contest behavior in ways that marketing does not. Marketing cannot and should not dictate or adjudicate operational behavior within an organization. It should influence product development, but it does not address the essential truth of a business (despite what some marketing departments might hope). Branding, if it is to be more than just an espousal, should go inward as deeply as it goes outward. Dissertation Outline Methods! We are not discussing visual branding, but branding that includes culture as I believe it must. As such, the roles that should be played by branding and marketing are not concentric rings as you have describe, but a Venn diagram.

This is not necessarily clear from the apology essay article above, and dissertation outline it does, as written, lead to a debate about whose definition is professional college, bigger, when it should be giving clarity to the differing and complementary roles of outline mixed, these two essential aspects of essay, organizational being and behavior. This article remains very popular because people seemingly have a genuine desire for clarity here. Tronvig Group has developed a whole strategic diagnostic process based on our understanding of the differences. The tools most useful for brand strategy are radically different from the dissertation tools most useful for marketing strategy. They are complementary disciplines that each benefit from a thorough understanding of their respective reach and limitations. Opinion Essay! I have come to a place where it does not expand our insight to dissertation outline say that one is wholly contained within the other. Shadab malik says. It’s a great discussion, and I enjoyed every bit of it. The takeaway for me is this: branding precedes marketing. Opinion The Giver! Often times we start with marketing and down the road think about mixed, branding, especially in small start-ups where immediate, short term gains are given more importance than long term brand building.

In fact, I have seen some clients talk about branding without thinking inwardly as if it’s totally a promotion activity. This disturbs me to see so many business owners thinking that way. Contest! It makes complete sense then that only a few companies come out dissertation outline mixed methods, as real brands. Laurie Swenson says. What you say about branding vs. marketing is what I say about marketing vs. advertising.

I don’t see marketing as a push at all. That’s for precision research advertising, IMO. I write about marketing (but not about dissertation mixed, advertising, which isn’t really on my radar) but until today hadn’t written specifically about branding (I’m doing some research now for my article, which is for a company that sells printing supplies), which I think of as more specific than marketing (and, I’ll grant you, less about the product) and relevant to printed materials, graphics, logos, consistent image of the company, etc. There’s lots of overlap between branding and marketing, and you could argue that branding is a subset of opinion, marketing. That said, the methods senior executive’s sentence made me blink. Branding and funds for writers marketing are not synonyms. Vimal J. Joshi says.

First of methods, all Mr. Papers! James Heaton, Thank you very much for the clarification about “The differences between branding marketing” which I was searching on the internet. I like your strait forward statement, “Branding is PULL #038; Marketing is PUSH.” In my personal view the dissertation outline mixed methods key is to balance these two factors. “Branding is a constant where as marketing is the variable.” Likewise branding is the research fuel and marketing is the car. Tarun is right. Marketing is a vast term that encompasses all the mixed methods channels/elements that go into the distribution and communication of a product or service for the purpose of advancing its consumption/adoption.

How’s that for broad? Anecdotally I’ve told clients a story about the 3 blind men and the elephant – that old fable where the men touch various parts of an elephant – the dare rebecca ear, the dissertation outline leg, the trunk and essay describe the beast as a “Chinese fan”, a “tree trunk” and a “snake” because they could only dissertation outline mixed relate to that one part of the elephant that they touched. Marketing is dare essay contest rebecca, that elephant. And your perception is outline methods, as a result of what you have been exposed to in your career. You may have heard of the textbook definition of marketing using the 4Ps (Price, Place, Promotion and Product – even 5Ps in some circles including “People”) and for 99% of the cases in dare contest, the world, this is adequate and accurate. Setting the other Ps aside for the sake of this argument, Promotion is the communicative “P” that includes sub set elements of Advertising (traditional paid media along with its creative messaging), PR (traditional earned media along with its messaging strategies), Digital/Social, Sales Promotion and several other channels/elements that are designed to dissertation methods promote the organization’s product or service and/or its sales messages and/or calls to action. Notice almost no reference to “branding” yet. That’s because the brand is a different kind of an animal – a persona if you will, that pervades all and is woven into all the other communication elements.

In fact, it is an embodiment or a reflection of the very culture of the company/organization itself. The brand is professional help with, both a strategic and holistic process that requires companies and mixed organizations self examine and essay the giver articulate a promise to their audiences, customers and constituents as to who they are, what they stand for and how they intend add value or do business. Typically in dissertation outline mixed, great organizations, this “brand” governs all communications and interactions with external audiences and in funds essay, this sense, it is also widely considered PART of the Marketing Strategy – or simply – a part of outline methods, marketing. This basic explanation of the difference between “marketing” and “branding” (technically not a word/thing) has worked for me for opinion the giver 30 years. There are so many theories…variations….semantics….it’s exhausting. And…at the end of the day…I just might not be right. Methods! *cuts eyes at everyone. Lanre Basamta says. I am reading your article almost 2 years later and its making a tremendous impact on me still. I currently work as Head of opinion essay, Brands #038; Marketing of an IT firm, and everyday I try to ask myself the difference between Branding and Marketing and dissertation mixed methods why they indeed should be different if at essay contest all. I appreciate your perspective and agree that Branding is an overriding strategy upon which our marketing efforts lie.

The questions around How to advertise, where to advertise, when, what to say and how to be perceived are questions only Branding (Who you are and want to be perceived as in the customer’s mind) helps to outline methods answer! Thanks for help college admission essays such a wonderful piece. Thomas Christy Louis says. Great Article. Push or Pull system simplified. I can see from the comments this article has been very popular. Outline Mixed Methods! Thank you so much for posting this. I appreciate the line between these is not obviously clear and there is a lot of contradictory discussion around this. Opinion Essay! This is how I come down to understand the difference between branding and dissertation outline mixed methods marketing. Two possible ways to look at it: ? Brand as a company view – brand is larger than marketing (because marketing is a part of any organisation, it is essay, one of the outline methods functions).

? Branding as an activity view – branding is a PART of marketing. By the essay way, Kotler points that “customers view a brand as an important part of a product, and branding can add value to a consumer’s purchase”. I have to disagree that “Branding is methods, strategic. Marketing is tactical.” This is mainly because I define marketing as an analysis essay organisational function, a business philosophy, a set of processes and activities for delivering the desired and long term customer satisfaction better than competitors in a way that benefits an methods organisation. James Heaton says. Irute and others above, thank you for your thoughtful comments! On your contention that I am wrong in saying that branding is strategic and marketing is tactical: this is clearly an arguable point and I genuinely appreciate your thoughtfulness here. Let me explain my thinking. I see branding as the research papers process of making sure your business (organizational or product) strategy is supported by operational truth, and so the strength of your brand depends on your ability to dissertation mixed deliver on precision, a brand promise in the context of a strategically differentiated market position. By contrast, I see marketing as the means by dissertation outline mixed, which you actively communicate that promise. Marketing therefore is naturally more inclined to devote its attention to tactics: How do I best communicate this?

To whom do I direct this communication? What specifically do I say to communicate the carnival essays value of my offer so it will be meaningful? Strategy is certainly an essential aspect of marketing as much as it is for branding, but for me branding is NOT a tactic of marketing. Those who think it so are missing my essential point: Your brand must be true. It is dissertation outline methods, not something you fabricate to help admission for writing meet a market need. This not to say that a brand cannot evolve—indeed it must—but I think it would be a mistake to start from the idea that a brand should be no more than what the market needs it to be. Marketing strategy must discern the dissertation methods most powerful intersection between the truth of the brand and the needs of the market.

If a brand is no longer compatible with the market, then the brand must evolve, but this process has to analysis essay be accompanied by dissertation outline mixed, congruent changes in operational practice and the migration of the truth of the brand into its new state—a state more suited to market need. It is carnival essays, not possible to mixed just switch the brand skin to suit a new marketing strategy. This is why we have found it necessary to supplement our traditional branding work with the essay rebecca hard follow-up work of organizational alignment and sometimes organizational change. We are no longer in a world where it is enough to just say you stand for something. You must make good on your promise. If your brand is forced to function as a subset of marketing it is made vulnerable to a descent into becoming an espousal unsupported by dissertation methods, operational truth. This, as Michael Porter points out, is the antithesis of effective strategy. Thank you so much for your article. I can’t tell you how many times small business owners have asked me that question – what’s the papers difference between marketing and branding? – and I have struggled to answer them as succinctly as you have.

For marketers, we can argue amongst each other about the 4Ps, what is marketing as a whole etc, but for start-ups who have limited resources and have to outline mixed focus on getting sales immediately, they just want to know why they need to know branding. I tell them that branding defines who you are as a company and what your offer, your products. Branding is simply defining your values, characteristics and what you want to be known as in the mind of consumers. Business owners are also under the carnival essays misconception that they have to spend lots of money for branding, which I tell them is not true. You can do that simply by dissertation methods, the language you use when defining who you are on your company website, your product descriptions, your sales pitch. And then you can use marketing techniques, ads, social media, and so on to not only push people to buy your products but also to advance your identity.

Tobias Dahlberg says. Thanks for a great conversation thread. I am running a strategic brand agency called Wonder Agency, and carnival essays naturally I am very keen on this discussion. There are lots of good arguments in the thread, however I think some confusion is created where people get the basic definitions mixed (and of course, you might challenge me on this point). I would go back to the core definitions here. A brand is simply the perceptions a person holds about a product, service or company (in the outline mixed methods context of funds essay contest, business). These perceptions, of course affect their attitudes and behaviours, making branding so business crucial). In order to affect the perceptions of people, you can choose to engage in dissertation mixed, activities called branding. The -ing makes the difference between brand and branding, as the apology analysis essay -ing suggests action. So per mixed methods, that definition, branding is ANYTHING that takes place that somehow shapes people’s perceptions, deliberate or not.

So the brand is the result of branding (cause vs. Apology Analysis! effect). In some comments above people refer to branding as an internal strategy-firmulating activity, whereas other talk about dissertation outline mixed methods, visual identity elements, and so forth. These are all branding activities, however they are not to be confused with what the word branding actually means. Agriculture! The tactics of branding is different that the idea of methods, branding, is what I mean. To create a strong brand, a company will have to engage in lots of different activities, some of which could be classified as marketing (whether you subscribe to the broader, Druckerian definition, or the more narrow one in dare essay, the article above).

My stand is dissertation methods, that branding definitely is broader than marketing, because, as per this definition the function of business strategy, innovation, culture and operations are all extremely important in the causal chain that creates a brand (in the minds of consumers). In other words, to affect the brand, you have to see all your crucial business functions as part of the game. The brand should be the face of business strategy externally, and the heart of business strategy internally. The brand is the lens through which people first experience and perceive a brand, then judge it (label it) according to their own identity, values etc. The most important brand question you can ask yourself is “Why should they choose us”? And that is one crucial part of carnival essays, business strategy (which at dissertation outline methods the core asks Where do we play? and How do we win?). So branding starts with business strategy (and naturally with the ideal customers in mind) and should cascade into all aspects of business. When this happens, a company can reap the rewards of “strategic branding”, a term I use to refer to professional with essays for writing companies who are fully integrated.

The “brand as marketing” view is simply too narrow, in my view. James Heaton says. Thank you for adding your thoughts to this post. They are greatly appreciated. Tobais, one of the outline methods pleasures of having this blog is the opportunity it occasionally affords me to evolve my thinking. I’m now quite close to where you stand on professional with college admission essays for writing, this.

Thank you for dissertation taking the time to dare contest articulate your position. Tobias Dahlberg says. Thanks James. You can tell how much impact your great article has had by the fact that it was at outline mixed methods the top of help admission for writing, my search. Keep up the dissertation mixed good writing work. Tobias.

Hello James and essay everyone here, I really enjoyed this article and the discussion. So here I was thinking (and having learned) that branding was a part of marketing – thinking of the 4Ps, it would be positioning, thinking of the 4Cs, it would be communication. But your article really got me thinking and I started following down the path of the brand – identity – character and so on. So if I try to compare the whole question to outline myself as a human being, the brand would basically be my character – and marketing would be everything I did that reflected on my character. I could (theoretically) do things that were out of my character, too, but then probably I would have different friends (e.g. “customers” or “followers”) than those I actually have. At the same time, whatever I do and what my friends feel and say about me shapes my character, too, so I am assuming marketing would have a “backward impact” on my brand through my customers’ responses, forcing my brand to evolve and adapt to a changing environment based on my experience. And I stumbled upon your passage “The brand is built from many things.

Very important among these things is the lived experience of the brand. Agriculture Research Papers! Did that car deliver on its brand promise of reliability? Did the maker continue to uphold the quality standards that made them what they are?” Wouldn’t that relate to the “product” part of outline, marketing? Wouldn’t that, in human terms, still be part of what I did (e.g. Contest! deliver on outline mixed, my promises) rather than who I was? Can a brand be “experienced” or is the translation of the brand into marketing elements what makes that experience actually come to agriculture papers life? To me, branding and marketing seem inseparably linked – because if I’m true to my character, my actions reflect on it completely. Dissertation Methods! And my actions wouldn’t be the same if I had a different character. So while your article is inspirational, I feel that the answer is not as simple as you make it sound – it’s not strategic vs. tactical.

I think a character, or brand, cannot be described separately from the actions that are based on it – and for writers essay contest thus, branding cannot be viewed separately from dissertation outline methods, marketing, while at research the same time it would probably not be entirely right to describe branding as a part of marketing or as the basis for marketing. It seems to me more of an dissertation methods extremely entangled concept where one cannot be without the other. Interestingly, in the German language, the word for brand is “Marke” … (now here’s food for thought :-) … ) Dudu Bogatsu says. Branding is part of Marketing. Point of correction! Your explanation of branding is help with college essays for writing, correct but you missed what marketing really is. In fact, you are mixing up advertising with marketing. Marketing includes everything from the Product (the product benefits, packaging and branding), its Pricing, to its distribution (Place: that is where it’s sold); then the end bit – Promotions/Advertising (above the line and below the line- promotions) including sales. Dissertation! Your explanation of carnival essays, marketing is also being confused with the selling concept.

The marketing concept identifies a need or even helps potential users to dissertation mixed see a need they might be blind to, and dare essay contest rebecca producing a product to sincerely meet that need. How the outline product is presented and what perceptions should be created about the product is the branding strategy. The selling concept is merely making a product and pushing it through to be sold—may even be done by precision agriculture papers, false advertising—shoving the product down people’s throats. This is not marketing! Branding is the dissertation mixed methods visual, mental and verbal presentation of the product and its attributes which, if done well, will create the best and opinion essay accurate brand association—often known as brand positioning—that makes it distinguishable from similar products. Coming to the corporate brand—a slightly different shift would be that the brand identity may be created prior to the marketing strategy of it’s products. However, the corporate brand will also need a marketing strategy, which includes its brand association. steve naegele says. When I read things like this article and these comments the image that comes to my mind is cowboys putting a hot iron onto the side of a cow and burning the brand onto outline mixed methods, the cow. Essay! My professional experience is 35 years of dissertation mixed, working in marcom graphic design. I remember when this notion of brand become popular with my clients and analysis they kept talking about outline mixed methods, doing “branding ” which always seemed to be things they were doing to their customers, i.e. cowboys to cows.

I find that view very offense and degrading to customers because it suggests that your customers do not make their decisions. It seems to me that customers purchase products or service, use them and they make their own judgements and decisions about those products, services, and the company. Most customers are not stupid and for writers essay contest they make their decisions based on their experiences, and not what businesses tell them about dissertation mixed, their experiences. For me a brand is when people interact and then in conversation the name of the product or business comes up—how do the those people think and feel about the product or business and how do they ACT on those thoughts and feelings, But even before that part of the conversation, are individuals motivated to bring up the product or business into the conversation. Those conversations may be between teenagers talking about fashion or engineers designing a new product and for writers contest discussing which suppliers they will use. Your brand is not about mixed, what you do to apology essay the customer but the decisions your CUSTOMER MAKES about your products, services and business, based on dissertation outline mixed, their experiences. You build your brand by making the appropriate quality of product or service for your market and when your customers use it they judge and carnival essays decide your brand for themselves. Thanks for sharing this post. I was actually confused about branding and marketing as both are reciprocal to dissertation outline methods each other, but the way you describe the difference is precision research papers, quite interesting. I have read all the dissertation outline comments as well. They are also very helpful.

Maynard Morgan says. I think the advent of social media and agriculture papers the paradigm shift in business where angel investors can help you expand your business has made branding a more vital aspect of your business than marketing and I think that’s a good thing for most businesses. Ideally you don’t want to use tactics to sell up until the paradigm shift it was the best thing we had, so everyone used it. People better wake up and realize that marketing is becoming more of a supplemental tool and adjust their efforts accordingly. Brand Names says. Marketing creates brands, but a good brand may not need much marketing to sustain it. Great article and thanks for being so specific.

The example you gave about branding being what’s left in the room after the marketing effort has happened—the branding is the envelope and the letter is the marketing message. Thanks for this. Joji John Paul Joseph says. Branding, definitely is a subset of Marketing. Not to dissertation outline mixed target, but this term was relatively made by and to feed the precision agriculture research papers growing/grown industry of mixed methods, Visual Marketers, namely the designers of any sort.

[…] There are thousands of definitions of “branding” or just plain old “brand.” One of the best definitions of brand I’ve seen is from the Tronvig Group. Contest! To them, a brand is methods, “what sticks in your mind associated with a product, service, or organization — whether or not, at that particular moment, you bought or did not buy.” […] […] – TronvigGroup.com – The difference between marketing and branding – SkylineTradeShowTips.com – What is marketing? How 10 experts define it […] […] Problem besteht in der Charakteristik des Wortes “Marketing”, das einen Push Strategie in help college essays for writing, sich tragt, deren Wirksamkeit ich aber in Bezug auf digitale Kanale bezweifle. Dissertation Outline Methods! Diese […] […] The Tronvig Group refers to branding as “what sticks in your mind associated with a product, service, or organization — whether or not, at that particular moment, you bought or did not buy.” […] […] “… Branding is the expression of the essential truth or value of an organization, product, or service. It is communication of funds, characteristics, values, and attributes that clarify what this particular brand is and is not.” — Tronvig Group on Branding […] […] used to be a more definitive line drawn between “Marketing” and “Branding.” For example, some have argued in the recent past that Branding defines who you are, while marketing is a term used to describe […] […] sums up branding simply: “Your brand is dissertation outline mixed methods, your promise to dare rebecca your customer.” According to a post by the Tronvig Group, “branding is the expression of the essential truth or value of an mixed methods organization, product or […] […] the site will help you convey your message flawlessly to your audience. In its simplest form, branding is the perceived emotional image of opinion the giver, a company as a whole. Therefore, you should have a coherent and […] […] The Difference Between Marketing and dissertation methods Branding […] […] the dare rebecca forms of dissertation, sales closed and new customers. But is there even anything behind the words? As expert James Heaton eloquently puts it, your marketing is a method of pushing your message out, while your branding is […] […] Branding is, therefore, one of the most imperative facets of businesses, regardless of their type or size.

Branding strategies can literally make or break your businesses, by professional, boosting it up with competitive advantages or by dragging it down with unanticipated failures. So having an effective brand strategy is outline mixed, no longer a good thing to essay have, but have grown to dissertation become a necessity. […] […] greater than a robust model. An organization model is not only what seems on a label. It is the philosophy shared with prospects. The model conveys the professional help admission for writing persona, traits, values and qualities imbued in a […] […] Tronvigroup go further to explain that while marketing is more of a push tactic, branding is more of a pull tactic. Marketing promotes a product or service, while branding gives meaning to why a business exists and dissertation outline communicates its core values. We can say that marketing uses persuasion as a tactic, while brand building is about developing an emotional connection. […] […] this article by the Tronvig Group eloquently writes, “…marketing is actively promoting a product or […] […] The Difference Between Marketing and Branding […] […] definition of brand is from the Tronvig Group and I think it works well for small […] […] The Difference Between Marketing and apology analysis essay Branding [Tron Vig Group] “Branding should both precede and underlie any marketing effort.

Branding is mixed, not push, but pull. Branding is the expression of the essential truth or value of an organization, product, or service.” […] […] mes a llarg termini enfocada a construir una imatge de marca entre el seu mercat. Al lloc web de Tronvig Group han aconseguit arribar al moll de l’assumpte, prescindint de tecnicismes i valent-se […] […] recognition is a main concept that every business, both big and small, needs to grasp. Branding your company will make it stand out from its competitors and allow your customers to connect with […] […] – as in, you want to essay share your art with the world. **I got this “push-pull” idea from an article written by the branding agency Tronvig Group; click here to dissertation outline mixed methods read their more in-depth analysis of precision, […] […] Where Next:In the startup I am currently involved in, we are about to make our branding strategy for dissertation mixed the product we are developing, which is similar to the organizational branding strategy we just did on analysis, our websites. There was a message that we were trying to evoke in people when they saw our graphic design. This is true with what I am about to start working on at work. By our product design, leave behinds, and dissertation outline mixed website we want to leave customers with some type of emotion. Carnival Essays! […] […] Heaton from Tronvig Group wrote, “A brand will help encourage someone to buy a product, and it directly supports whatever […] […] The Difference Between Marketing and Branding […] […] Branding is the expression of the essential truth or value of an dissertation outline mixed organization, product, or service.

It is communication of professional with for writing, characteristics, values, and attributes that clarify what this particular brand is and is not- (http://www.tronviggroup.com/the-difference-between-marketing-and-branding) […] […] still confuse the terms branding and marketing, using them interchangeably. Understanding the difference is essential before we get into these recent branding examples and why they […] […] still confuse the terms branding and methods marketing, using them interchangeably. Understanding the difference is essential before we get into these recent branding examples and why they […] […] described by apology analysis, James Heaton at the Tronvig Group, “…marketing is actively promoting a product or service. Mixed Methods! It’s a push tactic…Branding should […]

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‘Inland Empire’: The Purest David Lynch Experience Since ‘Eraserhead’ David Lynch, a name that is for many film enthusiasts the dissertation, epitome for for writers, weird, surreal, and bizarre, surprised many people when he had characterised himself as a Boy Scout from Missoula, Montana. He is also known as “Jimmy Stewart from Mars,” or “Jimmy Stewart on acid”—a very polite, happy-go-lucky, enthusiastic individual, who unironically uses words and phrases like “Golly!,” “Holy jumping George!,” “Howdy!” etc., and who just happens to have a vivid imagination that has been the basis of nightmares for many of his viewers. Contrary to popular belief, Lynch is not the type of a guy who, for instance, chops off his fingernails in his grandmother’s basement and then puts them in his dinner salad, but is somebody who is actually trying, through foundations, meditation recommendations and charity work, to promote, and achieve without a hint of dissertation mixed methods irony, peace and prosperity. But Lynch’s worlds are full of dare contest rebecca such contradictions, full of idealists who also happen to be scoundrels below the surface, and Lynch is fascinated with the dark and perverse facet of the human condition, but also on the profound and methods gentle side of research humanity, a soulful aspect of his work that doesn’t get nearly mentioned as the former one.

The oblique and mysterious nature of dissertation mixed Lynch’s work draws many to become obsessed with finding a universal explanation or an apology, enlightened meaning to his films. But Lynch insists on never revealing what the abstractions in his films “mean,” and mixed methods he suggests to his viewers that they also try to find out for apology analysis, themselves more on an intuitive than a rational level as to what the disturbing visuals, the labyrinthian plots and the unreliable characters truly convey. Mixed Methods! Lynch claims that everybody is a detective, but it is essay, also important to note that Lynch’s movies are not merely a puzzle to be solved: they are to be experienced, after which a powerful cinema-going epiphany may come out of his best work. This set of dissertation methods essays will try and derive certain interpretations and explanations of Lynch’s ideas, but they are in no way to be understood as definitive or let alone indicative of what the professional help essays for writing, director himself was thinking. Every reader should be an outline, autonomous detective indeed. After an 11-year break from filmmaking, Lynch returns for, as he puts it, an 18-hour feature divided into 18 parts, called Twin Peaks , which sounds familiar to pretty much anyone remotely acquainted with the man’s work. Lynch’s cult television show that originally aired in 1990 and 1991 and revolutionized television storytelling returns, against apology essay, all odds, for a special event series starring Kyle MacLachlan as Agent Dale Cooper.

Very little is known about the plot or the outline mixed, characters, apart from the fact that it is the giver, indeed happening again, 25 years after the murder of Laura Palmer, the teenage homecoming queen whose death has set the plot of the old Twin Peaks into motion. A 200+ cast list has been released, including newcomers such as Naomi Watts, Laura Dern, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Tim Roth and Tom Sizemore. This mammoth project for a 71-year-old Lynch will, therefore, serve as a jumping point for Cinephilia Beyond to go to the past and methods explore his ten feature films, starting from the debut film Eraserhead in 1977, all the way to Inland Empire in 2006. Opinion! His short film, web, commercial and television work will not be included, with the clear and methods notable exception of Twin Peaks itself, which is an essential component for this retrospective. With Inland Empire , his final feature film to date, Lynch went back to his Eraserhead roots, making a film that is the contest rebecca, “purest” David Lynch since his debut, a film that he had written, produced, directed, edited and scored. Dissertation Methods! It was also his most loosely filmed work, since the script wasn’t near finished when Lynch started production. Agriculture! New script pages came every day for the cast and mixed methods crew to dare essay contest rebecca work on it, and the improvisational feel is mixed, reflected in the impenetrable plot of opinion the giver Inland Empire , making it a far bigger challenge to interpret and make sense of, even on the intuitive side, than either Lost Highway or Mulholland Drive , the other parts of the unofficial L.A. Dissertation! trilogy. Laura Dern plays an actress playing a role in a movie that is bound to be cursed– and the psychological descent into precision research papers, role-switching madness and harassment ensues. Dissertation Outline Methods! For a Lynch veteran such as Dern, the challenge of taking on a role whose character arc is essay contest rebecca, not known from the beginning—since there was no complete movie script—was immense, and the result is one of the strongest performances in any Lynch film. Dern is playing at least two roles here—one of the actresses Nikki Blue and the other of outline mixed methods a molested wife Sue, the character Nikki is playing in the film—and she does it with exceptional skill and prowess. It’s a magnificently dedicated performance, and the weird crying faces and general over-the-topness that plagued her work in Blue Velvet and Wild at Heart are long gone.

Whether it is the essay the giver, sweet, charming actress, or the battered, worn down wife—the latter part being especially convincing and powerful during a scene where, in a set of profane monologues, the wife elaborates on her violent marriage and the consequences arising from that—Dern is in absolute control of the work that could have gone into parody territory, considering the way the movie was shot. Dern’s performance stands tall in methods, a pantheon of amazing female performances in David Lynch films, right next to essay Naomi Watts’ Diane Selwyn in Mulholland Drive and Isabella Rossellini’s Dorothy Vallens in Blue Velvet . In order to show his gratitude to Dern’s dedication to the role, Lynch went on a Hollywood crossing with a chair and a cow in broad daylight, trying to promote Dern’s performance for dissertation methods, a recognition by the Academy, with a sign saying “Without cheese there would be no Inland Empire .” This most original type of apology essay marketing did not go well with the dissertation mixed methods, conservative Academy voters, and Dern was alas not nominated for an Oscar. The always reliable Jeremy Irons, having his first David Lynch experience with this movie, excels in the role of the flamboyant director of the film, while Justin Theroux brings out the essay, combination of charm and humor to put the character of dissertation outline Devon to life. Harry Dean Stanton provides his funniest performance in a David Lynch film to date as the director’s assistant, but the real surprises lie in the emotional performances of agriculture research papers Polish actors such as Peter J. Lucas, Karolina Gruszka and Krzysztof Majchrzak. Krzysztof Majchrzak proves himself to dissertation outline be quite comfortable with the rebecca, role of the chief antagonist of Inland Empire , only outline mixed, known as “The Phantom,” a character that has his fair share of dare essay disturbing scenes, bringing horror and terror to the world of dissertation outline mixed methods Inland Empire , another one of those unforgettable Lynchian evil-as-a-force bearers. Never has a man with a lightbulb in his mouth been more frightening. Peter J. Lucas does not disappoint with his intimidating performance as the abusive, threatening husband, but also bringing certain pathos to the role which could have easily been one-dimensional.

One interpretation of Inland Empire is that it all takes place in the mind of The Lost Girl, played by Karolina Gruszka, who is freed of her past abusers by the successful completion of the movie. Inland Empire provides what is agriculture research, possibly the outline mixed methods, most optimistic ending of Lynch’s career, where Nikki sets the Lost Girl loose to go back to contest her life without any of the outline mixed methods, tragedies that have befallen her: this is a step far from the tragedies of Mulholland Drive or Fire Walk with Me , and essay both the fate of the Lost Girl and of Nikki are wrapped in success and gentle liberation. The ending of Inland Empire seems perfectly deserved and lacking any sense of irony that was prevalent in the finishing scenes of Blue Velvet . It is a long way to get to the ending—the film is exactly three hours long, and there are moments where the film does run out of steam and does not necessarily justify the dissertation outline, long running time (did the silly street scene involving homeless people explaining the location of Pomona while Nikki’s character is dying need to be that long?). Nevertheless, Dern’s fearless performance carries the film into many of its uncharted waters and tributaries and keeps it alive and vital until the end. Many discussions arose due to the way the essay contest, film was shot, with an inexpensive, cheap-looking Sony DSR-PD150 digital camera, making the look of the film much less polished, more gritty and ugly. Gone is the immaculately photographed style of films like Mulholland Drive and Lost Highway , replacing it with the style that fits the fractured narrative of Inland Empire , providing Lynch with some disturbing close-ups of actors and terrifying, muddy scenes (Laura Dern’s distorted face or shrieking into the camera never ceases to lose its potency… or the images of the scariest possible clown faces). Lynch was delighted with the freedom of digital video—no need to wait for dissertation mixed, dailies to see what was filmed, no need to wait for film reloads, freedom to have as many takes as possible in a short amount of time etc. Even though he supposedly fell in love with film again when working on The Missing Pieces , a collection of deleted scenes from Fire Walk with Me which came out on the Blu-ray edition of Twin Peaks , the new series of Twin Peaks was shot on digital, although this time Lynch has the assistance of for writers contest Peter Deming, whose excellent cinematography work on both Lost Highway and Mulholland Drive make him very much qualified for the job. This was also the first occasion Lynch filmed outside of the States since Dune (and previously The Elephant Man )—where the plot is occurring outside of the U.S.—and the foggy, gloomy and snowy streets of the Polish city of Lodz seem ideal for Lynch to get out dissertation outline mixed methods, a bit of his comfort zone. As a self-confessed fan of apology essay factories, Eastern Europe seems like a fertile ground for Lynchland to find its new roots outside of the home country.

It is also a question as to where the scenes involving humanoid rabbits, voiced by Mulholland Drive veterans Naomi Watts, Laura Harring and Scott Coffey, actually take place, but this Edward Hopper-inspired, spooky realm does not have any geographical background apart from the very weird place that is David Lynch’s brain. Rabbits is dissertation mixed methods, a short David Lynch film, whose material the director incorporated later into Inland Empire , pushing his improvisational skills, including majorly redefining a previous work to give it new meaning in this film, to opinion the giver the limit. In what may seem like a parody of sitcoms in dissertation outline mixed, a dystopian, rainy, lonely subworld, the three rabbits serve as observers to the maddening events of Inland Empire , Lynchian version of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern if there ever was one. Inland Empire can also be seen as an allegory of the college admission essays, creative process. Nikki goes to outline methods amazing, ferocious lengths to opinion the giver bring the character to life, almost sacrificing her mental and dissertation methods physical health during filming, but also “lifting the curse” from a movie that involved real-life murders. Dare! For Lynch, creativity is a healing process, where lost girls can be expelled from their prisons of life traumas. Mixed Methods! But the road to a successful product of professional help with college admission creative energy can be paved with good intentions, even as those intentions are materialized in dissertation outline mixed, hard work filled with pain and rebecca sacrifices.

Lynch had enough confidence when creating Inland Empire that he himself scored the whole film—the Badalamenti-influenced music makes the dramatic moments of the film even more potent (the scene where Laura Dern suddenly finds herself in Lodz, Poland when opening her eyes, accompanied by outline mixed methods Lynch-sung and composed track “Strange,” is Lynch at the top of his form; along with the carnival essays, emotional ending where the singer Chrysta Bell launches her own long collaboration with Lynch), and outline Lynch’s use of dare contest rebecca Beck’s Black Tambourine in a crucial scene makes this one of dissertation mixed methods his most successful utilizations of dare essay rebecca pop music in dissertation mixed methods, his work. It has been eleven years since Inland Empire , and only now, with the 18-part Twin Peaks coming, which Lynch definitively calls a long movie, a continuing story and not a TV series, one can only speculate as to how much his more opaque later work will influence the storytelling on agriculture research papers Twin Peaks . One thing is for sure—Lynch has never, ever cared about the audience’s expectations or about the wishes of the masses; his storytelling technique has changed a lot since the original run of Twin Peaks , as Inland Empire undeniably shows, and audience members who are bigger fans of Lynch’s entire filmography than of the series might be more comfortable with the dissertation outline mixed, material than those who are Twin Peaks fans first, and David Lynch fans second. The latter can be delighted with the fact that the dare essay contest rebecca, 71-year-old director has successfully finished this mammoth, 18-hour endeavour, featuring more than 200 actors, including Peaks newbies such as Naomi Watts and Laura Dern (if their performances in the new Twin Peaks are half as good as their turns in Mulholland Drive and Inland Empire , respectively, one will be naturally inclined to dissertation outline mixed methods celebrate this), and new faces for Lynch’s world such as Jennifer Jason Leigh, Tim Roth and Jim Belushi, and expectations are running sky high. One thing is certain: it will not be dull, but what in the world of professional essays David Lynch ever was? One should hope that the director’s return to the saddle will result in another triumph, because he is more than capable of achieving that kind of outline mixed level of dare success, as Inland Empire had also shown. Here are several photos taken behind-the-scenes during production of David Lynch’s Inland Empire . Still photographers: Michael Roberts Deverill Weekes © StudioCanal, Fundacja Kultury, Camerimage Festival, Absurda, Asymmetrical Productions, Inland Empire Productions. Intended for editorial use only. All material for educational and noncommercial purposes only. Get Cinephilia Beyond in your inbox by signing in.

‘Mulholland Drive’: Reality Is the True Nightmare. ‘The Straight Story’: Lynch Going Straight for His Most Experimental Film. ‘Lost Highway’: Inventing a New Persona of an outline methods, Inexplicable Filmmaker. ‘Twin Peaks’: The ‘Auteur Television’ at carnival essays, Its First Peak. ‘Wild at Heart’: A Twisted, Romantic Road Movie as a Lynchian Homage to ‘The Wizard of Oz’ ‘Blue Velvet’: A Warning Sign for All Voyeurs Reaching for the Underworld of Perversion. My filmmaking education consisted of finding out what filmmakers I liked were watching, then seeing those films. Mixed Methods! I learned the technical stuff from books and magazines, and with the new technology you can watch entire movies accompanied by commentary from the director. You can learn more from John Sturges' audio track on the 'Bad Day at Black Rock' LaserDisc than you can in 4 years of film school. Film school is a complete con, because the carnival essays, information is there if you want it. Dissertation Mixed Methods! –P.T.

ANDERSON. Parrish Stikeleather’s ‘Happy Birthday, Barbara’ Screenwriter must-read: David Mamet’s screenplay for Glengarry Glen Ross [PDF]. twitter.com/LaFamiliaFilm/… We're witnessing the disappearance of some of the best film-related websites in the world: The Dissolve , Movie Mezzanine , Keyframe . Admission Essays For Writing! Are we the dissertation, next in line? Cinephilia Beyond is an independent, non-profit website without any financial support from funds or sponsors.

We're completely dependent on the donations made by our faithful readers, so please consider supporting us with however small donations to college for writing give us a helping hand in dissertation outline mixed methods, keeping film culture alive for future generations.