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bibliographic source The Free and Open Productivity Suite. The OpenOffice Bibliographic project (OOoBib) will make it easier for people to store and manage their reference data, to format their documents, and to collaborate with other users. It will be simple to use for the casual user, but will meet all the requirements of the professional and academic writer. The features we will build include - A greatly improved Graphic User Interface for entering, editing and searching for sat 6 essay, bibliographic records. An improved bibliographic database (and internal data model) compatible with the thesis, emerging the industry standards, such as the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS), and sat 6 essay the Resource Description Framework (RDF), a framework for describing and interchanging metadata. Shoutmeloud Thesis. These standards will support new collection types in different media, not just limited to books and journals but also supporting video, audio, maps, pictures etc. Improved metadata support in sat 6 essay OpenOffice. Co-project leader Bruce D'Arcus has worked with OpenDocument - Metadata subcommittee to common app essay limit, improve metadata support on OpenOffice. The OASIS OpenDocument Technical Committee has approved these proposals, metadata support [pdf], for inclusion in ODF 1.2. What do we mean by enhanced metadata support? We mean that you can: describe your document the way you want to describe it; no longer are you limited to a pre-selected list of properties describe different parts within your document: images, tables, paragraphs, and so forth tag pieces of sat 6 essay, document content as metadata; you can say this heading is a title, this fragment is the name of some person, and so forth create dynamic content fields based on this flexible metadata system For the industrial, first time, the opportunity for the creation and distribution of opensource bibliographic style definitions that are not specific to essay, a particular word-processor or bibliographic package.
We propose to implement Bibliographic table and citation formatting using a process called CiteProc. See BiblioX for technical discussion of this approach. This methodology is used in Zotero, the Firefox bibliographic plugin. Writing Uthm. The ability to essay, support all the common styles and conventions for citations and reference tables. Steps On Essay. This will include support for footnote / endnote citation styles and for sat 6, differing first and subsequent citation formats. Also enhancements to Openoffice Writer Footnote/ Endnote location selection and headings. The ability to change a document from one style to another with no or minimal further editing. Hvordan. Import and export filters for the common formats for bibliographic data, such as BibTeX, RIS, EndNote, MARC. The ability to connect to, and to exchange data with bibliographic databases, using RDF and Z39.50 and SRU/W.
The ability to query internet reference sources (e.g. reference databases and sat 6 essay library catalogues) directly and to add the responses received to the bibliographic database. A note taking facility, with the ability to link notes to references, notes to other notes, notes to keywords; and a notes search ability. Thesis Theme. When the project's objectives are achieved, it will be possible to convert a scientific, technical or academic paper from one bibliographic style to an other bibliographic style, such as one required by a journal, simply by selecting the required style convention and automaticity reformat the document to the new style. Sat 6 Essay. So far as we know, the only WYSIWYG word processor that provides these features is Nota Bene, it is a good example of the shoutmeloud thesis blogger, type of Bibliographic and word processing integration we would like to achieve with OpenOffice. 1st Stage, Bibliographic Facility Redevelopment. As our first step, we will implement the internal metadata and API enhancements to enable Bibliographic extensions to OpenOffice such as Zotero, to better interact with OpenOffice. Currently when you insert citation into Writer with Zotero, only the text of the formatted citation is essay, stored in the Writer Document, all the citation metadata resides in the database. If you wish to share your document with the full bibliographic data you would need to package it with a copy of the Zotero database. Thesis Industrial. The aim is to store both formatted citation its metadata in the Writer document. Zotero would be able to sat 6 essay, retrieve the bibliographic data from the document and doctoral when necessary reformat the citations and references tables from the original metadata.
To achieve this we will implement the sat 6, most simple changes to the OOo Writer core code (the API basic code, and UNO mappings, but not yet the user interface code) necessary. Common App Essay Limit 2009. When these basic functions are built into OOo Writer and are made assessable via UNO, we can then use rapid prototyping development methods to design and build prototype GUI interfaces and sat 6 essay bibliographic formatting engines using the Extension Development Toolkit and hvordan skrive Smart Tags. We will be able to sat 6, use any of the programming languages which have OpenOffice bindings and are supported by the toolkit: C++, Java, Python and, of course, OpenOffice Basic. We believe that we will find more developers who can work in these languages than by hvordan, insisting on C++ code from the start. Also it is much easier to build prototypes using Java, Python and OpenOffice Basic than in sat 6 C++. We urgently need volunteers to steps, do these tasks . For further details on development tasks go to the Developer Pages.
When will this wonderful facility be available ? We have planned to get meta data support for text objects in Writer in OOo version 3.1 (due April 2009). See feature timeline. Also see a blog on sat 6 plans for word limit 2009, Writer. But what can I do now ? In the meantime, if you are not happy with OOo's basic bibliographic support, you may like to essay, use some of the third-party bibliographic applications that can work with OpenOffice. See the thesis industrial, bibliographic software page for more details. We recommend you use Zotero, which has a OOo plugin to assist with citation management.
Other applications are: Jabref, which can inset citations and bibliographies into an Writer document , B3 which can write bibliographic records to a Openoffice Bibliographic text database or Bibus which has good integration with OpenOffice. The terminology used by bibliographic applications can be confusing, so we have fixed upon the following three definitions: citation a short description that points to a fuller description of an information source, or reference item elsewhere, either in a note or a reference list. reference item a fuller description of an information source; also called a bibliographic entry or item. reference list a collection of references; also called a bibliography. Bibliographic applications help people manage their reference items and to create formatted citations and sat 6 essay reference lists. Publishers, academic and other institutions generally specify detailed requirements of how their documents are to thesis theme, look, including the reference lists and sat 6 the citations. Citation and doctoral thesis reference list formatting is an often tedious and sat 6 essay error-prone task, particularly if one has to later change styles. Steps On Essay Writing. An ideal bibliographic application, then, allows a user to forget about these arcane details and focus on writing. The collection of bibliographic data (which includes author and publication details) for works cited in a document can also be a tedious and time consuming task and often involves the manual entry of these details into a database. An ideal bibliographic application would simplify or automate this process. Microsoft has only sat 6 essay, recently added bibliographic support to Word (version 2007) and the users of this product have had to make use of essayrater, third-party, and usually commercial bibliographic applications, such as Endnotes and Reference Manager. Workers in sat 6 many academic and scientific fields have used Latex, and its variants for writing guide, technical word processing, and this software has its own bibliographic component called 'Bibtext'.
OpenOffice does provide basic bibliographic functions, these include; a simple bibliographic database, a process to insert in-text or endnote citations into a document and essay a bibliographic table generator to guide, produce a reference table of citations formatted as specified by the user. However, considerable improvement is sat 6 essay, needed for OpenOffice to approach or improve on the facilities provided by guide, the commercial bibliographic products. Then, scan the archive of the lists you have joined to catch up with what has been discussed so far. Also check our 'Documents and Files' page. Then you might consider introducing yourself. Sat 6. You could let us know how you found out about the project, what your interests are, and engineering anything else you care to share with us. The originator of this project is sat 6 essay, David Wilson. Bruce D'Arcus of the Geography Department of Miami University is the co-project leader.
He has a blog. We would be please to hear from you, also please feel free to tell the community about what interests you and what you would like to find in this project.
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How To Write a College Application Essay. Most college institutions require application essay before getting accepted. This should be seen as a chance to prove your greatest skills! Your application essay can help you stand out from the rest of the candidates and get noticed by the admission board. Unless you abide by an adequate set of rules, it can be pretty hard to write a college application essay. So, we’ll guide you through the easiest methods and most essential aspects of writing an essay. College Application Essay: How to Begin Writing It.
First thing’s first, you can’t possibly get accepted into a good college unless you start with a compelling and essay, engaging introduction. To do so, you should brainstorm an adequate subject which expresses your personality and your greatest accomplishments. The manner in which you begin your application essay is essential to how well it will be received. Thesis Industrial! So, you'd better take your time and essay, focus during this phase. As you start the writing process, the thesis guide, two most useful pieces of advice from admission committee members are to sat 6 show who you are and to make your point clear. Brainstorming is of great importance.
This goes for any type of essay. As you start to draft your paper, consider all of the aspects that define your individuality. Essayrater! Think about your passions, pastimes or concerns. It is very important to consider which college application essay subjects are best for exhibiting your personality and providing a great answer to the prompt. Find out precisely what the requirements of the prompt are. In most cases, the prompt is sat 6 very complex and essayrater, open to interpretation. Essay! Take enough time to meditate upon it and analyze it.
After making sure that you are aware of the precise question of the thesis, prompt, list out all of the possible topics you could approach in response to it. For instance, let’s say the prompt requires you to write about an important transformation that occurred in your life. In that case, you could talk about moving to another city or joining a band. Afterward, write for approximately ten minutes without pausing. This way, you’ll make sure that you’re able to write down all of sat 6 your ideas. The brainstorming process will aid you in thesis determining your subject and will ease up the outlining phase. When dealing with a college application essay, flow is sat 6 crucial. This is essayrater why you need to structure your writing in a manner which doesn’t divert attention from your thoughts.
In case you started off later than expected, this also has a great potential for saving time. Devise a draft of all of the ideas you wish to essay express in on essay writing your paper. Draw inspiration from other essays. Sat 6! With the right organization, you could do away with a great deal of anxiety. Take a look at the following college application essay recommendations, and thesis industrial engineering, it will be much easier for you to get started: Use description instead of narration: If you’ve taken a look at some essay examples, you’ve probably noticed that the most successful papers use description rather than provide a straightforward narration of occurrences. In addition to sat 6 making the essay more captivating, this will also display your viewpoints better. Don’t forget that admission committee members are not familiar with you in person! This can be both favorable and unfavorable: favorable because you have a shot at making an awesome first impression and unfavorable if you don’t know how to sell yourself right. Theme Blogger! Command of language: Seeing as you’re dealing with a college application essay, you should show that you are someone who is prepared to start college.
To this end, avoid all sorts of writing errors and utilize words which are sophisticated and efficient. To put it otherwise, do not automatically add random words from the synonym dictionary or use sophisticated lexicon excessively. To augment your writing, utilize fancy terms. The worst thing that could happen is sounding condescending or amusing. Be concise: Convey your ideas in as few words as you can. People don’t like reading a whole paragraph that could easily be expressed in a single phrase. Sentence organization: Your sentences should be neither splintered and hectic nor excessively long. In other words, to sat 6 essay enhance efficaciousness and flow, your sentences should be of different sizes.
Peer revisions: While it would be a good idea to have someone revise your paper for language and morphology mistakes, you should avoid asking too many people to skrive look over your essay, as you may end up feeling puzzled. You should also revise the essay by yourself. A great tactic is to look at other essays and compare them to your own. Of course, that doesn’t mean you should reproduce their structure, but no one says you can’t use it as inspiration. Analyze the sat 6, prompt: As indicated earlier, an blogger, essential aspect to consider during the prewriting stage is analyzing the prompt. Read the essay, following college application prompts and take a look at the manner in which we dissect them: Discuss a person who has inspired you: If you’re required to talk about an individual who has exerted an impact on your life, don’t talk about famous historical figures.
The admission officer who will be reading your paper knows very well that Winston Churchill was a great personality. Essay Skrive! Instead, you ought to essay concentrate on skrive your own perspective. Sat 6! Talk about the way in which the person changed you and your viewpoints as well as how he or she stimulated you to change. Why do you wish to attend this college? – This supplement question is often amazingly difficult to respond to. Rather than using general statements such as “because it is a respectable institution,” try to be specific in your answer. For instance, if you want to get admitted to a medical college, a good idea would be to write a sentence such as “Studying medicine is thesis guide my lifelong desire and your medical department has an astonishing reputation.” Colleges are searching for students who can see beyond prestige and rank. Talk about sat 6 your favorite book: Don’t respond to thesis engineering this prompt by essay writing a synopsis of a book you love. The perfect way to go about doctoral engineering it is to sat 6 essay discuss the way in hvordan which the book influenced you and why you relate to it. Mention the reason for which the book defines you.
When dealing with college application essays, you should always give a sincere response. Do not opt for a book simply because it’s a classic one. If you don’t really love the sat 6, book you write about, the reader will figure it out. Hvordan! Present an important extracurricular activity: This prompt offers you the chance to sat 6 essay discuss a moment in which you learned something meaningful. Talk about a provocation which stimulated you to escape your comfort zone and become more mature. You should regard this as a chance to account your story and emphasize your greatest features. College Application Essay Formatting Requirements. When it comes the format of your paper, comply with the following guidelines: Use the Times New Roman font with 12-point letter size Use double spacing Margins must have the size of 1” Add an indent to each paragraph Last name and the page number appear at top left corner of the page As a general rule, college application essays have a relatively short length (400-600 words) Ways to Approach the Common Application.
The Common Application enables you to apply to essay hvordan skrive more or less 700 different colleges. Essay! Year after year, these institutions offer students the possibility of opting for one of the 7 common prompts. Read on to find out the common college application essay questions provided for the 2017-2018 year. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. App Essay Word! If this sounds like you, then please share your story. Sat 6 Essay! [No change] The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure.
How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience? [Revised] Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. Writing Uthm! What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome? [Revised] Describe a problem you've solved or a problem you'd like to solve. Essay! It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an industrial, ethical dilemma - anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to essay identify a solution. Shoutmeloud Theme! [No change] Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others. [Revised] Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to sat 6 learn more? [New] Share an essay on engineering any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. [New] While all of these prompts may seem like a piece of cake, at sat 6 essay, first sight, responding to thesis writing them in a compelling and sat 6 essay, meaningful way is not so easy.
Take a look at our ideas on how to shoutmeloud theme approach each prompt: Prompt 1: Write about yourself and your story. Seeing as the prompt requires you to talk about your personality, you should mention things that are special about you. Don’t talk about matters like high school achievements. Admission committee members already know about those things from your application. Talk about your family history or specific hobbies that define your individuality. Make sure you are imaginative and truthful.
Prompt 2: Facing obstacles. In some cases, displaying your best self can be accomplished by presenting your flaws. Write about a difficult period in your life and sat 6 essay, explain how you managed to prevail over uthm the circumstances. This way, you’ll demonstrate your bravery and sat 6, the fact that you can keep going when you are confronted with challenges. Regardless of the amplitude of the challenge you discuss, you should concentrate on writing the impact it exerted on your life. Prompt 3: Ideas and sat 6, convictions. A modification of doctoral thesis viewpoint could represent a very intense account. In case you’ve experienced a specific event you can describe and meditate on, this is the prompt you should opt for.
An ambiguous paper regarding an actual political matter would show next to nothing about your personality; therefore it would be a failure. Sat 6 Essay! Prompt 4: An answer to an issue. This prompt gives you the opportunity of talking about essayrater something you truly care about. Describe the way in which you encountered the problem and explain why you believe it should be solved urgently. Prompt 5: Maturity and insight. Sat 6! This might be one of the hardest prompts on the list. You can either talk about a crucial situation in your life or describe a more trivial time of awareness that modified your viewpoints. Essayrater! Explain the way in which that event stimulated your personal growth and changed you as a person. You should also mention what you learned from that moment. Prompt 6: Keen interest. This prompt represents a completely new addition to the common applications.
It offers you the possibility of talking about sat 6 things that are important to you. Colleges are on the lookout for steps, students who are concerned about the environment and like to engage in specific activities. Prove your thoughtfulness and talk about who or what stimulates you to follow your passion. Prompt 7: Full liberty of sat 6 essay answer! For this alternative, there aren’t any specific guidelines. You should choose this topic if you’ve been influenced by one of the papers you’ve written as part of other assignments, or if you have a specific question that you wish to find answers to.
Keep in mind that you need to highlight your significance! Your essay should include responses to how and why questions. A Successful Scholarship Application Essay. Scholarship essays are somewhat different from typical college application essays. Nevertheless, you should stick to writing guide uthm the same guidelines.
Your target is to prove your originality, enthusiasm, and individuality. When writing a scholarship application, it is essential to accentuate how you can contribute to sat 6 essay the college you’re aiming for. Essay Skrive! Don’t think twice to put yourself out essay there and present your best features first. Typical Varieties of College Application Essays. The Common Application doesn’t constitute the sole platform for this type of essays. A lot of essay hvordan skrive institutions demand their own style. Next, we’ll describe some standard platforms which also require college application essays, and we’ll tell you how to approach them. While the Florida State University doesn’t ask for an application essay, it’s advisable to send them one.
Your paper should feature less than 650 words. Essay! You ought to steps writing opt for one of the essay, subjects listed below: Talk about thesis a personal experience that either displays your personality or helped model it. Talk about essay a time in which you substantially contributed to other people, with the greater good in mind. Describe the essay, provocations and recompenses of making that contribution. Talk about sat 6 a moment in which one of your most precious or well-established convictions was challenged.
Mention the way in which you answered. Discuss the way in which the challenge modified your beliefs. Now take a look at the prompts for the FSU Application Essay: Prompt 1: Here you should discuss your hobbies, positive features, and previous experiences. Talk about all aspects that define your personality. Concentrate on a particular quality you wish to underline. Prompt 2: Generosity represents a great personality feature. Concentrate on the way in which you’ve made a contribution to society and describe how you felt.
Prompt 3: This is virtually the same as the third prompt on the Common Application. The University of California institution requires you to opt for 4 out of 8 essay questions. This is definitely not easy, seeing as you’ll need to write much more content than for other colleges. To figure out what needs to be done, you should take a look at on essay, a great deal of other essay examples. Essay! Talk about an instance of your management experience where you’ve exerted a positive impact on other people, aided them in settling conflicts or played a part in group endeavors in industrial engineering the course of time. Each individual has a significant part. Creativity manifests itself in sat 6 essay a lot of ways, like problem-solving, unique and pioneering thinking or art. Essay Skrive! Talk about the way in which you demonstrate your creativity. Talk about your best talent or ability and essay, the way in which you’ve cultivated and proven that talent in the course of time.
Talk about how you’ve profited from an important learning opportunity or struggled to prevail over a learning impediment you’ve confronted with. On Essay Writing! Talk about the most important provocation you’ve been confronted with and what you did to sat 6 prevail over this provocation. How has this provocation influenced your educational accomplishments? Present your preferred school subject and describe the way in which it has impacted you. Talk about what you’ve done to change your school or society for app essay word limit 2009, the better? Describe the feature that makes you stand out from the essay, other applicants who wish to get accepted into the University of essayrater California. Now let’s have a look at essay, the prompts: Prompts 1, 4 and 7 – You need to essay skrive talk about your commitment to your surroundings. Sat 6 Essay! Discuss the influence the external world exerts on you and your decisions. Describe the way in which you dealt with obstacles.
Prompts 2 and 6 – Talk about yourself and your individuality. Present the aspects that define your personality. Reflect on your convictions and features and describe the way in which they shape your character. Thesis Guide Uthm! Prompts 3, 4 and 8 – Discuss your accomplishments. Sat 6 Essay! Mention your best achievements so far and talk about what makes you proud. On Essay Writing! You could also talk about the way in which you’d like to advance and mature. The National Honor Society is an establishment that places a high value on management skills, service, personality, and education.
It grants you the possibility of applying for several scholarships, provided that you stand out from the other students. After your nomination, you are required to forward an essay. To be successful, you need to consider several aspects. Sell yourself right! Your target is to be perceived as an exemplary applicant who appreciates knowledge and essay, orderliness. Essayrater! Discuss your enthusiasm for sat 6, service, your educational achievements as well as your leadership roles. Mention the aspects for which you are a powerful applicant. Provided that you give the right responses, you’re bound to get accepted into common app essay limit 2009 the NHS.
To apply for RU, you need to hand in an essay. You can opt for one of the sat 6 essay, five prompts. Present an essayrater, instance of your management experience in which you exerted a good impact on other people, aided in settling conflicts or made a valuable contribution to group endeavors. In general, the essay prompts are similar to those of the Common Application. Prompt 1 – You need to essay use narrative to present an occurrence which shaped you and thesis writing, emphasizes your top features. Focus on the impact it exerts on you. Sat 6 Essay! The magnitude of the app essay word, event is not of importance.
Prompt 2 – Talk about the way in which you influence the world around you and sat 6, the people in thesis writing guide it. This prompt is a great choice for sat 6 essay, service individuals. Prompt 3 – This one is pretty original, as it requires you to think of what you’d tell your younger self if you had the opportunity. You shouldn’t talk about remorse here. Mentions some aspects that you value nowadays but you didn’t regard as important when you were younger. This prompt is an excellent way to highlight personal development. Prompt 4 – Here you have a complete liberty of response. Make sure you are creative enough! While the University of Central Florida doesn’t see the essay part as mandatory, it’s advisable to hvordan skrive turn in a paper.
Your essay must include between 500 and 7000 words. You can choose to answer to any of the three questions listed below: In what way have you been influenced by your family history, society or surroundings? What is the reason for which you decided to apply to UCF? What features or original traits will enable you to make a valuable contribution to the UCF community? Now let’s talk about the UCF prompts. Prompt 1: Discuss your family history as well as the elements that express your individuality. Talk about the sat 6 essay, way in steps on essay which you’ve been influenced by your environment and your upbringing. Prompt 2: Give a sincere response. Talk about sat 6 essay why you want to attend UFC and how you can contribute to it.
Mention your aptitudes, passions and unique talents and the way in which they mirror your personality. Doctoral! Highlight your top features. Still Have Trouble with Your Application? We know very well that writing a college application essay is far from sat 6 essay, being an easy task. If you don’t have enough time to guide uthm complete this paper, we can offer you the right solution. At Elite Essay Writers, every single writer is proficient in drafting the perfect application essay. Essay! After placing your order, you’ll be able to talk to your writer directly at steps, all times. This way, your paper will be incredibly personal and original. Our papers feature flawless grammar and content, and we can always make sure you get accepted to the college you wish to apply to.
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Teekay Corporation 2017 Annual General Meeting Presentation. HAMILTON, BERMUDA–(Marketwired – June 19, 2017) – Teekay Corporation ( Teekay ) (NYSE:TK) presented at sat 6 essay, its 2017 Annual General Meeting on Thursday, June 15, 2017, which included details on its three publicly-traded Daughter entities, Teekay LNG Partners L.P. ( Teekay LNG ) (NYSE:TGP), Teekay Offshore Partners L.P. ( Teekay Offshore ) (NYSE:TOO), and Teekay Tankers Ltd. ( Teekay Tankers ) (NYSE:TNK). Below is on essay, a detailed speech from Kenneth Hvid, Teekay’s President and Chief Executive Officer: “Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for attending our June 2017 Annual General Meeting. Essay. It is my pleasure to report to you at this Annual General Meeting as Teekay Corporation’s President and Chief Executive Officer.
As we have done in the past, I will spend some time today reviewing our key developments since our last Annual General Meeting in June 2016. For further information, I refer you to our website at www.teekay.com where you will be able to download our 20-F filing for the year ended December 31, 2016 with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Skrive. Before I begin, I must include the sat 6, usual and important disclaimers about guide forward looking statements that are mandated by U.S. Securities laws 1 . Teekay Corporation reported total cash flow from vessel operations 2 of $1.3 billion, compared to $1.4 billion in essay, 2015. During the year, our diverse portfolio of long-term charter contracts totaling approximately $20 billion in forward fee-based revenues continued to provide support to Teekay Corporation’s cash flows. However, our offshore business results were impacted by essayrater, the redelivery of the sat 6, Varg FPSO in July 2016 after operating for almost 18 years on the Varg field and lower cash flows from the Arendal Spirit UMS. Our tanker business results were impacted by lower spot tanker rates in essayrater, 2016 compared to the highs seen in 2015. On the efficiency front, we have implemented various cost saving initiatives during the past year, resulting in lower run-rate operating and general and administrative expenses.
Overall, we continue to focus on delivering on our existing growth projects, optimizing our asset portfolio across the sat 6, Teekay Group, and strengthening our balance sheets to better position the Teekay Group to take advantage of future opportunities. For Teekay LNG, this means continuing to execute on its existing growth projects, including its current newbuilding financing plan; for Teekay Tankers this means maintaining fixed cover, continuing to deleverage the balance sheet and keeping operating costs low to position the business for the next upcycle; and for Teekay Offshore this means continuing to make progress towards delivering on its existing growth projects and continue to deleverage the balance sheet and build liquidity. As mentioned on our latest earnings conference call, Teekay Offshore has been working on essay, a number of liquidity initiatives over the past several months. We are nearing completion on these initiatives and expect to update the market during the third quarter of 2017. Looking at the markets that we operate in, over sat 6 essay, the course of 2016 and into 2017, oil prices have stabilized in the $45 to $55 per barrel range, which is overall positive to the offshore industry sentiment. Common App Essay Word 2009. Looking longer-term, the essay, fundamentals in essay, the offshore and deepwater energy sector remains positive, which will benefit Teekay Offshore.
In addition, the fundamentals in the shuttle tanker market continue to tighten, particularly the North Sea. The long-term fundamentals for LNG shipping remain strong with an expectation that more LNG carriers will be required to service new projects, which will benefit Teekay LNG. Sat 6 Essay. Lastly, we anticipate 2017 will present some headwinds to crude tanker rates due to OPEC production cuts and higher fleet growth. However, we believe this near-term dip in the market cycle to on essay writing be relatively short-term in sat 6 essay, nature, as limited tanker ordering in the mid-sized tanker segments and essayrater an anticipated increase in scrapping due to regulatory changes, as well as a more balanced oil market, is expected to lead to a renewed market upturn in 2018, which will benefit Teekay Tankers. Each of Teekay Corporation’s publicly-traded Daughter entities has continued to execute on their respective business plans and I’ll spend a few moments now summarizing some of the highlights at each entity. In 2016, Teekay LNG generated distributable cash flow 3 of $235.0 million and continued executing on its portfolio of growth projects. Sat 6 Essay. Over the course of 2016 and into guide uthm, 2017, Teekay LNG took delivery of the world’s first MEGI LNG carrier newbuildings, the Creole Spirit , the Oak Spirit and the Torben Spirit , which commenced their respective charter contracts with Cheniere Energy and a major energy company, and, through its joint venture with Belgium-based Exmar NV, took delivery of its sixth, seventh and sat 6 essay eighth of its 12 mid-size LPG carrier newbuildings. On the business development side, Teekay LNG secured charter contracts for all its remaining unchartered MEGI LNG carrier newbuildings and now all of our LNG carrier newbuildings have secured charter contracts.
On the financing side, in 2016 and into 2017, Teekay LNG has continued to secure long-term financing for its growth projects raising over thesis, $1.6 billion for various projects. Sat 6 Essay. With a significant portfolio of growth projects delivering through 2020, we believe Teekay LNG is set to thesis experience significant cash flow growth in the future. In 2016, Teekay Tankers generated significant free cash flow 4 of $186.7 million, which, together with the sale of some older tonnage, has allowed Teekay Tankers to further strengthen its balance sheet. On the commercial side, Teekay Tankers continued to focus on increasing its fixed-rate time-charter coverage and sat 6 essay growing its lightering and essay hvordan skrive other fee-based businesses, which we believe will help to reduce the effect of tanker market volatility in 2017. Lastly, Teekay Tankers recently announced two acquisitions, including the merger with Tanker Investments Ltd. ( TIL ) 5 , which owns 18 mid-size conventional tankers, which will position Teekay Tankers as the largest publicly-listed mid-size tanker company with a stronger financial foundation, a much larger, younger fleet with which to service its customers globally and sat 6 essay fully integrated tanker operations. With a stronger financial foundation, strong operating leverage and a lower cash break-even rate, we believe Teekay Tankers is well-positioned to benefit from an expected renewed tanker market upturn in 2018. In 2016, Teekay Offshore generated distributable cash flow 3 of $161.3 million, continued to theme focus on the execution of its portfolio of growth projects, and implemented various cost saving initiatives. Teekay Offshore took delivery of its first of four state-of-the-art towage newbuildings in September 2016 and recently took delivery of its largest current project, the jointly-owned Libra FPSO, which is currently undergoing field installation and testing on its field in Brazil for its 12-year charter contract with an international consortium, led by Petrobras. Essay. Over the doctoral engineering, course of 2016 and into 2017, Teekay Offshore experienced some delays and additional costs on the Gina Krog FSO and Petrojarl I FPSO projects, which are now scheduled to commence operations in the third quarter of 2017 and early-2018, respectively. Sat 6 Essay. Teekay Offshore’s East Coast Canada shuttle tanker project, which includes three Suezmax-class shuttle tankers, remains on time and on essayrater, budget for essay delivery between the third quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2018 for their respective 15-year contracts with a consortium of steps on essay writing, oil companies.
On the commercial side, in late-April 2017, Teekay Offshore was notified by sat 6, the charterer of the Arendal Spirit UMS of essayrater, its termination of the charter contract on sat 6 essay, this unit. Teekay Offshore is disputing the termination and reviewing its legal options, while at the same time actively marketing the unit for alternative employment. On the business development side, in thesis, 2016 and into essay, 2017, Teekay Offshore secured five shuttle tanker contract of affreightments in the North Sea at successively higher rates, including the blogger, largest North Sea shuttle tanker award in five years, and a five-year FSO extension for the Falcon Spirit FSO, and entered into a customer-funded front-end engineering and design ( FEED ) study for the Varg FPSO for potential use for the development of the sat 6 essay, Cheviot field in industrial, the U.K. sector of the North Sea. In addition to delivering on its existing growth projects, which are expected to provide significant cash flow growth in the future, Teekay Offshore continues to focus on securing contract extensions for its three FPSOs that are coming up for renewal in sat 6 essay, 2018 and 2019, which are progressing as expected, and strengthening its balance sheet and liquidity position, which I touched on earlier. Before I conclude, I would like to highlight that operational excellence has always been among Teekay’s key strengths. Our global teams onboard ships and ashore, devote enormous effort towards upholding the Teekay name as a respected symbol of quality and as a protector of the environment. We set ourselves high standards for personnel safety, fleet availability and customer service. However, we recognize that there will always be room to do better and we live by our core value of continuous improvement. In closing, I would like to thank our customers for the opportunity to serve them; our colleagues for their dedicated efforts; our Board of Directors for their valued guidance; and our fellow shareholders for their continued support.
In addition, I would like to thank Sean Day for his 18 years as Chairman of Teekay Corporation’s Board of Directors and I am looking forward to working with Bill Utt as Teekay Corporation’s new Chairman of the Board.” This release contains forward-looking statements (as defined in Section 21E of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) which reflect management’s current views with respect to certain future events and performance, including statements regarding: the on essay, timing of delivery and start-up and costs of various newbuildings and conversion/upgrade projects and the commencement of essay, related contracts, including potential delays and additional costs on the Petrojarl I FPSO unit and Gina Krog FSO unit; the timing and certainty of completing Teekay Offshore’s liquidity initiatives; the positive fundamentals in the offshore and shoutmeloud thesis theme deepwater energy sector and essay the benefit of steps on essay, those fundamentals on Teekay Offshore; the expected increase in the number of sat 6, LNG carriers required to service new projects; the expected impact on crude tanker rates in 2017; the expected duration of the dip in the tanker market and expected upturn in 2018, and the benefit of the thesis industrial engineering, upturn on Teekay Tankers; the expected growth in future cash flow for Teekay LNG; the essay, timing and certainty of completing the Teekay Tankers merger with TIL; the expected benefits of the merger, including the expected impact on Teekay Tankers’ earnings per share, financial leverage, liquidity position, fleet age and future results; the Arendal Spirit UMS charter contract termination, including the outcome of essay hvordan, Teekay Offshore’s dispute of the contract termination by the charterer and ability to collect amounts under the contract and the potential for alternative employment of the unit; and the expected growth in future cash flow from Teekay Offshore’s existing growth projects. Sat 6 Essay. The following factors are among those that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties, and that should be considered in evaluating any such statement: changes in production of, or demand for oil, petroleum products, LNG and LPG, either generally or in particular regions; greater or less than anticipated levels of newbuilding orders or greater or less than anticipated rates of vessel scrapping; changes in doctoral thesis industrial, trading patterns significantly affecting overall vessel tonnage requirements; changes in applicable industry laws and regulations and the timing of implementation of new laws. and regulations; changes in essay, the typical seasonal variations in tanker charter rates; changes in the offshore production of oil or demand for essay shuttle tankers, FSOs, FPSOs, UMS, and towage vessels; changes in oil production and the impact on sat 6 essay, the Company’s tankers and offshore units; fluctuations in thesis theme blogger, global oil prices; trends in essay, prevailing charter rates for the Company’s vessels and offshore unit contract renewals; the essay hvordan, potential for early termination of sat 6, long-term contracts and inability of the doctoral, Company to renew or replace long-term contracts; the inability of charterers to make future charter payments; the inability of Teekay Offshore to successfully make a claim against, and collect from, Petrobras for the Arendal Spirit UMS; the inability of Teekay Offshore to negotiate acceptable terms with the lenders of the Arendal Spirit UMS credit facility; the essay, inability of Teekay Offshore to negotiate acceptable terms with the charterers, shipyards and lenders related to the delay of the Petrojarl I FPSO and essayrater Gina Krog FSO projects; Teekay LNG’s and Teekay LNG’s joint ventures’ ability to essay secure financing for its existing newbuildings and projects; the inability of Teekay Offshore to negotiate acceptable lease and operate terms related to the Varg FPSO; the blogger, ability to fund Teekay Offshore’s remaining capital commitments and sat 6 essay debt maturities; the inability of Teekay Tankers to manage market volatility by increasing its fixed-rate time charter coverage and growing its lightering and other fee-based businesses; failure to satisfy the closing conditions of the merger with TIL, including obtaining the required approvals from the Teekay Tankers and TIL shareholders and relevant regulatory authorities; failure to successfully integrate TIL into Teekay Tankers and on essay writing realize the expected benefits and sat 6 essay synergies from the combined company; potential shipyard and project construction delays, newbuilding specification changes or cost overruns; costs relating to projects; delays in commencement of operations of FPSO and shoutmeloud thesis theme FSO units at designated fields; the sat 6 essay, inability of Teekay LNG to collect the deferred charter payments from Skaugen; delays in essayrater, CoA project start-ups; changes in the Company’s expenses; a delay in, or failure to complete, vessel sales; and other factors discussed in Teekay’s filings from time to time with the SEC, including its Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. The Company expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to sat 6 reflect any change in steps on essay, the Company’s expectations with respect thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. (1) Before I proceed with my report to the shareholders, please allow me to remind you that various remarks that we may make in sat 6 essay, the course of this presentation about future expectations, plans and prospects for the company and essay the shipping industry constitute forward-looking statements for sat 6 essay the purposes of the Safe Harbor provisions under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of essayrater, 1995.
Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements, as a result of various important factors, including those discussed in our annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the U.S. Securities and essay Exchange Commission on April 12, 2017. 2 Cash flow from thesis industrial, vessel operations represents income from sat 6, vessel operations before depreciation and amortization expense, amortization of in-process revenue contracts, vessel write-downs, gains or losses on the sale of vessels and essayrater equipment and essay adjustments for direct financing leases to a cash basis, but includes realized gains or losses on the settlement of foreign currency forward contracts and writing uthm a derivative charter contract. Please refer to Appendix E in Teekay Corporation’s Fourth Quarter and Annual 2016 Earnings Release, which can be found on our website www.teekay.com, for a reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure, as referenced above, to the most directly comparable financial measure under United States generally accepted accounting principles ( GAAP ). 3 Distributable cash flow represents net income adjusted for depreciation and amortization expense, deferred income tax and other non-cash items, estimated maintenance capital expenditures, unrealized gains and losses from non-designated derivative instruments, ineffectiveness for derivative instruments designated as hedges for accounting purposes, distributions relating to equity financing of sat 6, newbuilding installments, adjustments for direct financing leases to a cash basis and steps on essay writing foreign exchange related items, including the Partnership’s proportionate share of such items in equity-accounted for investments.
Maintenance capital expenditures represent those capital expenditures required to maintain over the long-term the operating capacity of, or the sat 6 essay, revenue generated by, the essayrater, Partnership’s capital assets. Please refer to Appendix B in Teekay LNG’s and Teekay Offshore’s Fourth Quarter and Annual 2016 Earnings Releases, which can be found on essay, our website www.teekay.com, for a reconciliation of steps writing, this non-GAAP finance measure, as referenced above, to the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP. 4 Free cash flow (FCF) represents net income, plus depreciation and amortization, unrealized losses from derivatives, certain non-cash items, FCF from the equity accounted investments, loss on sale of vessel, and sat 6 any write-offs or other non-recurring items, less unrealized gains from derivatives, equity income from the equity accounted investments, gain on app essay limit, sale of vessel and certain other non-cash items. Please refer to Appendix B in Teekay Tankers’ Fourth Quarter and Annual 2016 Earnings Release, which can be found on our website www.teekay.com, for a reconciliation of sat 6 essay, this non-GAAP finance measure, as referenced above, to the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP. 5 Teekay Tankers merger with TIL remains subject to customary closing conditions, approval by TIL’s shareholders of the merger, and approval by Teekay Tankers’ shareholders of an increase in the authorized number of thesis industrial engineering, Teekay Tankers’ Class A common shares, to sat 6 essay permit the issuance of Class A common shares as merger consideration.
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Analyzing significant events in Jim the Boy. This activity, to be completed after reading Tony Earley's Jim the Boy , helps students identify examples and details and then analyze them effectively. The class will brainstorm examples of life-changing events in Jim's life. The teacher will select one of the events, find the pages in the novel where it is essay, discussed, and theme, show the sat 6 essay students how to app essay word, annotate the text by sat 6 essay, marking details and commenting on word them. Using a T chart, the class will then select three of the details to analyze. A lesson plan for grades 910 English Language Arts. Sat 6 Essay! Night of the Twisters : Reading strategies are used to introduce a literary work. The Metamorphosis by writing guide, Franz Kafka: Students study the symbolism, setting, and characterization in Kafka's work. Sat 6 Essay! Using extended similes to guide uthm, elaborate and add style: Students will analyze a series of extended similes, develop criteria for strong and weak extended similes, and begin using extended similes as a tool for elaboration in their own writing.
A copy of Jim the Boy by Tony Earley Student copies of Passage of Whitey#8217;s Proposal to Mama Student copies or overhead transparency of T-Chart for Analyzing Details A pencil. Students should have finished reading Jim the Boy . As a preface to the lesson, the teacher could write the words Example , Detail , and Analysis on essayrater the board and then ask the students to explain the difference between the three. Before continuing, the teacher should emphasize that examples and details are found in the text. Sat 6 Essay! Analysis is found within the student-what he or she thinks about the example and details. The examples and details are the #8220;What#8221; of the text. Analysis is the #8220;So What?#8221; about the text. Say to essayrater, class, #8220;Today we are going to learn how to distinguish between an example, detail, and sat 6 essay, analysis. All of these are critical when we are asked to do expository writing or literary analysis.#8221; Looking at steps on essay, the last page of the book or using a transparency that has the words from #8220;Through the distance#8221; to the end of the book, give the essay students the following directions: #8220;Each event in Jim#8217;s life teaches him a lesson. He realizes this at the end of the book as he recalls memories. Have one person in class read the passage aloud. Then mark each event in paragraph 1 that Jim remembers.#8221; Then ask students to list other events that taught him lessons but are not mentioned in the passage. Essayrater! (Sample responses include: Jim#8217;s first day working in the fields; Jim#8217;s road trip with Uncle Al; the story of Jim#8217;s daddy shooting a hole in Amos Glass#8217;s distillery; Jim winning the slippery pole contest; Jim#8217;s trip to New Carpenter with Uncle Zeno; Ty Cobb supposedly on the train/Penn getting polio/Jim visiting Penn).
The teacher should select one event/one life-changing example from Jim#8217;s life and model how to find and analyze details from the essay text. One example is when Jim watches Whitey propose to his mother (see attachment; I completed the app essay word 2009 Sample of How to Annotate Passage of Whitey#8217;s Proposal to Mama marked passage as a sample. Students should be encouraged to label details in their own way). As a class, you should re-read this passage. Using a pencil, mark details about the event you think are important. In the margins, summarize the detail. Students should be encouraged to highlight quotations as a type of sat 6, detail. As a class, the teacher should help the students complete the attached T-chart which asks the students to choose three details about Jim watching Whitey propose to his mother and analyze them (attached is a sample of how to complete the T-chart).
The students can select, individually or in groups, an event/example of their own. The teacher could copy the pages they say they need from the book, or the students could list details on paper rather than mark them on the actual text. Engineering! Students can complete the #8220;T#8221; chart. Students can write a paragraph that analyzes why their selected event was significant in Jim#8217;s life. To assess the teacher-modeled part of this assignment, I use student responses. If students complete an analysis chart on their own, I would look to see if they were able to clearly distinguish between details ( What is in the text) and essay, analysis (the So What? about the text).
Development of this lesson plan was made possible by essayrater, a grant from the sat 6 North Carolina Society for the 2002 North Carolina Literary Festival. Grade 9-10 9-10.RL.1 Cite strong and steps on essay, thorough textual evidence to support analysis of sat 6, what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. 9-10.RL.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and engineering, tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and. North Carolina curriculum alignment. Goal 5 : The learner will demonstrate understanding of sat 6, various literary genres, concepts, elements, and terms. Steps! Objective 5.01 : Read and analyze various literary works by: using effective reading strategies for preparation, engagement, reflection. recognizing and analyzing the characteristics of literary genres, including fiction (e.g., myths, legends, short stories, novels), non-fiction (e.g., essays, biographies, autobiographies, historical documents), poetry (e.g., epics, sonnets, lyric poetry, ballads) and drama (e.g., tragedy, comedy). interpreting literary devices such as allusion, symbolism, figurative language, flashback, dramatic irony, dialogue, diction, and sat 6, imagery. understanding the importance of tone, mood, diction, and style. explaining and thesis blogger, interpreting archetypal characters, themes, settings. explaining how point of view is developed and its effect on literary texts. determining a character's traits from his/her actions, speech, appearance, or what others say about him or her. explaining how the writer creates character, setting, motif, theme, and other elements. making thematic connections among literary texts and media and contemporary issues. understanding the importance of cultural and historical impact on essay literary texts. producing creative responses that follow the conventions of a specific genre and using appropriate literary devices for that genre. Goal 4 : The learner will critically interpret and evaluate experiences, literature, language, and ideas.
Objective 4.03 : Analyze the ideas of others by identifying the ways in which writers: introduce and develop a main idea. choose and incorporate significant, supporting, relevant details. relate the structure/organization to the ideas. use effective word choice as a basis for coherence. achieve a sense of completeness and thesis guide, closure. LEARN NC, a program of the UNC School of Education, finds the most innovative and successful practices in sat 6 essay K-12 education and makes them available to the teachers and students of North Carolina - and the world.
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Sat 6 Essay Example, from the third essay of letters from an american
column how to write Teaching by essay Asking Instead of by Telling. The following is a transcript of a teaching experiment, using the Socratic method, with a regular third grade class in a suburban elementary school. I present my perspective and views on the session, and on steps writing the Socratic method as a teaching tool, following the essay, transcript. The class was conducted on limit a Friday afternoon beginning at 1:30, late in essay, May, with about two weeks left in the school year. This time was purposely chosen as one of the writing guide uthm, most difficult times to entice and essay hold these children's concentration about skrive, a somewhat complex intellectual matter. Essay. The point was to hvordan demonstrate the power of the Socratic method for both teaching and essay also for getting students involved and excited about the material being taught. Steps Writing. There were 22 students in the class. I was told ahead of time by two different teachers (not the sat 6, classroom teacher) that only a couple of students would be able to understand and doctoral thesis industrial engineering follow what I would be presenting. When the sat 6, class period ended, I and the classroom teacher believed that at least 19 of the 22 students had fully and excitedly participated and absorbed the entire material.
The three other students' eyes were glazed over from the very beginning, and they did not seem to be involved in the class at all. The students' answers below are in capital letters. The experiment was to see whether I could teach these students binary arithmetic (arithmetic using only two numbers, 0 and 1) only by asking them questions . None of them had been introduced to guide uthm binary arithmetic before. Though the ostensible subject matter was binary arithmetic, my primary interest was to give a demonstration to the teacher of the power and benefit of the Socratic method where it is applicable. That is my interest here as well. I chose binary arithmetic as the vehicle for that because it is something very difficult for children, or anyone, to essay understand when it is taught normally; and I believe that a demonstration of a method that can teach such a difficult subject easily to children and also capture their enthusiasm about that subject is writing a very convincing demonstration of the value of the method. (As you will see below, understanding binary arithmetic is essay also about hvordan, understanding place-value in general. For those who seek a much more detailed explanation about place-value, visit the long paper on The Concept and Teaching of Place-Value.) This was to essay be the Socratic method in what I consider its purest form, where questions (and only questions) are used to arouse curiosity and at the same time serve as a logical, incremental, step-wise guide that enables students to thesis blogger figure out sat 6 essay, about a complex topic or issue with their own thinking and insights. In a less pure form, which is normally the essayrater, way it occurs, students tend to get stuck at some point and sat 6 need a teacher's explanation of some aspect, or the teacher gets stuck and cannot figure out a question that will get the kind of essayrater, answer or point desired, or it just becomes more efficient to tell what you want to get across. If telling does occur, hopefully by that time, the students have been aroused by the questions to a state of essay, curious receptivity to absorb an explanation that might otherwise have been meaningless to essay skrive them.
Many of the questions are decided before the class; but depending on what answers are given, some questions have to sat 6 essay be thought up extemporaneously. Steps On Essay Writing. Sometimes this is very difficult to do, depending on sat 6 essay how far from what is anticipated or expected some of the students' answers are. This particular attempt went better than my best possible expectation, and I had much higher expectations than any of the teachers I discussed it with prior to doing it. I had one prior relationship with this class. Doctoral. About two weeks earlier I had shown three of the third grade classes together how to throw a boomerang and had let each student try it once.
They had really enjoyed that. One girl and one boy from the 65 to 70 students had each actually caught their returning boomerang on their throws. That seemed to add to everyone's enjoyment. I had therefore already established a certain rapport with the students, rapport being something that I feel is important for getting them to essay comfortably and enthusiastically participate in an intellectually uninhibited manner in class and without being psychologically paralyzed by fear of shoutmeloud theme blogger, messing up. When I got to the classroom for the binary math experiment, students were giving reports on sat 6 essay famous people and were dressed up like the people they were describing. Guide Uthm. The student I came in on sat 6 was reporting on John Glenn, but he had not mentioned the steps, dramatic and scary problem of that first American trip in orbit. I asked whether anyone knew what really scary thing had happened on John Glenn's flight, and sat 6 whether they knew what the essay hvordan, flight was. Many said a trip to the moon, one thought Mars. I told them it was the first full earth orbit in sat 6, space for an American. Then someone remembered hearing about something wrong with the heat shield, but didn't remember what.
By now they were listening intently. I explained about how a light had come on that indicated the heat shield was loose or defective and that if so, Glenn would be incinerated coming back to earth. But he could not stay up there alive forever and essay they had nothing to sat 6 send up to get him with. The engineers finally determined, or hoped, the problem was not with the heat shield, but with the warning light. They thought it was what was defective. Common Limit 2009. Glenn came down. The shield was ok; it had been just the light. They thought that was neat. But what I am really here for today is to try an experiment with you.
I am the subject of the experiment, not you. I want to sat 6 essay see whether I can teach you a whole new kind of arithmetic only by asking you questions. I won't be allowed to tell you anything about it, just ask you things. When you think you know an answer, just call it out. You won't need to app essay raise your hands and wait for me to call on you; that takes too long. [This took them a while to adapt to. They kept raising their hands; though after a while they simply called out the sat 6 essay, answers while raising their hands.] Here we go. 1) How many is this? [I held up ten fingers.]
2) Who can write that on the board? [virtually all hands up; I toss the chalk to one kid and indicate for industrial engineering, her to sat 6 essay come up and do it]. She writes. 3) Who can write ten another way? [They hesitate than some hands go up. I toss the chalk to another kid.] 2 x 5 [inspired by the last idea] 6) That's very good, but there are lots of things that equal ten, right? [student nods agreement], so I'd rather not get into essayrater, combinations that equal ten, but just things that represent or sort of sat 6, mean ten. That will keep us from having a whole bunch of the same kind of thing. Anybody else?
8) [I point to the word ten]. What is this? 9) What are written words made up of? 10) How many letters are there in the English alphabet? 11) How many words can you make out of them? 12) [Pointing to shoutmeloud thesis blogger the number 10] What is this way of writing numbers made up of? 13) How many numerals are there?
14) Which, nine or ten? 15) Starting with zero, what are they? [They call out, I write them in the following way.] 16) How many numbers can you make out of these numerals? MEGA-ZILLIONS, INFINITE, LOTS. 17) How come we have ten numerals? Could it be because we have 10 fingers? 18) What if we were aliens with only two fingers?
How many numerals might we have? 19) How many numbers could we write out of 2 numerals? [one kid:] THERE WOULD BE A PROBLEM. THEY COULDN'T DO THIS [he holds up seven fingers] 21) [This strikes me as a very quick, intelligent insight I did not expect so suddenly.] But how can you do fifty five? [he flashes five fingers for an instant and then flashes them again] 22) How does someone know that is not ten? [I am not really happy with my question here but I don't want to get side-tracked by essay how to logically try to sign numbers without an doctoral established convention. I like that he sees the essay, problem and word limit has announced it, though he did it with fingers instead of words, which complicates the issue in a way.
When he ponders my question for a second with a hmmm , I think he sees the sat 6, problem and I move on, saying. ] 23) Well, let's see what they could do. Steps On Essay Writing. Here's the numerals you wrote down [pointing to the column from sat 6 0 to 9] for our ten numerals. If we only have two numerals and do it like this, what numerals would we have. 24) Okay, what can we write as we count? [I write as they call out answers.] 25) Is that it? What do we do on this planet when we run out of numerals at 9? WRITE DOWN ONE, ZERO [almost in unison] I DON'T KNOW; THAT'S JUST THE WAY YOU WRITE TEN 27) You have more than one numeral here and you have already used these numerals; how can you use them again? WE PUT THE 1 IN A DIFFERENT COLUMN. 28) What do you call that column you put it in? 29) Why do you call it that?
30) Well, what does this 1 and this 0 mean when written in these columns? 1 TEN AND NO ONES. 31) But why is this a ten? Why is essayrater this [pointing] the essay, ten's column? DON'T KNOW; IT JUST IS!
32) I'll bet there's a reason. Doctoral Engineering. What was the first number that needed a new column for you to be able to write it? 33) Could that be why it is called the sat 6, ten's column?! What is the first number that needs the next column? 34) And what column is that?
35) After you write 19, what do you have to change to write down 20? 9 to a 0 and 1 to a 2. 36) Meaning then 2 tens and essay hvordan skrive no ones, right, because 2 tens are ___? 37) First number that needs a fourth column? 38) What column is that? 39) Okay, let's go back to sat 6 essay our two-fingered aliens arithmetic.
We have. What would we do to write two if we did the same thing we do over here [tens] to write the next number after you run out of numerals? START ANOTHER COLUMN. 40) What should we call it? 41) Right! Because the first number we need it for essay, is ___? 42) So what do we put in sat 6, the two's column? How many two's are there in two? 43) And how many one's extra? 44) So then two looks like this: [pointing to 10], right?
RIGHT, BUT THAT SURE LOOKS LIKE TEN. 45) No, only to you guys, because you were taught it wrong [grin] -- to the aliens it is two. They learn it that way in pre-school just as you learn to call one, zero [pointing to 10] ten. But it's not really ten, right? It's two -- if you only had two fingers. How long does it take a little kid in pre-school to learn to writing read numbers, especially numbers with more than one numeral or column? 46) Is there anything obvious about calling one, zero ten or do you have to essay be taught to skrive call it ten instead of sat 6, one, zero?
HAVE TO BE TAUGHT IT. 47) Ok, I'm teaching you different. What is 1, 0 here? 48) Hard to see it that way, though, right? 49) Try to get used to it; the alien children do. Thesis Uthm. What number comes next? 50) How do we write it with our numerals? We need one TWO and sat 6 essay a ONE [I write down 11 for them] So we have. 51) Uh oh, now we're out of numerals again. How do we get to four? START A NEW COLUMN!
53) Call it out to me; what do I write? [I write 100 four under the other numbers] 55) Now let's add one more to it to get six. But be careful. [I point to the 1 in the one's column and ask] If we add 1 to 1, we can't write 2, we can only write zero in this column, so we need to carry ____? 57) Why is this six? What is it made of? [I point to columns, which I had been labeling at the top with the word one, two, and four as they had called out the names of them.] 60) Out of numerals again. Essay Hvordan Skrive. Eight?
NEW COLUMN; ONE, ZERO, ZERO, ZERO. [We do a couple more and essay I continue to write them one under the thesis guide, other with the word next to each number, so we have:] 61) So now, how many numbers do you think you can write with a one and a zero? MEGA-ZILLIONS ALSO/ ALL OF THEM. 62) Now, let's look at sat 6, something. [Point to Roman numeral X that one kid had written on the board.] Could you easily multiply Roman numerals?
Like MCXVII times LXXV? 63) Let's see what happens if we try to multiply in alien here. Let's try two times three and you multiply just like you do in tens [in the traditional American style of writing out multiplication]. They call out the one, zero for just below the line, and one, zero, zero for just below that and hvordan so I write: 64) Ok, look on the list of sat 6, numbers, up here [pointing to the chart where I have written down the numbers in numeral and word form] what is 110? 65) And how much is two times three in common app essay limit 2009, real life?
66) So alien arithmetic works just as well as your arithmetic, huh? 67) Even easier, right, because you just have to multiply or add zeroes and ones, which is easy, right? 68) There, now you know how to sat 6 do it. Of course, until you get used to reading numbers this way, you need your chart, because it is doctoral thesis engineering hard to sat 6 read something like 10011001011 in alien, right? 69) So who uses this stuff? 70) No, I think you guys use this stuff every day. When do you use it? 71) Yes you do. Any ideas where? 72) [I walk over to the light switch and, pointing to it, ask:] What is essay skrive this? 73) [I flip it off and on a few times.] How many positions does it have?
74) What could you call these positions? ON AND OFF/ UP AND DOWN. 75) If you were going to give them numbers what would you call them? [one student] OH!! ZERO AND ONE! [other kids then:] OH, YEAH!
76) You got that right. Sat 6. I am going to end my experiment part here and just tell you this last part. Computers and calculators have lots of essay hvordan skrive, circuits through essentially on/off switches, where one way represents 0 and the other way, 1. Essay. Electricity can go through these switches really fast and shoutmeloud theme blogger flip them on sat 6 or off, depending on the calculation you are doing. Then, at writing, the end, it translates the strings of zeroes and ones back into numbers or letters, so we humans, who can't read long strings of zeroes and sat 6 ones very well can know what the answers are. [at this point one of the essayrater, kid's in the back yelled out, OH! NEEEAT!! ] I don't know exactly how these circuits work; so if your teacher ever gets some electronics engineer to come into talk to sat 6 essay you, I want you to on essay ask him what kind of circuit makes multiplication or alphabetical order, and sat 6 essay so on. And I want you to invite me to sit in on the class with you. Now, I have to tell you guys, I think you were leading me on steps on essay about not knowing any of sat 6 essay, this stuff.
You knew it all before we started, because I didn't tell you anything about shoutmeloud theme blogger, this -- which by the way is called binary arithmetic, bi meaning two like in bicycle. I just asked you questions and sat 6 you knew all the on essay, answers. You've studied this before, haven't you? Then how did you do this? You must be amazing. By the way, some of you may want to try it with other sets of numerals. You might try three numerals 0, 1, and 2. Or five numerals. Or you might even try twelve 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, , and essay ^ -- see, you have to make up two new numerals to do twelve, because we are used to app essay word 2009 only ten. Sat 6. Then you can check your system by doing multiplication or addition, etc.
Good luck. After the part about John Glenn, the whole class took only 25 minutes. Their teacher told me later that after I left the children talked about it until it was time to go home. My Views About This Whole Episode. Students do not get bored or lose concentration if they are actively participating. Almost all of these children participated the essayrater, whole time; often calling out in unison or one after another. If necessary, I could have asked if anyone thought some answer might be wrong, or if anyone agreed with a particular answer. You get extra mileage out of a given question that way. I did not have to sat 6 do that here. Their answers were almost all immediate and shoutmeloud theme very good.
If necessary, you can also call on particular students; if they don't know, other students will bail them out. Calling on sat 6 essay someone in a non-threatening way tends to activate others who might otherwise remain silent. That was not a problem with these kids. Remember, this was not a gifted class. It was a normal suburban third grade of whom two teachers had said only a few students would be able to understand the ideas. The topic was twos, but I think they learned just as much about the shoutmeloud theme blogger, tens they had been using and essay not really understanding.
This method takes a lot of energy and hvordan concentration when you are doing it fast, the way I like to do it when beginning a new topic. A teacher cannot do this for every topic or all day long, at least not the first time one teaches particular topics this way. It takes a lot of essay, preparation, and essay skrive a lot of thought. When it goes well, as this did, it is so exciting for both the students and the teacher that it is difficult to stay at that peak and pace or to change gears or topics. When it does not go as well, it is very taxing trying to essay figure out what you need to modify or what you need to say. I practiced this particular sequence of questioning a little bit one time with a first grade teacher. I found a flaw in app essay limit, my sequence of questions. I had to figure out essay, how to correct that.
I had time to prepare this particular lesson; I am not a teacher but a volunteer; and uthm I am not a mathematician. I came to essay the school just to shoutmeloud theme blogger do this topic that one period. I did this fast. I personally like to do new topics fast originally and then re-visit them periodically at a more leisurely pace as you get to sat 6 essay other ideas or circumstances that apply to, or make use of, them. Common App Essay Word Limit 2009. As you re-visit, you fine tune. The chief benefits of this method are that it excites students' curiosity and arouses their thinking, rather than stifling it. It also makes teaching more interesting, because most of the time, you learn more from the students -- or by what they make you think of -- than what you knew going into the class. Each group of sat 6, students is just enough different, that it makes it stimulating. It is a very efficient teaching method, because the first time through tends to cover the topic very thoroughly, in writing, terms of their understanding it.
It is more efficient for their learning then lecturing to them is, though, of sat 6, course, a teacher can lecture in less time. It gives constant feed-back and shoutmeloud thesis thus allows monitoring of the students' understanding as you go. Essay. So you know what problems and on essay writing misunderstandings or lack of understandings you need to address as you are presenting the material. You do not need to sat 6 essay wait to app essay give a quiz or exam; the whole thing is one big quiz as you go, though a quiz whose point is teaching, not grading. Essay. Though, to repeat, this is common limit teaching by essay stimulating students' thinking in certain focused areas, in order to draw ideas out of them; it is not teaching by pushing ideas into students that they may or may not be able to absorb or assimilate. Further, by on essay quizzing and monitoring their understanding as you go along, you have the time and opportunity to correct misunderstandings or someone's being lost at essay, the immediate time, not at the end of six weeks when it is usually too late to try to go back over the material. And in some cases their ideas will jump ahead to new material so that you can meaningfully talk about some of essayrater, it out of (your!) order (but in an order relevant to them). Or you can tell them you will get to exactly that in a little while, and will answer their question then.
Or suggest they might want to essay think about it between now and then to see whether they can figure it out for themselves first. There are all kinds of options, but at least you know the material is live for them, which it is not always when you are lecturing or just telling them things or they are passively and dutifully reading or doing worksheets or listening without thinking. If you can get the right questions in the right sequence, kids in essayrater, the whole intellectual spectrum in sat 6, a normal class can go at about the essayrater, same pace without being bored; and they can feed off each others' answers. Gifted kids may have additional insights they may or may not share at the time, but will tend to reflect on later. This brings up the issue of teacher expectations. Sat 6. From what I have read about the supposed sin of tracking, one of the main complaints is essayrater that the students who are not in the top group have lower expectations of sat 6, themselves and they get teachers who expect little of them, and who teach them in word 2009, boring ways because of essay, it. So tracking becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy about a kid's educability; it becomes dooming. That is common limit 2009 a problem, not with tracking as such, but with teacher expectations of students (and their ability to teach).
These kids were not tracked, and yet they would never have been exposed to anything like this by most of the teachers in that school, because most felt the way the two did whose expectations I reported. Most felt the kids would not be capable enough and sat 6 essay certainly not in the afternoon, on a Friday near the end of the school year yet. One of the problems with not tracking is that many teachers have almost as low expectations of, and plans for, students grouped heterogeneously as they do with non-high-end tracked students. The point is to try to stimulate and challenge all students as much as possible. The Socratic method is an excellent way to steps on essay do that.
It works for any topics or any parts of topics that have any logical natures at sat 6, all. It does not work for unrelated facts or for explaining conventions, such as the sounds of writing guide, letters or the sat 6 essay, capitals of states whose capitals are more the result of historical accident than logical selection. Of course, you will notice these questions are very specific, and essay hvordan skrive as logically leading as possible. That is part of the point of the method. Not just any question will do, particularly not broad, very open ended questions, like What is arithmetic? or How would you design an arithmetic with only two numbers? (or if you are trying to teach them about why tall trees do not fall over when the sat 6 essay, wind blows what is a tree?). Students have nothing in particular to focus on when you ask such questions, and few come up with any sort of interesting answer. And it forces the teacher to think about the logic of app essay 2009, a topic, and how to make it most easily assimilated.
In tandem with that, the teacher has to essay try to understand at what level the students are, and what prior knowledge they may have that will help them assimilate what the teacher wants them to learn. It emphasizes student understanding, rather than teacher presentation; student intake, interpretation, and construction, rather than teacher output. And the point of shoutmeloud theme blogger, education is that the students are helped most efficiently to learn by a teacher, not that a teacher make the finest apparent presentation, regardless of what students might be learning, or not learning. Essay. I was fortunate in essayrater, this class that students already understood the sat 6 essay, difference between numbers and numerals, or I would have had to teach that by thesis questions also. Essay. And it was an doctoral engineering added help that they had already learned Roman numerals. Essay. It was also most fortunate that these students did not take very many, if any, wrong turns or have any firmly entrenched erroneous ideas that would have taken much effort to show to be mistaken. I took a shortcut in question 15 although I did not have to; but I did it because I thought their answers to questions 13 and 14 showed an understanding that 0 was a numeral, and I didn't want to steps on essay writing spend time in this particular lesson trying to sat 6 get them to see where 0 best fit with regard to essay order. If they had said there were only sat 6 essay nine numerals and said they were 1-9, then you could ask how they could write ten numerically using only theme those nine, and essay they would quickly come to see they needed to add 0 to their list of numerals. These are the writing uthm, four critical points about the questions: 1) they must be interesting or intriguing to the students; they must lead by 2) incremental and essay 3) logical steps (from the industrial, students' prior knowledge or understanding) in order to be readily answered and, at some point, seen to be evidence toward a conclusion, not just individual, isolated points; and 4) they must be designed to get the student to see particular points.
You are essentially trying to sat 6 get students to use their own logic and therefore see, by theme blogger their own reflections on your questions, either the good new ideas or the obviously erroneous ideas that are the consequences of their established ideas, knowledge, or beliefs. Therefore you have to know or to sat 6 be able to find out word, what the students' ideas and beliefs are. You cannot ask just any question or start just anywhere. It is crucial to understand the difference between logically leading questions and psychologically leading questions. Essay. Logically leading questions require understanding of the concepts and principles involved in common word 2009, order to be answered correctly; psychologically leading questions can be answered by students' keying in on clues other than the logic of the content.
Question 39 above is psychologically leading, since I did not want to cover in this lesson the concept of value-representation but just wanted to use columnar-place value, so I psychologically led them into saying Start another column rather than getting them to see the reasoning behind columnar-place as merely one form of value representation. I wanted them to see how to use columnar-place value logically without trying here to get them to sat 6 totally understand its logic. On Essay Writing. (A common form of value-representation that is not place value is color value in poker chips, where colors determine the value of the individual chips in ways similar to how columnar place does it in writing. For example if white chips are worth one unit and essay blue chips are worth ten units, 4 blue chips and 3 white chips is the same value as a 4 written in the tens column and essay skrive a 3 written in the ones column for almost the same reasons.) For the Socratic method to work as a teaching tool and not just as a magic trick to get kids to give right answers with no real understanding, it is sat 6 essay crucial that the important questions in the sequence must be logically leading rather than psychologically leading. There is no magic formula for doing this, but one of the tests for determining whether you have likely done it is to try to see whether leaving out some key steps still allows people to give correct answers to things they are not likely to thesis really understand. Essay. Further, in the case of binary numbers, I found that when you used this sequence of questions with impatient or math-phobic adults who didn't want to guide uthm have to think but just wanted you to get to the point, they could not correctly answer very far into even the above sequence. Sat 6. That leads me to believe that answering most of these questions correctly, requires understandingof the topic rather than picking up some external sorts of engineering, clues in order to essay just guess correctly. Plus, generally when one uses the Socratic method, it tends to become pretty clear when people get lost and thesis guide uthm are either mistaken or just guessing. Their demeanor tends to essay change when they are guessing, and they answer with a questioning tone in their voice. Further, when they are logically understanding as they go, they tend to say out loud insights they have or reasons they have for their answers. When they are just guessing, they tend to essayrater just give short answers with almost no comment or enthusiasm.
They don't tend to want to sustain the activity. Finally, two of the interesting, perhaps side, benefits of using the Socratic method are that it gives the students a chance to experience the attendant joy and excitement of discovering (often complex) ideas on their own. And it gives teachers a chance to learn how much more inventive and bright a great many more students are than usually appear to be when they are primarily passive. [Some additional comments about the sat 6, Socratic method of steps on essay writing, teaching are in sat 6, a letter, Using the Socratic Method.] [For a more general approach to teaching, of which the Socratic Method is uthm just one specific.